Dr. Ir. Soekarno dikenal sebagai Presiden pertama Republik Indonesia dan juga sebagai Pahlawan Proklamasi, Bung Karno merupakan salah satu Presiden yang paling berani melawan musuh-musuh yang dianggap bisa mengacaukan keutuhan Indonesia, banyak pemimpin dunia menghormatinya. Nama Presiden Soekarno dikenal sangat besar dan harum oleh rakyat Indonesia karena jasa-jasanya. Soekarno yang biasa dipanggil Bung Karno, lahir di Blitar, Jawa Timur, 6 Juni 1901 dan wafat pada tanggal 21 Juni 1970 di Jakarta. Saat ia lahir dinamakan Koesno Sosrodihardjo. Ayahnya bernama Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo dan ibunya Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Semasa hidupnya, beliau mempunyai tiga istri dan dikaruniai delapan anak. Dari istri Fatmawati mempunyai anak Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati dan Guruh. Dari istri Hartini mempunyai Taufan dan Bayu, sedangkan dari istri Ratna Sari Dewi, wanita turunan Jepang bernama asli Naoko Nemoto mempunyai anak Kartika.
John Fitzgerald “Jack” Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his death in 1963. After military service as commander of the Motor Torpedo Boats PT-109 and PT-59 during World War II in the South Pacific, Kennedy represented Massachusetts’ 11th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953 as a Democrat.
Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr., January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using the tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.
King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, King led an unsuccessful 1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the 1963 nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama. King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
Barack Hussein Obama II ( i/bəˈrɑːk huːˈseɪn oʊˈbɑːmə/; lahir 4 Agustus 1961; umur 55 tahun) adalah seorang politisi Amerika yang menjabat sebagai Presiden Amerika Serikat ke-44. Ia merupakan orang Afrika Amerika pertama yang menempati jabatan tersebut. Lahir di Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama merupakan lulusan Universitas Columbia dan Harvard Law School, tempat ia menjadi presiden Harvard Law Review. Ia dulunya seorang penggerak masyarakat di Chicago sebelum mendapat gelar hukumnya. Ia bekerja sebagai jaksa hak-hak sipil di Chicago dan mengajar hukum konstitusi di University of Chicago Law School sejak 1992 sampai 2004. Ia tiga kali mewakili Distrik ke-13 di Senat Illinois mulai tahun 1997 hingga 2004, namun tidak lolos ke tahap Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Amerika Serikat tahun 2000.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] ; 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948), commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu (Father of Nation), was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in the Raj (British-ruled India). Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights, and freedom across the world. Gandhi was born in a Bania family in coastal Gujarat, and trained in law in London. He fought for the civil rights of Indians in South Africa, using non-violent civil disobedience. Returning to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants to protest excessive land-taxes.
Dalai Lama is a high lama in the Gelug or “Yellow Hat” school of Tibetan Buddhism, founded by Tsongkhapa (1357–1419). The name is a combination of the Sino-Mongolian word dalai meaning “big sea” and the Tibetan word བླ་མ་ (bla-ma) meaning “guru, teacher”. According to Tibetan Buddhist doctrine, the Dalai Lama is the rebirth in a line of tulkus who are metaphorically considered to be manifestations of the bodhisattva of compassion, Avalokiteśvara. The Dalai Lama is often thought to be the leader of the Gelug School, but this position belongs officially to the Ganden Tripa, which is a temporary position appointed by the Dalai Lama who, in practice, exerts much influence. The line of Dalai Lamas began as a lineage of spiritual teachers; the 5th Dalai Lama assumed political authority over Tibet.
Mother Teresa, known in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta (born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu; Albanian: [aˈɲɛzə ˈɡɔndʒɛ bɔjaˈdʒiu]; 26 August 1910 – 5 September 1997), was an Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary. She was born in Skopje (now the capital of the Republic of Macedonia), then part of the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. After living in Macedonia for eighteen years she moved to Ireland and then to India, where she lived for most of her life.
In 1950 Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation which had over 4,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries in 2012. The congregation manages homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis; soup kitchens; dispensaries and mobile clinics; children’s- and family-counselling programmes; orphanages, and schools. Members, who take vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience, also profess a fourth vow: to give “wholehearted free service to the poorest of the poor”.
Marion Mitchell Morrison (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), known professionally as John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker. An Academy Award-winner for True Grit(1969), Wayne was among the top box office draws for three decades.
Born in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California. He found work at local film studios when he lost his football scholarship to the University of Southern California as a result of a body surfing accident.
Yul Brynner (born Yuliy Borisovich Briner, Russian: Юлий Борисович Бринер; July 11, 1920 – October 10, 1985) was a Russian-born Swiss film and stage actor.
Brynner was best known for his portrayal of King Mongkut of Siam in the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The King and I, for which he won two Tony Awards and an Academy Award for the film version. He played the role 4,625 times on stage. He also starred as Ramesses II in the 1956 Cecil B. DeMille blockbuster The Ten Commandments, and played General Bounine in the 1956 film Anastasia, and the gunman Chris Adams in The Magnificent Seven.
James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was an American Actor. He is a cultural icon of teenage disillusionment, as expressed in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause (1955), in which he starred as troubled Los Angeles teenager Jim Stark. The other two roles that defined his stardom were as loner Cal Trask in East of Eden (1955), and as the surly ranch hand, Jett Rink, in Giant (1956). Dean’s enduring fame and popularity rests on his performances in only these three films, all leading roles. His premature death in a car crash cemented his legendary status.
Paul Leonard Newman (January 26, 1925 – September 26, 2008) was an American Actor, film director, entrepreneur, humanitarian, professional racing driver, auto racing team owner and auto racing enthusiast. He won numerous awards, including an Academy Award for best actor for his performance in the 1986 Martin Scorsese film The Color of Money and eight other nominations, six Golden Globe Awards (including three honorary ones), a BAFTA Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a Cannes Film Festival Award, an Emmy award, and many honorary awards. He also won several national championships as a driver in Sports Car Club of America road racing, and his race teams won several championships in open wheel IndyCar racing.
Charles Robert Redford, Jr. (born August 18, 1936) is an American actor, film director, producer, businessman, environmentalist, philanthropist, and founder of the Sundance Film Festival. He has received two Oscars: one in 1981 for directing Ordinary People, and one for Lifetime Achievement in 2002. In 2010, he was awarded French Knighthood in the Legion d’Honneur.
Redford was born in Santa Monica, California. His mother, Martha W. (née Hart), was born in Texas, to Archibald Hart and Sallie Pate Green; and his father, Charles Robert Redford, Sr. (November 19, 1914 – April 2, 1991), was a milkman-turned-accountant from Pawcatuck, New London County, Connecticut, son of Charles Elijah Redford and Lena Taylor. He has a stepbrother, William, from his father’s re-marriage. Redford is of English, Irish, Scottish, and Scots-Irish ancestry (his surname originates in England).
Terence Steven “Steve” McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an American actor. He was called “The King of Cool.” His “anti-hero” persona, developed at the height of the Vietnam counterculture, made him a top box-office draw of the 1960s and 1970s. McQueen received an Academy Award nomination for his role in The Sand Pebbles. His other popular films include The Thomas Crown Affair, Bullitt, The Getaway, and Papillon, as well as the all-star ensemble films The Magnificent Seven, The Great Escape, and The Towering Inferno. In 1974, he became the highest-paid movie star in the world, although he did not act in films again for four years. McQueen was combative with directors and producers, but his popularity placed him in high demand and enabled him to command large salaries.
Angelina Jolie (/dʒoʊˈliː/ joh-lee, born Angelina Jolie Voight; June 4, 1975) is an American Actress, film director, screenwriter, and author. She has received an Academy Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and three Golden Globe Awards, and was named Hollywood’s highest-paid actress by Forbes in 2009 and 2011. Jolie promotes humanitarian causes, and is noted for her work with refugees as a Special Envoy and former Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). She has often been cited as the world’s “most beautiful” woman, a title for which she has received substantial media attention.
Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American recording artist, singer, actress, producer, model. In 2009, the Guinness World Records cited her as the most awarded female act of all time. Houston was one of the world’s best-selling music artists, having sold over 200 million records worldwide. She released six studio albums, one holiday album and three movie soundtrack albums, all of which have diamond, multi-platinum, platinum or gold certification. Houston’s crossover appeal on the popular music charts, as well as her prominence on MTV, starting with her video for “How Will I Know”, influenced several African American female artists to follow in her footsteps.
Agnes Monica [AgneMo] also known as Agnezmo (traditional Chinese: 楊詩曼; simplified Chinese: 楊诗曼; Pinyin: Yáng Shī-Màn) or Agmon, born in Jakarta (1 July 1986) is an Indonesian Singer and Actress. She started her career in the entertainment industry at the age of six as a child singer. She has recorded three children’s albums. She also became a presenter of several children’s television programs. As a teenager, Agnes expanded her career to include acting. Her role in the soap opera Pernikahan Dini rocketed her name into the industry. Later, she became the highest-paid teenage artist in Indonesia.
Bruce Lee (Tionghoa: 李振藩; Pinyin: Lǐ Zhènfán; lahir 27 November 1940 – meninggal 20 Juli 1973 pada umur 32 tahun) adalah aktor bela diri Hong Kong. Bruce Lee lahir di San Fransisco, namun masa kecil hingga remaja tinggal di Hong Kong, masa mudanya berkarier di Amerika Serikat. Sebagai aktor dan ahli seni beladiri, Bruce Lee mempopulerkan film-film kungfu ke seluruh dunia. Ia meninggal dalam usia muda pada tahun 1973.
Alfredo James “Al” Pacino (/pəˈtʃiːnoʊ/; lahir di Manhattan, New York City, Amerika Serikat, 25 April 1940; umur 77 tahun) adalah aktor, pembuat film, dan penulis skenario Amerika Serikat. Pacino telah berkarier kurang lebih selama lima puluh tahun, selama itu ia telah menerima berbagai macam penghargaan, baik penghargaan kompetitif dan kehormatan, di antaranya mendapatkan.
Robert Anthony De Niro (/dəˈnɪroʊ/; lahir di Manhattan, New York City , Amerika Serikat , 17 Agustus 1943; umur 74 tahun) adalah seorang aktor, produser dan sutradara Amerika Serikat yang telah membintangi lebih dari 100 film. Peran film besar pertamanya ketika tampil dalam film drama olahraga Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) dan film kejahatan arahan sutradara Martin Scorsese, Mean Streets (1973). Dia berperan sebagai Vito Corleone muda di film The Godfather Part II (1974), yang mana membuatnya memenangkan Academy Award untuk Aktor Pendukung Terbaik.
How do you begin a biography ofThe Beatles? I mean honestly, what can you say that can summarize such a spectacular revolution, not only in music but in world consciousness? Their scope of influence stretches from music to film and even dabbles in politics and the art of friendship. Their story is inspiring, sparking many to get up out of their chairs and try something new. The Beatles pioneered so much in their short time together, changing the world for generations to come.
It all began in 1957, Liverpool England, the second most unlikely place in the world to give birth to stardom (the first being Demorest, Georgia). John Lennon had learned the banjo at a young age, moving quickly to the guitar and then starting his own band. Dubbed “The Quarry Men”, this high school skiffle group played around Liverpool, changing members more frequently than they changed socks. Soon, a young Mr. Paul McCartney sauntered up to John in between concerts. After hearing him play the guitar, John said “Hey. Join me band, we?ll become the most popular group in the world.” Not wanting to appear anxious, Paul waited a day before saying “Alright, sure.” The famous Lennon-McCartney duo was born.
Mulanya, istilah Diaspora (dengan huruf besar) digunakan oleh orang-orang Yunani untuk merujuk kepada warga suatu kota kerajaan yang bermigrasi ke wilayah jajahan dengan maksud kolonisasi untuk mengasimilasikan wilayah itu ke dalam kerajaan.
Asal usul kata itu sendiri diduga dari versi Septuaginta dari Kitab Ulangan 28:25, “sehingga engkau menjadi diaspora (bahasa Yunani untuk penyebaran) bagi segala kerajaan di bumi”. Istilah ini telah digunakan dalam pengertian modernnya sejak akhir abad ke-20.
Makna aslinya terlepas dari maknanya yang sekarang ketika Perjanjian Lama diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Yunani, dan kata “diaspora” digunakan untuk merujuk secara khusus kepada penduduk Yahudi yang dibuang dari Yudea pada 586 SM oleh Babel, dan Yerusalem pada 135 M oleh Kekaisaran Romawi. Istilah ini digunakan berganti-ganti untuk merujuk kepada gerakan historis dari penduduk etnis Israel yang tersebar, perkembangan budaya penduduk itu, atau penduduk itu sendiri.