Steve McQueen

Steve McQueen . Biography 


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Terence StevenSteveMcQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an American actor. He was called “The King of Cool.” His “anti-hero” persona, developed at the height of the Vietnam counterculture, made him a top box-office draw of the 1960s and 1970s. McQueen received an Academy Award nomination for his role in The Sand Pebbles. His other popular films include The Thomas Crown Affair, Bullitt, The Getaway, and Papillon, as well as the all-star ensemble films The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, and The Towering Inferno. In 1974, he became the highest-paid movie star in the world, although he did not act in films again for four years. McQueen was combative with directors and producers, but his popularity placed him in high demand and enabled him to command large salaries.

Steve McQueen

Steve_McQueen
Born Terence Steven McQueen
March 24, 1930
Beech Grove, Indiana, U.S.
Died November 7, 1980 (aged 50)
Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico
Cause of death Malignant mesothelioma
Occupation Actor
Years active 1953–1980
Spouse(s) Neile Adams (1956–1972)
Ali MacGraw (1973–1978)
Barbara Minty (1980)
Children 2; Chad
Relatives Steven R. McQueen (grandson)

Early Life

McQueen was born Terence Steven McQueen in Beech Grove, Indiana, a suburb of Indianapolis, in Marion County. His father, William Terence McQueen, a stunt pilot for a barnstorming flying circus, abandoned McQueen’s mother six months after meeting her.[6] His mother, Julia Ann (née Crawford), was allegedly a rebellious alcoholic prostitute.

Unable to cope with caring for a small child, she left him with her parents (Victor and Lillian) in Slater, Missouri, in 1933. Shortly thereafter, as the Great Depression set in, McQueen and his grandparents moved in with Lillian’s brother Claude, at his farm in Slater.[6] McQueen was raised as a Roman Catholic.

He had good memories of the times on his great-uncle Claude’s farm. In recalling him, McQueen stated: “He was a very good man, very strong, very fair. I learned a lot from him.” On McQueen’s fourth birthday, Claude gave him a red tricycle, which McQueen later claimed started his interest in racing. At age 8, he was taken home by his mother and lived with her and her new husband in Indianapolis. McQueen retained a special memory of leaving the farm: “The day I left the farm Uncle Claude gave me a personal going-away present; a gold pocket watch, with an inscription inside the case.” The inscription read: “To Steve – who has been a son to me.”

McQueen, who was dyslexic and partially deaf as a result of a childhood ear infection, did not adjust well to his new life. His new step-father beat him so badly that at the age of nine McQueen left home to live on the streets. Within a few years he was running with a street gang and committing acts of petty crime. Unable to control McQueen’s behavior, his mother sent him back to Slater. When McQueen was 12, Julia wrote to Claude asking that McQueen be returned to her again, to live in her new home in Los Angeles, California. Julia, whose second marriage had ended in divorce, had married a third time.

This began an unsettled period in McQueen’s life. By McQueen’s own account, he and his new stepfather, “[l]ocked horns immediately.”[] McQueen recalls him being “A prime son of a bitch” who was not averse to using his fists on both McQueen and his mother. As McQueen began to rebel again, he was sent back to live with Claude a final time. At age 14, McQueen left Claude’s farm without saying goodbye and joined a circus for a short time, then drifted back to his mother and stepfather in Los Angeles, resuming his life as a gang member and petty criminal. McQueen was caught stealing hubcaps by police, who handed him over to his stepfather who beat him severely, ending the fight by throwing McQueen down a flight of stairs. McQueen looked up at his stepfather and said, “You lay your stinkin’ hands on me again and I swear, I’ll kill ya.”

After the incident, McQueen’s stepfather convinced his mother to sign a court order stating that McQueen was incorrigible, remanding him to the California Junior Boys Republic in Chino, California. Here, McQueen began to change and mature. He was not popular with the other boys at first: “Say the boys had a chance once a month to load into a bus and go into town to see a movie. And they lost out because one guy in the bungalow didn’t get his work done right. Well, you can pretty well guess they’re gonna have something to say about that. I paid his dues with the other fellows quite a few times. I got my lumps, no doubt about it. The other guys in the bungalow had ways of paying you back for interfering with their well-being.” Ultimately, McQueen gave Boys Republic a shot. He became a role model when he was elected to the Boys Council, a group who set the rules and regulations governing the boys’ lives. (He eventually left Boys Republic at 16; and when he later became famous, he regularly returned to talk to the boys. He personally responded to every letter he received from the boys there, and retained a lifelong association.)

At 16, McQueen left Chino and returned to his mother, now living in Greenwich Village, but almost left again. He then met two sailors from the Merchant Marine and volunteered to serve on a ship bound for the Dominican Republic. Once there, he abandoned his new post, eventually being employed as a “towel boy” in a brothel. Afterwards, McQueen made his way to Texas, and drifted from job to job. He worked as an oil rigger, a trinket salesman in a carnival, and a lumberjack.

Military Service

In 1947, McQueen joined the United States Marine Corps and was promoted to private first class and assigned to an armored unit. Initially, he reverted to his prior rebelliousness, and was demoted to private seven times. He took an unauthorized absence by failing to return after a weekend pass expired, staying with a girlfriend for two weeks until the shore patrol caught him. He resisted arrest and spent 41 days in the brig. After this, McQueen resolved to focus his energies on self-improvement and embraced the Marines’ discipline. He saved the lives of five other Marines during an Arctic exercise, pulling them from a tank before it broke through ice into the sea. He was assigned to the honor guard, responsible for guarding then U.S. President Harry Truman‘s yacht. McQueen served until 1950 when he was honorably discharged. He later said he had enjoyed his time in the Marines.

Acting

The 1950s

In 1952, with financial assistance provided by the G.I. Bill, McQueen began studying acting at Sanford Meisner’s Neighborhood Playhouse. Purportedly, the future “king of cool” delivered his first dialogue on a theatre stage in a 1952 play produced by Yiddish theatre star Molly Picon. McQueen’s character spoke one brief line: “Allez iz forloren.” (“All is lost.“). He began to earn money by competing in weekend motorcycle races at Long Island City Raceway and purchased the first of many motorcycles, a Harley Davidson. He soon became an excellent racer, and went home each weekend with about $100 in winnings ($805 in 2009 dollars adjusted for inflation). He appeared as a musical judge in an episode of ABC’s Jukebox Jury, that aired in the 1953–1954 season.

Steve McQueen in The Great St. Louis Bank Robbery
Steve McQueen in The Great St. Louis Bank Robbery

McQueen had minor roles in productions including Peg o’ My Heart, The Member of the Wedding, and Two Fingers of Pride. He made his Broadway debut in 1955 in the play A Hatful of Rain, starring Ben Gazzara.

In late 1955, at the age of 25, McQueen left New York and headed for California, where he moved into a house on Vestal Avenue in the Echo Park area, seeking acting jobs in Hollywood. When McQueen appeared in a two-part television presentation entitled The Defenders, Hollywood manager Hilly Elkins (who managed McQueen’s first wife, Neile) took note of him and decided that B-movies would be a good place for the young actor to make his mark. He landed his first film role in a bit part in Somebody Up There Likes Me, directed by Robert Wise and starring Paul Newman. McQueen was subsequently hired for the films Never Love a Stranger, The Blob (his first leading role), and The Great St. Louis Bank Robbery.

McQueen’s first breakout role came on television. He appeared on Dale Robertson’s NBC western series, Tales of Wells Fargo. Elkins, then McQueen’s manager, successfully lobbied Vincent M. Fennelly, producer of the western series Trackdown, to have McQueen read for the part of bounty hunter Josh Randall in a Trackdown episode. McQueen appeared as Randall in the episode, cast opposite series lead and old New York motorcycle racing buddy Robert Culp. McQueen then filmed the pilot episode, which became the series titled Wanted: Dead or Alive, which aired on CBS in September 1958.

The 1960s

McQueen and then-wife Neile Adams in the
McQueen and then-wife Neile Adams in the “Man from the South” episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents, 1960.

In the interviews in the DVD release of Wanted, Trackdown’s star Robert Culp claims credit for bringing McQueen to Hollywood and landing him the part of Randall. He claims to have taught McQueen the “art of the fast-draw”, adding that, on the second day of filming, McQueen beat him. McQueen became a household name as a result of this series. Randall’s special holster held a sawed-off .44-40 Winchester rifle nicknamed the “Mare’s Leg” instead of the six-gun carried by the typical Western character, although the cartridges in the gunbelt were dummy .45-70, chosen because they “looked tougher”. Coupled with the generally negative image of the bounty hunter (noted in the three-part DVD special on the background of the series) this added to the anti-hero image infused with mystery and detachment that made this show stand out from the typical TV Western. The 94 episodes from 1958 until early 1961, kept McQueen steadily employed.

At 29, McQueen got a significant break when Frank Sinatra removed Sammy Davis, Jr., from the film Never So Few after Davis supposedly made some mildly negative remarks about Sinatra in a radio interview, and Davis’s role went to McQueen. Sinatra saw something special in McQueen and ensured that the young actor got plenty of closeups in a role that earned McQueen favorable reviews. McQueen’s character, Bill Ringa, was never more comfortable than when driving at high speed—in this case in a jeep—or handling a switchblade or a tommy-gun.

After Never So Few, the film’s director John Sturges cast McQueen in his next movie, promising to “give him the camera.” The Magnificent Seven (1960), in which he played Vin Tanner and co-starred with Yul Brynner, Robert Vaughn, Charles Bronson and James Coburn, became McQueen’s first major hit and led to his withdrawal from Wanted: Dead or Alive. McQueen’s focused portrayal of the taciturn second lead catapulted his career. His added touches in each scene, such as shaking a shotgun round before loading it and wiping his hat rim, annoying costar Brynner, who protested that McQueen was trying to steal his spotlight.  (In his autobiography, Eli Wallach, the movie’s villain, Calvera, reports struggling to conceal his amusement while watching the filming of the funeral-procession scene where Brynner’s and McQueen’s characters first meet: Brynner was furious at McQueen’s shotgun-round-shake, which effectively diverted the viewer’s attention to McQueen.) Brynner refused to draw his gun in the same scene with McQueen, not wanting his character outdrawn.

McQueen played the lead in the next big Sturges film, 1963’s The Great Escape, Hollywood’s depiction of the otherwise true story of an historical mass escape from a World War II POW camp, Stalag Luft III. Insurance concerns prevented McQueen from performing the film’s notable motorcycle leap, which was done by his friend and fellow cycle enthusiast Bud Ekins, who resembled McQueen from a distance. When Johnny Carson later tried to congratulate McQueen for the jump during a broadcast of The Tonight Show, McQueen said, “It wasn’t me. That was Bud Ekins.” This film established McQueen’s box-office clout and secured his status as a superstar.

In 1963, McQueen starred in Love with the Proper Stranger with Natalie Wood. He later appeared in a prequel as the titular Nevada Smith, a character from Harold Robbins’ The Carpetbaggers portrayed by Alan Ladd two years earlier in a movie version of that novel. The sequel, an enormously successful Western action adventure, features Karl Malden and Suzanne Pleshette. McQueen earned his only Academy Award nomination in 1966 for his role as an engine-room sailor in The Sand Pebbles, in which he stars opposite Candice Bergen and Richard Attenborough (with whom he’d previously worked in The Great Escape).

He followed his Oscar nomination with 1968’s Bullitt, one of his most famous films, co-starring Jacqueline Bisset and Robert Vaughn. It featured an unprecedented (and endlessly imitated) auto chase through San Francisco. Although McQueen did do the driving that appeared in closeup, this was about 10% of what is seen in the film’s car chase. The rest of the driving by the McQueen character was done by stunt drivers Bud Ekins and Loren James. Bullitt went so far over budget that Warner Brothers cancelled the contract on the rest of his films, seven in all.

When Bullitt became a huge box-office success Warner Brothers tried to woo him back, but he refused, and his next film was made with an independent studio and released by United Artists. For this film, McQueen went for a change of image, playing a debonair role as a wealthy executive in The Thomas Crown Affair with Faye Dunaway in 1968. The following year he made the Southern period piece The Reivers.

The 1970s

In 1971 McQueen starred in the poorly-received auto-racing drama Le Mans. Then came The Getaway where he met future wife Ali MacGraw. He worked for director Sam Peckinpah again with the leading role in Junior Bonner in 1972, a story of an aging rodeo rider. He followed this with a physically demanding role as a Devil’s Island prisoner in 1973’s Papillon, featuring Dustin Hoffman as his character’s tragic sidekick.

In 1973, The Rolling Stones referred to McQueen in the song “Star Star” from the album Goat’s Head Soup for which an amused McQueen reportedly gave personal permission. The lines were “Star fucker, star fucker, star fucker, star fucker star/ Yes you are, yes you are, yes you are/Yeah, Ali MacGraw got mad with you/For givin’ head to Steve McQueen”.

By the time of The Getaway, McQueen was the world’s highest paid actor. But after 1974’s The Towering Inferno, co-starring with his long-time professional rival Paul Newman and reuniting him with Dunaway, became a tremendous box-office success, McQueen all but disappeared from the public eye, to focus on motorcycle racing and traveling around the country in a motorhome and on his vintage Indian motorcycles. He did not return to acting until 1978 with An Enemy of the People, playing against type as a bearded, bespectacled 19th-century doctor in this adaptation of a Henrik Ibsen play. The film was seen only briefly in theaters and is available on DVD.

His last two films were loosely based on true stories: Tom Horn, a Western adventure about a former Army scout-turned professional gunman who worked for the big cattle ranchers hunting down rustlers, and later hanged for murder in the shooting death of a sheepherder, and The Hunter, an urban action movie about a modern-day bounty hunter, both released in 1980.

Missed Roles

McQueen was offered the lead role in Breakfast at Tiffany’s but was unable to accept due to his Wanted: Dead or Alive contract (the role went to George Peppard). He turned down parts in Ocean’s Eleven, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (his attorneys and agents could not agree with Paul Newman’s attorneys and agents on top billing), The Driver, Apocalypse Now, California Split, Dirty Harry, A Bridge Too Far, and The French Connection (he did not want to do another cop film).

According to director John Frankenheimer and actor James Garner in bonus interviews for the DVD of the film Grand Prix, McQueen was Frankenheimer’s first choice for the lead role of American Formula One race car driver Pete Aron. Frankenheimer was unable to meet with McQueen to offer him the role and sent Edward Lewis, his business partner and the producer of Grand Prix. McQueen and Lewis instantly clashed, the meeting was a disaster, and the role went to Garner.

McQueen was the first choice for director Steven Spielberg, for Close Encounters of the Third Kind. According to Spielberg, in a documentary on the Close Encounters DVD, Spielberg met him at a bar, where McQueen drank beer after beer. Before leaving, McQueen told Spielberg that he could not accept the role because he was unable to cry on cue. Spielberg offered to take the crying scene out of the story, but McQueen demurred, saying that it was the best scene in the script. The role eventually went to Richard Dreyfuss.

William Friedkin wanted to cast McQueen as the lead in the action/thriller film Sorcerer (1977). Sorcerer was to be filmed primarily on location in the Dominican Republic, but McQueen did not want to be separated from Ali McGraw for the duration of the shoot. McQueen therefore asked Friedkin to let McGraw act as a producer, so she could be present during principal photography. Friedkin would not agree to this condition, and cast Roy Scheider instead of McQueen. Friedkin later remarked that not casting McQueen hurt the film’s performance at the box-office.

Spy novelist Jeremy Duns revealed that Steve McQueen was considered for the lead role in a film adaptation of The Diamond Smugglers, written by James Bond creator Ian Fleming; McQueen would play ‘John Blaize’, a secret agent gone undercover to infiltrate a diamond-smuggling ring in South Africa. There were complications with the project which was eventually shelved, although a 1964 screenplay does exist.

McQueen and Barbra Streisand were tentatively cast in The Gauntlet, but the two did not get along due to a clash of egos. Both withdrew from the project, and the lead roles were filled in by Clint Eastwood and Sondra Locke.

McQueen expressed interest in the Rambo character in First Blood when David Morrell’s novel appeared in 1972, but the producers rejected him because of his age. He was offered the title role in The Bodyguard (with Diana Ross) when it was proposed in 1976, but the film did not reach production until years after McQueen’s death.[38] Quigley Down Under was in development as early as 1974, with McQueen in consideration for the lead, but by the time production began in 1980, McQueen was ill and the project was scrapped until a decade later, when Tom Selleck starred. McQueen was offered the lead in Raise the Titanic but felt that the script was flat. He was under contract to Irwin Allen after appearing in The Towering Inferno and offered a part in a sequel in 1980, which he turned down. The film was scrapped and Newman was brought in by Allen to make When Time Ran Out, which was a box office bomb. McQueen died shortly after passing on The Towering Inferno 2.

Motor Racing

Modern advertisement with McQueen photo and quote.
Modern advertisement with McQueen photo and quote.

McQueen was an avid motorcycle and racecar enthusiast. When he had the opportunity to drive in a movie, he performed many stunts. Perhaps, the most memorable were the car chases in Bullitt and motorcycle chases in The Great Escape. Although, the jump over the fence in The Great Escape was done by Bud Ekins for insurance purposes, McQueen did have considerable screen time riding his 650cc Triumph TR6 Trophy motorcycle. It was difficult to find riders as skilled as McQueen. At one point, using editing, McQueen is seen in a German uniform chasing himself on another bike.

McQueen and John Sturges planned to make Day of the Champion,  a movie about Formula One racing, but McQueen was busy with the delayed The Sand Pebbles. They had a contract with the German Nürburgring, and after John Frankenheimer shot scenes there for Grand Prix, the reels were turned over to Sturges. Frankenheimer was ahead in schedule, and the McQueen/Sturges project was called off.

McQueen considered being a professional race car driver. In the 1970 12 Hours of Sebring race, Peter Revson and McQueen (driving with a cast on his left foot from a motorcycle accident two weeks earlier) won with a Porsche 908/02 in the 3 litre class and missed winning overall by 23 seconds to Mario Andretti/Ignazio Giunti/Nino Vaccarella in a 5 litre Ferrari 512S. This same Porsche 908 was entered by his production company Solar Productions as a camera car for Le Mans in the 1970 24 Hours of Le Mans later that year. McQueen wanted to drive a Porsche 917 with Jackie Stewart in that race, but the film backers threatened to pull their support if he did. Faced with the choice of driving for 24 hours in the race or driving for the entire summer making the film, McQueen opted for the latter.

McQueen competed in off-road motorcycle racing. His first off-road motorcycle was a Triumph 500cc, purchased from friend and stunt man Ekins. McQueen raced in many top off-road races on the West Coast, including the Baja 1000, the Mint 400 and the Elsinore Grand Prix. In 1964, with Ekins on their Triumph TR6 Trophys, he represented the United States in the International Six Days Trial, a form of off-road motorcycling Olympics. He was inducted in the Off-road Motorsports Hall of Fame in 1978. In 1971, Solar Productions funded the classic motorcycle documentary On Any Sunday, in which McQueen is featured, along with racing legends Mert Lawwill and Malcolm Smith. Also in 1971, McQueen was on the cover of Sports Illustrated Magazine riding a Husqvarna dirt bike. McQueen designed a motorsports bucket seat, for which a patent was issued in 1971.

McQueen collected classic motorcycles. At the time of his death, his collection included over 100 and was valued in the millions of dollars.

In a segment filmed for The Ed Sullivan Show, McQueen drove Sullivan around a desert area in a dune buggy at high speed. Afterward, Sullivan said, “That was a helluva ride!”

McQueen owned several exotic sports cars, including:

  • Porsche 917, Porsche 908 and Ferrari 512 race cars from the Le Mans film.
  • 1963 Ferrari 250 Lusso Berlinetta
  • Jaguar D-Type XKSS (Right-Hand Drive)
  • Porsche 356 Speedster

To his dismay, McQueen was never able to own the legendary Ford Mustang GT 390 he drove in Bullitt, which featured a modified drivetrain that suited McQueen’s driving style. One of the two Mustangs was badly damaged and judged beyond repair and scrapped.

Personal Life

McQueen was married three times and had two children. On November 2, 1956, he married actress Neile Adams (born Ruby Salvador), by whom he had a daughter, Terry Leslie (June 5, 1959 – March 19, 1998), and a son, Chad (born December 28, 1960). McQueen and Adams divorced in 1972. McQueen then married his The Getaway co-star Ali MacGraw on August 31, 1973, but this marriage ended in divorce in 1978. MacGraw suffered a miscarriage during their marriage.[48] On January 16, 1980, less than a year before his death, McQueen married model Barbara Minty. One of McQueen’s four grandchildren is actor Steven R. McQueen.

In the early 1970s, while separated from Adams and prior to meeting MacGraw, McQueen had a lengthy relationship with Junior Bonner co-star Barbara Leigh, which resulted in her pregnancy and an illegal abortion. Biographers Marshall Terrill and Marc Eliot wrote in their respective books that McQueen had an affair with his Bullitt co-star Jacqueline Bisset in 1968, though Bisset never confirmed this. Actress-model Lauren Hutton claimed that she had an affair with McQueen in the early 1960s.

McQueen had a daily two-hour exercise regimen, involving weightlifting and at one point, running five miles, seven days a week. McQueen learned the martial art Tang Soo Do from ninth degree black belt Pat E. Johnson.

Arrested in Anchorage for drunk driving.
Arrested in Anchorage for drunk driving.

McQueen was known for his prolific drug use. (William Claxton claimed he smoked marijuana almost every day; others  said he used a tremendous amount of cocaine in the early 1970s) and he was a heavy cigarette smoker. McQueen sometimes drank to excess, and was arrested for driving while intoxicated in Anchorage, Alaska in 1972.

After Charles Manson incited the murder of five people, including McQueen’s friends Sharon Tate and Jay Sebring at Tate’s home on August 9, 1969, it was reported McQueen was a potential target of the killers. According to his first wife, McQueen began carrying a handgun at all times in public, including at Sebring’s funeral. Two months after the murders police found a hit list with McQueen’s name on it, a result of McQueen’s company having rejected a Manson screenplay. In 2011, it was revealed that Sebring had invited McQueen to the party at Tate’s house on the night of the murders. According to McQueen, he had invited a girlfriend to come along, she instead suggested an intimate night at home which saved his life.

McQueen had an unusual reputation for demanding free items in bulk from studios when agreeing to do a film – things like electric razors, jeans and other items. It was later discovered that McQueen requested these things, and donated them to the Boy’s Republic reformatory School, where he spent time in his teen years. McQueen made occasional visits to the school to spend time with the students, often to play pool and speak about his experiences.

After discovering a mutual interest in racing, McQueen and Great Escape co-star James Garner became good friends. Garner lived down hill from McQueen; and McQueen recalled, “I could see that Jim was neat around his place. Flowers trimmed, no papers in the yard … grass always cut. So to piss him off, I’d start lobbing empty beer cans down the hill into his driveway. He’d have his drive all spic ‘n’ span when he left the house, then get home to find all these empty cans. Took him a long time to figure out it was me”.

McQueen’s third wife Barbara Minty McQueen in her book, Steve McQueen: The Last Mile, writes of McQueen becoming an Evangelical Christian toward the end of his life. This was due in part to the influences of his flying instructor, Sammy Mason, Mason’s son Pete, and Barbara. McQueen attended his local church, Ventura Missionary Church, and was visited by evangelist Billy Graham shortly before his death.

Hobbies

McQueen was an avid dirt bike rider, running a BSA Hornet. He was to co-drive in a Triumph 2500 PI for the British Leyland team in the 1970 London-Mexico rally, but had to turn it down due to movie commitments.[62] He also loved flying and owned, among other aircraft, a 1945 Stearman, tail number N3188, (his student number in reform school), a 1946 Piper J3 Cub, and an award-winning 1931 Pitcairn PA-8 biplane, flown in the U.S. Mail Service by famed World War I flying ace, Eddie Rickenbacker. They were hangared at Santa Paula Airport an hour northwest of Hollywood, where he lived his final days.

Death

McQueen developed a persistent cough in 1978; he gave up cigarettes and underwent antibiotic treatments without improvement. Shortness of breath grew more pronounced and on December 22, 1979, after filming The Hunter, a biopsy revealed pleural mesothelioma, a cancer associated with asbestos exposure for which there is no known cure. The asbestos was thought to have been in the protective suits worn in his race car driving days. By February 1980, there was evidence of widespread metastasis. While he tried to keep the condition a secret, the National Enquirer disclosed his “terminal cancer” on March 11, 1980. In July, McQueen traveled to Rosarito Beach for unconventional treatment after U.S. doctors advised him they could do nothing to prolong his life.On November 7, 1980, McQueen died at the age of 50 in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, following an operation to remove or reduce several metastatic tumors in his neck and abdomen.== Controversy arose over McQueen’s Mexican trip, because McQueen sought a non-traditional cancer treatment that used coffee enemas, frequent shampoos, injection of live cells from cows and sheep, massage and laetrile, a supposedly “natural” anti-cancer drug available in Mexico, but not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. McQueen paid for these unconventional medical treatments. McQueen was treated by William Donald Kelley, whose only medical license had been (until revoked in 1976) for orthodontics. Kelley’s methods created a sensation in the traditional and tabloid press when it was known that McQueen was a patient. Despite metastasis of the cancer through McQueen’s body, Kelley publicly announced that McQueen would be completely cured and return to normal life. McQueen’s condition worsened and “huge” tumors developed in his abdomen. In late October 1980, McQueen flew to Ciudad Juárez to have an abdominal tumor on his liver (weighing around five pounds) removed, despite warnings from his U.S. doctors that the tumor was inoperable and his heart could not withstand the surgery. McQueen checked into a Juarez clinic under the assumed name of “Sam Shepard” where the doctors and staff at the small, low-income clinic were unaware of his actual identity. McQueen died of cardiac arrest at 3:45 am in his hospital bed more than 24 hours after the surgery to remove the tumor. An article in the El Paso Times noted that before his death he awoke in his hospital bed and asked for ice and then died.

A few months before his death, McQueen had given a medical interview in which he blamed his condition on asbestos exposure. While McQueen felt asbestos used in movie soundstage insulation and race-drivers’ protective suits and helmets could have been involved, he believed his illness was a direct result of massive exposure while removing asbestos lagging from pipes aboard a troop ship while in the Marines.

Leonard DeWitt of the Ventura Missionary Church presided over McQueen’s memorial service. McQueen was cremated, and his ashes spread in the Pacific Ocean.

Legacy

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With Virginia Gregg in Wanted: Dead or Alive

Posthumously, McQueen remains a popular star, and his estate limits the licensing of his image to avoid the commercial saturation experienced by other deceased celebrities. As of 2007, McQueen’s estate entered the top 10 of highest-earning deceased celebrities.

McQueen was inducted into the Hall of Great Western Performers in April 2007, in a ceremony at the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum.

In November 1999, McQueen was inducted into the Motorcycle Hall of Fame. He was credited with contributions including financing the film On Any Sunday, supporting a team of off-road riders, and enhancing the public image of motorcycling overall.

A film based on unfinished storyboards and notes developed by McQueen before his death was slated for production by McG’s production company Wonderland Sound and Vision. Yucatan is described as an “epic adventure heist” film, scheduled for release in 2013. Team Downey, the production company of Robert Downey Jr. and his wife Susan Downey, expressed an interest in developing Yucatan for the screen.

The Beech Grove, Indiana, Public Library formally dedicated the Steve McQueen Birthplace Collection on March 16, 2010 to commemorate the 80th anniversary of McQueen’s birth on March 24, 1930.

In 2005, TV Guide ranked McQueen # 26 on its “50 Sexiest Stars of All Time” list.

Ford Commercial

In 2005, Ford used Steve McQueen’s likeness in a commercial for the 2005 Mustang. In the commercial, a farmer builds a winding racetrack, which he circles in the 2005 Mustang. Out of the cornfield comes Steve McQueen. The farmer tosses his keys to McQueen, who drives off in the new Mustang. McQueen’s likeness was created using a body double and digital editing. Ford secured the rights to McQueen’s likeness from the actor’s estate licensing agent, GreenLight for an undisclosed sum.

Memorabilia

The blue-tinted sunglasses (Persol 714) worn by McQueen in the 1968 movie The Thomas Crown Affair sold at a Bonhams & Butterfields auction in Los Angeles for $70,200 in 2006. One of his motorcycles, a 1937 Crocker, sold for a world-record price of $276,500 at the same auction. McQueen’s 1963 metallic-brown Ferrari 250 GT Berlinetta Lusso sold for $2.31 million USD at auction on August 16, 2007. Except for three motorcycles sold with other memorabilia in 2006, most of McQueen’s collection of 130 motorcycles was sold 4 years after his death. The 1970 Porsche 911S purchased while making the film Le Mans and appearing in the opening sequence was sold at auction in August 2011 for $1.375 million. The Rolex Explorer II, Reference 1655, known as Rolex Steve McQueen in the horology collectors’ world, the Rolex Submariner, Reference 5512, which McQueen was often photographed wearing in private moments, sold for $234,000 at auction on June 11, 2009, a world-record price for the reference. McQueen was left-handed and wore the watch on his right wrist.

McQueen was a sponsored ambassador for Heuer watches. In the 1970 film Le Mans, he famously wore a blue faced Monaco 1133B Caliber 11 Automatic, which led to its cult status among watch collectors. His sold for $87,600 at auction on June 11, 2009. Tag Heuer continues to promote its Monaco range with McQueen’s image.

From 2009, Triumph Motorcycles Ltd, licensed by his estate, marketed a line of clothing inspired by Steve McQueen’s association with their brand, particularly his 1964 ISDT participation.

British heritage clothing brand J. Barbour and Sons created a Steve McQueen collection, based on the fact that he owned a Barbour International motorbike jacket.

Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1953 Girl on the Run Extra Uncredited
1955 Goodyear Playhouse   TV series (1 episode: “The Chivington Raid”)
1956 The United States Steel Hour Bushy TV series (1 episode: “Bring Me a Dream”)
1956 Somebody Up There Likes Me Fidel Uncredited
1957 Studio One in Hollywood Joseph Gordon TV series (2 episodes)
1957 West Point   TV series (1 episode: “Ambush”)
1957 The 20th Century-Fox Hour Kinsella TV series (1 episode: “Deep Water”)
1957 The Big Story Chuck Milton TV series (1 episode: “Malcolm Glover of the San Francisco Examiner”)
1958 Climax! Anthony Reeves / Henry Reeves TV series (1 episode: “Four Hours in White”)
1958 Tales of Wells Fargo Bill Longley TV series (1 episode: “Bill Longley”)
1958 Trackdown Josh Randall/Mal Cody/Wes Cody TV series (2 episodes)
1958 Never Love a Stranger Martin Cabell  
1958 The Blob Steve Andrews  
1958 Wanted: Dead or Alive Josh Randall TV series (94 episodes)
1959 The Great St. Louis Bank Robbery George Fowler  
1959 Never So Few Bill Ringa  
1959 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Bill Everett TV series (1 episode: “Human Interest Story”)
1960 Alfred Hitchcock Presents Gambler TV series (1 episode: “Man from the South”)
1960 The Magnificent Seven Vin Tanner  
1961 The Honeymoon Machine Lt. Ferguson “Fergie” Howard  
1962 Hell Is for Heroes Reese  
1962 The War Lover Capt. Buzz Rickson  
1963 The Great Escape Hilts “The Cooler King”  
1963 Soldier in the Rain Sgt. Eustis Clay  
1963 Love with the Proper Stranger Rocky Papasano  
1965 Baby the Rain Must Fall Henry Thomas  
1965 The Cincinnati Kid The Cincinnati Kid  
1966 Nevada Smith Nevada Smith  
1966 The Sand Pebbles Jake Holman Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1967 Think Twentieth Himself Documentary short
1968 The Thomas Crown Affair Thomas Crown  
1968 Bullitt Lt. Frank Bullitt  
1969 The Reivers Boon Hogganbeck  
1971 Le Mans Michael Delaney  
1971 On Any Sunday Himself Documentary
1972 Junior Bonner Junior “JR” Bonner  
1972 The Getaway Doc McCoy  
1973 Bruce Lee: The Man and the Legend Himself Documentary; uncredited
1973 The Magnificent Rebel Himself Documentary short
1973 Papillon Henri ‘Papillon’ Charriere  
1974 The Towering Inferno Chief Mike O’Hallorhan  
1976 Dixie Dynamite Dirt-bike Rider Uncredited
1978 An Enemy of the People Dr. Thomas Stockmann Also executive producer
1980 Tom Horn Tom Horn Also executive producer
1980 The Hunter Papa Thorson  

Awards and Honors

Academy Awards
  • (1967) Nominated – Best Actor in a Leading Role in The Sand Pebbles
Golden Globe Awards
  • (1964) Nominated – Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama in Love with the Proper Stranger
  • (1967) Nominated – Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama in The Sand Pebbles
  • (1970) Nominated – Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy in The Reivers
  • (1974) Nominated – Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama in Papillon
Moscow International Film Festival
  • (1963) – Won – Best Actor in The Great Escape

Robert Redford

Robert Redford . Biography


Redford

Charles Robert Redford, Jr. (born August 18, 1936) is an American actor, film director, producer, businessman, environmentalist, philanthropist, and founder of the Sundance Film Festival. He has received two Oscars: one in 1981 for directing Ordinary People, and one for Lifetime Achievement in 2002. In 2010, he was awarded French Knighthood in the Legion d’Honneur.

Opera Snapshot_2018-10-28_213135_en.wikipedia.org

Robert Redford
Robert_Redford_2012_cropped

Redford at the 2012 Sundance Film Festival
Born Charles Robert Redford, Jr.
August 18, 1936 (age 77)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Occupation Actor, director, producer, businessman, environmentalist, philanthropist
Years active 1959–present
Spouse(s) Lola Van Wagenen
(1958–1985; divorced)
Sibylle Szaggars
(2009–present)[2]
Children Amy Redford

Early Life

Redford was born in Santa Monica, California. His mother, Martha W. (née Hart), was born in Texas, to Archibald Hart and Sallie Pate Green; and his father, Charles Robert Redford, Sr. (November 19, 1914 – April 2, 1991), was a milkman-turned-accountant from Pawcatuck, New London County, Connecticut, son of Charles Elijah Redford and Lena Taylor. He has a stepbrother, William, from his father’s re-marriage. Redford is of English, Irish, Scottish, and Scots-Irish ancestry (his surname originates in England).

Redford’s family moved to Van Nuys, California, while his father worked in El Segundo. He attended Van Nuys High School, where he was classmates with baseball player Don Drysdale. He has described himself as having been a “bad” student, finding inspiration outside the classroom, and being interested in art and sports. He hit tennis balls with Pancho Gonzales at the Los Angeles Tennis Club to warm him up. After high school, he attended the University of Colorado for a year and a half, where he was a member of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity. While there, he worked at the restaurant/bar The Sink; a painting of his likeness is prominent in the bar’s murals. After being asked to leave the University of Colorado, he traveled in Europe, living in France, Spain, and Italy. He later studied painting at the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn and took classes at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City.

Career

Television

Redford’s career — like that of almost all major stars who emerged in the 1950s — began in New York, where an actor could find work both in television and on stage. Starting in 1959, he appeared as a guest star on numerous programs, including The Untouchables, The Americans, Whispering Smith, Perry Mason, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Route 66, Dr. Kildare, Playhouse 90, Tate, The Twilight Zone, and “Captain Brassbound’s Conversion” with a young Christopher Plummer, among others.

In 1960, Redford was cast as Danny Tilford, a mentally disturbed young man trapped in the wreckage of his family garage, in “Breakdown”, one of the last episodes of the syndicated adventure series, Rescue 8, starring Jim Davis and Lang Jeffries.

Redford earned an Emmy nomination as Best Supporting Actor for his performance in The Voice of Charlie Pont (ABC, 1962). One of his last television appearances was on October 7, 1963, on Breaking Point, an ABC medical drama about psychiatry.

Theater

Redford’s Broadway debut was in a small role in Tall Story (1959), followed by parts in The Highest Tree (1959) and Sunday in New York (1961). His biggest Broadway success was as the stuffy newlywed husband of Elizabeth Ashley in Neil Simon’s Barefoot in the Park (1963).

Film

Redford in Barefoot in the Park, 1967
Redford in Barefoot in the Park, 1967

While still largely an unknown, Redford made his screen debut in War Hunt (1962), co-starring with John Saxon in a film set during the last days of the Korean War. This film also marked the debuts of director Sydney Pollack, with whom Redford would often collaborate in the near future, and actor Tom Skerritt. After his Broadway success, he was cast in larger feature roles in movies. He was cast alongside screen legend Alec Guinness in the war comedy Situation Hopeless … But Not Serious, in which he played a soldier who has to spend years of his life hiding behind enemy lines. In Inside Daisy Clover (1965), which won him a Golden Globe for best new star, he played a bisexual movie star who marries starlet Natalie Wood, and rejoined her along with Charles Bronson for Pollack’s This Property Is Condemned (1966) — again as her lover, though this time in a film which achieved even greater success. The same year saw his first teaming with Jane Fonda, in Arthur Penn’s The Chase. This film marked the only time Redford would star with Marlon Brando. Fonda and Redford were paired again in the popular big screen version of Barefoot in the Park (1967) and were again co-stars much later in Pollack’s The Electric Horseman (1979).

After this initial success, Redford became concerned about his blond male stereotype image and turned down roles in Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? and The Graduate. Redford found the property he was looking for in George Roy Hill’s Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), scripted by William Goldman, in which he was paired for the first time with Paul Newman. The film was a huge success and made him a major bankable star, cementing his screen image as an intelligent, reliable, sometimes sardonic good guy.

Redford suffered through a few films that did not achieve box office success during this time, including Downhill Racer (1969); Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here (1969); Little Fauss and Big Halsy (1970), and The Hot Rock (1972). But his overall career was flourishing with the critical and box office hit Jeremiah Johnson (1972); the political satire The Candidate (1972); the hugely popular period drama The Way We Were (1973); and the biggest hit of his career; the blockbuster crime caper The Sting (1973), which became one of the top 20 highest grossing movies of all time when adjusted for inflation and for which he was also nominated for an Oscar.

Between 1974 and 1976, exhibitors voted Redford Hollywood’s top box-office name. His hits included The Great Gatsby (1974), The Great Waldo Pepper (1975), and Three Days of the Condor (1975). The popular and acclaimed All the President’s Men (1976), directed by Alan J. Pakula and scripted once again by Goldman, was a landmark film for Redford. Not only was he the executive producer and co-star, but the film’s serious subject matter — the Watergate scandal — and its attempt to create a realistic portrayal of journalism also reflected the actor’s offscreen concerns for political causes.

He also starred in a segment of the war film A Bridge Too Far (1977), the prison drama Brubaker (1980), playing a prison warden attempting to reform the system, and the fantasy baseball drama The Natural (1984). Redford continued his involvement in mainstream Hollywood movies, though with a newfound focus on directing. The first film he directed, Ordinary People, which followed the disintegration of an upper class American family after the death of a son, was one of the most critically and publicly acclaimed films of the decade, winning a number of Oscars, including the Academy Award for best director for Redford himself. His follow-up directorial project, The Milagro Beanfield War (1987), failed to generate the same level of attention. Sydney Pollack’s Out of Africa (1985), with Redford in the male lead role opposite Meryl Streep, became an enormous critical and box office success and won seven Oscars including Best Picture, proving to be Redford’s biggest success of the decade and Redford and Pollack’s most successful of their six movies together. His next film, Legal Eagles (1986), was only a minor success at the box office.

Redford continued as a major star throughout the 1990s and 2000s. He released his third film as a director, A River Runs Through It, in 1992, which was a return to mainstream success for Redford as a director and brought a young Brad Pitt to greater prominence. 1993 brought Redford one of his most popular and recognized roles when he starred as a millionaire businessman who tests people’s morals through bribery in Indecent Proposal, which became one of the year’s biggest hits. He co-starred with Michelle Pfeiffer in the newsroom romance Up Close & Personal (1996), and with Kristin Scott Thomas in The Horse Whisperer (1998), which he also directed. Redford also continued work in films with political context, such as Havana (1990), playing Jack Weil, a professional gambler in 1959 Cuba during the Revolution, as well as Sneakers (1992), in which he co starred with River Phoenix among others.

Robert_Redford_Cannes_2013
Redford at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.

He appeared as a disgraced Army general sent to prison in the prison drama The Last Castle (2001), directed by Rod Lurie. In the same year, Redford reteamed with Brad Pitt for Spy Game, another success for the pair but with Redford switching this time from director to actor. Redford, a leading environmental activist, narrated the IMAX documentary Sacred Planet (2004), a sweeping journey across the globe to some of its most exotic and endangered places. In The Clearing (2004), a thriller co-starring Helen Mirren, Redford was a successful businessman whose kidnapping unearths the secrets and inadequacies that led to his achieving the American Dream.

Redford stepped back into producing with The Motorcycle Diaries (2004), a coming-of-age road film about a young medical student, Ernesto “Che” Guevera, and his friend Alberto Granado. It also explored political and social issues of South America that influenced Guevara and shaped his future. With five years spent on the film’s making, Redford was credited by director Walter Salles for being instrumental in getting it made and released.

Back in front of the camera, Redford received good notices for his role in director Lasse Hallstrom’s An Unfinished Life (2005) as a cantankerous rancher who is forced to take in his estranged daughter-in-law (Jennifer Lopez) — whom he blames for his son’s death — and the granddaughter he never knew he had when they fled an abusive relationship. The film, which sat on the shelf for many months while its distributor Miramax was restructured, was generally dismissed as clichéd and overly sentimental. Meanwhile, Redford returned to familiar territory when he reteamed with Meryl Streep 22 years after they starred in Out of Africa, for his personal project Lions for Lambs (2007), which also starred fellow superstar Tom Cruise. After a great deal of hype, the film opened to mixed reviews and disappointing box office. Redford more recently signed on to direct and star in an update of The Candidate.

Redford appears in the 2011 documentary Buck, where he discusses his experiences with title subject Buck Brannaman during the production of The Horse Whisperer in 1998.

In 2012, Redford directed and starred in The Company You Keep, about a former Weather Underground activist who goes on the run from a journalist who has discovered his identity.

In 2013, Redford starred in All Is Lost, directed by J.C. Chandor, about a man lost at sea.

In April 2013, Redford announced he would be returning to the screen in an unconventional role for him – in the summer Marvel Studios super hero film Captain America: The Winter Soldier. Redford will play the head of S.H.I.E.L.D.

Director

Redford with Melanie Griffith and Sônia Braga, promoting The Milagro Beanfield War at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival
Redford with Melanie Griffith and Sônia Braga, promoting The Milagro Beanfield War at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival

Redford had long harbored ambitions to work on both sides of the camera. As early as 1969, Redford had served as the executive producer for Downhill Racer. His first outing as director was in 1980’s Ordinary People, a drama about the slow disintegration of an upper-middle class family, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Director. Redford was credited with obtaining a powerful dramatic performance from Mary Tyler Moore, as well as superb work from Donald Sutherland and Timothy Hutton, who also won the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor.

Redford did not direct again until The Milagro Beanfield War (1988), a well-crafted, though not commercially successful, screen version of John Nichols‘ acclaimed novel of the Southwest. The Milagro Beanfield War is the story of the people of Milagro, New Mexico (based on the real town of Truchas in northern New Mexico), overcoming big developers who set about to ruin their community and force them out because of tax increases. Other directorial projects have included the period drama A River Runs Through It (1992), based on Norman Maclean’s novella, and the exposé Quiz Show (1994), about the quiz show scandal of the late 1950s. In the latter film, Redford worked from a screenplay by Paul Attanasio with noted cinematographer Michael Ballhaus and a strong cast that featured Paul Scofield, John Turturro, Rob Morrow, and Ralph Fiennes. Redford handpicked Morrow for his part in the film (Morrow’s only high-profile feature film role to date), because he liked his work on Northern Exposure. Redford also directed Matt Damon and Will Smith in The Legend of Bagger Vance (2000). In 2010, Redford released The Conspirator, a period drama revolving around the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Despite a subject matter of personal interest to Redford, the film received mixed reviews and proved to be a flop at the box office.

Honors

U.S. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush pose with the Kennedy Center honorees, from left to right, Julie Harris, actor Robert Redford, singer Tina Turner, ballet dancer Suzanne Farrell and singer Tony Bennett on December 4, 2005, during the reception in the Blue Room at the White House.
U.S. President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush pose with the Kennedy Center honorees, from left to right, Julie Harris, actor Robert Redford, singer Tina Turner, ballet dancer Suzanne Farrell and singer Tony Bennett on December 4, 2005, during the reception in the Blue Room at the White House.

Redford attended the University of Colorado in the 1950s and received an Honorary Degree in 1983.

In 1995, he received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Bard College. He was a 2002 Lifetime Achievement Award/Honorary Oscar recipient at the 74th Academy Awards.

In 1996, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.

In December 2005, he received the Kennedy Center Honors for his contributions to American culture. The Honors recipients are recognized for their lifetime contributions to American culture through the performing arts: whether in dance, music, theater, opera, motion pictures or television.[citation needed]

In 2008, he was awarded The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize, one of the richest prizes in the arts, given annually to “a man or woman who has made an outstanding contribution to the beauty of the world and to mankind’s enjoyment and understanding of life.”

The University of Southern California (USC) School of Dramatic Arts announced the first annual Robert Redford Award for Engaged Artists in 2009. According to the school’s web site, the award was created “to honor those who have distinguished themselves not only in the exemplary quality, skill and innovation of their work, but also in their public commitment to social responsibility, to increasing awareness of global issues and events, and to inspiring and empowering young people.”

Redford received an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from Brown University at the 240th Commencement exercises on May 25, 2008. He also spoke during the ceremonies.

On October 14, 2010, he was appointed Chevalier of the Légion d’honneur.

He was a 2010 recipient of the New Mexico Governor’s Award for Excellence in the Arts

Sundance

Redford 2006
Redford 2006

With the financial proceeds of his acting success, starting with his salaries from Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid and Downhill Racer, Redford bought an entire ski area on the east side of Mount Timpanogos northeast of Provo, Utah, called “Timp Haven”, which was renamed “Sundance”. Redford’s wife Lola was from Utah and they had built a home in the area in 1963. Portions of the movie Jeremiah Johnson (1972), a film which is both one of Redford’s favorites and one that has heavily influenced him, were shot near the ski area. He founded the Sundance Film Festival, Sundance Institute, Sundance Cinemas, Sundance Catalog, and the Sundance Channel, all in and around Park City, Utah, 30 miles (48 km) north of the Sundance ski area. The Sundance Film Festival caters to independent filmmakers in the United States and has received recognition from the industry as a place to open films. In 2008, Sundance exhibited 125 feature-length films from 34 countries, with more than 50,000 attendees. The name Sundance comes from his Sundance Kid character. Redford also owns a restaurant called Zoom, located on Main Street in the former mining town of Park City.

Independent Films

Since founding the nonprofit Sundance Institute in Park City, in 1981, Redford has been deeply involved with independent film. Through its various workshop programs and popular film festival, Sundance has provided much-needed support for independent filmmakers. In 1995, Redford signed a deal with Showtime to start a 24-hour cable television channel devoted to airing independent films. The Sundance Channel premiered on February 29, 1996.

Personal Life

On September 12, 1958, in Las Vegas, Nevada, Redford married Lola Van Wagenen, who dropped out of college to marry him. They had four children: Scott Anthony, David James “Jamie,” Shauna, and Amy Redford.

His son, Jamie Redford, is a writer/producer.

Scott — their first child — was born September 1, 1959, and died of sudden infant death syndrome on November 17, 1959, at age 2½ months. His remains were buried at Provo City Cemetery in Provo, Utah. Lola and Redford divorced in 1985. He has five grandchildren: Dylan and Lena Redford (by son Jamie), Mica and Conor Schlosser (by daughter Shauna) and Eden August (by daughter Amy).

In July 2009, Redford married his longtime partner, Sibylle Szaggars, at the luxurious Louis C. Jacob Hotel in Hamburg, Germany, and in St. Severini church in Kirchwerder, in a rural part of Hamburg. She had moved in with Redford in the 1990s and shares his Sundance, Utah, home.

In May 2011, Alfred A Knopf published Robert Redford: The Biography by Michael Feeney Callan, written fifteen years with Redford’s input, and drawn from his personal papers and diaries.

Political Activity

Redford with New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson in 2009
Redford with New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson in 2009

Redford is both conservative and liberal. As far as his views on environmental issues, Redford is somewhat liberal, supporting environmentalism, Native American rights, and the arts, but is more conservative on social issues. Some of his federal political contributions have been to Republicans and some to Democrats. He has also supported advocacy groups, such as the Political Action Committee of the Directors Guild of America.[31] Redford has on occasion also supported Republicans, including Brent Cornell Morris in his unsuccessful 1990 race for Utah’s 3rd congressional district seat. Redford also supported Gary R. Herbert, another Republican and a friend, in Herbert’s successful campaign to be elected Utah’s Lieutenant Governor (he is currently the Governor of Utah). Redford is an avid environmentalist and is a trustee of the Natural Resources Defense Council. Redford has been a vocal critic of Barack Obama for his lack of follow-through on environmental policies. He wrote, “One reason I supported President Obama is because he said we must protect clean air, water and lands. But what good is it to say the right thing unless you act on it?”

Filmography

Actor

Year Title Role Notes
1960 Maverick Jimmy Coleman Episode 76: “Iron Hand”
1960 Rescue 8 Danny Tilford Episode 67: “Breakdown”
1960 The Deputy Burt Johnson Episode 31: “The Last Gunfight”
1960 Playhouse 90 Lieutenant Lott Episode 134: “In the Presence of Mine Enemies”
1960 Tate John Torsett Episode 3: “The Bounty Hunter”
1960 Moment of Fear Stranger Episode 1: “The Golden Deed”
1960 Tate Tad Dundee Episode 8: “Comanche Scalps”
1960 Perry Mason Dick Hart Episode 96: “The Case of the Treacherous Toupee”
1960 The Iceman Cometh Don Parritt  
1961 Whispering Smith Johnny Episode 2: “The Grudge”
1962 The Twilight Zone Death Episode 81: “Nothing in the Dark”
1962 War Hunt Private Roy Loomis  
1963 The Untouchables Jack Parker Episode 103: “Snowball”
1963 The Virginian Role unidentified Episode 34 (2.4): “A Killer in Town”
1965 Inside Daisy Clover Wade Lewis Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor
1965 Situation Hopeless … But Not Serious Captain Hank Wilson  
1966 This Property Is Condemned Owen Legate  
1966 The Chase Charlie ‘Bubber’ Reeves  
1967 Barefoot in the Park Paul Bratter  
1969 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid The Sundance Kid BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1969 Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here Deputy Sheriff Christopher ‘Coop’ Cooper BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1969 Downhill Racer David Chappellet BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
1970 Little Fauss and Big Halsy Halsy Knox  
1972 Jeremiah Johnson Jeremiah Johnson  
1972 The Candidate Bill McKay  
1972 The Hot Rock John Archibald Dortmunder  
1973 The Sting Johnny Hooker Nominated — Academy Award for Best Actor
1973 The Way We Were Hubbell Gardiner  
1974 The Great Gatsby Jay Gatsby  
1975 Three Days of the Condor Joseph Turner/The Condor  
1975 The Great Waldo Pepper Waldo Pepper  
1976 All the President’s Men Bob Woodward  
1977 A Bridge Too Far Major Julian Cook  
1979 The Electric Horseman Norman ‘Sonny’ Steele  
1980 Brubaker Henry Brubaker  
1984 The Natural Roy Hobbs  
1985 Out of Africa Denys Finch Hatton  
1986 Legal Eagles Tom Logan  
1990 Havana Jack Weil  
1992 Sneakers Martin “Marty” Bishop  
1992 Incident at Oglala Narrator  
1993 Indecent Proposal John Gage  
1993 La Classe américaine Steven  
1996 Up Close & Personal Warren Justice  
1998 The Horse Whisperer Tom Booker Also Producer/Director
2001 The Last Castle Lt. Gen. Eugene Irwin  
2001 Spy Game Nathan D. Muir  
2004 The Clearing Wayne Hayes  
2005 An Unfinished Life Einar Gilkyson  
2007 Lions for Lambs Dr. Stephen Malley Also Producer/Director
2012 The Company You Keep Jim Grant/Nick Sloan Also Producer/Director
2013 All Is Lost Our Man  
2014 Captain America: The Winter Soldier Alexander Pierce  

Director

Year Title Notes
1980 Ordinary People Academy Award for Best Director
Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film
Golden Globe Award for Best Director
1988 The Milagro Beanfield War Nominated — Political Film Society
1992 A River Runs Through It Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Director
1994 Quiz Show Nominated — Academy Award for Best Picture
Nominated — Academy Award for Best Director
Nominated — BAFTA Award for Best Film
Nominated — Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Director
1998 The Horse Whisperer Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Director
2000 The Legend of Bagger Vance  
2007 Lions for Lambs  
2010 The Conspirator  
2012 The Company You Keep  

Narrator

Year Title Notes
1970 The Making of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid Documentary
1971 The Language And The Music Of The Wolves Project of The Natural History Magazine
1974 Following the Tundra Wolf Documentary
1975 Broken Treaty at Battle Mountain Documentary
1977 The Predators Documentary
1983 The Sun Dagger Documentary
1988 Audubon Video: Grizzly and Man – Uneasy Truce Documentary
1986 Audubon Video: California Condor Documentary
1989 Changing Steps Documentary
1989 To Protect Mother Earth Documentary
1990 American Experience: Yosemite – The Fate of Heaven Documentary
1992 A River Runs Through It Also director/producer
1992 Incident At Oglala Documentary
1999 Mountain Climbing: Free Climb Documentary
1997 Wallace Stegner: A Writer’s Life Documentary
1999 The Mystery of Chaco Canyon Documentary
2004 Sacred Planet  
2006 Charlotte’s Web Voice of Ike the horse
2006 Cosmic Collisions Documentary
2006 Jean-Michel Cousteau: Ocean Adventures Narrated two episodes
2008 Fighting Goliath: Texas Coal Wars Documentary
2008 Grand Canyon Adventure: River at Risk Documentary on the Colorado River
2009 Saving The Bay Documentary on the San Francisco Bay
2010 Stories From The Gulf Documentary project of NRDC
2012 The Movement: One Man Joins An Uprising Project of the Make A Hero organization