Comparison of Microsoft Windows Versions


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Microsoft Windows is the name of several families of computer software operating systems created by Microsoft. Microsoft first introduced an operating environment named Windows in November 1985 as an add-on to MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs).

General information


Basic general information about Windows.

DOS shells

DOS shells

Windows 9x

Windows 9x

Windows NT

Windows NT

^N has also an N-edition
^K has also an N-edition
^KN has also an N-edition
^x64 has a separate x64-edition
^Core has also a Core-edition
^wHV has also an edition without HyperV
^CwHV has also a Core-edition without HyperV

Windows Embedded Compact

Windows Embedded Compact (Windows CE) is a variation of Microsoft’s Windows operating system for minimalistic computers and embedded systems. Windows CE is a distinctly different kernel, rather than a trimmed-down version of desktop Windows. It is supported on Intel x86 and compatibles, MIPS, ARM, and Hitachi SuperH processors.

Windows Embedded Compact

Windows Mobile

Windows Mobile is Microsoft’s discontinued line of operating systems for smartphones.

Windows Mobile

Windows Phone

As of 2013 Windows Phone is Microsoft’s active line of operating systems for smartphones.

Windows Phone

Technical Information


DOS Shells

DOS shells - TECH

Windows 9x

Windows 9x TECH

It is possible to install the MS-DOS variants 7.0 and 7.1 without the graphics user interface of Windows. If an independent installation of both, DOS and Windows is desired, DOS ought to be installed prior to Windows, at the start of a small partition. The system must be transferred by the (dangerous) “SYSTEM” DOS-command, while the other files constituting DOS can simply be copied (the files located in the DOS-root and the entire COMMAND directory). Such a stand-alone installation of MS-DOS 8 is not possible, as it’s designed to work as real mode for Windows Me and nothing else.

Windows NT

The Windows NT kernel powers all recent Windows operating systems. It runs on IA-32, x64 and Itanium processors.

Windows NT TECH

Windows Phone

Windows Phone TECH

Supported File Systems


Various versions of Windows support various file systems, including: FAT12, FAT16, FAT32, HPFS, or NTFS, along with network file systems shared from other computers, and the ISO 9660 and UDF file systems used for CDs, DVDs, and other optical discs such as Blu-ray. Each file system is usually limited in application to certain media, for example CDs must use ISO 9660 or UDF, and as of Windows Vista, NTFS is the only file system which the operating system can be installed on. Windows Embedded CE 6.0, Windows Vista Service Pack 1, and Windows Server 2008 onwards support exFAT, a file system more suitable for USB flash drives.

Windows 9x

Windows 9x SUPPORT

Windows NT

Windows NT SUPPORT

Windows Phone

Windows Phone SUPPORT

Hardware Requirements


Installing Windows requires an internal or external optical drive. A keyboard and mouse are the recommended input devices, though some versions support a touchscreen. For operating systems prior to Vista, the drive must be capable of reading CD media, while in Windows Vista onwards, the drive must be DVD-compatible. The drive may be detached after installing Windows.

Windows 9x

Windows 9x HW

Windows NT

Windows NT HW

Windows Phone

Windows Phone HW

Physical Memory Limits


Maximum limits on physical memory (RAM) that Windows can address vary depending on both the Windows version and between IA-32 and x64versions.[8][9]

  • Windows 9x[edit]
  • Windows 95: 480 MB[10]
  • Windows 98: 1 GB
  • Windows Me: 1.5 GB

Windows NT

Windows NT MEMORY

Security Features


Security features

Features


Features

Timeline


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