Artis Tercantik di China 2016

 

China dikenal sebagai negara maju tercepat dan teknologi canggih terkenal di seluruh dunia. Untuk mengukur keindahan setiap wanita tidak mungkin karena tidak berhubungan dengan gaya, sikap dan fashion tetapi jenis atraksi yang menggoda siapa pun dalam waktu singkat tetapi dengan ini ketika wanita juga begitu panas dan seksi maka tidak ada kesempatan untuk berhubungan dan mengukur.

Ketika kita berbicara tentang perempuan terseksi dari Cina kita mempertimbangkan orang-orang perempuan yang terkenal dan dikenal oleh orang-orang atau kita mungkin berbicara tentang Selebriti China. Untuk peringkat Perempuan paling indah dan paling seksi di Cina adalah sama untuk mengambil berkilau dan segar dari laut.

Ada banyak wanita terseksi yang indah dari Cina yang begitu banyak Sexiest bahwa sangat sulit bagi kita untuk mengatur urutan top 10 aktris paling seksi dari Cina.

Jadi di sini adalah daftar Top 10 Aktris Terseksi dari China pada tahun 2016.

10: Crystal Liu Yi Fei

Crystal-Liu-Yi-Fei

Kristal Liu YI FEI juga begitu banyak yang terkenal indah serta aktris terseksi China karena dia lahir pada tanggal 25 Agustus 1987 sebagai nama kelahiran aktris ini adalah An Feng dan nama hukum LIU Ximeizi. Dia juga dianggap multi berbakat karena dia adalah penyanyi, model dan juga aktris dan dia juga memiliki kewarganegaraan ganda yang lain dari Amerika Serikat. Ayahnya adalah seorang Pejabat Pemerintah dan ibu adalah penari dan dia juga terkenal juga. Dia pergi ke Amerika Serikat pada tahun 1997 karena ia memiliki kewarganegaraan dari negara itu, tapi ia kembali negaranya setelah lima tahun pada tahun 2002 dan pada dirinya kembali ke China ia memulai karirnya sebagai model dan aktris karena ia sekarang dianggap sebagai bintang film Cina industri dan juga terkenal karena aktingnya yang berani sehingga dia dianggap sebagai aktris terseksi di Cina.

9: Barbie Hsu

Barbie-Hsu

Barbie Hsu juga terkenal, indah dan aktris paling seksi di industri sinema Cina saat ia lahir pada tanggal 6 Oktober 1976 sebagai dia kakak dari Dee Hsu saat ia bekerja di industri ini, tetapi dia adalah dari Taiwan dan terkenal karena karyanya di Taiwan sebagai shan Cai di drama yang juga penuh memukul karena itu ia juga dikenal sebagai aktris paling seksi. Dia terkenal baik bertindak serta dalam menyanyi karena dia juga nama besar dalam menyanyi karena semua orang di negara tahu dan dianggap sebagai aktris paling seksi karena tampilan dan gaya akting. Dia juga muncul dalam film juga dan film debutnya itu Ghost Inside tapi karir yang paling sukses adalah yang bernyanyi.

8: Cecilia Cheung

Cecilia-Cheung

Cecilia Cheung indah dan aktris paling seksi dari industri film China karena dia lahir pada 24 Mei 1980 sebagai dia tidak dari China karena dia juga aktris terbaik dan terkenal dari Hong Kong dan juga penghargaan aktris pemenang. Dia juga multi-aktris berbakat seperti dia juga terbaik dan terkenal penyanyi seperti dia istri mantan dari Nicholas Tse dan dari dia memiliki dua anak. Dia memulai karirnya dengan bekerja di video iklan dan iklan, ia mulai bertindak pada tahun 1998 dan dia adalah yang paling sukses di tahun 2008 ketika ia sampai kesempatan untuk bekerja dengan Stephen Chow karena setelah itu ia terlihat di mana-mana di media yang. itu era nya karena karena tampilan klasik dan pekerjaan berani dia juga dianggap sebagai aktris terseksi Cina.

7: Zhang Xin Yu

Zhang-Xin-Yu

ZHANG XIN Yu juga dikenal sebagai yang paling indah, lucu dan aktris paling seksi dari China Film Industri saat ia lahir pada tanggal 28 Maret 1987. Dia juga model, penyanyi sekaligus aktris saat ia mulai karirnya dengan bekerja pada banner kecil di banyak serial yang meliputi Banner dan banyak orang lain tapi setelah rilis ‘Jika Yu adalah one2’ dia membuat jalan menuju sukses karena dia aktris rating tertinggi saat itu sehingga hanya aktris yang begitu terkenal di film debutnya jadi dia juga dianggap sebagai nama terbaik dari aktris paling seksi sebagai oleh tampilan klasik dan dia juga sebagai begitu indah alami sehingga dia baik nama terkenal di terseksi dan aktris terkenal dari industri bioskop mereka.

6: Gao Yuanyuan

Gao-Yuanyuan

Gaoyuanyuan juga nama terkenal di paling seksi dan indah aktris di Industri perfilman China sehingga ia lahir pada tanggal 5 Oktober 1979 sebagai dia juga begitu banyak lucu dan lugu dengan wajahnya. Dia juga lulus dari drama Institutes tapi dia juga memiliki Tuhan Berbakat bakat akting saat ia memulai karirnya dengan bekerja di iklan dan mulai aktingnya cara pada tahun 1997 oleh peran kecil dia di Spicy Cinta Soup tetapi pada tahun 2002, ia memainkan peran utama Zhou Zhiruo di The Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber, serial televisi yang diadaptasi dari novel Louis Cha dengan judul yang sama dan karena itu dia dianggap sebagai aktris paling seksi karena dia paling terkenal sampai saat ini.

5: Fan Bingbing

Fan-Bingbing

Fan Bingbing juga terkenal, indah dan aktris terseksi di industri sinema nya China karena dia lahir pada tanggal 16 September 1981 dan dianggap sebagai multitalenta karena dia tidak hanya aktris tetapi juga produser drama dan juga penyanyi pop terkenal negaranya. Dia juga dianggap sebagai ratu kecantikan dari negaranya juga karena dia juga menduduki banyak daftar waktu yang paling aktris cantik dari cina tapi di tahun 2015 dan tahun ini ia dinobatkan sebagai aktris juga terseksi Cina. Dia mulai nya pada tahun 1998 dan menjadi yang paling terkenal dan sukses di awal kurun waktu singkat terutama ketika ia mulai berakting di film bukan semua ini ia juga bekerja di banyak film dan drama karena terkenal aktris dari negaranya.

4: Kitty Zhang Yuqi

Kitty-Zhang-Yuqi

Kitty Zhang Yuqi juga mencari yang terbaik dan aktris paling seksi dari industri film China yang lahir pada tanggal 8 Agustus 1986 sebagai dikenal sebagai Kitty Zhang sebagai dia membuat keberhasilannya dalam peran utama di CJ7 dan setelah ini dia mendapat dan menarik media yang menuju dirinya sendiri saat ia memulai karirnya dalam film The Longest Night in 2007 karena dia kecil dalam karakter dalam film ini dan kemudian ia muncul dalam iklan dan kemudian menjemput untuk tahun sarang film karena itu ia dianggap sebagai aktris baru yang paling sukses dari China film Industri dan juga paling seksi karena Penampilan seksi di film yang berbeda karena itu setelah dia bermain peran utama dalam CJ7 dia membuat langkah nya lebih baik di aktris terbaik di Cina.

3: Jiang Qinqin

 

Jiang Qinqin juga terkenal dan aktris terseksi industri seperti yang kadang-kadang dikreditkan sebagai Shui Ling nama panggung yang diberikan kepadanya oleh penulis Taiwan Chiung Yao saat dia terlibat dalam produksi Air mata serial televisi di Surga. Dia lahir pada tanggal 3 September 1975 saat ia menatap pernah seksi apakah dia di televisi atau di perayaan-perayaan lainnya dia sekarang sekitar empat puluh tapi dia telah mempertahankan dirinya dengan sangat baik dan dia terlihat lebih begitu muda di usia ini juga. Pada tahun 1997 ia membintangi Air mata di Surga, sebuah adaptasi dari novel tapi dia juga memainkan beberapa gulungan tragis terlalu dalam banyak film sampai sekarang dan beberapa akting berani romantis karena itu dianggap sebagai aktris terseksi industri filmnya.

2: Zhang Ziyi

Zhang-Ziyi

Zhang Ziyi juga merupakan nama terkenal di Cina karena dia adalah yang paling sukses serta aktris terseksi industri film mereka yang lahir pada tanggal 9 Februari 1979; ia memainkan peran yang semakin besar pertama pada tahun 1999 dalam film The Road Home tapi dia menerima sebagian ketenaran dengan kerjanya Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon dan dengan ini ia menerima nominasi di terbaik mendukung peran perempuan bukan ini beberapa film ia juga muncul di banyak film lainnya Rush Hour 2, Hero dan House of Flying Daggers dan ia menjadi yang paling sukses juga setelah berakting di film ini dan dia juga dianggap aktris terseksi industri dan dia juga dancer terbaik dari industri Cinema nya.

1: Jing Tian

Jing-Tian

Jing Tian juga di paling indah, aktris lucu tapi dia juga sekarang dianggap sebagai aktris awal terseksi Cina Industri Film yang lahir pada 21 Juli 1988 dan lulus dari tari Beijing dan Film Academy tapi dia mendapatkan ketenaran dan menjadi salah satu yang sukses aktris setelah bekerja dan peran dalam The Warring States, khusus ID, dan Police Story 2013. jadi dalam kurun waktu singkat ia dianggap sebagai top posisi terseksi oleh akting berani nya di film dan mendapatkan sukses besar sehingga sekarang hari keindahan memiliki peran penting juga dalam bertindak profesional untuk perempuan aktris dan dia memiliki dewa berbakat kecantikan karena dia cantik dengan aktris berbakat besar dalam dirinya.

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Waduk Gajah Mungkur

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

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Waduk Gajah Mungkur adalah sebuah waduk yang terletak 6 km di selatan Kota kabupaten Wonogiri, Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Perairan danau buatan ini dibuat dengan membendung sungai terpanjang di pulau Jawa yaitu sungai Bengawan Solo.

Dinamakan Gajah Mungkur, karena lokasinya yang tak jauh dari Pegunungan Gajah Mungkur disebelah barat waduk. Luas Daerah Tangkapan Air (DTA) waduk ini mencapai 1.350 Km dengan pintu masuk melalui beberapa sungai besar yaitu Bengawan Solo, Sungai Kaduang, Sungai Tirtomoyo, Sungai Parangjoho, Sungai Temon, dan Sungai Posong.

Luas genangan maksimum Waduk Gajah Mungkur adalah 88.000 Hektar mencangkup 7 kecamatan yaitu Kecamatan Wonogiri, Ngadirojo, Nguntoronadi, Baturetno, Giriwoyo, Eromoko, Kecamatan Wuryantoro. Sedangkan bangunan bendungan berada di Desa Pokohkidul, Kecamatan Wonogiri.

Pembangunan


Pembangunan Waduk Gajah Mungkur direncanakan sejak tahun 1964 dengan fungsi utama sebagai pengendali banjir di Sungai Bengawan Solo. Kemudian rencana induk pembangunanya dirumuskan pada tahun 1972-1974 dengan bantuan Overseas Technical Cooperation of Jepang. Lalu mulai dibangun pada akhir tahun 1976-1981 dan mulai beroperasi pada tahun 1982.

Pengerjaan pembangunan Waduk Gajah Mungkur dilakukan secara swakelola oleh 2.500 pekerja bersama dengan 35 konsultan Nippon Koei Co Ltd Jepang. Untuk membangun waduk ini harus menenggelamkan 51 desa di 6 kecamatan.

Sehingga pemerintah memindahkan 67.515 Jiwa penduduk yang tergusur perairan waduk dengan transmigrasi bedol desa di Tahun 1976 ke Provinsi Sumatera Barat, Jambi, Bengkulu dan Sumatera Selatan. Waduk ini direncanakan bisa berumur sampai 100 tahun.

Namun, sedimentasi yang terjadi menyebabkan umur waduk ini diperkirakan tidak akan lama. Perum Jasa Tirta Bengawan Solo kewalahan untuk melakukan perawatan terhadap Waduk Gajah Mungkur yang menjadi tugasnya. Kerusakan daerah aliran sungai (DAS) yang parah menyebabkan sedimentasi waduk sangat tinggi.

Pemanfaatan


Waduk Gajah Mungkur dibangun sebagai pengendalian banjir (flood control) sungai Bengawan Solo, dari 4000 m3/detik menjadi 400 m3/detik, sesuai kapasitas maksimum alur sungai di hilir bendungan. Selain itu Waduk Gajah Mungkur bisa mengairi sawah seluas 23.600 ha di daerah Kabupaten Sukoharjo, Kabupaten Klaten, Kabupaten Karanganyar dan Kabupaten Sragen.

Selain untuk memasok air minum Kota Wonogiri dan sekitarnya juga menghasilkan listrik dari PLTA sebesar 12,4 MegaWatt.Pada saat ini pembangkit listrik PLTA ini dikelola oleh anak perusahaan PLN, yaitu PT.Indonesia Power Unit Mrica. Waduk Gajah Mungkur juga merupakan tempat rekreasi yang sangat indah. Di sini tersedia kapal boat untuk mengelilingi perairan, juga sebagai tempat memancing. Selain itu dapat pula menikmati olahraga layang gantung (Gantole).

Terdapat juga taman rekreasi “Sendang” yang terletak 6 km arah selatan Kota Wonogiri.

Pada musim kemarau, debit air waduk akan kecil dan sebagian dari dasar waduk kelihatan. Dasar waduk yang di pinggiran dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat setempat untuk menanami tanaman semusim, seperti jagung.

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Waduk Kedung Ombo

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

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destinasi-wisata-sragen-10. Waduk Kedung Ombo

Waduk Kedung Ombo merupakan salah satu waduk besar yang ada di Indonesia. Waduk Kedungombo terletak di perbatasan tiga kabupaten di Provinsi Jawa Tengah yaitu Kabupaten Grobogan, Kabupaten Sragen dan Kabupaten Boyolali tepatnya di Kecamatan Geyer, Kabupaten Grobogan.

Bendungan utama Waduk Kedung Ombo berada di perbatasan Desa Rambat dan Desa Juworo, Kecamatan Geyer, Kabupaten Grobogan. Waduk ini menggunakan Kali Serang sebagai sumber air utamanya sesaat pertemuan dengan Sungai Uter/ Sungai Kombo/ Sungai Banjaran.

Sumber air lainnya dipasok dari beberapa anak sungai besar maupun kecil lainnnya yang menyuplai air ke Waduk Kedungombo antara lain Sungai Braholo, Sungai Tengah, Sungai Nglanji, Sungai Tapen, dan Sungai Sambas.

Pembangunan


Pada tahun 1985 pemerintah merencanakan membangun waduk baru di Jawa Tengah untuk PLTA berkekuatan 22,5 Megawatt (MW) dan dapat menampung air untuk kebutuhan 70 Hektare sawah disekitarnya.

Pembangunan Waduk Kedungombo ini dibiayai USD 156 juta dari Bank Dunia, USD 25,2 juta dari Bank Exim Jepang, dan APBN, dimulai tahun 1985 sampai dengan tahun 1989. Waduk mulai diairi pada 14 Januari 1989.

Cangkupan genangan waduk ini mencapai 6.576 Hektar (Perairan 2.830 Hektar dan Lahan Daratan 3.746 Hektar) dengan menenggelamkan 37 desa, 7 kecamatan di 3 kabupaten, yaitu Sragen, Boyolali, Grobogan.

Sebanyak 5.268 keluarga saat itu kehilangan tanahnya akibat pembangunan waduk ini. Waduk ini akhirnya diresmikan oleh Presiden Soeharto, tanggal 18 Mei 1991. Peristiwa penolakan penggusuran dan pemindahan lokasi permukiman oleh warga karena tanahnya akan dijadikan Waduk Kedungombo karena kecilnya jumlah ganti rugi yang diberikan dikenal dengan Kasus Kedung Ombo

Pemanfaatan


  • Irigasi
    Dengan luas genangan ± 4.500 Ha serta volume tampungan air normal sebesar 723 Juta M3 , Waduk Kedungombo mampu mengairi lebih dari 60 ribu hektar lahan pertanian di wilayah Kabupaten Grobogan, Kabupaten Demak, Kabupaten Kudus, Kabupaten Pati dan Kabupaten Jepara. Areal seluas itu dilayani dari tiga bendung pengambilan di sepanjang Kali Serang masing-masing Bendung Sidorejo, Bendung Sedadi dan Bendung Klambu yang merupakan sungai yang dijadikan saluran untuk mengalirkan air Waduk Kedungombo sejak pertama tanggal 14 Januari 1989 sampai sekarang. Untuk kebutuhan air daerah irigasi yang dilayani dengan memperhitungkan pengaruh ketersediaan air pada sungai – sungai lain di hilir waduk dan diperhitungkan pula aliran lateral Daerah Tangkapan Air (DTA) di pintu – pintu pengatur dari Bendung tersebut.
  • Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Air (PLTA)
  • Perikanan
  • Pariwisata
  • Mencegah Banjir
  • Penampung Air

Megahnya Tempat Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo Jawa Tengah

Diana Salsabila – 1:53 PM

Megahnya Tempat Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo Jawa Tengah, Tempat Wisata Terindah – Waduk Kedung Ombo merupakan sebuah bedungan raksasa yang terdapat di Jawa Tengah. Waduk ini memiliki luas 6.576 hektar dan menempati 3 wilayah kabupaten, yaitu Kabupaten Grobogan, Kabupaten Sragen dan Kabupaten Boyolali. Keberadaan Waduk Kedung Omb ini sangat ermanfaat terutama sebagai sarana irigasi bagi persawahan yang berada di Kabupaten Grobogan dan sekitarnya. Selain sebagai sarana irigasi, Waduk Kedung Ombo juga dikembangkan sebagai tempat wisata yang sangat potensial. Salah satu spot di Tempat Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo yang banyak didatangi wisatawan adalah yang ada di Desa Kedung Ombo, Kecamatan Geyer, Kabupaten Grobogan.

Fungsi Waduk Kedung Ombo

Seperti telah disampaiakn diatas bahwa fungsi utama Waduk Kedung Ombo adalah sebagai sarana irigasi. Ada lebih dari 60.000 hektar sawah yang dapat diairi dengan air dari Kedung Ombo ini. Sawah yang diairi Waduk Kedung Ombo ini berada di wilayah Kabupaten Grobogan, Sragen, Boyolali, Demak, Kudus dan Pati. Selain sebagai penyedia irigasi bagi lahan oertanian, Waduk Kedung Ombo juga dimanfaatkan untuk penyedia air baku, pembangkit tenaga listrik berkekuatan 22,5 megawat, Meredam banjir, Sebagai objek pariwisata, Perikanan, dengan adanya keramba-keramba dan pemancingan.

Keindahan Waduk Kedung Ombo

Memang tak heran apabila Waduk Kedung Ombo banyak dikunjungi oleh wisatawan, karena Waduk Kedung Ombo menawarkan keindahan alam yang menakjubkan. Anda dapat melihat secara langsung bendungan raksasa yang menjadi kebanggaan warga Jawa Tengah ini. Di sekitar waduk dapat anda lihat bagaimana bendungan ini dibuat. Di sekitra bendungan sendiri juga terlihat rapih. Di sekitar Waduk Kedung Ombo banyak ditumbuhi hutan yang rimbun yang dikelola oleh Perhutani.

Fasilitas di Obyek Wisata Kedung Ombo

Sebagai obyek wisata, Waduk Kedung Ombo sudah dikembangkan sedemikian rupa sehingga mebuat nyaman para pengunjung. Ada beberapa pemancingan yang siap melayani pengunjung dengan menyajikan berbagai masakan ikan air tawar. Jika ingin melihat lebih jauh ke dalam waduk anda juga dapat menyewa perahu motor yang dapat mengantarkan ana mengelilingi area Waduk Kedung Ombo. Di sepanjang Waduk Kedung Ombo juga banyak dutemui pehobi memancing yang mencoba meruntungannya memancing ikan air tawar, khususnya pada musim liburan.

Kasus Waduk Kedung Ombo

Tempat Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo memang memiliki pemandangan yang indah serta memiliki manfaat yang sangat besar bagi masyarakat sekitar. Namun dibalik itu semua, Waduk Kedung Ombo menyimpan kisah yang teramat pilu. Kisah itu berhubungan dengan penolakan dari warga masyarakat yang tanahnya akan digunakan sebagai lokasi pembuatan waduk kedung ombo ini. Warga menolak karena enggan meninggalkan tanah kelahirannya dan juga karena ganti rugi tanah yang sangat kecil. Warga yang tidak mau pindah banyak mengalami acaman, teror dan penganiayaan dari aparat. Kisah selengkapnya dapat dibaca pada sumber lengkap dari Wikipedia.

Demikian tadi sedikit gambaran tentang Megahnya Tempat Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo Jawa Tengah. Terus ikuti blog tempatwisatadaerah.blogspot.com untuk mendapatkan update informasi wisata lainnya.

Pesona Keindahan Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah


Informasi Umum

Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah adalah salah satu tempat wisata yang berada di kabupaten sragen, provinsi jawa tengah, negara indonesia. Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah adalah tempat wisata yang ramai dengan wisatawan pada hari biasa maupun hari liburan. Tempat ini sangat indah dan bisa memberikan sensasi yang berbeda dengan aktivitas kita sehari hari.

Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah memiliki pesona keindahan yang sangat menarik untuk dikunjungi. Sangat di sayangkan jika anda berada di kota sragen tidak mengunjungi wisata alam yang mempunyai keindahan yang tiada duanya tersebut.

Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah sangat cocok untuk mengisi kegiatan liburan anda, apalagi saat liburan panjang seperti libur nasional, ataupun hari ibur lainnya. Keindahan Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah ini sangatlah baik bagi anda semua yang berada di dekat atau di kejauhan untuk merapat mengunjungi tempat Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah di kota sragen.

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Lokasi

Dimana lokasi Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah ? seperti yang tertulis di atas lokasi Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah terletak di Kecamatan sragen, Kabupaten sragen, Provinsi jawa timur.

Tetapi jika anda masih bingung di mana lokasi atau letak Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah saya sarankan anda mencari dengan mengetik Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah di search google maps saja. Di Google maps sudah tertandai dimana lokasi yang anda cari tersebut.

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Daya Tarik

Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah merupakan tempat wisata yang harus anda kunjungi karena pesona keindahannya tidak ada duanya. Penduduk lokal daerah sragen juga sangat ramah tamah terhadap wisatawan lokal maupun wisatawan asing.

Kota sragen juga terkenal akan keindahan obyek wisatanya , salah satu contohnya adalah Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah ini. Letak waduk menduduki pertemuan tiga wilayah kabupaten, yaitu Boyolali, Sragen, dan Grobogan. Luas areal 5.898 hektas, luas genangan air 46 km persegi, volume air 731 juta meter kubik.

Panjang bendungn utama 1,6 km, lebar bagian atas 12 meter, lebar bagian bawah 362 meter. Tinggi elevasi air puncak 96 meter dan elevasi terendah 66 meter. Pada awal pembangunan, sebagai pengendali banjir wilayah Serang bawah. Sekarang, sudah mampu mengairi lahan pertanian seluas 60 ribu hektar.waduk ini menyuguhkan sejuta pesona keindahan alam yang khas dan unik.

Mulai dari awal perjalanan menuju obyek wisata ini sudah terasa udara yang sejuk dan alami, alam pedesaan yang tenang, bentang pegunungan yang memukau hijau segarwajarlah kalau waduk ini sering dikunjungi oleh para wisatawan domestik maupun mancanegara. Bangunan bendungan raksasa, lanskap sekitar yang indah, dikelilingi sabuk hijau hutan,

Fasilitas

Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah bisa dibilang sebuah wisata alam yang memiliki beberapa akan fasilitas dan pelayanan di antaranya sebagai berikut :

  • Area Parkir kendaraan
  • Mushola
  • Kamar mandi / MCK
  • Penginapan
  • dan masih banyak lainya

Transportasi

Bagi wisatawan asal kota sragen sudah tidak bingung lagi untuk mendatangi lokasi Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah. Akan tetapi bagaimana bagi wisatawan luar kota bahkan luar negeri, tentu mereka bingung dan takut kesasar. Tapi jangan khawatir bagi wisatawan luar kota sragen saya mempunyai solusinya agar anda semua tidak kesasar.

Tentunya sarana transportasi apa yang anda pakai untuk berwisata ke Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah dengan memakai kendaraan pribadi seperti : Mobil atau motor pribadi. Anda bisa meminta panduan arah ke Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah di google maps yang terpasang di smartphone anda. Karena memakai kendaraan pribadi akan lebih menyenangkan dari pada memakai kendaraan umum.

Akan tetapi jika anda memakai kendaraan umum seperti : bis umum atau angkutan lainnya juga bukan masalah besar, pasalnya anda bisa berhenti di terminal bus kota atau desa tujuan anda. Setelah itu melanjutkan dengan menggunakan ojek ataupun kendaraan pribadi anda menuju lokasi Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah tersebut.

Saran dan Tips

Saran dan tips sebelum menuju ke tempat Destinasi Wisata Waduk Kedung Ombo di Sragen Jawa Tengah,anda perlu mempersiapkan keperluan yang akan butuhkan. Serta beberapa barang tambahan seperti kamera karena anda pasti ingin mengabadikan moment bersama kelurga ataupun teman – teman anda.

Jangan lupa bawa perlengkapan kesehatan (contohnya adalah sabun,tissue basah, sampo, antiseptik). Siapkanlah fisik dan kendaraan anda supaya liburan anda berjalan dengan lancar. Jaga kondisi diri anda dan selalu berhati – hati.

Peta Lokasi

pta waduk

36 Sex Positions Everyone Should Try in Their Lifetime

BY NICOLE BLADES August 14, 2015

KHUSUS PASUTRI-NEW

36 Sex Positions

Is your sex life screaming for an upgrade? Yeah, we hear you. Getting freaky has a way of getting stale the more time you log with your partner. The good news: It’s easy to turn things around by switching up your sex positions (no venturing into anal sex territory necessary…unless you want to).

With more than 35 orgasm-inducing ways—dude, that’s one (and then some!) for each day of the month—to get your grind on, our best sex positions guide will help fulfill all your naughty needs. Scroll on down, down, down—and enjoy yourself.

Take our sex survey to help us learn more about what helps get you off—and we’ll share the results in an upcoming issue!

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pretzel-dip

1 | SEX POSITION: PRETZEL DIP

How

You lie on your right side; he kneels, straddling your right leg and curling your left leg around his left side.

Benefit

With this sex position you get the deeper penetration of doggy style while still being able to make that important eye contact.

Bonus

Get your guy to put his hands to work.


flatiron

2 | SEX POSITION: FLATIRON

How

You lie facedown on the bed, legs straight, hips slightly raised.

Benefit

This sex position creates a snug fit. Your guy’s penis will seem even larger.

Bonus

Some shallow thrusts and deep breathing will help him last longer.


g-whiz

3 | SEX POSITION: G-WHIZ

How

You lie back with your legs resting on each of his shoulders.

Benefit

This sex position is awesome because when you raise your legs, it narrows the vagina and helps target your G-spot.

Bonus

Ask him to start rocking you in a side-to-side or up-and-down motion. That should bring his penis into direct contact with your G-spot.


face-off

4 | SEX POSITION: FACE-OFF

How

He sits on a chair or the edge of the bed; you face him, seated on his lap.

Benefit

During this sex position, you’re in control of the angle and depth of the entry and thrust. Being seated provides support, so it’s great for marathon sex.

Bonus

Let your fingers (and hands) do the talking. Once seated, you can put your hands anywhere on your body or his to make things more interesting.


cowgirls-helper

5 | SEX POSITION: COWGIRL’S HELPER

How

Similar to the popular Cowgirl sex position, you kneel on top of him, pushing off his chest and sliding up and down his thighs. But he helps by supporting some of your weight and grabbing your hips or thighs while he rises to meet each thrust.

Benefit

This sex position puts sess stress on your legs, making climaxing easier. Plus, female-dominant sex positions delay his climax, so everyone wins.

Bonus

Alternate between shallow and deep thrusting to stimulate different parts of the vagina.


leap-frog (1)

 

6 | SEX POSITION: COWGIRL’S HELPER

How

Similar to the popular Cowgirl sex position, you kneel on top of him, pushing off his chest and sliding up and down his thighs. But he helps by supporting some of your weight and grabbing your hips or thighs while he rises to meet each thrust.

Benefit

This sex position puts sess stress on your legs, making climaxing easier. Plus, female-dominant sex positions delay his climax, so everyone wins.

Bonus

Alternate between shallow and deep thrusting to stimulate different parts of the vagina.


ballet-dancer_0

7 | SEX POSITION: BALLET DANCER

How

Standing on one foot, face your guy and wrap your other leg around his waist while he helps support you.

Benefit

This sex position allows for quality face time and connecting.

Bonus

If you’re a Flexi Lexi


cowgirl

8 | SEX POSITION: COWGIRL

How

You kneel on top of him, pushing off his chest and sliding up and down his thighs. You can relieve some of your weight from his pelvis by leaning back and supporting yourself on his thighs.

Benefit

By being the dominant in this sex position, you’ll delay his climax and intensify yours.

Bonus

Discover new sensations for both of you by widening your knees or bringing them closer to his body.


corkscrew

9 | SEX POSITION: CORKSCREW

How

Near the edge of a bed or bench, rest on the hip and forearm of one side and press your thighs together. Your man stands and straddles you, entering from behind.

Benefit

Keeping your legs pressed together during this sex position allows for a tighter hold on him as he thrusts.

Bonus

Instead of letting him do all the work, try thrusting you hips slightly to match his tempo.


wheelbarrow

10 | SEX POSITION: WHEELBARROW

How

Get on your hands and feet and have him pick you up by the pelvis. Then grip his waist with your thighs.

Benefit

Aside from being a fabulous arm workout for you, this male-dominant sex position allows him deeper penetration and an amazing view of your assets.

Bonus

Try resting on a table or the side of the bed and give your arms a break.


missionary

11 | SEX POSITION: MISSIONARY

How

Lie on your back while he lies facedown on top of you.

Benefit

This sex position is simple, elegant, effective, and surprisingly versatile.

Bonus

You can drastically change the sensation for both of you by shifting the angle of your legs.


rear-entry

12 | SEX POSITION: DOGGIE STYLE/REAR ENTRY

How

Get on all fours. He kneels behind you, with his upper body straight up or slightly draped over you.

Benefit

This sex position allows for deep penetration and easier G-spot stimulation.

Bonus

Stimulate your clitoris with one hand, or ask him to do the finger work for you.


x-factor

13 | SEX POSITION: X-FACTOR

How

He enters you from the missionary position, then slides his chest and legs off your body so his pelvis is in the same location but his limbs form an “X” with yours.

Benefit

You feel more of his body in motion with this sex position.

Bonus

Use this unique angle to massage his back, butt, or legs as he thrusts.


the-caboose

14 | SEX POSITION: THE CABOOSE

How

While he sits on the bed or a chair, back yourself into his lap and spoon each other while seated.

Benefit

You can’t see your partner during this sex position, which means fantasizing is easier and can add to the excitement.

Bonus

Tighten the muscles of your pelvic floor so you can grip him and keep him erect.


reverse-cowgirl

15 | SEX POSITION: REVERSE COWGIRL

How

He lies on his back; you straddle him, facing his feet.

Benefit

Lets you take control and show your guy the pace and rhythm you like.

Bonus

To get more leverage, put your knees and shins inside his legs and under his thighs.


stand-and-deliver

16 | SEX POSITION: STAND AND DELIVER

How

With both of you standing, you bend over at the waist; he enters you from behind.

Benefit

Bending over during this sex position helps make the vaginal walls tighter and increases the intensity of the friction.

Bonus

Have him tickle your clitoris with his free hand, or loosely tie your hands together with a silky scarf.


scoop-me-up

17 | SEX POSITION: SCOOP ME UP

How

Both of you lie on your sides, facing the same direction. You bring your knees up slightly while he slides up behind your pelvis and enters you from behind.

Benefit

This sex positin allows for more skin-to-skin contact, increasing your stimulation.

Bonus

Have him place his hands on your shoulders to increase the intensity and deepness of the thrust.


reverse-scoop

18 | SEX POSITION: REVERSE SCOOP

How

From the missionary position, without disengaging, turn together onto your sides, using your arms to support your upper bodies.

Benefit

You get the same full-body press and can gaze into each other’s eyes.

Bonus

Try intertwining your legs with his or fondling him down below.


magic-mountain

19 | SEX POSITION: MAGIC MOUNTAIN

How

He sits, legs bent, leaning back on his hands and forearms. You do the same and then inch toward him until you connect.

Benefit

You’ll both feel really connected looking at each other. Increase your stimulation by grinding your clitoris against his pelvis.

Bonus

Slide ice cubes down his chest and let the cold water collect at the base of his pelvis.


the-chairman

20 | SEX POSITION: THE CHAIRMAN

How

He sits on the edge of the bed and you sit on him, facing away.

Benefit

This sex position will hit the spot…as in your G-spot. Good for G-spot stimulation while you can use your hands to stimulate his scrotum or perineum.

Bonus

Bring your knees closer to your chest, supporting your feet on the bed.


cowboy

21 | SEX POSITION: COWBOY

How

You lie on your back while he straddles you. He then gently inserts his penis through the tight opening created by your semi-closed legs.

Benefit

Tightness increases the intensity of the penetration.

Bonus

Have him fondle your breasts or gently hold down your wrists.


golden-arch

22 | SEX POSITION: GOLDEN ARCH

How

He sits with his legs straight and you sit on top of him with bent knees on top of his thighs, and you both lean back.

Benefit

Gives you both nice views of each other’s full bodies. You’ll also have control over the depth, speed, and angle of the thrusts.

Bonus

Have him use his hand to rub your clitoris, or use your own. Lean back farther for extra G-spot stimulation.


the-seashell

23 | SEX POSITION: THE SEASHELL

How

Lie back with your legs raised all the way up and your ankles crossed behind your own head. He enters you from a missionary position.

Benefit

Your hands are free to work your clitoris.

Bonus

Have him “ride high,” rubbing his pubic bone against your clitoris, or “ride low,” directly stimulating your G-spot with the head of his penis.


butter-churner_0

24 | SEX POSITION: BUTTER CHURNER

How

Lie on your back with your legs raised and folded over so that your ankles are on either side of your head, while he squats and dips his penis in and out of your vagina.

Benefit

Aside from getting that eye contact, the extra rush of blood into your head will increase the ecstasy.

Bonus

Have him dribble chocolate syrup or honey into your mouth. It gets more of your senses involved and amps up the whole experience.


the-pinball-wizard

25 | SEX POSITION: THE PINBALL WIZARD

How

You get into a partial bridge position, with your weight resting on your shoulders. He enters you from a kneeling position.

Benefit

It allows him easy access to stimulate your clitoris and massage the mons pubis.

Bonus

Throw one leg up against his shoulder for deeper penetration.


champagne-room

26 | SEX POSITION: CHAMPAGNE ROOM

How

He sits and you sit on top of him, facing away.

Benefit

It helps you regulate the pace and intensity of his thrusts.

Bonus

Try doing it on the stairs or the edge of the tub.


the-om

27 | SEX POSITION: THE OM

How

He sits cross-legged (yoga-style), you sit in his lap facing him. Wrap your legs around him and hug each other for support.

Benefit

Best for tantric sex. Rocking, not thrusting, is the key when it comes to this very intimate position.

Bonus

Lock into each other’s deep gaze to put some extra “oh” into the big O.


upstanding-citizen

28 | SEX POSITION: UPSTANDING CITIZEN

How

You straddle him, wrapping your legs around his body. He stands and supports you in his arms. You can start on the bed and have him pick you up without disengaging. (Or for the truly bold, you can hop aboard from standing position!).

Benefit

He needs to spread his thighs slightly and not lock his knees. But if he has a bad back, this is a very bad idea!

Bonus

Have him push you up against a wall—very carefully.


valedictorian

29 | SEX POSITION: VALEDICTORIAN

How

]From missionary position, you raise your legs and extend them straight out (forming a “V”).

Benefit

This allows for good body contact with the vulva.

Bonus

Try grabbing your ankles. It can give you stability and an added stretch.


belly-down

30 |SEX POSITION: BELLY DOWN

How

Lie on your stomach with your hands thrust between your legs. Grind your legs together and move your hips up and down so that your clitoris and pubic mound rub against your firmly held fingers.

Benefit

Simple yet superb satisfaction.

Bonus

It’s easy to add to most rear-entry positions, like the Flatiron or the Leapfrog.


bubble-the-fun

31 |SEX POSITION: BUBBLE THE FUN

How

With your body submerged and legs dangling out of the tub, start by giving yourself a rubdown up top before you move down to roam around under the water.

Benefit

Relaxing in a warm sweet-smelling bath helps relieve tension, ease stress, and definitely gets you in the mood.


circle-perk

32 | SEX POSITION: CIRCLE PERK

How

From a seated position, use your finger to “draw” a circle around your clitoris. Start slowly and increase speed and pressure, depending on your reaction.

Benefit

This move is great for women who find direct clitoral pressure too intense for prolonged stimulation.

Bonus

Tired of the “O” shape? Try tracing the letters of the alphabet on your c-spot to vary the sensation.


couch-grind

33 | SEX POSITION: COUCH GRIND

How

Ride the arm of a stuffed chair or couch, or the edge of a table or desk with a thick towel or blanket folded over it. Start with a small movement of the hips, and slowly build momentum.

Benefit

Great if you like solid, steady pressure on your clitoris.

Bonus

Grip the arm with your thighs and have your guy enter you from behind like the Doggy Style position. Just make sure not to break any furniture.


get-to-the-g-spot

34 | SEX POSITION: GET TO THE G-SPOT

How

Lie on your back and bring your knees in toward your chest. Insert one or two fingers deeply into your vagina. As you withdraw your finger, press against the front of your vagina and urethra and curl your finger in a beckoning gesture.

Benefit

With this motion it’s normal to feel a slight urgency to urinate at first, but with practice and several sessions, you can expect to experience a warm, pleasurable experience.

Bonus

Try it with only one leg bent to your chest, extending the other, for a variation on the sensation.


tap-dance

35 | SEX POSITION: TAP DANCE

How

Lay on one side with one leg extended and the other bent. With one hand, gently separate and hold your labia to the sides, and apply a tiny drop of lube to your exposed clitoris. Then, with the opposite hand, begin tapping gently on it.

Benefit

Tapping, instead of rubbing, can cause quick and intense sensations for those who find direct stimulation too intense.

Bonus

Tapping harder or faster will create different sensations. See how long you can last or ask your partner to take part in the fun.


look-and-learn

36| SEX POSITION: LOOK AND LEARN

How

Holding a hand mirror, sit in a comfortable chair with one leg propped up on the bed or couch. Now that you can check out the goods, venture away from your sensitive clitoris to discover new erogenous zones. Explore the opening, inside, and back wall of your vagina with your fingers, pressing and changing pressure until you find something that feels right.

Benefit

With this sex position you get a new point of view. You may learn a new way to ring your bell, which can help alleviate the frustration many women feel when they can come in only one position.

Burj Khalifa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Burj Khalifa is The Tallest Building in the World

585px-Burj_Khalifa

Opera Snapshot_2017-11-20_233419_en.wikipedia.org

The Burj Khalifa (Arabic: برج خليفة‎, Arabic for “Khalifa Tower“; pronounced English: /ˈbɜːrdʒ kəˈliːfə/), known as the Burj Dubai before its inauguration, is a megatall skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. With a total height of 829.8 m (2,722 ft) and a roof height (excluding antenna) of 828 m (2,717 ft), the Burj Khalifa is the tallest structure in the world since topping out in late 2008.

Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed five years later in 2009. The primary structure is reinforced concrete. The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai. It is designed to be the centrepiece of large-scale, mixed-use development. The decision to construct the building is reportedly based on the government’s decision to diversify from an oil-based economy, and for Dubai to gain international recognition. The building was originally named Burj Dubai but was renamed in honour of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; Abu Dhabi and the UAE government lent Dubai money to pay its debts. The building broke numerous height records, including its designation as the tallest tower in the world.

Burj Khalifa was designed by Adrian Smith, then of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), whose firm designed the Willis Tower and One World Trade Center. Hyder Consulting was chosen to be the supervising engineer with NORR Group Consultants International Limited chosen to supervise the architecture of the project. The design is derived from the Islamic architecture of the region, such as in the Great Mosque of Samarra. The Y-shaped tripartite floor geometry is designed to optimize residential and hotel space. A buttressed central core and wings are used to support the height of the building. Although this design was derived from Tower Palace III, the Burj Khalifa’s central core houses all vertical transportation with the exception of egress stairs within each of the wings. The structure also features a cladding system which is designed to withstand Dubai’s hot summer temperatures. It contains a total of 57 elevators and 8 escalators.

Critical reception to Burj Khalifa has been generally positive, and the building has received many awards. However, labour issues during construction were controversial, since the building was built primarily by migrant workers from South Asia with several allegations of mistreatment. Poor working conditions were common, a consequence of the lack of minimum wage laws in the United Arab Emirates. Several instances of suicides have been reported, which is not uncommon for migrant construction workers in Dubai despite safety precautions in place.

Contents
1 Development
2 Conception
2.1 Records
2.2 History of height increases
3 Architecture and design
3.1 Plumbing systems
3.2 Air conditioning
3.3 Window cleaning
4 Elevator System
5 Features
5.1 The Dubai Fountain
5.2 Observation deck
5.3 Burj Khalifa park
5.4 Floor plans
6 Construction
6.1 Milestones
6.2 Real estate values
6.3 Official launch ceremony
7 Reception
7.1 Awards
7.2 BASE jumping
7.3 Climbing
7.4 Fatalities
7.5 Ramadan observance on the higher floors
8 In popular culture
9 Fireworks displays
10 Labour controversy

Development


Construction began on 6 January 2004, with the exterior of the structure completed on 1 October 2009. The building officially opened on 4 January 2010, and is part of the new 2 km2 (490-acre) development called Downtown Dubai at the ‘First Interchange’ along Sheikh Zayed Road, near Dubai’s main business district. The tower’s architecture and engineering were performed by Souffian AL-Jabiry of Chicago, with Adrian Smith as chief architect, and Bill Baker as chief structural engineer. The primary contractor was Samsung C&T of South Korea. The tower’s construction was done by the construction division of Al Ghurair Investment group.

Conception


Burj Khalifa was designed to be the centrepiece of a large-scale, mixed-use development that would include 30,000 homes, nine hotels (including The Address Downtown Dubai), 3 hectares (7.4 acres) of parkland, at least 19 residential towers, the Dubai Mall, and the 12-hectare (30-acre) artificial Burj Khalifa Lake. The decision to build Burj Khalifa is reportedly based on the government’s decision to diversify from an oil-based economy to one that is service and tourism based. According to officials, it is necessary for projects like Burj Khalifa to be built in the city to garner more international recognition, and hence investment. “He (Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum) wanted to put Dubai on the map with something really sensational,” said Jacqui Josephson, a tourism and VIP delegations executive at Nakheel Properties. The tower was known as Burj Dubai (“Dubai Tower”) until its official opening in January 2010. It was renamed in honour of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; Abu Dhabi and the federal government of UAE lent Dubai tens of billions of USD so that Dubai could pay its debts – Dubai borrowed at least $80 billion for construction projects. In the 2000s, Dubai started diversifying its economy but it suffered from an economic crisis in 2007–2010, leaving large-scale projects already in construction abandoned.

Records

  • Tallest existing structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously KVLY-TV mast – 628.8 m or 2,063 ft)
  • Tallest structure ever built: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously Warsaw radio mast – 646.38 m or 2,121 ft)
  • Tallest freestanding structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously CN Tower – 553.3 m or 1,815 ft)
  • Tallest skyscraper (to top of spire): 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously Taipei 101 – 509.2 m or 1,671 ft)
  • Tallest skyscraper to top of antenna: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously the Willis (formerly Sears) Tower – 527 m or 1,729 ft)
  • Building with most floors: 211 (including spire) previously World Trade Center – 110
  • Building with world’s highest occupied floor: 584.5 m (1,918 ft) (surpassed by Shanghai Tower in 2015)
  • World’s highest elevator installation (situated inside a rod at the very top of the building)
  • World’s longest travel distance elevators: 504 m (1,654 ft)
  • Highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m (1,988 ft)
  • World’s tallest structure that includes residential space
  • World’s highest observation deck: 148th floor at 555 m (1,821 ft) (surpassed by Shanghai Tower in 2015)
  • World’s highest outdoor observation deck: 124th floor at 452 m (1,483 ft)
  • World’s highest installation of an aluminium and glass façade: 512 m (1,680 ft)
  • World’s highest nightclub: 144th floor
  • World’s highest restaurant (At.mosphere): 122nd floor at 442 m (1,450 ft) (previously 360, at a height of 350 m (1,148 ft) in CN Tower)
  • World’s highest New Year display of fireworks.

History of Height Increases

BurjKhalifaHeight

Burj Khalifa compared with some other well-known tall structures

There are unconfirmed reports of several planned height increases since its inception. Originally proposed as a virtual clone of the 560 m (1,837 ft) Grollo Tower proposal for Melbourne, Australia’s Docklands waterfront development, the tower was redesigned by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM). Marshall Strabala, an SOM architect who worked on the project until 2006, in late 2008 said that Burj Khalifa was designed to be 808 m (2,651 ft) tall.

The architect who designed it, Adrian Smith, felt that the uppermost section of the building did not culminate elegantly with the rest of the structure, so he sought and received approval to increase it to the current height. It has been explicitly stated that this change did not include any added floors, which is fitting with Smith’s attempts to make the crown more slender. Emaar properties announced on 9 June 2008 that construction of Burj Khalifa was delayed by upgraded finishes and would be completed only in September 2009. An Emaar spokesperson said that “[t]he luxury finishes that were decided on in 2004, when the tower was initially conceptualised, is now being replaced by upgraded finishes. The design of the apartments has also been enhanced to make them more aesthetically attractive and functionally superior.” A revised completion date of 2 December 2009 was then announced. However, Burj Khalifa was opened on 4 January 2010, more than a month later.

Architecture and Design


1280px-Comparisonfinal001fx7

Cross-section comparisons of various towers, from top to bottom: Burj Khalifa, Taipei 101, Willis Tower, World Trade Center

The tower was designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM), who also designed the Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) in Chicago and the One World Trade Center in New York City. Burj Khalifa uses the bundled tube design of the Willis Tower, invented by Fazlur Rahman Khan. Proportionally, the design uses half the amount of steel used in the construction of the Empire State Building thanks to the tubular system. Dr. Khan’s contributions to the design of tall buildings have had a profound impact on architecture and engineering. It would be difficult to find any worldwide practices in the design of tall buildings that have not been directly or indirectly influenced by his work. Its design is reminiscent of Frank Lloyd Wright’s vision for The Illinois, a mile-high skyscraper designed for Chicago, as well as Chicago’s Lake Point Tower. According to Marshall Strabala, a SOM architect who worked on the building’s design team, Burj Khalifa was designed based on the 73rd floor Tower Palace Three, an all residential building in Seoul. In its early planning, Burj Khalifa was intended to be entirely residential.

Subsequent to the original design by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, Emaar Properties chose Hyder Consulting to be the supervising engineer with NORR Group Consultants International Ltd chosen to supervise the architecture of the project. Hyder was selected for their expertise in structural and MEP (mechanical, electrical and plumbing) engineering. Hyder Consulting’s role was to supervise construction, certify SOM’s design, and be the engineer and architect of record to the UAE authorities. NORR’s role was the supervision of all architectural components including on site supervision during construction and design of a 6-storey addition to the Office Annex Building for architectural documentation. NORR was also responsible for the architectural integration drawings for the Armani Hotel included in the Tower. Emaar Properties also engaged GHD, an international multidisciplinary consulting firm, to act as an independent verification and testing authority for concrete and steelwork.

Samara_spiralovity_minaret_rijen1973

The spiral minaret at the Great Mosque of Samarra

The design is derived from Islamic architecture. As the tower rises from the flat desert base, there are 27 setbacks in a spiralling pattern, decreasing the cross section of the tower as it reaches toward the sky and creating convenient outdoor terraces. These setbacks are arranged and aligned in a way that minimizes vibration wind loading from eddy currents and vortices. At the top, the central core emerges and is sculpted to form a finishing spire. At its tallest point, the tower sways a total of 1.5 m (4.9 ft).

As part of a study which reveals the unnecessary “vanity space” added to the top of the world’s tallest buildings by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH), it was revealed that without its 244-metre spire, the 828-metre Burj Khalifa would drop to a substantially smaller 585-metre height without any reduction in usable space. As the report states, the spire “could be a skyscraper on its own”.

The spire of Burj Khalifa is composed of more than 4,000 tonnes (4,400 short tons; 3,900 long tons) of structural steel. The central pinnacle pipe weighs 350 tonnes (390 short tons; 340 long tons) and has a height of 200 m (660 ft). The spire also houses communications equipment.

In 2009, architects announced that more than 1,000 pieces of art would adorn the interiors of Burj Khalifa, while the residential lobby of Burj Khalifa would display the work of Jaume Plensa.

The cladding system consists of 142,000 m2 (1,528,000 sq ft) of more than 26,000 reflective glass panels and aluminium and textured stainless steel spandrel panels with vertical tubular fins. The architectural glass provides solar and thermal performance as well as an anti-glare shield for the intense desert sun, extreme desert temperatures and strong winds. In total the glass covers more than 174,000 m2 (1,870,000 sq ft).

The exterior temperature at the top of the building is thought to be 6 °C (11 °F) cooler than at its base.

A 304-room Armani Hotel, the first of four by Armani, occupies 15 of the lower 39 floors. The hotel was supposed to open on 18 March 2010, but after several delays, it finally opened to the public on 27 April 2010. The corporate suites and offices were also supposed to open from March onwards, yet the hotel and observation deck remained the only parts of the building which were open in April 2010.

The sky lobbies on the 43rd and 76th floors house swimming pools. Floors through to 108 have 900 private residential apartments (which, according to the developer, sold out within eight hours of being on the market). An outdoor zero-entry swimming pool is located on the 76th floor of the tower. Corporate offices and suites fill most of the remaining floors, except for a 122nd, 123rd and 124th floor where the At.mosphere restaurant, sky lobby and an indoor and outdoor observation deck is located respectively. In January 2010, it was planned that Burj Khalifa would receive its first residents from February 2010.

A total of 57 elevators and 8 escalators are installed. The elevators have a capacity of 12 to 14 people per cabin, the fastest rising and descending at up to 10 m/s (33 ft/s) for double-deck elevators. However, the world’s fastest single-deck elevator still belongs to Taipei 101 at 16.83 m/s (55.2 ft/s). Engineers had considered installing the world’s first triple-deck elevators, but the final design calls for double-deck elevators. The double-deck elevators are equipped with entertainment features such as LCD displays to serve visitors during their travel to the observation deck. The building has 2,909 stairs from the ground floor to the 160th floor.

The graphic design identity work for Burj Khalifa is the responsibility of Brash Brands, an independent international creative branding agency based in London. Design of the global launch events, communications, and visitors centres for Burj Khalifa have also been created by Brash Brands as well as the roadshow exhibition for the Armani Residences, which are part of the Armani Hotel within Burj Khalifa, which toured Milan, London, Jeddah, Moscow and Delhi.

Plumbing Systems

The Burj Khalifa’s water system supplies an average of 946,000 L (250,000 U.S. gal) of water per day through 100 km (62 mi) of pipes. An additional 213 km (132 mi) of piping serves the fire emergency system, and 34 km (21 mi) supplies chilled water for the air conditioning system. The waste water system uses gravity to discharge water from plumbing fixtures, floor drains, mechanical equipment and storm water, to the city municipal sewer.

Air Conditioning

The air conditioning has been provided by Voltas. The air conditioning system draws air from the upper floors where the air is cooler and cleaner than on the ground. At peak cooling times, the tower’s cooling is equivalent to that provided by 13,000 short tons (26,000,000 lb) of melting ice in one day, or about 46 MW. Water is collected via a condensate collection system and is used to irrigate the nearby park.

Window Cleaning

To wash the 24,348 windows, totaling 120,000 m2 (1,290,000 sq ft) of glass, the building has three horizontal tracks which each hold a 1,500 kg (3,300 lb) bucket machine. Above level 109, and up to tier 27, traditional cradles from davits are used. The top of the building is cleaned by a crew who use ropes to descend from the top to gain access. Under normal conditions, when all building maintenance units are operational, it takes 36 workers three to four months to clean the entire exterior façade.

Unmanned machines will clean the top 27 additional tiers and the glass spire. The cleaning system was developed in Melbourne, Australia at a cost of A$8 million. The contract for building the state-of-the-art machines was won by Australian company CoxGomyl, a manufacturer of Building Maintenance Units.

Elevator System


The elevator operating chart of the Burj Khalifa

  • H1-H4 (4 Hotel Passenger Elevators): G, 1, 3, 5-16, 38, 39
  • HS1, HS2 (2 Hotel Service Elevators): C, G, 1-39
  • HS3, HS4 (2 Hotel Service Elevators): B1, C, G, 1-3
  • HS5 (1 Hotel Service Elevator): C, G, 1-3
  • HR1 (1 Hotel Restaurant Passenger Elevator): C, G, 1
  • HF3 (1 Hotel Spa Elevator): C, G, 1, 1M, 2, 3
  • HB1, HB2 (2 Ballroom Elevators): C, G, 1
  • HP1-HP4 (4 Hotel Parking Elevators): B2, B1, C, G, 1, 3
  • HA1-HA3 (3 Serviced Apartment Passenger Elevators): G, 1, 3, 9-16, 18-39
  • R1-R3 (3 Residential Sky Lobby Shuttle Elevators): G, 43
  • R4-R6 (3 Residential Sky Lobby Shuttle Elevators): G, 76
  • R7-R9 (3 Residential Passenger Elevators): 43-72
  • R10-R12 (3 Residential Passenger Elevators): 76-108
  • RP1, RP2 (2 Residential Parking Elevators): B2, B1, C, G, 1
  • OB1, OB2 (2 Corporate Suite & Observatory Shuttle Elevators, Double Deck): C/G, 123/124
  • BO1-BO3 (3 Corporate Suite Passenger Elevators): 112-123
  • BO4-BO6 (3 Corporate Suite Passenger Elevators): 123-135, 139-154
  • OP1, OP2 (2 Corporate Suite Parking Elevators): B2, B1, G, 1
  • BS1/F (1 Firemen & Service Elevator): C, G, 1-40, 42-73, 75-136, 138
  • BS2/F (1 Service Elevator): C, G, 1-40, 42-73, 75-109, 111
  • BS3/F (1 Service Elevator): 138-160

Features


The Dubai Fountain

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The Dubai Fountain

Outside, WET Enterprises designed a fountain system at a cost of Dh 800 million (US$217 million). Illuminated by 6,600 lights and 50 coloured projectors, it is 270 m (900 ft) long and shoots water 150 m (500 ft) into the air, accompanied by a range of classical to contemporary Arabic and world music. It is the world’s second largest choreographed fountain., On 26 October 2008, Emaar announced that based on results of a naming contest the fountain would be called the Dubai Fountain.

Observation Deck

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View of The Dubai Fountain from the observation deck

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View from the observation deck

An outdoor observation deck, named At the Top, opened on 5 January 2010 on the 124th floor. At 452 m (1,483 ft), it was the highest outdoor observation deck in the world when it opened. Although it was surpassed in December 2011 by Cloud Top 488 on the Canton Tower, Guangzhou at 488 m (1,601 ft), Burj Khalifa opened the 148th floor SKY level at 555 m (1,821 ft), once again giving it the highest observation deck in the world on 15 October 2014. This was until the Shanghai Tower opened in June 2016 with an observation deck at a height of 561 metres. The 124th floor observation deck also features the electronic telescope, an augmented reality device developed by Gsmprjct° of Montréal, which allows visitors to view the surrounding landscape in real-time, and to view previously saved images such as those taken at different times of day or under different weather conditions. To manage the daily rush of sightseers, visitors are able to purchase tickets in advance for a specific date and time and at a 75% discount on tickets purchased on the spot.

On 8 February 2010, the observation deck was closed to the public after power-supply problems caused an elevator to become stuck between floors, trapping a group of tourists for 45 minutes. Despite rumours of the observation deck reopening for St. Valentine’s Day (14 February), it remained closed until 4 April 2010. During low tides and clearness, people can see the shores of Iran from the top of the skyscraper.

Burj Khalifa Park

Burj Khalifa is surrounded by an 11 ha (27-acre) park designed by landscape architects SWA Group. Like the tower, the park’s design was based on the flower of the Hymenocallis, a desert plant. At the centre of the park is the water room, which is a series of pools and water jet fountains. Benches and signs incorporate images of Burj Khalifa and the Hymenocallis flower.

The plants are watered by water collected from the building’s cooling system. The system provides 68,000,000 L (15,000,000 imp gal) annually. WET Enterprises, who also developed the Dubai Fountain, developed the park’s six water features.

Floor Plans

The following is a breakdown of floors.

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Construction


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Animation of construction process

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Aerial closeup of Burj Khalifa under construction in March 2008

The tower was constructed by Samsung C&T from South Korea, who also did work on the Petronas Twin Towers and Taipei 101. Samsung C&T built the tower in a joint venture with Besix from Belgium and Arabtec from UAE. Turner is the Project Manager on the main construction contract.

Under UAE law, the Contractor and the Engineer of Record, Hyder Consulting (manual structural analysis professionals which used Flash Analysis authored by Allen Wright), is jointly and severally liable for the performance of Burj Khalifa.

The primary structure is reinforced concrete. Putzmeister created a new, super high-pressure trailer concrete pump, the BSA 14000 SHP-D, for this project. Burj Khalifa’s construction used 330,000 m3 (431,600 cu yd) of concrete and 55,000 tonnes (61,000 short tons; 54,000 long tons) of steel rebar, and construction took 22 million man-hours. In May 2008 Putzmeister pumped concrete with more than 21 MPA ultimate compressive strength of gravel that would surpass the 600 meters weight of the effective area of each column from the foundation to the next fourth level, and the rest is by metal columns jacketed or covered with concreted to a then world record delivery height of 606 m (1,988 ft), the 156th floor. Three tower cranes were used during construction of the uppermost levels, each capable of lifting a 25-tonne load. The remaining structure above is constructed of lighter steel.

In 2003, 33 test holes were drilled to study the strength of the bedrock underlying the structure. “Weak to very weak sandstone and siltstone” was found, just metres below the surface. Samples were taken from test holes drilled to a depth of 140 metres, finding weak to very weak rock all the way. The study described the site as part of a “seismically active area”.

Over 45,000 m3 (58,900 cu yd) of concrete, weighing more than 110,000 tonnes (120,000 short tons; 110,000 long tons) were used to construct the concrete and steel foundation, which features 192 piles; each pile is 1.5 metre diameter x 43 m long, buried more than 50 m (164 ft) deep. The foundation is designed to support the total building weight of approximately 450,000 tonnes (500,000 short tons; 440,000 long tons). This weight is then divided by the compressive strength of concrete of which is 30 MPa which yield a 450 sq.meters of vertical normal effective area which then yield to a 12 meters by 12 meters dimensions. A cathodic protection system is in place under the concrete to neutralize the groundwater and prevent corrosion.

The Burj Khalifa is highly compartmentalised. Pressurized, air-conditioned refuge floors are located approximately every 35 floors where people can shelter on their long walk down to safety in case of an emergency or fire.

Special mixes of concrete are made to withstand the extreme pressures of the massive building weight; as is typical with reinforced concrete construction, each batch of concrete used was tested to ensure it could withstand certain pressures. CTLGroup, working for SOM, conducted the creep and shrinkage testing critical for the structural analysis of the building.

The consistency of the concrete used in the project was essential. It was difficult to create a concrete that could withstand both the thousands of tonnes bearing down on it and Persian Gulf temperatures that can reach 50 °C (122 °F). To combat this problem, the concrete was not poured during the day. Instead, during the summer months, ice was added to the mixture and it was poured at night when the air is cooler and the humidity is higher. A cooler concrete mixture cures evenly throughout and is therefore less likely to set too quickly and crack. Any significant cracks could have put the entire project in jeopardy.

The unique design and engineering challenges of building Burj Khalifa have been featured in a number of television documentaries, including the Big, Bigger, Biggest series on the National Geographic and Five channels, and the Mega Builders series on the Discovery Channel.

Milestones

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Burj Khalifa and skyline of Dubai, 2010

  • January 2004: Excavation commences.
  • February 2004: Piling starts.
  • 21 September 2004: Emaar contractors begin construction.
  • March 2005: Structure of Burj Khalifa starts rising.
  • June 2006: Level 50 is reached.
  • February 2007: Surpasses the Sears Tower as the building with the most floors.
  • 13 May 2007: Sets record for vertical concrete pumping on any building at 452 m (1,483 ft), surpassing the 449.2 m (1,474 ft) to which concrete was pumped during the construction of Taipei 101, while Burj Khalifa reached the 130th floor.
  • 21 July 2007: Surpasses Taipei 101, whose height of 509.2 m (1,671 ft) made it the world’s tallest building, and level 141 reached.
  • 12 August 2007: Surpasses the Sears Tower antenna, which stands 527 m (1,729 ft).
  • 12 September 2007: At 555.3 m (1,822 ft), becomes the world’s tallest freestanding structure, surpassing the CN Tower in Toronto, and level 150 reached.
  • 7 April 2008: At 629 m (2,064 ft), surpasses the KVLY-TV Mast to become the tallest man-made structure, level 160 reached.
  • 17 June 2008: Emaar announces that Burj Khalifa’s height is over 636 m (2,087 ft) and that its final height will not be given until it is completed in September 2009.
  • 1 September 2008: Height tops 688 m (2,257 ft), making it the tallest man-made structure ever built, surpassing the previous record-holder, the Warsaw Radio Mast in Konstantynów, Poland.
  • 17 January 2009: Topped out at 829.8 m (2,722 ft).
  • 1 October 2009: Emaar announces that the exterior of the building is completed.
  • 4 January 2010: Burj Khalifa’s official launch ceremony is held and Burj Khalifa is opened. Burj Dubai renamed Burj Khalifa in honour of the President of the UAE and ruler of Abu Dhabi, Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al Nahyan.
  • 10 March 2010 Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) certifies Burj Khalifa as world’s tallest building.

Real Estate Values

In March 2009, Mohamed Ali Alabbar, chairman of the project’s developer, Emaar Properties, said office space pricing at Burj Khalifa reached US$4,000 per sq ft (over US$43,000 per m²) and the Armani Residences, also in Burj Khalifa, sold for US$3,500 per sq ft (over US$37,500 per m²). He estimated the total cost for the project to be about US$1.5 billion.

The project’s completion coincided with the global financial crisis of 2007–2012, and with vast overbuilding in the country; this led to high vacancies and foreclosures. With Dubai mired in debt from its huge ambitions, the government was forced to seek multibillion dollar bailouts from its oil-rich neighbor Abu Dhabi. Subsequently, in a surprise move at its opening ceremony, the tower was renamed Burj Khalifa, said to honour the UAE President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan for his crucial support.

Because of the slumping demand in Dubai’s property market, the rents in the Burj Khalifa plummeted 40% some ten months after its opening. Out of 900 apartments in the tower, 825 were still empty at that time. However, over the next two and a half years, overseas investors steadily began to purchase the available apartments and office space in Burj Khalifa. By October 2012, Emaar reported that around 80% of the apartments were occupied.

Official Launch Ceremony

The ceremony was broadcast live on a giant screen on Burj Park Island and on smaller screens elsewhere. Hundreds of media outlets from around the world reported live from the scene. In addition to the media presence, 6,000 guests were expected.

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The opening ceremony of Burj Khalifa

The opening of Burj Khalifa was held on 4 January 2010. The ceremony featured a display of 10,000 fireworks, light beams projected on and around the tower, and further sound, light and water effects. The celebratory lighting was designed by UK lighting designers Speirs and Major Associates. Using the 868 powerful stroboscope lights that are integrated into the façade and spire of the tower, different lighting sequences were choreographed, together with more than 50 different combinations of other effects.

A short film about Burj Khalifa and Dubai in general was followed by a fireworks and light show. The first part of the show was based on a desert flower theme and included fireworks, lights, and sounds. The second segment told the story of the tower’s construction using 300 projectors to generate an image of the tower. The final segment used fireworks and lights to illuminate the tower.

Reception


Awards

In June 2010, Burj Khalifa was the recipient of the 2010 “Best Tall Building Middle East & Africa” award by the CTBUH. On 28 September 2010 Burj Khalifa won the award for best project of the year at the Middle East Architect Awards 2010. CTBUH Awards Chair Gordon Gill, of Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture said:

We are talking about a building here that has changed the landscape of what is possible in architecture a building that became internationally recognized as an icon long before it was even completed. ‘Building of the Century’ was thought a more appropriate title for it.

Besides these awards, Burj Khalifa was the recipient of following awards.

Opera Snapshot_2017-11-20_235733_en.wikipedia.org

BASE jumping

The building has been used by several experienced BASE jumpers for both authorised and unauthorised BASE jumping:

  • In May 2008, Hervé Le Gallou and David McDonnell, dressed as engineers, illegally infiltrated Burj Khalifa (around 650 m at the time), and jumped off a balcony situated a couple of floors below the 160th floor.
  • On 8 January 2010, with permission of the authorities, Nasr Al Niyadi and Omar Al Hegelan, from the Emirates Aviation Society, broke the world record for the highest BASE jump from a building after they leapt from a crane-suspended platform attached to the 160th floor at 672 m (2,205 ft). The two men descended the vertical drop at a speed of up to 220 km/h (140 mph), with enough time to open their parachutes 10 seconds into the 90-second jump.
  • On 21 April 2014, with permission of the authorities and support from several sponsors, highly experienced French BASE jumpers Vince Reffet and Fred Fugen broke the Guinness world record for the highest BASE jump from a building after they leapt from a specially designed platform, built at the very top of the pinnacle, at 828 metres (2,717 feet).

Climbing

On 28 March 2011, Alain “Spiderman” Robert scaled the outside of Burj Khalifa. The climb to the top of the spire took six hours. To comply with UAE safety laws, Robert, who usually climbs in free solo style, used a rope and harness for the climb.

Fatalities

Within 17 months of the building’s official opening, a man described as “an Asian in his mid-30s” who worked at one of the companies in the tower, died by suicide on 10 May 2011 by jumping from the 147th floor. He fell 39 floors, landing on a deck on the 108th floor. Dubai police confirmed the act as a suicide, reporting that “[they] also came to know that the man decided to commit suicide as his company refused to grant leave.”

The Daily Mail reported that on 16 November 2014, Laura Vanessa Nunes, a Portuguese national who was in Dubai on a tourist visa, fell to her death from Burj Khalifa’s “At the Top” observation deck on the 148th floor. However, on 18 May 2015, Dubai police disputed the report made by the Daily Mail on this incident and said that this incident took place in Jumeirah Lakes Towers. Coroner’s report states Laura’s body was found on the third floor of the Burj Khalifa

Ramadan Observance on the Higher Floors

At the higher floors of the Burj, people can still see the sun for a couple of minutes after it has set on the ground. This has led Dubai clerics to rule that those living above the 80th floor should wait 2 additional minutes to break their Ramadan fast, and those living above the 150th floor, 3 minutes.

In Popular Culture


  • Some scenes of the 2011 American action film Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol were shot on and in the Burj Khalifa, where Tom Cruise, portraying the character of Ethan Hunt, performed many of the stunts himself.
  • An alternate version of the Burj Khalifa appears in the 2012 video game Spec Ops: The Line.
  • A building that resembles the Burj Khalifa was featured in an episode of the American animated comedy series The Simpsons entitled “YOLO”, which aired on 10 November 2013. The building is known to be the tallest building in Springfield, a fictional American town which is the show’s setting.
  • In the 2016 American science fiction film Independence Day: Resurgence, the Burj Khalifa was seen where it – along with many other structures – is being thrown into
  • London by the aliens using their mothership’s anti-gravity pull.
  • Various other Western, Indian and Pakistani movies/ shows have been filmed, including the Amazing Race.
  • This building can also be seen in one of the Dubai tracks in the Wii version of Need for Speed: Nitro.
  • In the 2017 American disaster film Geostorm, the building is hit by a massive tsunami, which causes the antenna to fall off and the building itself to tilt at a precarious angle.

Fireworks Displays


  • 2010–2011: Fireworks accompanied by lasers and lights were displayed from the Burj Khalifa, making it the highest New Year’s Eve fireworks display in the world. The theme of the 2011 New Year fireworks was the “New Year Gala”, a tribute to the spirit of Dubai, which is home to over 200 nationalities. The display also marked the first anniversary of Burj Khalifa.
  • 2012–2013: The fireworks display on the Burj Khalifa – in a blaze of light and colour – engulfed the tower, synchronised and choreographed to a live performance by the Prague Philharmonic Orchestra. A window table for the New Year event was also arranged on the 122nd floor of the building at Atmosphere restaurant, at cost of Dh16,000 (US$4,300) per person.
  • On 27 November 2013, the Burj Khalifa was illuminated with lights and a fireworks display following announcement of Dubai as the winning city to host the World Expo 2020.
  • 2013–2014: The Burj Khalifa and surrounding areas were the site of a record-breaking fireworks display as part of the UAE’s New Year’s Eve celebrations, with a reported 400,000 fireworks being set off continuously for six minutes.
  • 2014–2015: The Burj Khalifa was illuminated by a 828 m (2,717 ft) custom build LED facade which was installed on the building where light shows were displayed followed by the fireworks.

Labour Controversy


The Burj Khalifa was built primarily by workers from South Asia and East Asia. This is generally because the current generation of UAE locals prefer governmental jobs and do not have an attitude favouring private sector employment. On 17 June 2008, there were 7,500 skilled workers employed at the construction site. Press reports indicated in 2006 that skilled carpenters at the site earned £4.34 a day, and labourers earned £2.84. According to a BBC investigation and a Human Rights Watch (HRW) report, the workers were housed in abysmal conditions, and worked long hours for low pay. During the construction of Burj Khalifa, only one construction-related death was reported. However, workplace injuries and fatalities in the UAE are “poorly documented”, according to HRW.

On 21 March 2006, about 2,500 workers, who were upset over buses that were delayed for the end of their shifts, protested and triggered a riot, damaging cars, offices, computers and construction equipment. A Dubai Interior Ministry official said the rioters caused almost £500,000 in damage. Most of the workers involved in the riot returned the following day but refused to work.

 

Tallest buildings in the world (350 m+)

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A Smog-eating Twisting Tower that features Luxury Apartments will soon open in Taiwan

Leanna Garfield, Business Insider US August 3, 2017

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The Tao Zhu Yin Yuan Tower by Vincent Callebaut Architectures in Taipei, Taiwan. Vincent Callebaut Architectures

A twisting, smog-eating tower is nearly finished in Taipei, Taiwan.

The skyscraper’s facade, roof, and balconies will contain 23,000 trees and shrubs – nearly the same amount found in New York’s Central Park. Inside, it will hold 40 luxury condos.

The plants are projected to absorb 130 tons of carbon dioxide per year – the equivalent of about 27 cars, lead designer Vincent Callebaut told Business Insider.

Called the Tao Zhu Yin Yuan Tower, or Agora Garden, the building topped out in July and is set to open by the fall. Take a look inside.


The 455,694-square-foot structure, a double-helix twisting 90-degrees from base to top, is modeled on a DNA strand, Callebaut said.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


The 20-story skyscraper sits in the XinYi District, in the heart of Taipei City.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


The top floor was completed in July 2017.

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The photo on the right shows what the tower will look like once the trees and shrubs are planted.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


The firm claims the balconies’ plants will absorb 130 tons of carbon dioxide per year — a small fraction of the roughly 260 million tons of CO2 Taiwan in 2008, the latest year data is available.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures
Source: International Energy Agency


Plants will also grow inside to the tower’s hallways, which will have glass flooring.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


Each unit will include a living room, dining room, family room, kitchen, and multiple bedrooms with walk-in closets.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


Two Penthouses will each stretch 5,920 square feet.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


Residents will have a stunning view of Taipei from their terraces …

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


… and they’ll be able to swim in the skyscraper’s indoor pool.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


Other amenities will include a garage and a fitness center — both naturally ventilated and lit.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


Callebaut, a Belgian architect, is known for his greenery-filled buildings. He sees the new tower as a small step toward a more sustainable future.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures

Callebaut’s other projects include a masterplan to revamp an industrial zone in Brussels, Belgium by adding luxury housing, restaurants, shops, office space, and greenhouses. His firm submitted the plan to the local government for review in February.

He is also working on a manta ray-shaped ferry terminal in Seoul, Korea. The designs for that structure, which were unveiled in June, also call for it to be covered in plants. And a solar-and-wind-powered building Callebaut designed in Cairo, Egypt is under construction and will contain rooftop community gardens and green living walls.


Construction on Agora Garden started in 2013, and is expected to wrap up in September.

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Vincent Callebaut Architectures


Opera Snapshot_2017-11-20_203401_www.livinspaces.net

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The Tao Zhu Yin Yuan Tower is a pioneering sustainable residential tower designed by Paris based Vincent Callebaut Architectures. After being awarded the project commission in a 2010 competition, the architects set out to create a building akin to an “inhabited tree” that could offer a vertical landscape with minimal energy consumption.

helix-eco-tower_23Vince-Callebaut

The 21 storey tower which is currently under construction in the Xinjin District of Taipei City, Taiwan, is directly modeled after a strand of DNA — a double helix twisting 90-degrees from base to top with each level turning by 4.5 degrees. According to the architects, this unique form provides solutions to 4 main objectives:

  • To be perfectly integrated in the North / South pyramidal profile of the Building Volume along with its East / West rhomboidal profile as well as the North-South reverse pyramid profile.
  • To generate a maximum of cascades for suspended open-air gardens, not part of the floor area ratio.
  • To offer every resident exceptional panoramic views of the Taipei skyline by multiplying the transversal views, especially towards the very close Taipei 101 tower and the Central Business District.
  • To generate from a flexible standardized level a progressive geometry which ensures the privacy of each apartment by avoiding direct visual axes.

The design of the Tao Zhu Yin Yuan tower (which means “The Retreat of Tao Zhu”), features a number of environmental as well as technological components that aid in reducing energy consumption.

The central core (which is a twisted vertical garden) has been designed to separate totally the vertical circulations into two housing units on each level. This core is fixed and features a double skin curtain wall system, that enables passive climate control for the vertical circulation and inner spaces, allowing for both natural ventilation and light. The core also features 2 staircases, 4 high speed elevators of 24 people (1800 kg), 1 car elevators (also useful to carry enormous art pieces, luxury antique vehicles, or even huge pianos, etc.), 2 sky garages in glass and also all the vertical shafts for the main flows. All these vertical flows are covered by a huge bearing exoskeleton in reinforced steel.

The apartments offer maximum spatial and technical flexibility. Spatially, each unit covers about 550 sqm, following two typical layouts on alternating floors, to best fit into the building’s virendeel beam structure. All levels are linked at both ends by two spiralling mega columns covered by green walls. This ensures each apartment remains completely free of columns.The technical flexibility is obtained by the integration of double decks and double walls that allow services and utilities remain hidden and embedded.

Other environmental features include a rainwater recycling system, low e-glass, a photovoltaic solar array on the roof and canopies. The tower will also be covered in 23,000 trees and shrubs on the various terraces and roof gardens. This extensive vegetations is intented to absorb up to 130 tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions each year — the equivalent of around 27 cars.

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The tower has been described as a “Carbon-absorbing green tower” by Callebaut himself. In a report from CNN, the architect likens the building to an urban forest.

“The tower presents a pioneer concept of sustainable residential eco-construction that aims at limiting the ecological footprint of its inhabitants”

-Vincent Callebaut

The Tao Zhu Yin Yuan tower is expected to be completed by September 2017. You can see (many) more images as well as an in-depth, detailed description of the concept on the Vincent Callebaut project page.

Here are some construction images from the tower taken earlier in the year.

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PROJECT DETAILS

  • TYPE: International Competition – First Prize Winner in November 2010
  • INTERNATIONAL ARCHITECT: Vincent Callebaut Architectures, Paris
  • CLIENT: BES Engineering Corporation, Taipei
  • CONTRACTOR: Taiwan Kumagai Co, Ltd
  • CONTRACT LOCATION: XinYin District, Taipei City, Taiwan
  • PROGRAM: 42 Sustainable Apartments + Facilities
  • SURFACE AREA: 42.335.34 m²
  • DELIVERY: September 2017
  • CURRENT PHASE: Under construction
  • GREEN CERTIFICATION: U.S. Green Building Council, LEED Gold + Low Carbon Building Alliance, Diamond Level
  • LOCAL ARCHITECT: LKP Design, Taipei
  • STRUCTURAL ENGINEER: King Le Chang & Associates, Taipei
  • LOCAL MEP ENGINEERING: Sine & Associates, Taipei
  • INTERNATIONAL INTERIOR ARCHITECT: Wilson & Associates (WA), Los Angeles
  • INTERNATIONAL LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT: SWA, Sausalito, San Francisco
  • LOCAL LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT: Horizon & Atmosphere (H&A), Taipei
  • INTERNATIONAL LIGHTING DESIGNER: L’Observatoire International, New-York
  • LOCAL LIGHTING DESIGNER: Unolai Design, Taipei
  • GREEN CONSULTANT: Enertek, Taipei
  • VCA’S TEAM: Emilie Diers, Frederique Beck, Jiao Yang, Florence Mauny,
  • Volker Erlich, Philippe Steels, Marco Conti Sikic, Benoit Patterlini, Maguy Delrieu, Vincent Callebaut
  • MODEL MAKER: Patrick Laurent

Source: livinspacesnet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cave Dwelling Library Opens to Public for Free in Central China’s Village

Source: Xinhua | 2017-01-19 22:49:03 | Editor: An

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Tourists read books at a cave dwelling library in Mogou Village of Mengzhou City, central China’s Henan Province, Jan. 19, 2017. The cave dwelling library, covering an area of about 4,000 square meters, comprises more than 50,000 volumes. It is opened to the public for free. (Xinhua/Li An)

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Villagers read books at a cave dwelling library in Mogou Village of Mengzhou City, central China’s Henan Province, Jan. 19, 2017. The cave dwelling library, covering an area of about 4,000 square meters, comprises more than 50,000 volumes. It is opened to the public for free. (Xinhua/Li An)

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A villager and her child read books at a cave dwelling library in Mogou Village of Mengzhou City, central China’s Henan Province, Jan. 19, 2017. The cave dwelling library, covering an area of about 4,000 square meters, comprises more than 50,000 volumes. It is opened to the public for free. (Xinhua/Li An)

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Tourists read books at a cave dwelling library in Mogou Village of Mengzhou City, central China’s Henan Province, Jan. 19, 2017. The cave dwelling library, covering an area of about 4,000 square meters, comprises more than 50,000 volumes. It is opened to the public for free. (Xinhua/Zhang Cheng)

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A villager reads books at a cave dwelling library in Mogou Village of Mengzhou City, central China’s Henan Province, Jan. 19, 2017. The cave dwelling library, covering an area of about 4,000 square meters, comprises more than 50,000 volumes. It is opened to the public for free. (Xinhua/Li An)

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A child reads books at a cave dwelling library in Mogou Village of Mengzhou City, central China’s Henan Province, Jan. 19, 2017. The cave dwelling library, covering an area of about 4,000 square meters, comprises more than 50,000 volumes. It is opened to the public for free. (Xinhua/Li An)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Mirrored Ceilings of Zhongshuge Bookstore in China!

September 28, 2016

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Imagine a movie set where 2001: A Space Odyssey meets Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and you get an idea of the new Zhongshuge bookstore in Hangzhou, China.

Designed by Shanghai-based architectural studio XL MUSE and located within the Star Avenue shopping complex, this extraordinary bookstore manages to transport the visitors out of their mundane reality and into an immersive realm of unbound fantasy, just like a good book of fiction is supposed to do.

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The store is comprised of four distinct spaces. Visitors are first welcomed by a glass facade covered in multi-lingual text behind which stretches an all-white, futuristic hall of cool brightness. Populating this space are randomly placed circular columns, displaying books in illuminated vertical shelving, and slender benches zigzagging through them. The designers’ intention behind this arrangement is to evoke a forest where “tree-like pillars”, as they poetically phrase it, “stand tall and emit the light of knowledge” and standing tall they do as they are reflected upwards by the mirrored ceiling which, along with the mirrored wall at the back, make the space seem of endless dimensions.

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Next is the “Reading Corridor”, a much darker space with full-height wooden bookcases extending “endlessly” on both sides and geometrical seating along its longitudinal axis. Here, the mirrored ceiling provides continuity from the previous space as well as creating the impression that the light fittings magically hover in midair like sky lanterns.

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Through a central doorway, the visitors then enter the “Reading Theater”, an oval space of similar aesthetic of dark shades and soft, warm lighting, with book-shelves and stepped seating lining the curved walls where padded cushions and reading lamps give the space a more relaxed, intimate feel.

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Lastly, the children’s reading room features an explosion of colorful displays shaped like a roller-coaster, a merry-go-round, a train, a pirate ship and hot air balloons, made all the more frenzied by the mirrored ceiling doubling certain shapes and completing others.

Resembling a space looks where someone has recorded a child’s dream of a playroom and reconstructed it down to its last detail, on the floor, a map of the galaxy educates children about the universe but also signifies how priceless it is to read your way to “a galaxy far, far away”…

Take a closer look at this fantastic bookstore!

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The World’s Most Beautiful Library is located in Shanghai

Posted by Gentlemen in China | Jun 25, 2016

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Located in Thames Town, The Zhongshuge-Hangzhou library is nominated by fans on Chinese social media as the most beautiful and impressive library.

EXTENDING ON MORE THEN 1000 SQUARE METERS AND SEPARATED ON NINE UNIQUE-THEMED ROOMS, THE BOOKSTORE HAS BEEN DESIGNED BY STUDIO XL MUSE ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN.

Nearly RMB 10 million was spent on the transformation of an empty building into this futuristic books labyrinth.

The whole atmosphere is unique, between Eastern and Western elements, in Thames Town, a British-style village and it is designed in the basis of ancient Chinese urban planning.

Zhongshu bookstore has nearly 50.000 books, with even foreign language books.

You can find books everywhere, between the artfully placed mirrors, beside the glass floor or the white cloudy monochrome spaces. They have also designed a kids area.

The bookstore is a piece of art that made print media start living again, specialy designed as a peaceful and impressive place to read books, to meditate and to get lost in the secret spaces waiting to be discovered. This is the paradise of readers and artists.

Zhongshu Books’ reputation has spread online and became very known through social media for its unique beauty.

And no worlds can describe the manificence of the place, so here are some pictures of the bookstore.

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