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Uni Emirat Arab

Source: Wikipedia

Panoramic view of Dubai Marina in UAE at sunset

Uni Emirat Arab (disingkat UEA) (bahasa Inggris: United Arab Emirates) adalah sebuah negara federasi dari tujuh emirat yang kaya akan minyak bumi. Tujuh emirat ini adalah: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah dan Umm al-Qaiwain,UEA adalah tempat bagi bangunan tertinggi di dunia (Burj Khalifa).

Sejarah

Negara-negara bagian (lebih dikenal sebagai emirat) di sepanjang pesisir pantai Teluk Persia memberikan hak pertahanan dan urusan luar kepada Kerajaan Britania Raya pada abad kesembilan belas. Pada tahun 1971, enam dari negara-negara bagian ini – Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, dan Umm al-Qaiwain – bergabung untuk mendirikan Uni Emirat Arab. Pada tahun 1972, Ras al-Khaimah menyertai mereka.

Asal

Permukiman manusia yang paling awal dikenal di UEA tanggal dari periode Neolitik, 5500 SM. Pada tahap awal, ada bukti interaksi dengan dunia luar, terutama dengan peradaban di utara di Persia. Kontak ini bertahan dan menjadi luas, mungkin didorong oleh perdagangan di tembaga dari Pegunungan Hajar, yang dimulai sekitar 3000 SM. Perdagangan mulai berkembang pesat karena difasilitasi oleh domestikasi dari unta pada akhir milenium kedua SM.

Dengan lalu lintas darat AD kafilah abad pertama antara Suriah dan kota-kota di Irak selatan dimulai. Juga, ada perjalanan yg berlayar di laut ke pelabuhan penting Omana (mungkin saat ini Umm al-Qaiwain) dan kemudian ke India. Rute ini adalah sebuah alternatif untuk rute Laut Merah yang digunakan oleh Roma. Mutiara yang telah dieksploitasi di daerah selama ribuan tahun namun saat ini perdagangan mencapai ketinggian baru. Pelayaran juga merupakan andalan dan juga diselenggarakan Pameran besar di Dibba, yang mendatangkan pengunjung sampai ke Cina.

Geografi

Uni Emirat Arab terletak di barat daya Asia dan dikelilingi Teluk Oman dan Teluk Persia di antara Oman dan Arab Saudi. Ia adalah sebuah negara yang mempunyai dataran yang kering kerontang dan mempunyai padang pasir yang luas dengan gunung-gunung disebelah timur. Kedudukan strategisnya menjadikannya tempat persinggahan ekspor dan impor minyak dunia.

Perjanjian perbatasan di antara Uni Emirat Arab dan Arab Saudi pada tahun 1974 dan 1977 tidak pernah disebarkan kepada umum. Oleh itu perbatasan yang tepat untuk kedua negara hanya diketahui oleh pemerintahan masing-masing.

Politik

Majelis Tertinggi memuat pemerintah-pemerintah dari tujuh negara bagian. Jabatan Presiden dan Wakil Presiden dilantik oleh Majelis Tertinggi setiap lima tahun. Majelis Tertinggi juga melantik barisan kabinet sementara Majelis Federasi Kebangsaan yang mempunyai anggota sebanyak 40 orang dari ketujuh negara bagian meneliti dan membincangkan undang-undang yang dicadangkan. Terdapat satu sistem mahkamah persekutuan; semua negara bagian kecuali Dubai dan Ras al-Khaimah telah menyertai sistem persekutuan ini; semua negeri mempunyai undang-undang sekuler dan Islam untuk kasus-kasus sipil, kejahatan, dan mahkamah tinggi.

Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan merupakan Presiden kesatuan ini sejak pendirian negara ini sampai hari kematiannya pada 2 November 2004. Anak lelakinya, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan dilantik menjadi presiden keesokkan harinya.

Pembagian Administratif

Emirat Arab memiliki 7 negara bagian:

  • Abu Dhabi
  • Ajman
  • Dubai
  • Fujairah
  • Ras al-Khaimah
  • Sharjah
  • Umm al-Qaiwain
Ekonomi

Kekayaan Uni Emirat Arab berdasarkan pengeluaran minyak dan gas yaitu 33% dari GDP negara itu. Emirat Arab adalah negara penghasil minyak ketiga terbesar di kawasan teluk setelah Arab Saudi dan Iran. Sejak 1973, Uni Emirat Arab telah mengalami perubahan dari negara kecil yang terletak di gurun menjadi negara modern dengan taraf kehidupan yang tinggi.

Demografi

Uni Emirat Arab berpenduduk sebanyak 9,3 juta jiwa dan yang warganegara asli UEA sangat sediki jauh melebihi pendatang dengan angka mencapai 85%, yang kebanyakan datang dari Asia Selatan. Kebanyakan masyarakat pribumi datang dari keturunan Persia. Tingkat pertumbuhan penduduknya rendah dibandingkan negara-negara tetangganya. Sekitar 80% penduduknya bisa membaca dan menulis. Mayoritas penduduknya adalah muslim yang taat.

Demografi di UEA sangat beragam. Tahun 2010, penduduk UEA diperkirakan mencapai 8,264,070, tetapi hanya 13% saja yang benar-benar berkebangsaan UEA atau Emirat, sedangkan mayoritasnya merupakan penduduk ekspatriate atau pendatang dari negara lain. Tingkat migrasi UEA ada di angka 21.71, merupakan Tertinggi di dunia. Dibawah hukum pemerintahan pusat UEA no. 17, seorang ekspatriate dapat mengajukan diri untuk menjadi warganegara UEA setelah tinggal menetap selama 20 tahun, dengan catatan tidak pernah terlibat dalam tindak kriminal dan harus fasih dalam bahasa Arab. Bagaimanapun juga, untuk menjadi warganegara disana tidak didapatkan dengan mudah, sehingga banyak orang yang tinggal di UEA hidup tanpa punya status warganegara (dijuluki Bidun).[butuh rujukan] Tahun 2016, jumlah orang emirat sekitar 12%.

Palm Jumeirah

Disana terdapat 1.4 juta jiwa warga Emirat. Berdasarkan etnik, warga UEA sangatlah beragam. Berdasarkan laporan CIA, 19% merupakan orang Emirati, 23% merupakan warga Arab lainnya, sepertinya (Orang Mesir, Orang Yordania) and Iran, 50% lainnya berasal dari Asia Selatan, dan 8% lagi merupakan warga ekspansi negara lain termasuk Orang Barat dan Asia Timur (perkiraan tahun 1982).

Tahun 2009, warga Emirati dicatat mencapai 16.5% dari total jumlah penduduk; Dari Asia Selatan (Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and India) merupakan kelompok terbanyak, mencapai 58.4%; Orang Asia lainnya yakni (Orang Filipina, Iran) sekitat 16.7% sedangkan ekspariate dari negara barat mencapai 8.4%.

Orang India dan Pakistan berjumlah 37% dari penduduk di tiga Emirat – Dubai, Sharjah, dan Ajman. Dalam catatan statistik tahun 2014 melalui catatan atau data dari Euromonitor International merilis lima daftar negara asal terbanyak di Tiga Emirat, yakni: India (25%), Pakistan (12%), Emirat (9%), Bangladesh (7%), dan Filipina (5%).

Warga Eropa sangat bertumbuh disana khususnya di kota-kota multietnik seperti Dubai. Ekspariate dunia barat khusunya Eropa, Australia, Amerika Utara dan Amerika Latin mencapai 500,000 jiwa dari populasi UEA. Lebih dari 100,000 berkebangsaan Inggris tinggal di negara ini. Tempat persinggahan para penduduk ekspansi dari yang bukan berasal dari negara Arab.

Sekitar 88% dari penduduk Uni Emirat Arab adalah urban. Rata-rata usia bertahan hidup adalah 76.7 tahun (2012), merupakan yang tertinggi dari semua negara di Arab. Dengan seks rasio Laki-laki/perempuan yakni 2.2 dari total populasi dan seks rasio untuk usia 15–65 adalah 2.75 age group, ketidakseimbangan seks rasio penduduk merupakan ketidakseimbangan gender terbesar kedua di dunia setelah Qatar.

Agama

Islam adalah yang terbesaf dan menjadi agama resmi negara UEA. Pemerintah memberikan wewenang kepada polisi untuk menjaga toleransi dalam beragama dan jarang terlibat dalam aktivitas keagamaan non-Muslim. Hal yang sama juga diterapkan oleh warga non muslim dengan tidak mencampuri urusan keagamaan Islam dalam berbagai hal.

Pemerintah memberlakukan larangan menyebarkan agama-agama lain melalui berbagai bentuk media karena dianggap sebagai bentuk dakwah. Ada sekitar 31 gereja di seluruh negeri, satu kuil Hindu di wilayah Bur Dubai, satu Sikh Gurudwara di Jebel Ali dan juga sebuah kuil Buddha di Al Garhoud.

Berdasarkan sensus Kementerian Perekonomian pada tahun 2005, 76% dari total populasi adalah Muslim, 9% Kristen, dan 15% lainnya (terutama Hindu). Angka-angka sensus tidak memperhitungkan banyak pengunjung dan pekerja “sementara” juga menghitung Baha’is dan Druze sebagai Muslim. Di antara warga Muslim Emirat, 85% adalah Sunni, sementara Syiah 15%, sebagian besar terkonsentrasi di emirat Sharjah dan Dubai. Imigran Oman kebanyakan adalah Ibadi, sementara pengaruh Sufi juga ada.

Kota Terbesar

Kota terbesar di negara ini adalah Dubai.

Bahasa

Bahasa Arab adalah bahasa nasional Uni Emirat Arab. Dialek Teluk bahasa Arab dituturkan secara asli oleh orang-orang Emirat . Karena daerah itu diduduki oleh Inggris hingga 1971, bahasa Inggris adalah bahasa utama di UAE. Dengan demikian, pengetahuan tentang bahasa adalah persyaratan ketika melamar untuk sebagian besar pekerjaan lokal. Bahasa dunia lainnya diwakili oleh populasi ekspatriat yang diambil dari campuran beragam kebangsaan.

Budaya

Uni Emirat Arab mempunyai hubungan yang cukup kuat dengan masyarakat Arab lain di seluruh dunia. Pemerintah berdedikasi untuk mempertahankan unsur-unsur tradisional dalam kesenian dan kebudayaan termasuk melalui Yayasan Kebudayaan Abu Dhabi. Perubahan dalam kehidupan sosial juga mengalami perubahan dan olahraga-olahraga baru mulai terkenal di samping balap unta.

Dubai City

Alisson Becker GoalKeeper of the Year 2019 Dubai GlobeSoccer Award

Dubai, 2019-12-29

Having convinced the critics to unanimously deem him best goalkeeper at the World Cup, the Brazilian won the triple of prizes allocated to the player that best dominates the space between the posts. He is receiving the Globe Soccer award at the end of a year that saw him win accolades as IFFHS Goalkeeper of the Year as well as Best Goalkeeper in The Best FIFA Football Awards.

It only took a few years for Alisson to ascend to the heights of global football, first reaching the semi-final with Roma and then winning, a year later, the European title, during his first season in England with Liverpool.

Jürgen Klopp Coach of the Year 2019 Dubai GlobeSoccer Award

Dubai, 2019-12-29

Jürgen Klopp’s victory as Best Coach of the Year comes as no surprise. The German managed to lead Liverpool to the Champions League final for three consecutive years, actually winning in the third final.

His Liverpool is at least on a par with his equally great Borussia Dortmund, finalists in London in 2013 against Bayern Munich.

Normal One continues to surprise, with a Premier League ranking that today places the Reds in first position, 13 points ahead of their nearest competitors.

Liverpool The Best Club of the Year 2019 Dubai GlobeSoccer Award

Dubai, 2019-12-29

This club was European and World champion in 2019, winning the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Super Cup and the FIFA Club World Cup. Clearly the Globe Soccer jury had no choice but to judge Liverpool as the top club of the year.

The Reds presented the Champions League with an outstanding contender, only third after Real Madrid and Milan in terms of European successes, the first to win on penalties (against Roma in 1984), the first to score three goals in a final and then to win during overtime (against Milan in Athens). Added to this is the great accomplishment of being only the second team able to pull back three goals against the likes of Barcelona in the top European competition (one year after the 3 – 0 victory of Roma).

So the ECA has chosen the English club wisely, pretty much settling on a very safe bet.

Mohamed Salah named Standard Chartered Player of the Month for February 2018

Liverpoolfc, 8th March 2018

Mohamed Salah collected his fifth Standard Chartered Player of the Month award of the season at Melwood today after being voted Liverpool’s star man in February.

The Egyptian continued his sensational form by scoring in every Reds match, beginning with a double against Tottenham Hotspur at Anfield – with his second a sublime piece of individual skill.

He went on to net at Southampton, where he also assisted Roberto Firmino, and in the Champions League rout at Porto before creating one and scoring another as West Ham United were beaten 4-1 at Anfield.

Salah was a landslide winner in the poll of fans on this website, ahead of second-placed Firmino and left-back Andy Robertson in third.

“I am very happy to win it again,” the No.11 told Liverpoolfc.com upon collecting the accolade. “I’m happy with the results we had in February, they were good results for us, but we’re already looking forward to our next game.

“I’m pleased with my form, but everyone did good throughout the month. We won three games – and the most important thing, as I’ve said, is always the results for the team.”

In total, Salah scored five goals during the month, including solo stunners against Spurs and FC Porto.

So, which was his favourite and is it the best goal he’s ever scored?

“All of the goals were goal important for me, but if I had to choose one in February it would be the second goal against Tottenham,” he said.

“I think this season, I could choose this goal as my best and the first goal against Southampton also. Everton was also good, too. It’s hard to say if it’s the best one.”

Having been named on the bench for the midweek draw with Porto, Salah will be aiming to return to Liverpool’s starting line-up when the Reds travel to Old Trafford to take on Manchester United on Saturday lunchtime.

“We’re playing so good at the moment and our position in the Premier League is improving and much better,” said the 32-goal forward. “We’re now in third and we play the next game against Manchester United, second against third, so it’s an important game. We have confidence, we’re playing good and we need to keep that going.”

Standard Chartered Player of the Month winners 2017-18

August: Mohamed Salah
September: Mohamed Salah
October: Dejan Lovren
November: Mohamed Salah
December: Mohamed Salah
January: Roberto Firmino
February: Mohamed Salah

Mohamed Salah named Standard Chartered Player of the Month for August 2019

Liverpoolfc, 12th September 2019

Mohamed Salah today collected the first Standard Chartered Player of the Month award of the 2019-20 season.

The Egyptian was voted Liverpool’s star man in August after three goals and two assists in six appearances in all competitions.

Salah scored one and created another when the Reds opened their Premier League campaign with a 4-1 win over Norwich City at Anfield.

He then helped Jürgen Klopp’s side clinch the UEFA Super Cup, coolly scoring in the penalty shootout with Chelsea in Istanbul.

The No.11 featured in each of the subsequent Premier League victories against Southampton, Arsenal – in which he converted a spot-kick and produced a sublime individual goal – and Burnley, where he teed up his side’s third goal.

Salah edged out fellow forwards Roberto Firmino and Sadio Mane in our Standard Chartered Player of the Month poll here on Liverpoolfc.com.

“I am happy to win the award, but the most important thing as I’ve said before is winning games,” he said upon receiving the trophy at Melwood on Thursday. “We won all of our games last month in the league, we had good results, so we need to keep focused on our games and keep winning.

“We had a good month. We won a trophy in that time, so it was something unbelievable for us as a team. Everyone showed with our performances and the way we can play, so we’re happy about what we have right now.”

One of Salah’s highlights from the month was that aforementioned stunning solo effort against Arsenal.

The Egyptian sped beyond Gunners defender David Luiz on the right touchline before making his way into the area and coolly slotting into the corner to give Liverpool a three-goal advantage.

So, was it one of his best for the club?

Salah smiled: “Yes, it was one of my best… I can’t say it was my best one so far, but I liked it.

“It was an important time for the team to feel comfortable in the game because the score was 2-0 and they had played well. We needed to kill the game and I think that goal made a difference.

“It is always good to score goals, but as I have said many times, the most important thing is for the team winning the game. As long as we’re winning, it doesn’t matter who scores.”

Salah’s three goals in four Premier League games means he’s recorded his best scoring start to a top-flight campaign.

“I feel good,” he continued. “Last season and the season before I’d scored three goals after eight or nine games, so to score them after three or four games I am happy about it. But the most important thing is for the team to keep winning, winning, winning and winning.”

Salah Becomes First Egyptian Ever to Win Premier League Player of the Month Award

EGYPTIAN STREETS. DECEMBER 15, 2017

For his outstanding performance during November, Egyptian football star and Liverpool forward Mohamed Salah has been rewarded with the EA Sports Player of the Month Award, the Premier League announced on its website.

After scoring seven goals in just four matches, Salah becomes the first ever Egyptian to win the award in Premier League history.

“Thank you for voting me player of the month in November,” Salah said in response to the announcement.

“That month, I scored seven goals and it’s a good feeling, but for me the most important thing is the result and we had good results that month,” he added.

“Each month I want to score many goals and help the team to win games.”

Salah netted two goals in each of Liverpool’s victories against West Ham United, Southampton and Stoke City, and scored one goal in the 1-1 draw with Chelsea.

Salah, the Premier League’s top scorer with 13 goals this season, received the most combined votes from fans, Premier League captains and a panel of experts, beating six other contenders for the award.

The Egyptian joined the Liverpool team in June and has since made headlines in England and across the world after scoring 20 goals in 24 appearances with his new team.

Prior to joining Liverpool, Salah spent two seasons in Roma where he scored 29 goals in 65 Serie A appearances.

Last week, he won the BBC African Footballer of the Year for 2017, beating his Senegalese Liverpool teammate Sadio Mane and Borussia Dortmund Gabonese forward Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang..

Burnley’s Robbie Brady, Manchester City duo Kevin De Bruyne and Raheem Sterling, Ashley Young of Manchester United, Chelsea’s Eden Hazard and Arsenal defender Shkodran Mustafi were also nominated for the Premier League Player of the Month Award.

Liverpool forward Mohamed Salah wins Player of the Month for November 2019 for scoring seven goals in four games

dailymail. Sunday, Dec 29th 2019

Mohamed Salah has been crowned Premier League player of the month for November 2019
  • Liverpool’s Mohamed Salah is the Premier League’s top scorer so far this season
  • The Egypt international has scored 13 goals in the Premier League already
  • The 25-year-old said: ‘Each month I want to score many goals and help to win’

Liverpool forward Mohamed Salah has been crowned Premier League player of the month for November after scoring seven goals in four matches.

The 25-year-old is the leading scorer in the Premier League with 13 goals so far this season.

Upon being presented with the award at Liverpool’s Melwood training ground, Salah said: ‘Each month I want to score many goals and help the team to win games.

‘That month, I scored seven goals and it’s a good feeling, but for me the most important thing is the result and we had good results that month.’

Salah’s seven goals came against doubles against West Ham, Southampton and Chelsea while also netting in Liverpool’s 1-1 draw against Chelsea.

He has scored 20 goals in all competitions for Liverpool this season, his first at Anfield following his £39million summer transfer from Roma.

Salah is in line to feature for Liverpool at Bournemouth on Sunday as Jurgen Klopp’s side look to hit back after drawing their last two games against West Brom and Everton.

But Liverpool boss Klopp warned before the 0-0 draw against West Brom that Salah may need to be left out of the starting line-up for a rest due to a minor hamstring concern.

‘I took Mo Salah off as he had a hamstring a little bit,’ Klopp said after the Everton match. ‘Everyone said “how can you take him off?” I don’t go out and say “Yeah, but he is close to being injured’. He isn’t at the moment, thank God.’

Mohamed Salah is the fastest player on FIFA 18 after being named Premier League Player of the Month AGAIN

dailymail. PUBLISHED: 12:45 GMT, 13 April 2018

Salah has been voted the Premier League Player of the Month for a record breaking third time
  • This is the first time a player has even won the award three times in one season
  • During his three games in March, Salah scored six goals and got three assists
  • Salah needs six more goals to break the all-time Premier League record

Once again, Mohamed Salah has been voted in as the Premier League Player of the Month, earning him his EIGHTH special card on FIFA 18 with more probably on the way – making him the sole fastest player in the game.

The Egyptian international has been having an incredible season for Liverpool and he has already broken one record as he is now the first ever player to win the award three times in one season.

And he could break another, with a current tally of 29, Salah needs to score six more goals in his remaining five games to break Alan Shearer and Andy Cole’s record of most goals in a Premier League season.

This has earned Salah his eighth special card on FIFA 18, making him the fastest on the game

His new card on FIFA 18 Ultimate Team looks ridiculous, bumping up the winger to a 93 overall. His last PotM card had 98 pace, meaning he was the joint fastest player on the game with Team of the Year Cristiano Ronaldo.

However, his new card gives him 99 pace which is the highest possible rating and leading him to being the sole owner of the record. On top of that, the card has 96 dribbling, 93 shooting and 91 passing – this card is going to be an unstoppable force.

Salah is undoubtedly deserving of the award but he had tough competition as Romelu Lukaku, David Silva, Son Heung-min, Cenk Tosun, and Chris Wood were also in the voting.

But this isn’t the first time Salah has won a poll, his exceptional performances resulted in nearly 80% of FIFA fans wanting to see him as FIFA 19’s cover star.

Mohamed Salah is Your Premier League Player of the Month November 2017

The Liverpool Offside. Dec 15, 2017

It was a November to remember for Liverpool’s Mohamed Salah.

November was a particularly fruitful month for Mohamed Salah. The Egyptian forward scored seven goals in four matches for Liverpool. He’s been the talk of the town and the league. Now the powers that be have taken a notice as well. And they’ve handed the nicest man in football a nice, little trophy. Premier League Player of the Month.

“Each month I want to score many goals and help the team to win games,” said Salah at Melwood, award in hand.

“That month, I scored seven goals and it’s a good feeling, but for me the most important thing is the result and we had good results that month.”

Salah’s tally for November includes three braces. West Ham United, Southampton and Stoke City all conceded two goals to Liverpool’s newest sensation. Chelsea weren’t as permitting, surrendering just the one.

It’s an impressive short list to top. Those other players up for the Mr. November award were Manchester City’s Kevin De Bruyne and Raheem Sterling, Chelsea’s Eden Hazard, Manchester United’s Ashley Young, Arsenal’s Shkodran Mustafi and Burnley’s Robbie Brady.

“For me, I’m always saying we have to win something for ourselves, for the fans, for the team.

“For me as Mohamed, I want to score many goals to help the team win titles.”

For me as Matt, I think that sounds wonderful. Salah has scored thirteen goals in the league already, five more have come in the Champions League, with a total of six assists in all competitions. He’s certainly been helping the team this season and long may that continue. Liverpool just might need a few more of him before we can talk titles, though.