Patung Garuda Wisnu Kencana [GWK] Bali Telah Selesai Pembangunannya
Setelah menanti kurang lebih 28 tahun, patung raksasa Garuda Wisnu Kencana (GWK) telah selesai. Patung GWK Bali tampak gagah menjulang di atas alas penyangga selebar 46 meter. Dengan tinggi mencapai 121 meter, GWK menjadi patung tertinggi kedua di dunia setelah Spring Temple Buddha di China. Wow, keren sekali bukan?
Pembangunan Patung Raksasa Garuda Wisnu Kencana di kawasan Cultural Park GWK, Ungasan, Jimbaran Bali, akhirnya selesai. Dibutuhkan waktu yang sangat panjang untuk menyelesaikannya. Hingga 28 tahun. Yaitu jika dihitung sejak masa perencanaan dan perancangan. Mulai dari era Presiden Soeharto hingga Presiden Joko Widodo.
Peresmian Patung GWK dilaksanakan pada 4 Agustus lalu dengan pagelaran Swadharma Ning Pertiwi. Pagelaran ini dimeriahkan oleh seniman-seniman terkenal di Bali, serta yang tak kalah keren adalah pertunjukan tari kolosal dengan jumlah 100 penari yang menceritakan pertemuan Dewa Wisnu dengan makhluk Garuda.
Sebagai bentuk syukur atas selesainya pembangunan, pertunjukan seni akan disajikan di Cultural Park GWK pada 4 Agustus. Agendanya adalah cultural performances. Sejumlah artis akan memeriahkan kegiatan ini.
Menurut Deputi Bidang Pengembangan Pemasaran I Kementerian Pariwisata, I Gde Pitana, GWK akan menjadi simbol baru pariwisata sekaligus kebanggaan masyarakat Bali.
“Akhirnya, setelah menanti cukup lama, patung raksasa Garuda Wisnu Kencana selesai dibangun. GWK akan menjadi salah satu daya tarik pariwisata dalam upaya memenuhi target kunjungan 20 juta wisatawan mancanegara pada 2019,” tutur Pitana, Senin, 30 Juli 2018.
Menurut Pitana, Kementerian Pariwisata memberikan dukungan pun yakin rampungnya GWK akan berdampak positif bagi pertumbuhan pariwisata Bali dan Indonesia.
“Garuda Wisnu Kencana akan menjadi salah satu patung tertinggi di dunia. Jelas dampaknya akan sangat positif, terutama pada kunjungan wisatawan ke Indonesia. Kunjungan wisman akan semakin bertambah,” terang Pitana.
Patung GWK memiliki tinggi 121 meter dari permukaan tanah. Atau 271 meter dari permukaan laut (dpl). GWK menjadi salah satu patung tertinggi dunia bersanding dengan patung Spring Temple Buddha China, The Laykyun Sekkya Buddha Myanmar, Patung Liberty Amerika Serikat, Ushiku Daibutsu Jepang, The Motherland Calls Rusia, dan Christ the Redeemer Brazil.
“Dengan berbagai kajian empiris, Kami yakin patung GWK akan menaikkan citra Indonesia sebagai destinasi pariwisata yang berkualitas. Tentunya kita harus bersama-sama menjaganya. Mengingat Bali adalah daerah pariwisata yang sangat terkenal di dalam maupun luar negeri,” tutur Pitana.
Pembangunan Garuda Wisnu Kencana bermula dari gagasan Nyoman Nuarta bersama Menteri Pariwisata, Pos, dan Telekomunikasi Joop Ave, dan Gubernur Bali Ida Bagus Oka, serta Menteri Pertambangan dan Energi Ida Bagus Sudjana, sekitar tahun 1989. Awal tahun 1990, rencana itu dipresentasikan ke Presiden Soeharto, dan disetujui.
Peletakan batu pertama pembangunan Cultural Park GWK di Bukit Ungasan Jimbaran ini dilakukan tahun 1997. Pembuatan keping-keping GWK melibatkan ratusan seniman. Dan sekitar 120 seniman turut mengerjakan pemasangannya di Bali.
Lokasi tempat dibangunnya Cultural Park GWK adalah bekas penambangan kapur liar. Namun, sudah tidak produktif. Lahan ini ditinggalkan dalam keadaan yang kurang baik.
“Namun sekarang, GWK menjadi lokasi favorit wisatawan. Berbagai event akbar juga terselenggara di sini. Mulai dari acara musik Soundrenaline hingga Torch Relay Asian Games 2018,” terang Pitana.
Menteri Pariwisata Arief Yahya, menyambut antusias selesainya pembangunan patung Garuda Wisnu Kencana. Menurutnya, GWK akan menjadi kebangaan baru.
“Jadikanlah patung GWK beserta kawasan ini dikenal sebagai salah satu ikon Indonesia yang mendunia. Sehingga, mampu menarik lebih banyak wisatawan,” paparnya.
Menpar pun menyampaikan apresiasinya terhadap sang penggagas, NyomanNuarta. “Saya menyampaikan penghargaan dan apresiasi yang setinggi-tingginya kepada Yayasan Garuda Wisnu Kencana, khususnya Bapak Nyoman Nuarta dan seluruh pihak terkait yang sudah berhasil merampungkan pembangunan patung ini,” katanya.
Menpar menyebut pembangunan patung Garuda Wisnu Kencana merupakan wujud nyata dari komitmen para seniman yang terlibat. Khususnya untuk mempromosikan pariwisata Indonesia ke kancah Internasional.
“Kita berharap keberadaan patung ini dapat meningkatkan kunjungan wisatawan dan sejalan dengan target 20 Juta wisatawan mancanegara dan 275 juta pergerakan wisatawan nusantara pada tahun 2019,” paparnya.
7 EXTRA ORDINARY THINGS TO DO IN BALI THAT YOUR TOUR GUIDE MIGHT NOT EVEN HAVE HEARD OF – PLACES TO VISIT, EAT AND EVERYTHING
Do you have a bucket list?
Watch the sunset on the Eiffel Tower – checked. Paraglide over the hills in Nepal – checked. What else do you want to fulfill?
Though every country has its own specialties you must definitely try before you hit the bucket, did you know that you can actually find dozens of unique attractions just in Bali alone?
Yes, and this hinges on Bali’s fascinating culture, and a penchant for harbouring some of the strangest things in the world.
From testing your courage across deep ravines, a visit to the island of the dead or simply enjoying a day or two in some of the strangest villas ever built – it’s time to get all geared up and explore our 32 exciting suggestions!
Glide through paradise in Bali’s best infinity pools
Looking to swim or laze around in a pool that goes on for as long as you hope to stay in Bali?
Check out these stunning infinity pools that will take your ‘Bali day’ from ordinary to extraordinary.
1. Live life on the edge at One Eighty’s cliffside infinity pool
What’s bringing clifftop infinity pools to a different level?
A crystal blue glass-bottomed infinity pool overlooking the Indian Ocean, that stretches all the way out from the cliff 500 feet high, creating a gravity-defying concrete-encased lagoon with a million-dollar view – the highlight of One Eighty, a new sophisticated bar and restaurant that’s a recent addition to The Edge Villas at Uluwatu.
Before you know it, you’ll be floating in mid-air with the sweeping waves crashing beneath you.
These dramatic 180-degree ocean views extend all the way to your rooms. Isn’t it simply therapeutic to sip a cocktail while gazing out at the endless deep blue vistas ahead?
Your villa comes with a private plunge pool and personalised butler service, so you will be pampered from head to toe!
2. Swim in the sky at Munduk Moding Plantation
Have you always dreamed of reaching out to touch the sky?
It’s no longer impossible.
At the edge of the 18-metre-long infinity pool at the Munduk Moding Plantation, you can almost feel heaven at your fingertips.
Spread out in front of you is a sea of cloud, that partially shields the surrounding coffee plantation from your sight.
This magic extends beyond its signature view.
Designed by an award-winning Bali architect Popo Danes, the traditional Balinese interior has been dabbed with a blend of modernism in this secluded resort that only has nine villas and three suites.
From your room, you can open the glass panel doors to take in the breathtaking view of the coffee plantation nestled in the lush foliage of the jungle.
What better place to spend some quiet and romantic moments with your loved one?
3. Dive into dramatic views of volcanoes at Villa Sidemen
Bali is not only home to pristine beaches, but also to dramatic volcanoes – both active and extinct.
And how indulging would it be to wake up to a climatic view of the volcano?
You can do just that at Villa Sidemen, where guests are not only treated to the majestic view of Bali’s tallest volcano, Mount Agung, but also to a peaceful scene of its fertile foothills and rice paddies.
With the large windows, you can be sure to be able to enjoy the view from the living room, or even while you’re still snuggling in bed!
The majestic view of Bali’s tallest volcano, Mount Agung, and peaceful scenes of its fertile foothills and rice paddies awaits.
Non-mainstream places with dreamy scenic beauty
Considering the incredible natural beauty of Bali, it seems that most scenic spaces have gone mainstream. This might have happened to you before – you arrive at a panoramic destination, only to find that it’s overrun with tourists.
Tired of having to jostle with the crowd for your selfie moments and don’t want to visit another location where everyone else is there and chattering on? Shhhh.. Here’s three scenic places that most tourists don’t know about!
4. Swing above the lake at Puncak Danau Buyan Wanagiri
If the huge scenic swing at Zen Hideaway is not thrilling enough for you, you can challenge yourself at this huge one that brings you right over the treetops and Lake Buyan, one of the twin lakes in Bedugul.
This whimsical swing hangs from a huge, sturdy tree, but swing out at your own risk! If you are light enough, two of you can go on it!
In case you are wondering how on earth to get up the swing, there’s actually a ledge where you can climb onto.
If you are feeling less adventurous, simply chill and Instagram at this bamboo lookout spot right beside it!
If you drive on for around five minutes, you’ll come by this giant Instagrammable bird’s nest!
Now you know how it feels to be on the top of the world!
5. Daydream in a whimsical treehouse, Batu Molenteng
Located right smack on Nusa Penida and looking out at Atuh Beach – this beautiful treehouse is the latest unique addition to the island, providing stunning sights of the dramatic Balinese landscape.
Once you’re up in the treehouse and looking out, you’ll be able to see glorious, glorious sights. From the pretty Atuh Beach and small surrounding islands like Raja Ampat in Papua, to the many cliffs, ravines and hills that paint Bali’s landscape – it’s a sight not to miss!
Thankfully, the treehouse was built with a ladder, so you don’t have to literally climb the tree just to get to the treehouse! Just bring a picnic along and make it a stunning memory atop a tree, complete with crazy views and delicious food!
How’s this for an Instagrammable moment?
6. Marigold fields forever at Desa Temukus
Desa Temukus (also known as ’Temukus Village’) is not green but orange. The place blossoms with pretty yellowish-orange flowers!
If you’ve ever wondered, there’s one particular flower used in religious rituals in Bali – the marigold flower, or locally known as ‘Gemitir’. It’s easy to imagine how wonderful it could be to be in the middle of flower fields full of marigold!
Desa Temukus is a quiet village in East Bali, close to the holiest (but sadly most commercial) temple in Bali. Many of its inhabitants grow flowers, so you can find many flower fields here. But don’t forget to ask for permission from the locals before entering their fields!
Another good news for travellers – the area also has a flower field of Kasna. And one crucial tip: it’s better to visit the place before the harvesting season, so you can see the lushest flower fields ever (usually before a major religious day, so do check with your local Balinese friends about the dates, as Bali uses a lunar calendar so the dates change every year).
Stay in a creatively unique accommodation!
In Bali, you can say goodbye to cookie cutter hotels.
Creative juices abound and you can make these unique stays your special holiday nest! How about a luxurious overlarge glamorous camping tent? Or a villa completely surrounded by water?
7. Wake up to the zebras at Mara Safari Lodge
Ever wanted to dine with the rhinos?
Now you don’t have to fly halfway across the world to have an African safari adventure – you can get it at the Mara River Safari Lodge.
Located in the heart of the Bali Safari and Marine Park, this resort will definitely make your stay a memorable and unforgettable one, with its quirks and unique activities.
Not only will you get to feed carrots to zebras, rhinos and elephants right from the comfort of your own balcony…
You’ll even get to watch the rhinos and zebras graze together while you are dipping yourself in the pool.
You can dine with lions at the in-house Tsavo Lion Restaurant too!
From honeymoon to family-friendly getaways, this resort is suitable for all. Couples will enjoy the romantic atmosphere at the restaurant in the evenings, while thrill-seekers can quench their thirst for adventure at the night safari, where you can come into close contact with predatory animals.
On a similar vein, young children will love the petting zoo, informational performances and the vibrant Disney-esque Bali Agung show, which also features props that are completely handmade by the staff!
We’d love to say more, but you’ll have to make a personal trip there to experience the wonders of this place. This we’ll say – you won’t regret it.
8. Camping is now glamorous and luxurious at Sandat Glamping Tents
The term Glamorous Camping perfectly defines the experience you will get when staying in one of these charming tents in Sandat.
Connect with nature without giving up the comfort and luxury of sophisticated furnishings – and of course, wifi.
Hardcore campers might frown at the concept, but hey, that’s how you ‘camp’ in style, isn’t it?
9. Swim into bed at Villa Laksmana II
Do you love water? Is soaking in cool calm water your favourite pastime, and you wish you were born a mermaid?
If so, you’ll love this exotic water villa, one of the rare villas you’ll find in Bali that’s completely surrounded by water.
In fact, the first thing that greets you upon entering the villa is the pool!
You also get two huge comfy beanbags for nights when you just want to soak your feet in the water and admire the starry night sky.
Latest shopping trends
Weekend markets, boutique shops and more!
Who says Bali is only about gorgeous scenery and food?
You’re missing out on the island’s hipster trends if you haven’t been to these photogenic weekend markets and boutique shops that sell everything from unique souvenirs to homeware to textiles!
10. Find whimsicality and romance at Love Anchor
Canggu is hipster enough and you know it.
If you walk along Jalan Batu Balong after the sun sets, you can’t miss this exciting Instagrammable market made up of a complex of restaurants, bars and shops, decorated with dreamy fairy lights and illuminated with a cheery vibe as the crowd pours in for their after-dinner drinks.
And on Sundays, the area is transformed into the most happening bazaar with pop-up stalls.
Here, you can find trendy and whimsical island fashion, accessories, homeware, dreamcatchers, trinkets and even old school artwork. And if you keep an eye out enough, you can even discover some hidden gems for your kids.
Or if you are here for a drink, don’t miss the daily Happy Hour!
One tip from us – although this is one of Canggu’s most photogenic markets, the shopping here may be a little overpriced, but it’s worth a look (and many snaps!) if you haven’t been to Bali’s weekend bazaars before!
11. Sailor Sundays: Sea Vu Play
Looking for something fun during the weekend? How about a vibrant Sunday market full of beach vibes and buzzing crowds? There’s music, fun activities, and yummy food to gorge on at Sea Vu Play’s Sunday Markets, organised by the restaurant.
And did we say the magic word – shopping!
Just check Sea Vu Play’s website to find out which Sundays the market is scheduled to be held (usually it is held on every other Sunday), and you’re all set with a happy weekend plan! The nautical vibes are strong and the mood is chilled out. Doors open from 2pm – 8pm, but 3pm’s the perfect time to hit the market when the DJ starts playing and the crowd starts pouring in!
Sip on a margarita and browse through the numerous stalls selling swimwear, beachwear, jewellery and men’s and women’s fashion. You have endless choices, from international to local brands. It’s the perfect place to pick up some fresh beach-ready dresses!
You can even get tattoos or have your fortunes read. Come your friends, or bring the family along – there’s plenty of activities for the kids too!
P.S. Your little girls will love the mermaid tails they can purchase from one of the stalls!
12. Find quirky-cool homeware at Rose Avenue Bali
You don’t have to like floral prints and roses to want to visit Rose Avenue. Known for its rose-laden facade (and we’re talking about a wall full of red and pink roses), Rose Avenue offers beautiful homeware items from a pineapple shaped bottle opener to rattan swings.
So if you’re new in Bali and are shopping for home items, drop by this store and simply be stunned by everything.
Want to take a sweet Instagram selfie with a bed of roses as your backdrop? You’ll be able to do that if you visit Rose Avenue.
Another thing to note? Their paper bags have “Stop and smell the roses” written all over them. And why wouldn’t you? If you aren’t drawn by this unique facade, we don’t know what else will. Shopping will literally be a walk in the park.
If you think that pastel is the only color palette Rose Avenue has. You’re wrong. They have neon colors, as seen in their flamingo coat/towel hook – and in the apples, pineapples, and other tropical fruits that can be used as decorations or paper holders.
You can even get design inspiration through their dining table set-up, or pick through the different types of dinnerware, placemats, table cloths, and anything you fancy.
Even if you’re just looking for one eccentric piece, such as a rattan swing, or a bright pink chair that opens up like a flower – you’ll definitely be in the right place.
13. Find authentic art at Sukawati Art Market
When we were here, we were blown away by the sheer size of Sukawati Art Market. Walking around Sukawati Art Market can be a little tricky in the sense that it may feel like a maze. But if you’re out to discover really unique things in the hidden shops off the alleys, then you’re in for a ride.
Here, you will find an extensive range of items. Handmade bags, wooden ethnic bowls, crockery, those popular comfortable batik pants, dresses, and insanely gorgeous shell items. (2-3 times cheaper than Ubud central)
Of course, if you’re on the hunt for some art to bring home, there are many shops with paintings available, and wooden sculptures too!
Be warned though, you will find plenty of similar paintings of the mass produced variety. However, if you do spend a little more time (and dedication) going through the shops and their paintings, you are bound to find something unique that will sit pretty in your home.
Tip: If you intend to explore the market fully, make sure to set at least half a day aside for this!
Restaurants with gorgeous views!
If you’re looking to spoil yourself silly, breakfast, lunch, or dinner with a view is a must.
From cliffside restaurants with dramatic crashing waves to exotic cave dining, you can find extraordinary restaurants with unforgettable views on the island. Let yourself be awestruck!
14. Order wood-fired pizza in paddy fields at Gong Jatiluwih Restaurant and Lounge
Dining should be a relaxing affair, and that’s exactly what you’ll get at Gong Jatiluwih Restaurant and Lounge. Overlooking lush, sweeping rice terraces, this laidback lunchtime reprieve is full of delicious options.
Stop by for a delicious customer favourite – wood-fired pizza! Thin, crispy, and oh-so-satisfying, this menu option is a popular choice among both foreign and domestic visitors, with international tourists coming back for more!
If pizza doesn’t tickle your fancy (or your tastebuds!), you still have multiple options if you choose the Balinese lunch buffet, which costs only Rp. 100,000 per person and is full of traditional Balinese favourites and regional dishes.
You can enjoy both Western and Balinese cuisine here, which makes it a great stopover for both adults and kids!
Swept Away comes alive in the evening with the 100-candle dinner service. The river transforms as 100 gently flickering candles are lit and create a truly special ambiance.
Don’t be fooled by the simplicity of the decking and the comfortable lounge furniture. Swept Away serves a varied, ambitious and totally eclectic menu suitable for all tastes. Sit back, unwind and let your worries get Swept Away.
16. Romancing in the caves at Samabe Bali Suites & Villas
Have you ever thought of dining in a cave at a secluded private beach?
You can do so at Samabe.
Hide from the world together with your loved one, and watch the sun set over the ocean from your secret cave hideaway – it’s an experience you’ll never forget.
Dedicated chefs and waiting staff will serve a stunning five-course set menu while you relax to the sound of the waves breaking on the shore.
Dinner includes specially created dishes such as a ‘Sweet Love Symphony’ – a combination of two secret recipes.
Perfect for two lovers sharing this special evening.
If we really can’t convince you on cave dining, the Samabe Bali Suites & Villas still boasts two fantastic restaurants.
Try the Crystal Blue Ocean Grill for a relaxed al fresco setting.
If pure luxury fine dining is what you want, Rempah Main Dining Room is perfect for you.
Do afternoon tea like the queen (or king)!
Take your pick between an afternoon of classy contemporary tea, or crazy-cool Mad Hatter tea. Either way you will be poolside and smitten with sweet treats!
17. Spot Stonehenge over tea at Standing Stones Restaurant (The Royal Purnama)
The Royal Purnama’s Standing Stones Restaurant stands out amongst many other dining establishments in Bali, for one simple reason.
Look at those magnificent stones standing against the perfect backdrop of black sand and deep blue waters.
Now take away the sand and waters, and there you have it – you’re at Stonehenge in England! Uh, not really, but since you’re at (what really looks like) the Brits’ homebase, how could you not indulge in some classic British teatime action?
Sit back on the grassy plains and sip at your tea in the sunshine, or dine inside the comfort of the restaurant – it’s your pick. But wherever you choose to go, the views won’t disappoint.
Neither will your tea party friends, namely the selection of eight Femmes Dammann French loose leaf teas, including Standing Stone’s signature Earl Grey Blend.
Freshly made pastries, cakes and biscuits are all presented on a classy tiered tray to top off your authentic high tea experience!
And if you’d like to work off those calories after consuming a mountain of cakes, simply pay an additional fee of IDR 350,000 (USD $26.50) to lounge on the gazebo or swim in the pool right beside the restaurant.
You know what, this might even be better than really going to Stonehenge.
Written by Elsa Marie . Co-written by Jiayi Ng . Edited by Candice Neo
Pura Besakih is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali, Indonesia. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples. Perched nearly 1000 meters up the side of Gunung Agung, it is an extensive complex of 23 separate but related temples with the largest and most important being Pura Penataran Agung. The temple is built on six levels, terraced up the slope. The entrance is formed by a Candi Bentar (split gateway), and beyond it the Kori Agung is the gateway to the second courtyard.
The precise origins of the temple are not clear but it almost certainly dates from prehistoric times. The stone bases of Pura Penataran Agung and several other temples resemble megalithic stepped pyramids, which date back at least 2000 years. It was certainly used as a Hindu place of worship from 1284 when the first Javanese conquerors settled in Bali. By the 15th century, Besakih had become a state temple of the Gelgel dynasty.
It was built on the south slopes of Mount Agung, the principal volcano of Bali.
Pura Besakih is a complex made up of twenty-three temples that sit on parallel ridges. It has stepped terraces and flights of stairs which ascend to a number of courtyards and brick gateways that in turn lead up to the main spire or Meru structure, which is called Pura Penataran Agung. All this is aligned along a single axis and designed to lead the spiritual person upward and closer to the mountain which is considered sacred.
The main sanctuary of the complex is the Pura Penataran Agung. The symbolic center of the main sanctuary is the lotus throne orpadmasana, which is therefore the ritual focus of the entire complex. It dates to around the seventeenth century.
A series of eruptions of Mount Agung in 1963, which killed approximately 1,700 people also threatened Pura Besakih. The lava flows missed the temple complex by mere meters. The saving of the temple is regarded by the Balinese people as miraculous, and a signal from the gods that they wished to demonstrate their power but not destroy the monument the Balinese faithful had erected.
Each year there are at least seventy festivals held at the complex, since almost every shrine celebrates a yearly anniversary. This cycle is based on the 210-day Balinese Pawukon calendar year.
It had been nominated as a World Heritage Site as early as 1995, but remains unvested.
Visitors to this temple should exercise caution as there is a syndicate operating in and around the premise of this temple. They target tourists by offering a compulsory “tour guide” at exorbitant charges. They also perform “prayers” and request for tips at the end of the “tour”. Visitors who decline their “services” are dealt with rather aggressively.,
In 2013, foreign visitors count is 84,368 persons (77.2 percent), while domestic visitors is 24,853 persons (22.8 percent).
Terletak di sebelah timur Pulau Jawa, Bali adalah primadona pariwisata Indonesia yang sudah terkenal di seluruh dunia. Selain terkenal dengan keindahan alamnya, terutama pantainya, Bali juga terkenal dengan kesenian dan budayanya yang unik dan menarik.
Bali sebagai tempat tujuan wisata yang lengkap dan terpadu memiliki banyak sekali tempat wisata menarik, apa saja tempat wisata di Bali yang wajib dikunjungi?
1. Pantai Kuta
Pantai Kuta adalah tempat wisata di Bali yang paling terkenal dan paling banyak dikunjungi wisatawan karena lokasinya yang dekat dengan bandara, pantainya yang indah, biaya yang murah, dan ombaknya yang cocok untuk peselancar pemula. Pantai Kuta juga terkenal dengan panorama matahari tenggelamnya yang sangat indah. Fakta unik dari Pantai Kuta adalah sebelum Pantai Kuta menjadi sebuah tempat wisata di Bali yang wajib dikunjungi seperti sekarang ini, Pantai Kuta merupakan sebuah pelabuhan besar, pusat perdagangan di Bali. Dengan pasir putih dan laut birunya, dilengkapi dengan fasilitas pendukung yang sangat lengkap, Pantai Kuta adalah primadona wisata Bali.
Pura Tanah Lot adalah salah satu tempat wisata di Bali yang terkenal dengan keindahannya, terutama pada saat matahari terbenam. Pura Tanah Lot yang terdiri dari 2 buah pura merupakan pura tempat memuja dewa laut. Keunikan dari Pura Tanah Lot adalah pura ini berada di atas sebuah batu karang besar di pinggir laut. Pada saat air laut pasang, anda tidak dapat mendekat ke Pura Tanah Lot karena di sekitar batu karang penyangga Pura Tanah Lot akan digenangi air laut. Pada saat air surut anda dapat melihat beberapa ular laut jinak yang menurut penduduk setempat merupakan penjaga Pura Tanah Lot. Selain itu, di lokasi ini anda juga dapat memegang ular suci yang jinak dan tidak berbahaya.
3. Pantai Padang Padang
Pantai Padang Padang mungkin kurang begitu terkenal bila dibandingkan dengan Pantai Kuta, namun Pantai Padang Padang adalah pantai yang sangat indah dan unik. Pada saat saya pertama datang ke Pantai Padang Padang juga saya mengira bahwa pantai ini adalah pantai yang tidak menarik karena kurang terkenal, namun ternyata saya salah. Pantai Padang Padang adalah pantai kecil yang tersembunyi dibalik sebuah tebing di kawasan Pecatu, dekat Uluwatu. Untuk dapat mencapai Pantai Padang Padang, anda harus melewati sebuah tangga yang membelah tebing. Pantai Padang Padang tidak besar dan luas, namun sangat indah dan menarik untuk dikunjungi. Sebagian besar pengunjung Pantai Padang Padang adalah wisatawan asing karena Pantai Padang Padang kurang terkenal dikalangan wisatawan dalam negeri.
4. Danau Beratan Bedugul
Danau Beratan Bedugul adalah sebuah danau yang berlokasi di daerah pegunungan dengan suasana alam yang asri. Keunikan dari Danau Beratan Bedugul adalah keberadaan pura yang bernama Pura Ulun Danu. Pura Ulun Danu terletak di pinggir Danau Beratan Bedugul dan merupakan salah satu daya tarik utama Danau Beratan Bedugul. Selain itu wisatawan juga dapat menikmati permainan air dan menyewa perahu di Danau Beratan Bedugul.
5. Garuda Wisnu Kencana (GWK)
Garuda Wisnu Kencana atau biasa disingkat GWK adalah sebuah taman wisata budaya yang berlokasi di Bali Selatan. Garuda Wisnu Kencana adalah sebuah patung yang sangat besar karya I Nyoman Nuarta. Saat ini, patung Garuda Wisnu Kencana belum sepenuhnya selesai dibuat, hanya sebagian saja yang telah selesai, namun walau begitu anda tetap dapat menikmati kemegahan Garuda Wisnu Kencana. Selain patung, anda juga dapat melihat keindahan bukit kapur yang di potong menjadi balok-balok kapur besar. Balok-balok kapur ini nantinya akan penuh dengan pahatan. Selain itu di kawasan Garuda Wisnu Kencana juga terdapat teater seni, anda dapat menikmati berbagai jenis tari dan kesenian Bali di teater ini setiap harinya.
6. Pantai Lovina
Pantai Lovina mungkin tidak terlalu sering terdengar di kalangan wisatawan. Pantai Lovina adalah salah satu tempat wisata di Bali yang paling saya sukai karena di Pantai Lovina kita dapat melihat lumba-lumba berenang dan meloncat di habitat aslinya. Terletak di Bali Utara dekat dengan Kota Singaraja, anda akan pergi ke tengah laut dan melihat lumba-lumba dengan menggunakan perahu nelayan. Lumba-lumba Pantai Lovina bermain di tepi pantai pada pagi hari, oleh karena itu biasanya wisatawan berangkat dari pinggir pantai mulai dari jam 6 pagi.
Pura Besakih adalah sebuah pura yang berlokasi di kaki Gunung Agung, dan merupakan pura terbesar di Bali. Di Pura Besakih sering diadakan acara keagamaan Hindu karena Pura Besakih dipercaya sebagai tempat suci dan merupakan induk dari seluruh pura yang ada di Bali. Pura Besakih dibangun dengan konsep keseimbangan Tuhan, manusia, dan alam atau sering disebut dengan sebutan Tri Hita Karana. Untuk dapat memasuki area Pura Besakih, anda harus menggunakan sarung yang dapat dipinjam di sekitar lokasi Pura Besakih.
Pura Uluwatu adalah salah satu tempat wisata di Bali yang berada di atas sebuah tebing yang menjorok ke laut. Pura Uluwatu tidak hanya menawarkan suasana religius khas Bali, namun juga menawarkan keindahan panoramanya, terutama keindahan matahari tenggelamnya yang sudah sangat terkenal. Di Pura Uluwatu anda akan berjumpa dengan sejumlah kera yang dipercaya berfungsi menjaga kesucian Pura Uluwatu. Untuk memasuki area Pura Uluwatu, anda harus menggunakan sarung dan selendang yang merupakan simbol hormat kepada kesucian Pura Uluwatu.
9. Pantai Jimbaran
Pantai Jimbaran adalah salah satu tempat wisata di Bali yang paling terkenal. Pada saat anda datang ke Pantai Jimbaran, yang pertama kali akan anda lihat adalah deretan meja dan kursi makan di atas pasir putih yang indah. Pantai Jimbaran terkenal dengan kuliner pinggir pantainya, terutama hidangan lautnya. Pantai Jimbaran untuk anda yang ingin berwisata ke pantai sekaligus menikmati wisata kuliner khas Bali. Tidak perlu kuatir menyantap makanan di Pantai Jimbaran karena ombak di Pantai Jimbaran sangatlah tenang, tidak membahayakan anda yang sedang makan di pinggir pantai.
10. Monkey Forest
Monkey Forest adalah tempat wisata di Bali yang akan membawa anda menyatu dengan alam. Terletak di Ubud, Bali, Monkey Forest adalah sebuah hutan yang dihuni oleh banyak kera liar. Kera-kera ini dianggap keramat oleh penduduk setempat sehingga tidak boleh diganggu dan dibiarkan hidup di hutan. Kera di Monkey Forest sangat menyukai makanan, mereka akan berusaha mendapatkan makanan yang anda bawa, walaupun makanan tersebut ada di dalam tas anda. Di tempat ini anda akan menyaksikan kehidupan ratusan kera yang unik dan menarik.
11. Tanjung Benoa
Tanjung Benoa yang berbatasan dengan Nusa Dua, Bali adalah pusat dari kegiatan olahraga dan permainan air di Bali. Karakteristik Pantai Tanjung Benoa sangatlah tenang, sehingga sangat cocok untuk berbagai jenis permainan air yang seru. Jenis permainan air yang dapat anda mainkan di sini yaitu snorkel, sea walker, banana boat, parasailing, wakeboard, waterski, jetski, scuba diving, donut boat, flying fish, dan lain-lain. Selain itu anda juga dapat pergi melihat penyu raksasa di pulau penyu dengan menaiki perahu dari Tanjung Benoa.
12. Danau Batur Kintamani
Danau Batur Kintamani merupakan salah satu pesona alam yang dimiliki Bali. Terletak di gunung tertinggi ke 2 di Bali, Danau Batur Kintamani mempunyai hawa yang sejuk dan pemandangan yang sangat mempesona. Danau Batur Kintamani adalah danau terbesar di Bali yang banyak dikunjungi wisatawan karena menawarkan pemandangan yang tiada duanya di Bali.
13. Tari Kecak Uluwatu
Tari Kecak adalah tari khas Bali yang paling terkenal dan paling menarik untuk dilihat. Dari banyak tempat yang mempertontonkan tarik kecak, menurut saya yang paling menarik adalah Tari Kecak Uluwatu yang berada di Pura Uluwatu. Tari Kecak Uluwatu mempertunjukan tari kecak khas Bali dengan latar belakang matahari tenggelam di Uluwatu yang sangat indah. Tari Kecak Uluwatu sangat populer dan ramai oleh karena itu apabila anda ingin menonton pertunjukan Tari Kecak Uluwatu, saya sarankan untuk pesan dari jauh hari.
14. Arung Jeram Sungai Telaga Waja
Arung Jeram Sungai Telaga Waja sangatlah cocok bagi anda yang suka kegiatan yang seru dan menantang. Sungai Telaga Waja memiliki air yang jernih dan bersih dan jeram yang menantang. Di akhir pengarungan anda akan meloncati sebuah pintu air, sangat seru. Setelah selesai menikmati Arung Jeram Sungai Telaga Waja, anda akan mendapatkan bonus berupa trekking naik gunung, oleh karena itu siapkan diri anda dan beristirahatlah yang cukup karena Arung Jeram Sungai Telaga Waja akan menguras tenaga anda.
15. Arung Jeram Sungai Ayung
Arung Jeram Sungai Ayung mempunyai karakteristik yang berbeda dengan Arung Jeram Sungai Telaga Waja. Apabila Arung Jeram Sungai Telaga Waja menawarkan tantangan, maka Arung Jeram Sungai Ayung menawarkan keindahan. Panorama sepanjang Sungai Ayung sangatlah indah, ditambah dengan pahatan di tebing sungai, dan hijaunya pepohonan di sekitar sungai melengkapi keindahan Arung Jeram Sungai Ayung.
Places of interest : Uluwatu is one of tourist places and destination in Bali, Uluwatu is its surfing breaks and kecak performances with the sunset background, below is the information.
On the southern coast of Bali is the towering tableland of Bukit, which drops dramatically into the sea at the sheer cliffs of Uluwatu. Uluwatu lies at the southern tip of Bali in Badung Regency. Dedicated to the spirits of the sea, the famous Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple is an architectural wonder in black coral rock, beautifully designed with spectacular views. Uluwatu Temple is a classic expression of ancient Bali in a spectacular setting, high above the crashing waves. This is one of the oldest and most important temples in Bali, one of the six original ‘Sad Kahyangan’ (territorial) temples on the island.
These beaches are popular among surfers. Lack of supporting facilities is not an obstacle for tourist with adventure spirit to conquer the waves. Uluwatu has, in recent years become equally known as the site of the renowned surf break, which offers real challenges (experienced surfers only) in the water, and spectacular views from the warungs (restaurants) perched on the cliff. Access is difficult (though porters are available), please bring suitable footwear and dress with respect for the temple.
Another interest of Uluwatu is its surfing breaks, there are actually five breaks that are named outside corner, the peak, racetracks and the bombie. The peak and the racetrack are the most consistent waves here that rarely flat due to Uluwatu being the swell’s first stop after Antarctica. The other breaks come into play when the swell gets big and can be epic although unless this is the case then the water can be very crowded. There are safe areas to swim on the beach but there can be very strong swells around the cave that can rip you straight into the racetrack that is a powerful barrel breaking onto shallow reef.
In the end of visit , we able to see kecak performances with the sunset background, dramatizing the Hindu epic Ramayana. A Kecak performance is very simple. The men’s chorus chants the words Cak ke-cak ke-cak ke-cak ke-cak ke-cak, in rhythm, over and over again, For this reason they are called the Kecak or Cak dance. The Kecak dances consist of about fifty men wearing only a loin-cloth, the upper part of their bodies left bare.
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About 45 minutes from Nusa Dua, or 1 hr 15 minutes from Kuta or Tuban area. From Nusa Dua, the hilly road will pass through Pecatu, (in)famous for its uncompleted monument and luxury homes. If you are from Kuta, similar hill climbing road through Kedodongan and Jimbaran Hills (and Bay) will bring you here.
Officially known as Pura Luhur Uluwatu (yes, that’s the real name: “Luhur” means “something of divine origin” while “Uluwatu” can be broken into “ulu” which means “land’s end” and “watu” means “rock” in the old language). Nonetheless, merely mentioning Uluwatu will get you here in no time.
To me, this is the most spectacular temple on the island of Bali. The inner sanctum of the pura is perched majestically on the edge of a steep cliff that towers above the legendary surf breaks of southern Bali.
While I’m not too sure what the view is like from within the inner temple itself, the views are best enjoyed on two different vantage points on both northern and southern portions of the area.
I try not to mention much about the monkeys here. Precautionary signs have been put at a few places to remind about their aggressiveness. I did not experience any bad incidents with them, but I did take off my sunglasses and hid my camera in my pocket, just in case. At sunset, Kecak dance performance is held here everyday. And, it goes without saying that sunset viewing at Uluwatu is one of the must-do in Bali.
Pura Luhur Uluwatu is regarded as one of the six most important temples in Bali (along with Pura Besakih, of course!). Its location on the south westernmost precinct of this magical island guards the Balinese from the evil spirit of the ocean.
There is a minimal entrance fee to enter. I’m not particularly sure about the need to have a “local guide” to explore the pura just like what I have experienced in Pura Besakih. Sarongs are available for rental at the entrance. It was indeed a hassle free experience for me. And the view is out of this world.
Ubud is a town on the Indonesian island of Bali in Ubud District, located amongst rice paddies and steep ravines in the central foothills of the Gianyar regency. One of Bali’s major arts and culture centres, it has developed a large tourism industry.
Ubud has a population of about 30,000 people. Recently, it has become difficult to distinguish the town itself from the villages that surround it.
8th century legend tells of a Javanese priest, Rsi Markendya, who meditated at the confluence of two rivers (an auspicious site for Hindus) at the Ubud locality of Campuan. Here he founded the Gunung Lebah Temple on the valley floor, the site of which remains a pilgrim destination.
The town was originally important as a source of medicinal herbs and plants; Ubud gets its name from the Balinese word ubad (medicine).
In the late nineteenth century, Ubud became the seat of feudal lords who owed their allegiance to the king of Gianyar, at one time the most powerful of Bali’s southern states. The lords were members of the satriya family of Sukawati, and were significant supporters of the village’s increasingly renowned arts scene.
Tourism on the island developed after the arrival of Walter Spies, an ethnic German born in Russia who taught painting and music, and dabbled in dance. Spies and foreign painters Willem Hofker and Rudolf Bonnet entertained celebrities including Charlie Chaplin, Noël Coward, Barbara Hutton, H.G. Wells and Vicki Baum. They brought in some of the greatest artists from all over Bali to teach and train the Balinese in arts, helping Ubud become the cultural centre of Bali.
A new burst of creative energy came in 1960s in the wake of Dutch painter Arie Smit (1916-), and development of the Young Artists Movement. There are many museums in Ubud, including the Museum Puri Lukisan, Museum Neka and the Agung Rai Museum of Art.
The Bali tourist boom since the late 1960s has seen much development in the town; however, it remains a centre of artistic pursuit.
Town Orientation and Tourism
The main street is Jalan Raya Ubud (Jalan Raya means main road), which runs east-west through the center of town. Two long roads, Jalan Monkey Forest and Jalan Hanoman, extend south from Jalan Raya Ubud. Puri Saren Agung is a large palace located at the intersection of Monkey Forest and Raya Ubud roads. The home of Tjokorda Gede Agung Sukawati (1910–1978), the last “king” of Ubud, it is now occupied by his descendants and dance performances are held in its courtyard. It was also one of Ubud’s first hotels, dating back to the 1930s.
The Ubud Monkey Forest is a sacred nature reserve located near the southern end of Jalan Monkey Forest. It houses a temple and approximately 340 Crab-eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) monkeys.
Ubud tourism focuses on culture, yoga and nature. In contrast to the main tourist area in southern Bali, the Ubud area has forests, rivers, cooler temperatures and less congestion although traffic has increased dramatically in the 21st century. A number of smaller “boutique”-style hotels are located in and around Ubud, which commonly offer spa treatments or treks up nearby mountains.
The Moon of Pejeng, in nearby Pejeng, is the largest single-cast bronze kettle drum in the world, dating from circa 300BC. It is a popular destination for tourists interested in local culture, as is the 11th century Goa Gajah, or ‘Elephant Cave’, temple complex.
The Blanco Renaissance Museum is also located in the town.
Things to Do in Ubud, Bali
The laid-back town of Ubud is considered by many to be the epicenter for arts and culture in Bali. Ubud (pronounced “Ew-bood”) has developed a reputation as a place with a positive vibe, possibly explaining why so many artists and naturalists have settled in the lush, green areas around town.
Although tourism in Ubud is growing faster than the town can keep up, there is still a certain tranquility and happiness to be found in the clean air. The town has become a popular and peaceful retreat from the parties and crowded madness of Kuta just two hours away.
1. Get Lost in the Ubud Monkey Forest
The shady, green Ubud Monkey Forest is the most popular stop for tourists in the town of Ubud itself. Hundreds of playful and interactive Macaque monkeys call the sacred forest home and roam freely around the tree canopy and temple complex.
Walking around the winding, moss-covered brick paths of the Monkey Forest is a great way to escape the heat of the afternoon, but mind your belongings. The steady stream of tourists has made the monkeys bold enough to even reach into pockets in search of something interesting!
The influx of tourism in Ubud mixed with the proximity of so many artists has caused a great deal of unique boutiques and shops to open. Unlike the tacky, beach-tourist feeling of shopping in Kuta, Ubud provides a much more sophisticated experience.
Local shops are filled with unique and beautiful crafts, art work, carvings, jewelery, and gifts to take back home. The sprawling, indoor Ubud Market caters mostly to tourists in search of cheap souvenirs. Be sure to haggle prices – negotiation is expected – or you may end up paying triple what something is worth.
Be sure to check out the Ganesha Bookstore, considered the best second-hand bookstore in Bali, if not all of Indonesia.
3. Visit Ubud’s Art Museums & Galleries
Ubud is known as a hothouse for fine art in Bali. It’s all down to the town’s royal family, which has traditionally patronized artists. The King of Ubud himself co-founded the Pitamaha Artists Cooperative in 1936, which was responsible for the cross-pollination between traditional Balinese art and Western art (represented by the expat artists Rudolph Bonnet and Walter Spies, two westerners who settled in Ubud).
You can see the development of Ubud fine art through its collection of museums: the Blanco Renaissance Museum (pictured at the left) and the Museum Puri Lukisan, among others, feature two visions of Balinese art, the former a one-man perspective, the latter a more general overview of the 20th century and its artistic output.
4. Walk Through Ubud’s Rice Fields
Ubud has spilled out into its tiny surrounding villages, but the growth has not ruined the natural setting of the beautiful surroundings. Green rice fields still blanket much of the area and can easily be reached by foot or on bicycle.
The fields may be hiked along a twisting path for miles through tiny, thatched-roof villages. You will find the start of one of the trails just past the small market outside the “top” entrance of the Ubud Monkey Forest.
Hiking these tranquil fields in the morning to the sounds village life beginning is something you will never forget.
5. Get Holistically Healed
With scores of holistic medicine practitioners now living around Ubud, it is no surprise that so many spas and meditation centers have opened up. In town you can easily find all types of Eastern and Western massage centers, reiki healers, herbal medicine shops, and even acupuncture practitioners.
The Bodyworks Healing Centre was the first of such places and has been providing natural healing to the local people long before Ubud was on the tourist map. For a more upscale wellness experience, check out the Spa Alila at the Alila Ubud just ten minutes’ drive out of town.
6. See the Cranes of Petulu
A strange, natural phenomenon occurs each evening just north of Ubud in the village of Petulu. Thousands of white herons arrive here around 6:00 p.m. and prepare to roost for the night before flying off again in the morning.
The birds first began coming here after a communist massacre in 1965 but no one is sure why they continue to return. Local lore holds that these are the souls of those that were killed. Such a predictable gathering of these large and beautiful birds is a spectacle not to be missed.
7. Watch Balinese Dance Performances
No visit to Ubud is complete without seeing at least one traditional dance performance. Although the performances are very tourist-oriented, this is a great opportunity to see classic Hindu legends being told through dancers in colorful, traditional costumes.
Ubud Palace is a popular place providing shows nightly as well as Pura Dalem which has twice-weekly shows and fire dances performed outside.
8. Visit a Hindu Temple or Two
Ubud and the villages in the surrounding area contain dozens of examples of beautiful Hindu Temples. Most temples are free to visit or ask for a small donation. Proper attire is required, although many temples will loan or rent a sarong for your visit.
Pura Penataran Asih in nearby Pejeng is a charming temple containing the largest bronze kettle drum in the world. The Bronze Age drum is known as the “Moon of Pejeng” and dates back to 300 B.C.
Pura Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung is Bali’s most sacred temple site. A complex of 23 temples can be explored on a day trip from Ubud.
9. Enter the Elephant Cave
Only 10 minutes south of Ubud lies one of the most sacred sites in Bali: Goa Gajah. Also known as the Elephant Cave, this Hindu site dates back to the 11th Century and was nominated as a tentative UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The cave is believed to have been home to Hindu priests and the entrance is carved with menacing figures from Hindu legend. The interior of the cave is dark and contains a few religious relics. The site is still used for worship by locals so proper dress is required to enter.
Entrance to the ‘Elephant Cave’
Entrance to the ‘Elephant Cave’
At the façade of the cave is a relief of various menacing creatures and demons carved right into the rock at the cave entrance. The primary figure was once thought to be an elephant, hence the nickname Elephant Cave. The site is mentioned in the Javanese poem Desawarnana written in 1365. An extensive bathing place on the site was not excavated until the 1950s. These appear to have been built to ward off evil spirits.
World Heritage Status
This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on October 19, 1995 in the Cultural category.
10. Scale Mount Batur in Kintamani
Although technically an hour north, many people visiting Ubud make at least a day trip to the Kintamaniregion. Kintamani in North Bali is home to Mount Batur and some of Bali’s best scenery. Mount Batur is an active volcano that regularly smolders and surprises visitors with minor eruptions.
The largest crater lake in Bali fills part of Mount Batur’s caldera while small villages cling to the rim. The views of Kintamani from the nearby village of Penelokan are well worth getting outside of Ubud for a day.
For those with lots of energy, a beautiful sunrise can be enjoyed from the summit of Mount Batur. Travel agencies around Ubud provide early pickup and a guide for the two-hour trek to the top of the volcano.
Bali is an island and province of Indonesia, and includes a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida. It is located at the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands, between Java to the west and Lombok to the east, and has its capital of Denpasar at the southern part of the island.
With a population of 3,890,757 in the 2010 census, and currently 4.22 million, the island is home to most of Indonesia’s Hindu minority. According to the 2010 Census, 84.5% of Bali’s population adhered to Balinese Hinduism, 12% to Islam, and most of the remainder followed Christianity. Bali is also the largest tourist destination in the country and is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music. A tourist haven for decades, the province has seen a further surge in tourist numbers in recent years.
Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone over 500 reef building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about 7 times as many as in the entire Caribbean. There is a wide range of dive sites with high quality reefs, all with their own specific attractions. Many sites can have strong currents and swell, so diving without a knowledgeable guide is unadvisable. Bali is the host of 2011 ASEAN Summit, 2013 APEC and Miss World 2013.
Tanah Lot Temple located in Tabana Bali. The most famous tourism site in Bali, the most photographed site in Bali Island.
Nickname(s): Island of Peace, Morning of The World, Island of Gods, Island of Hinduism, Island of Love.
Motto: Bali Dwipa Jaya (Kawi) (Glorious Bali Island)
Map of Bali
Coordinates: 8°39′S 115°13′E
Governor: Made Mangku Pastika
Total: 5,780.06 km2 | 2,231.69 sq mi)
Density: 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time Zone: WITA (UTC+08)
At religious festivals on Bali the sculptures get dressed up and umbrellas are placed by the temples.Bali was inhabited around 2000 BC by Austronesian people who migrated originally from Southeast Asia and Oceania through Maritime Southeast Asia. Culturally and linguistically, the Balinese are thus closely related to the people of the Indonesian archipelago, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Oceania. Stone tools dating from this time have been found near the village of Cekik in the island’s west.
In ancient Bali, nine Hindu sects existed, namely Pasupata, Bhairawa, Siwa Shidanta, Waisnawa, Bodha, Brahma, Resi, Sora and Ganapatya. Each sect revered a specific deity as its personal Godhead.
Balinese culture was strongly influenced by Indian, Chinese, and particularly Hindu culture, beginning around the 1st century AD. The name Bali dwipa (“Bali island”) has been discovered from various inscriptions, including the Blanjong pillar inscription written by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in 914 AD and mentioning “Walidwipa”. It was during this time that the complex irrigation system subak was developed to grow rice. Some religious and cultural traditions still in existence today can be traced back to this period. The Hindu Majapahit Empire (1293–1520 AD) on eastern Java founded a Balinese colony in 1343. When the empire declined, there was an exodus of intellectuals, artists, priests, and musicians from Java to Bali in the 15th century.
The first European contact with Bali is thought to have been made in 1585 when a Portuguese ship foundered off the Bukit Peninsula and left a few Portuguese in the service of Dewa Agung. In 1597 the Dutch explorer Cornelis de Houtman arrived at Bali and, with the establishment of the Dutch East India Company in 1602, the stage was set for colonial control two and a half centuries later when Dutch control expanded across the Indonesian archipelago throughout the second half of the 19th century (see Dutch East Indies). Dutch political and economic control over Bali began in the 1840s on the island’s north coast, when the Dutch pitted various distrustful Balinese realms against each other. In the late 1890s, struggles between Balinese kingdoms in the island’s south were exploited by the Dutch to increase their control.
In June 1860 the famous Welsh naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace travelled to Bali from Singapore landing at Bileling on the northcoast of the island. Wallace’s trip to Bali was instrumental in helping him devise his Wallace Line theory. The Wallace Line is a faunal boundary that run through the strait between Bali and Lombok, which, though a short distance, is a boundary between species of Asiatic origin in the east and a mixture of Australian and Asian species to the west. In his travel memoir The Malay Archipelago Wallace writes of his experience in Bali:
I was both astonished and delighted; for as my visit to Java was some years later, I had never beheld so beautiful and well-cultivated a district out of Europe. A slightly undulating plain extends from the seacoast about ten or twelve miles inland, where it is bounded by a fine range of wooded and cultivated hills. Houses and villages, marked out by dense clumps of coconut palms, tamarind and other fruit trees, are dotted about in every direction; while between them extend luxurious rice-grounds, watered by an elaborate system of irrigation that would be the pride of the best cultivated parts of Europe.
The Dutch mounted large naval and ground assaults at the Sanur region in 1906 and were met by the thousands of members of the royal family and their followers who fought against the superior Dutch force in a suicidal puputan defensive assault rather than face the humiliation of surrender. Despite Dutch demands for surrender, an estimated 200 Balinese marched to their death against the invaders. In the Dutch intervention in Bali, a similar massacre occurred in the face of a Dutch assault in Klungkung. Afterwards the Dutch governors were able to exercise administrative control over the island, but local control over religion and culture generally remained intact. Dutch rule over Bali came later and was never as well established as in other parts of Indonesia such as Java and Maluku.
In the 1930s, anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, and artists Miguel Covarrubias and Walter Spies, and musicologist Colin McPhee created a western image of Bali as “an enchanted land of aesthetes at peace with themselves and nature”, and western tourism first developed on the island.
Balinese dancers show for tourists, in Ubud.
Imperial Japan occupied Bali during World War II. Bali Island was not originally a target in their Netherlands East Indies Campaign, but as the airfields on Borneo were inoperative due to heavy rains the Imperial Japanese Army decided to occupy Bali, which did not suffer from comparable weather. The island had no regular Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL) troops. There was only a Native Auxiliary Corps Prajoda (Korps Prajoda) consisting of about 600 native soldiers and several Dutch KNIL officers under command of KNIL Lieutenant Colonel W.P. Roodenburg. On 19 February 1942 the Japanese forces landed near the town of Senoer [Senur]. The island was quickly captured.
During the Japanese occupation a Balinese military officer, Gusti Ngurah Rai, formed a Balinese ‘freedom army’. The lack of institutional changes from the time of Dutch rule however, and the harshness of war requisitions made Japanese rule worse than the Dutch one. Following Japan’s Pacific surrender in August 1945, the Dutch promptly returned to Indonesia, including Bali, immediately to reinstate their pre-war colonial administration. This was resisted by the Balinese rebels now using Japanese weapons. On 20 November 1946, the Battle of Marga was fought in Tabanan in central Bali. Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai, by then 29 years old, finally rallied his forces in east Bali at Marga Rana, where they made a suicide attack on the heavily armed Dutch. The Balinese battalion was entirely wiped out, breaking the last thread of Balinese military resistance. In 1946 the Dutch constituted Bali as one of the 13 administrative districts of the newly proclaimed State of East Indonesia, a rival state to the Republic of Indonesia which was proclaimed and headed by Sukarno and Hatta. Bali was included in the “Republic of the United States of Indonesia” when the Netherlands recognised Indonesian independence on 29 December 1949.
The 1963 eruption of Mount Agung killed thousands, created economic havoc and forced many displaced Balinese to be transmigrated to other parts of Indonesia. Mirroring the widening of social divisions across Indonesia in the 1950s and early 1960s, Bali saw conflict between supporters of the traditional caste system, and those rejecting these traditional values. Politically, the opposition was represented by supporters of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and the Indonesian Nationalist Party (PNI), with tensions and ill-feeling further increased by the PKI’s land reform programs. An attempted coup in Jakarta was put down by forces led by General Suharto. The army became the dominant power as it instigated a violent anti-communist purge, in which the army blamed the PKI for the coup. Most estimates suggest that at least 500,000 people were killed across Indonesia, with an estimated 80,000 killed in Bali, equivalent to 5% of the island’s population. With no Islamic forces involved as in Java and Sumatra, upper-caste PNI landlords led the extermination of PKI members.
As a result of the 1965/66 upheavals, Suharto was able to manoeuvre Sukarno out of the presidency, and his “New Order” government reestablished relations with western countries. The pre-War Bali as “paradise” was revived in a modern form, and the resulting large growth in tourism has led to a dramatic increase in Balinese standards of living and significant foreign exchange earned for the country. A bombing in 2002 by militant Islamists in the tourist area of Kuta killed 202 people, mostly foreigners. This attack, and another in 2005, severely affected tourism, bringing much economic hardship to the island.
The island of Bali lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java, and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are separated by the Bali Strait. East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (69 mi) north to south; administratively it covers 5,780 km2, or 5,577 km2 without Nusa Penida District, its population density is roughly 750 people/km2.
Bali’s central mountains include several peaks over 3,000 metres in elevation. The highest is Mount Agung (3,031 m), known as the “mother mountain” which is an active volcano. Mountains range from centre to the eastern side, with Mount Agung the easternmost peak. Bali’s volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the highly productive agriculture sector. South of the mountains is a broad, steadily descending area where most of Bali’s large rice crop is grown. The northern side of the mountains slopes more steeply to the sea and is the main coffee producing area of the island, along with rice, vegetables and cattle. The longest river, Ayung River, flows approximately 75 km.
The island is surrounded by coral reefs. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand. Bali has no major waterways, although the Ho River is navigable by small sampan boats. Black sand beaches between Pasut and Klatingdukuh are being developed for tourism, but apart from the seaside temple of Tanah Lot, they are not yet used for significant tourism.
Subak Irrigation system
The largest city is the provincial capital, Denpasar, near the southern coast. Its population is around 491,500 (2002). Bali’s second-largest city is the old colonial capital, Singaraja, which is located on the north coast and is home to around 100,000 people. Other important cities include the beach resort, Kuta, which is practically part of Denpasar’s urban area, and Ubud, situated at the north of Denpasar, is the island’s cultural centre.
Three small islands lie to the immediate south east and all are administratively part of the Klungkung regency of Bali: Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. These islands are separated from Bali by the Badung Strait.
To the east, the Lombok Strait separates Bali from Lombok and marks the biogeographical division between the fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different fauna of Australasia. The transition is known as the Wallace Line, named after Alfred Russel Wallace, who first proposed a transition zone between these two major biomes. When sea levels dropped during the Pleistocene ice age, Bali was connected to Java and Sumatra and to the mainland of Asia and shared the Asian fauna, but the deep water of the Lombok Strait continued to keep Lombok Island and the Lesser Sunda archipelago isolated.
Bali lies just to the west of the Wallace Line, and thus has a fauna that is Asian in character, with very little Australasian influence, and has more in common with Java than with Lombok. An exception is the Yellow-crested Cockatoo, a member of a primarily Australasian family. There are around 280 species of birds, including the critically endangered Bali Starling, which is endemic. Others Include Barn Swallow, Black-naped Oriole, Black Racket-tailed Treepie, Crested Serpent-eagle, Crested Treeswift, Dollarbird, Java Sparrow, Lesser Adjutant, Long-tailed Shrike, Milky Stork, Pacific Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow, Sacred Kingfisher, Sea Eagle, Woodswallow, Savanna Nightjar, Stork-billed Kingfisher, Yellow-vented Bulbul, White Heron, Great Egret.
Until the early 20th century, Bali was home to several large mammals: the wild Banteng, leopard and the endemic Bali tiger. The Banteng still occurs in its domestic form, whereas leopards are found only in neighbouring Java, and the Bali tiger is extinct. The last definite record of a tiger on Bali dates from 1937, when one was shot, though the subspecies may have survived until the 1940s or 1950s. The relatively small size of the island, conflict with humans, poaching and habitat reduction drove the Bali tiger to extinction. This was the smallest and rarest of all tiger subspecies and was never caught on film or displayed in zoos, whereas few skins or bones remain in museums around the world. Today, the largest mammals are the Javan Rusa deer and the Wild Boar. A second, smaller species of deer, the Indian Muntjac, also occurs. Saltwater crocodiles were once present on the island, but became locally extinct sometime during the last century.
Squirrels are quite commonly encountered, less often is the Asian Palm Civet, which is also kept in coffee farms to produce Kopi Luwak. Bats are well represented, perhaps the most famous place to encounter them remaining the Goa Lawah (Temple of the Bats) where they are worshipped by the locals and also constitute a tourist attraction. They also occur in other cave temples, for instance at Gangga Beach. Two species of monkey occur. The Crab-eating Macaque, known locally as “kera”, is quite common around human settlements and temples, where it becomes accustomed to being fed by humans, particularly in any of the three “monkey forest” temples, such as the popular one in the Ubud area. They are also quite often kept as pets by locals. The second monkey, endemic to Java and some surrounding islands such as Bali, is far rarer and more elusive is the Javan Langur, locally known as “lutung”. They occur in few places apart from the Bali Barat National Park. They are born an orange colour, though by their first year they would have already changed to a more blackish colouration. In Java however, there is more of a tendency for this species to retain its juvenile orange colour into adulthood, and so you can see a mixture of black and orange monkeys together as a family. Other rarer mammals include the Leopard Cat, Sunda Pangolin and Black Giant Squirrel.
Snakes include the King Cobra and Reticulated Python. The Water Monitor can grow to at least 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in length and 50 kg (110 lb) and can move quickly.
The rich coral reefs around the coast, particularly around popular diving spots such as Tulamben, Amed, Menjangan or neighbouring Nusa Penida, host a wide range of marine life, for instance Hawksbill Turtle, Giant Sunfish, Giant Manta Ray, Giant Moray Eel, Bumphead Parrotfish, Hammerhead Shark, Reef Shark, barracuda, and sea snakes. Dolphins are commonly encountered on the north coast near Singaraja and Lovina.
A team of scientists conducted a survey from 29 April 2011 to 11 May 2011 at 33 sea sites around Bali. They discovered 952 species of reef fish of which 8 were new discoveries at Pemuteran, Gilimanuk, Nusa Dua, Tulamben and Candidasa, and 393 coral species, including two new ones at Padangbai and between Padangbai and Amed. The average coverage level of healthy coral was 36% (better than in Raja Ampat and Halmahera by 29% or in Fakfak and Kaimana by 25%) with the highest coverage found in Gili Selang and Gili Mimpang in Candidasa, Karangasem regency.
Many plants have been introduced by humans within the last centuries, particularly since the 20th century, making it sometimes hard to distinguish what plants are really native. Among the larger trees the most common are: Banyan trees, Jackfruit, coconuts, bamboo species, acacia trees and also endless rows of coconuts and banana species. Numerous flowers can be seen: hibiscus, frangipani, bougainvillea, poinsettia, oleander, jasmine, water lily, lotus, roses, begonias, orchids and hydrangeas exist. On higher grounds that receive more moisture, for instance around Kintamani, certain species of fern trees, mushrooms and even pine trees thrive well. Rice comes in many varieties. Other plants with agricultural value include: salak, mangosteen, corn, Kintamani orange, coffee and water spinach.
Some of the worst erosion has occurred in Lebih Beach, where up to 7 metres of land is lost every year. Decades ago, this beach was used for holy pilgrimages with more than 10,000 people, but they have now moved to Masceti Beach.
Rice Terraces in Bali
From ranked third in previous review, in 2010 Bali got score 99.65 of Indonesia’s environmental quality index and the highest of all the 33 provinces. The score measured 3 water quality parameters: the level of total suspended solids (TSS), dissolved oxygen (DO) and chemical oxygen demand (COD).
Because of over-exploitation by the tourist industry which covers a massive land area, 200 out of 400 rivers on the island have dried up and based on research, the southern part of Bali would face a water shortage up to 2,500 litres of clean water per second by 2015. To ease the shortage, the central government plans to build a water catchment and processing facility at Petanu River in Gianyar. The 300 litres capacity of water per second will be channelled to Denpasar, Badung and Gianyar in 2013.
The province is divided into 8 regencies (kabupaten) and 1 city (kota). These are:
Three decades ago, the Balinese economy was largely agriculture-based in terms of both output and employment. Tourism is now the largest single industry in terms of income, and as a result, Bali is one of Indonesia’s wealthiest regions. About 80% of Bali’s economy depends on tourism; Note: non-referenced % in the article: in fact a great number of the population still lives thanks to agriculture although this situation is changing rapidly. By end of June 2011, non-performing loan of all banks in Bali were 2.23%, lower than the average of Indonesian banking industry non-performing loan (about 5%). The economy, however, suffered significantly as a result of the terrorist bombings 2002 and 2005. The tourism industry has since recovered from these events.
Although tourism produces the GDP’s largest output, agriculture is still the island’s biggest employer; most notably rice cultivation. Crops grown in smaller amounts include fruit, vegetables, Coffea arabica and other cash and subsistence crops. Fishing also provides a significant number of jobs. Bali is also famous for its artisans who produce a vast array of handicrafts, including batik and ikat cloth and clothing, wooden carvings, stone carvings, painted art and silverware. Notably, individual villages typically adopt a single product, such as wind chimes or wooden furniture.
The Arabica coffee production region is the highland region of Kintamani near Mount Batur. Generally, Balinese coffee is processed using the wet method. This results in a sweet, soft coffee with good consistency. Typical flavours include lemon and other citrus notes. Many coffee farmers in Kintamani are members of a traditional farming system called Subak Abian, which is based on the Hindu philosophy of “Tri Hita Karana”. According to this philosophy, the three causes of happiness are good relations with God, other people and the environment. The Subak Abian system is ideally suited to the production of fair trade and organic coffee production. Arabica coffee from Kintamani is the first product in Indonesia to request a Geographical Indication.
Canyoning in Gitgit Waterfall, Bali, Indonesia
The tourism industry is primarily focused in the south, while significant in the other parts of the island as well. The main tourist locations are the town of Kuta (with its beach), and its outer suburbs of Legian and Seminyak (which were once independent townships), the east coast town of Sanur (once the only tourist hub), in the center of the island Ubud, to the south of the Ngurah Rai International Airport, Jimbaran, and the newer development of Nusa Dua and Pecatu.
The American government lifted its travel warnings in 2008. The Australian government last issued an advice on Friday, 4 May 2012. The overall level of the advice was lowered to ‘Exercise a high degree of caution’. The Swedish government issued a new warning on Sunday, 10 June 2012 because of one more tourist who has been killed by methanol poisoning.
An offshoot of tourism is the growing real estate industry. Bali real estate has been rapidly developing in the main tourist areas of Kuta, Legian, Seminyak and Oberoi. Most recently, high-end 5 star projects are under development on the Bukit peninsula, on the south side of the island. Million dollar villas are being developed along the cliff sides of south Bali, commanding panoramic ocean views. Foreign and domestic (many Jakarta individuals and companies are fairly active) investment into other areas of the island also continues to grow. Land prices, despite the worldwide economic crisis, have remained stable.
The Tirtha Empul Temple draws tourists who seek its holy waters
In the last half of 2008, Indonesia’s currency had dropped approximately 30% against the US dollar, providing many overseas visitors value for their currencies. Visitor arrivals for 2009 were forecast to drop 8% (which would be higher than 2007 levels), due to the worldwide economic crisis which has also affected the global tourist industry, but not due to any travel warnings.
Bali’s tourism economy survived the terrorist bombings of 2002 and 2005, and the tourism industry has in fact slowly recovered and surpassed its pre-terrorist bombing levels; the longterm trend has been a steady increase of visitor arrivals. In 2010, Bali received 2.57 million foreign tourists, which surpassed the target of 2.0–2.3 million tourists. The average occupancy of starred hotels achieved 65%, so the island is still able to accommodate tourists for some years without any addition of new rooms/hotels, although at the peak season some of them are fully booked.
Pura Taman Ayun, another temple which is a popular tourist destination
Bali received the Best Island award from Travel and Leisure in 2010. The island of Bali won because of its attractive surroundings (both mountain and coastal areas), diverse tourist attractions, excellent international and local restaurants, and the friendliness of the local people. According to BBC Travel released in 2011, Bali is one of the World’s Best Islands, rank in second after Greece.
In August 2010, the film version of Eat, Pray, Love (EPL) was released in theatres. The movie was based on Elizabeth Gilbert’s best-selling memoir of the same name. It took place at Ubud and Padang-Padang Beach at Bali. The 2006 book, which spent 57 weeks at the No. 1 spot on the New York Times paperback nonfiction best-seller list, had already fuelled a boom in EPL tourism in Ubud, the hill town and cultural and tourist center that was the focus of Gilbert’s quest for balance through traditional spirituality and healing that leads to love.
A statue of Arjuna on a street in Bali
Since 2011, China has displaced Japan as the second-largest supplier of tourists to Bali, while Australia still tops the list. Chinese tourists increased by 17% from last year due to the impact of ACFTA and new direct flights to Bali. In January 2012, Chinese tourists year on year (yoy) increased by 222.18% compared to January 2011, while Japanese tourists declined by 23.54% yoy.
Bali reported that it has 2.88 million foreign tourists and 5 million domestic tourists in 2012, marginally surpassing the expectations of 2.8 million foreign tourists. Forecasts for 2013 are at 3.1 million.
Based on Bank Indonesia survey in May 2013, 34.39 percent of tourists are upper-middle class with spending between $1,286 to $5,592 and dominated by Australia, France, China, Germany and the US with some China tourists move from low spending before to higher spending currently. While 30.26 percent are middle class with spending between $662 to $1,285.
Kuta Beach is a popular tourist spot in Bali
The Ngurah Rai International Airport is located near Jimbaran, on the isthmus at the southernmost part of the island. Lt.Col. Wisnu Airfield is found in north-west Bali.
A coastal road circles the island, and three major two-lane arteries cross the central mountains at passes reaching to 1,750m in height (at Penelokan). The Ngurah Rai Bypass is a four-lane expressway that partly encircles Denpasar and enables cars to travel quickly in the heavily populated south. Bali has no railway lines yet.
December 2010: the Government of Indonesia has invited investors to build Tanah Ampo Cruise Terminal at Karangasem, Bali amounted $30 million. In 17 July 2011 the first cruise ship (Sun Princess) anchored about 400 meters away from the wharf of Tanah Ampo harbour. The current pier is only 154 meters and will eventually be 300 to 350 meters to accommodate international cruise ships. The harbour would be safer than Benoa and has a scenic backdrop of a panoramic view of mountainous area with green rice fields. By December 2011 the auction process will be settled and Tanah Ampo is predicted to become the main hub for cruise ships in Indonesia by 2013.
A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed by two ministers, Bali’s Governor and Indonesian Train Company to build 565 kilometres of railway along the coast around the island. It should be operating by 2015.
On 16 March 2011 (Tanjung) Benoa port received the “Best Port Welcome 2010” award from London’s “Dream World Cruise Destination” magazine. Government plans to expand the role of Benoa port as export-import port to boost Bali’s trade and industry sector. The Tourism and Creative Economy Ministry has confirmed that 306 cruise liners are heading for Indonesia in 2013 – an increase of 43 percent compared to the previous year.
On May 2011, an integrated Areal Traffic Control System (ATCS) was implemented to reduce traffic jams at four crossing points: Ngurah Rai statue, Dewa Ruci Kuta crossing, Jimbaran crossing and Sanur crossing. ATCS is an integrated system connecting all traffic lights, CCTVs and other traffic signals with a monitoring office at the police headquarters. It has successfully been implemented in other ASEAN countries and will be implemented at other crossings in Bali.
On 21 December 2011 construction started on the Nusa Dua-Benoa-Ngurah Rai International Airport toll road which will also provide a special lane for motorcycles. This has been done by seven state-owned enterprises led by PT Jasa Marga with 60% of shares. PT Jasa Marga Bali Tol will construct the 9.91 kilometres toll road (totally 12.7 kilometres with access road). The construction is estimated to cost Rp.2.49 trillion ($273.9 million). The project goes through 2 kilometres of mangrove forest and through 2.3 kilometres of beach, both within 5.4 hectares area. The elevated toll road is built over the mangrove forest on 18,000 concrete pillars which occupied 2 hectares of mangroves forest. It compensated by new planting of 300,000 mangrove trees along the road. On 21 December 2011 the Dewa Ruci 450 meters underpass has also started on the busy Dewa Ruci junction near Bali Kuta Galeria with an estimated cost of Rp136 billion ($14.9 million) from the state budget. On 23 September 2013, the Bali Mandara Toll Road is opened and the Dewa Ruci Junction (Simpang Siur) underpass is opened before. Both are ease the heavy traffic congestion.
To solve chronic traffic problems, the province will also build a toll road connecting Serangan with Tohpati, a toll road connecting Kuta, Denpasar and Tohpati and a flyover connecting Kuta and Ngurah Rai Airport.
The population of Bali was 3,890,757 as of the 2010 Census. There are an estimated 30,000 expatriates living in Bali.
A DNA study in 2005 by Karafet et al. found that 12% of Balinese Y-chromosomes are of likely Indian origin, while 84% are of likely Austronesian origin, and 2% of likely Melanesian origin. The study does not correlate the DNA samples to the Balinese caste system.
Main article: Balinese caste system
Bali has a caste system based on the Indian Hindu model, with four castes:
Sudra – peasants constituting close to 93% of Bali’s population.
Wesia (Vaishyas) – the caste of merchants and administrative officials
Ksatrias (Kshatriyas) – the kingly and warrior caste
Brachmana – holy men and priests
Unlike most of Muslim-majority Indonesia, about 83.5% of Bali’s population adheres to Balinese Hinduism, formed as a combination of existing local beliefs and Hindu influences from mainland Southeast Asia and South Asia. Minority religions include Islam (13.3%), Christianity (1.7%), and Buddhism (0.5%). These figures do not include immigrants from other parts of Indonesia.
When Islam surpassed Hinduism in Java (16th century), Bali became a refuge for many Hindus. Balinese Hinduism is an amalgam in which gods and demigods are worshipped together with Buddhist heroes, the spirits of ancestors, indigenous agricultural deities and sacred places. Religion as it is practised in Bali is a composite belief system that embraces not only theology, philosophy, and mythology, but ancestor worship, animism and magic. It pervades nearly every aspect of traditional life. Caste is observed, though less strictly than in India. With an estimated 20,000 puras (temples) and shrines, Bali is known as the “Island of a Thousand Puras”, or “Island of the Gods”.
Balinese Hinduism has roots in Indian Hinduism and in Buddhism, and adopted the animistic traditions of the indigenous people. This influence strengthened the belief that the gods and goddesses are present in all things. Every element of nature, therefore, possesses its own power, which reflects the power of the gods. A rock, tree, dagger, or woven cloth is a potential home for spirits whose energy can be directed for good or evil. Balinese Hinduism is deeply interwoven with art and ritual. Ritualizing states of self-control are a notable feature of religious expression among the people, who for this reason have become famous for their graceful and decorous behaviour.
Apart from the majority of Balinese Hindus, there also exist Chinese immigrants whose traditions have melded with that of the locals. As a result, these Sino-Balinese not only embrace their original religion, which is a mixture of Buddhism, Christianity, Taoism and Confucianism, but also find a way to harmonise it with the local traditions. Hence, it is not uncommon to find local Sino-Balinese during the local temple’s odalan. Moreover, Balinese Hindu priests are invited to perform rites alongside a Chinese priest in the event of the death of a Sino-Balinese. Nevertheless, the Sino-Balinese claim to embrace Buddhism for administrative purposes, such as their Identity Cards.
Balinese and Indonesian are the most widely spoken languages in Bali, and the vast majority of Balinese people are bilingual or trilingual. The most common spoken language around the tourist areas is Indonesian, as many people in the tourist sector are not solely Balinese, but migrants from Java, Lombok, Sumatra, and other parts of Indonesia. There are several indigenous Balinese languages, but most Balinese can also use the most widely spoken option: modern common Balinese. The usage of different Balinese languages was traditionally determined by the Balinese caste system and by clan membership, but this tradition is diminishing. Kawi and Sanskrit are also commonly used by some Hindu priests in Bali, for Hinduism literature was mostly written in Sanskrit.
English is a common third language (and the primary foreign language) of many Balinese, owing to the requirements of the tourism industry. Other foreign languages, such as Chinese, Japanese, Korean, French or German are often used in multilingual signs for foreign tourists.
Bali is renowned for its diverse and sophisticated art forms, such as painting, sculpture, woodcarving, handcrafts, and performing arts. Balinese cuisine is also distinctive. Balinese percussion orchestra music, known as gamelan, is highly developed and varied. Balinese performing arts often portray stories from Hindu epics such as the Ramayana but with heavy Balinese influence. Famous Balinese dances include pendet, legong, baris, topeng, barong, gong keybar, and kecak (the monkey dance). Bali boasts one of the most diverse and innovative performing arts cultures in the world, with paid performances at thousands of temple festivals, private ceremonies, or public shows.
The Hindu New Year, Nyepi, is celebrated in the spring by a day of silence. On this day everyone stays at home and tourists are encouraged to remain in their hotels. On the day before New Year, large and colourful sculptures of ogoh-ogoh monsters are paraded and finally burned in the evening to drive away evil spirits. Other festivals throughout the year are specified by the Balinese pawukon calendrical system.
Celebrations are held for many occasions such as a tooth-filing (coming-of-age ritual), cremation or odalan (temple festival). One of the most important concepts that Balinese ceremonies have in common is that of désa kala patra, which refers to how ritual performances must be appropriate in both the specific and general social context. Many of the ceremonial art forms such as wayang kulit and topeng are highly improvisatory, providing flexibility for the performer to adapt the performance to the current situation. Many celebrations call for a loud, boisterous atmosphere with lots of activity and the resulting aesthetic, ramé, is distinctively Balinese. Often two or more gamelan ensembles will be performing well within earshot, and sometimes compete with each other to be heard. Likewise, the audience members talk amongst themselves, get up and walk around, or even cheer on the performance, which adds to the many layers of activity and the liveliness typical of ramé.
Kaja and kelod are the Balinese equivalents of North and South, which refer to ones orientation between the island’s largest mountain Gunung Agung (kaja), and the sea (kelod). In addition to spatial orientation, kaja and kelod have the connotation of good and evil; gods and ancestors are believed to live on the mountain whereas demons live in the sea. Buildings such as temples and residential homes are spatially oriented by having the most sacred spaces closest to the mountain and the unclean places nearest to the sea.
Most temples have an inner courtyard and an outer courtyard which are arranged with the inner courtyard furthest kaja. These spaces serve as performance venues since most Balinese rituals are accompanied by any combination of music, dance and drama. The performances that take place in the inner courtyard are classified as wali, the most sacred rituals which are offerings exclusively for the gods, while the outer courtyard is where bebali ceremonies are held, which are intended for gods and people. Lastly, performances meant solely for the entertainment of humans take place outside the walls of the temple and are called bali-balihan. This three-tiered system of classification was standardised in 1971 by a committee of Balinese officials and artists to better protect the sanctity of the oldest and most sacred Balinese rituals from being performed for a paying audience.
Tourism, Bali’s chief industry, has provided the island with a foreign audience that is eager to pay for entertainment, thus creating new performance opportunities and more demand for performers. The impact of tourism is controversial since before it became integrated into the economy, the Balinese performing arts did not exist as a capitalist venture, and were not performed for entertainment outside of their respective ritual context. Since the 1930s sacred rituals such as the barong dance have been performed both in their original contexts, as well as exclusively for paying tourists. This has led to new versions of many of these performances which have developed according to the preferences of foreign audiences; some villages have a barong mask specifically for non-ritual performances as well as an older mask which is only used for sacred performances.
Balinese society continues to revolve around each family’s ancestral village, to which the cycle of life and religion is closely tied. Coercive aspects of traditional society, such as customary law sanctions imposed by traditional authorities such as village councils (including “kasepekang”, or shunning) have risen in importance as a consequence of the democratisation and decentralisation of Indonesia since 1998.
‘Tanah Lot’ adalah sebuah objek wisata di Bali, Indonesia. Di sini ada dua pura yang terletak di atas batu besar. Satu terletak di atas bongkahan batu dan satunya terletak di atas tebing mirip dengan Pura Uluwatu. Pura Tanah Lot ini merupakan bagian dari pura Dang Kahyangan. Pura Tanah Lot merupakan pura laut tempat pemujaan dewa-dewa penjaga laut.
Menurut legenda, pura ini dibangun oleh seorang brahmana yang mengembara dari Jawa. Ia adalah Danghyang Nirartha yang berhasil menguatkan kepercayaan penduduk Bali akan ajaran Hindu dan membangun Sad Kahyangan tersebut pada abad ke-16. Pada saat itu penguasa Tanah Lot, Bendesa Beraben, iri terhadap beliau karena para pengikutnya mulai meninggalkannya dan mengikuti Danghyang Nirartha. Bendesa Beraben menyuruh Danghyang Nirartha untuk meninggalkan Tanah Lot. Ia menyanggupi dan sebelum meninggalkan Tanah Lot beliau dengan kekuatannya memindahkan Bongkahan Batu ke tengah pantai (bukan ke tengah laut) dan membangun pura di sana. Ia juga mengubah selendangnya menjadi ular penjaga pura. Ular ini masih ada sampai sekarang dan secara ilmiah ular ini termasuk jenis ular laut yang mempunyai ciri-ciri berekor pipih seperti ikan, warna hitam berbelang kuning dan mempunyai racun 3 kali lebih kuat dari ular cobra. Akhir dari legenda menyebutkan bahwa Bendesa Beraben ‘akhirnya’ menjadi pengikut Danghyang Nirartha.
Obyek wisata tanah lot terletak di Desa Beraban Kecamatan Kediri Kabupaten Tabanan, sekitar 13 km barat Tabanan. Disebelah utara Pura Tanah Lot terdapat sebuah Pura yang terletak di atas tebing yang menjorok ke laut. Tebing ini menghubungkan Pura dengan daratan dan berbentuk seperti jembatan (melengkung). Tanah Lot terkenal sebagai tempat yang indah untuk melihat matahari terbenam (sunset), turis-turis biasanya ramai pada sore hari untuk melihat keindahan sunset di sini.
Odalan atau hari raya di Pura ini diperingati setiap 210 hari sekali, sama seperti pura-pura yang lain. Jatuhnya dekat dengan perayaan Galungan dan Kuningan yaitu tepatnya pada Hari Suci Buda Cemeng Langkir. Saat itu, orang yang sembahyang akan ramai bersembahyang di Pura Ini.
Hari raya Galungan: Buda Kliwon Dungulan adalah hari memperingati terciptanya alam semesta beserta isinya dan kemenangan dharma melawan adharma Umat Hindu melakukan persembahan kehadapan Sang Hyang Widhi dan Dewa Bhatara/dengan segala manisfestasinya sebagai tanda puji syukur atas rahmatnya serta untuk keselamatan selanjutnya. Sedangkan penjor yang dipasang di muka tiap-tiap perumahan yaitu merupakan aturan kehadapan Bhatara Mahadewa yang berkedudukan di Gunung Agung.
Tanah Lot is a rock formation off the Indonesian island of Bali. It is home of a pilgrimage temple, the Pura Tanah Lot (literally “Tanah Lot temple”), and a popular tourist and cultural icon for photography and general exoticism.
Tanah Lot means “Land [sic: in the] Sea” in the Balinese language. Located in Tabanan, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Denpasar, the temple sits on a large offshore rock which has been shaped continuously over the years by the ocean tide.
Tanah Lot is claimed to be the work of the 16th-century janitor baratha. During his travels along the south coast he saw the rock-island’s beautiful setting and rested there. Some fishermen saw him, and bought him gifts. Nirartha then spent the night on the little island. Later he spoke to the fishermen and told them to build a shrine on the rock for he felt it to be a holy place to worship the Balinese sea gods.
The Tanah Lot temple was built and has been a part of Balinese mythology for centuries. The temple is one of seven sea temples around the Balinese coast. Each of the sea temples were established within eyesight of the next to form a chain along the south-western coast. However, the temple had significant Hindu influence.
At the base of the rocky island, poisonous sea snakes are believed to guard the temple from evil spirits and intruders. A giant snake purportedly protects the temple, which was created from Nirartha’s towel when he established the island.
In 1980, the temple’s rock face was starting to crumble and the area around and inside the temple started to become dangerous. The Japanese government then provided a loan to the Indonesian government of Rp 800 billion (approximately USD $130 million) to conserve the historic temple and other significant locations around Bali. As a result, over one third of Tanah Lot’s “rock” is actually cleverly disguised artificial rock created during the Japanese-funded and supervised renovation and stabilization program.
The area leading to Tanah Lot is highly commercialized and people are required to pay to enter the area. To reach the temple, visitors must walk through a set of Balinese market-format souvenir shops which cover each side of the path down to the sea. On the mainland clifftops, restaurants have also been provided for tourists.
What to do in Tanah Lot
Tanah Lot is an important and sacred temple in on the south west coast of Bali, it is about 45-minute drive north west from Kuta, Legian and Seminyak and 40-minute drive from Ubud. Tanah Lot is an extremely popular tourist destination for sunset, it can be very busy in the late afternoons, pre-sunset.
Sunset watching is the main draw of tanah Lot. Perched on a rock just a few metres offshore, Tanah Lot Temple is a beauty by its own right but with sunset behind it, the panorama is outstanding. Tanah Lot Temple during sunset is the most photographed view in Bali.
There are other interesting places and activities you can enjoy around Tanah Lot, including:
Spending your day in Tanah Lot Bali can be a day full of activities. Tanah Lot Bali offers lots of things to do to spend your holiday there, here are some of them.
Beach activities : Strolling along the beach, sunbathing, surfing and swimming are some beach activities you can do at Tanah Lot Bali The beach in Tanah Lot Bali has limited road access so it is less crowded than Tanah Lot Bali, good for relaxing.
Sunset watching : Watching the stunningly beautiful Tanah Lot’s sunset can be done from the beach, but Tanah Lot Bali offers some of Bali’s best sunset bars where you can enjoy the sunset while sipping cold drinks or cocktail.
Shopping : Tanah Lot Bali offers rows of classy boutiques and shops that will satisfy your needs for shopping trip. Check out the latest fashion trends at various fashion boutiques that line up the Tanah Lot Bali’s street.
Having a spa treatment : Tanah Lot Bali is the center of Bali’s high-end spa. Tanah Lot Bali offers a spa experience here in a luxurious and sophisticated setting and of course the prices are still cheaper than you would pay in western countries. Here is a spa that worth a visit: Dewi Sinta Spa, located in Dewi Sinta Hotel & Restaurant Tanah Lot, phone : +62 361 812933.
Nirwana Bali Golf Club at Pan Pacific Nirwana Bali Resort
The superb Nirwana Golf Course is adjacent to Tanah Lot, just to the south. This Greg Norman designed course is consistently voted as one of the very best in the whole of Asia. It offers not just 18 holes with stunning cliff top setting but also rice field setting and difficulty for all level of players.
Nirwana Bali Golf Club at Pan Pacific Nirwana Bali Resort is beautifully set along the dramatic coast line amongst manicured gardens and traditional Balinese rice paddies. Designed by legendary golfer Greg Norman, the course boosts five ocean-side holes, three cliff-to-cliff tee shots and eight holes sculpted into the terraced rice fields. The signature Par 3 7th hole overlooks the famous Tanah Lot temple and is by far the most photographed hole on the course. The diverse and meticulously maintained course provides resort golfers and seasoned professionals with an unparalleled golfing experience.
Nirwana Bali Golf Club at Pan Pacific Nirwana Bali Resort maintains a long history of association with IMG Golf Course Management who have been involved since 1994 during the pre-opening, through the official opening in 1997 and in a consulting management relationship that continues until today. IMG Golf Course Management is recognized for providing high quality services to an elite portfolio of clubs around the world. Partnering with IMG ensures delivery of meticulous standards of the operation and an unrivalled experience for members and guests.
Be sure to compliment your round of golf with a stay at the magnificent Pan Pacific Nirwana Bali Resort. Here you will discover a lush 103-hectare hideaway built atop a sheer cliff with breathtaking views of the Indian Ocean and Tanah Lot. This secluded luxury golf resort, set in the tranquil village of Tabanan, West Bali is only 22km away from Ngurah Rai International Airport.
Photo Gallery of Nirwana Bali Golf Club at Pan Pacific Nirwana Bali Resort
Villas in and around Tanah Lot
Bali is Island of the God, lying down between Java to the west and Lombok to the east., Bali is a extraordinary blend of relaxing ease and lingering savour on the life. For the island’s largely Hindu residents, daily procedures are emphasized by prayer, blessings, and rituals, even more than the spectacular landscapes, that make Bali such a compelling, authentic.
Tanah lot is a spot of significant contrasts: a golden spot for golf lovers with fantastic view of the tanah Lot Temple as a background. Several villas in Bali also situated around Tanah Lot area. A villa in Tanah Lot Bali provides the highest experience in luxury tropical living where exposed to the elements one embraces a sense of total relaxation and unrestricted freedom. Generally villas in Tanah Lot have their own swimming pool or plunge pool, from one bedroom villa, two bedroom villa, three bedroom villa, four bedroom villa or family villas in Tanah Lot Bali like five bedroom villa and six bedroom villa as you like area available in Tanah Lot just like any other area in Bali. Just choose the pace of your vacation activities in Tanah Lot then the village will offer and assured to be a luxury private villa to finally suit these needs while you holidaying in Tanah Lot Bali.