Tag Archives: Biography

Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee . Biography


Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

477px-Bruce_Lee_as_Kato_1967

Bruce Lee pada tahun 1967

  • Nama Tionghoa: 李小龍 (Tradisional)
  • Nama Tionghoa: 李小龙 (Sederhana)
  • Pinyin: Lǐ Xiǎolóng (Mandarin)
  • Jyutping: lei5 siu2 lung4 (Kanton)
  • Nama Lahir: 
    • Lee Jun Fan
    • 李振藩 (Tradisional)
    • 李振藩 (Sederhana)
    • Lǐ Zhènfān (Mandarin)
    • lei5 zan3 faan4 (Kanton)
  • Leluhur: Shunde, Guangdong, Tiongkok
  • Asal: Hong Kong
  • Lahir: 27 November 1940,  San Francisco, California
  • Wafat: 20 Juli 1973 (umur 32),  Kowloon Tong
  • Makam:  Seattle, Washington, Taman Makam Lakeview
  • Tahun aktif: 1941–1973
  • Anak
    • Brandon Lee (1965–1993)
    • Shannon Lee (lahir 1969)
  • Orang tua
    • Lee Hoi-chuen (1901-1965)
    • Grace Ho
  • Situs web: bruceleefoundation, brucelee
  • Pasangan: Linda Emery (lahir 1945) (1964-1973)

Opera Snapshot_2018-10-28_215921_en.wikipedia.org


Bruce Lee (Tionghoa: 李振藩; Pinyin: Lǐ Zhènfán; lahir 27 November 1940 – meninggal 20 Juli 1973 pada umur 32 tahun) adalah aktor bela diri Hong Kong. Bruce Lee lahir di San Fransisco, namun masa kecil hingga remaja tinggal di Hong Kong, masa mudanya berkarier di Amerika Serikat.

Sebagai aktor dan ahli seni beladiri, Bruce Lee mempopulerkan film-film kungfu ke seluruh dunia. Ia meninggal dalam usia muda pada tahun 1973.

Kehidupan Awal


Bruce Lee lahir pada tanggal 27 November, 1940 di San Francisco, Amerika Serikat. Ayahnya bernama Lee Hoi Chuen dan ibu bernama Grace Ho. Ia punya dua orang kakak perempuan bernama Phoebe dan Agnes, seorang kakak laki-laki bernama Peter, dan seorang adik laki-laki bernama Robert. Lee Hoi Chuen adalah seorang seniman Opera Kanton sekaligus pemeran dalam film-film berbahasa Kanton. Keluarga Lee sedang mengadakan tur pertunjukkan opera ke Amerika Serikat ketika putra mereka lahir. Anak itu diberi nama Bruce Lee Jun Fan. Pada usia 3 bulan, Bruce Lee dibawa keluarga pulang ke Hong Kong. Di sini Bruce tinggal sampai berusia 18 tahun.

Masa kecil Bruce bersamaan dengan periode pendudukan Jepang di Hong Kong pada masa Perang Dunia ke-II(1941-1945). Pada saat itu keluarga Lee tinggal di Jalan Nathan, Kowloon, berdekatan dengan kamp militer tentara Jepang. Setelah perang berakhir, Hong Kong kembali pada Inggris. Saat bersekolah, ia dan teman-temannya sering berkelahi dengan anak-anak Inggris. Hal itu dikarenakan kebenciannya terhadap orang Inggris yang memandang rendah orang Tionghoa. Seringnya berkelahi, membuat Bruce tertarik mempelajari beladiri.

Pada usia 13 tahun, Bruce Lee menjadi murid Yip Man, guru aliran kungfu Wing Chun. Selama 5 tahun Bruce belajar kungfu dengan giat. Kondisi fisik yang awalnya kurang sehat semakin lama membaik dikarenakan ia selalu melatih tubuhnya. Ketika pertama kali mempelajari kungfu, ia memakai keterampilannya untuk menghajar lawan-lawannya, namun pada akhirnya ia menyadari bahwa untuk membela kehormatan diri tidak selalu dilakukan dengan bertarung secara fisik.

Ketika duduk di bangku SMA, nilai-nilai pelajaran sekolahnya tidak begitu bagus, namun dalam bidang olahraga dan kesenian ia mempunyai reputasi bagus. Pada saat diadakan kejuaraan tinju antar sekolah, ia berhasil mendapat juara setelah mengalahkan seorang murid Inggris. Bakat lain yang dimiliki oleh Bruce Lee adalah menari. Bruce Lee sangat menyukai tari Cha Cha. Pada tahun 1958 ia berhasil menjuarai kompetisi tari Cha Cha Hongkong. Ia berlatih Cha Cha sama giatnya dengan ia berlatih bela diri.

Bruce Lee menyukai akting dan sangat antusias terhadap kegiatan ini. Ia bahkan telah berakting semenjak ia masih berusia 3 bulan di film Golden Gate Girl(1941) Ini dikarenakan sang ayah yang mengetahui bahwa Bruce kecil memang sangat senang untuk tampil di depan umum, sehingga ia sering yang mengajak Bruce masuk studio film. Menginjak usia 18, Bruce Lee telah tampil di 20 buah film. Namun begitu, kedua orangtuanya sedikit kecewa karena nilai-nilai pelajaran di sekolahnya tidak begitu bagus. Setelah lulus SMA, ia disarankan untuk pergi ke Amerika, menyusul kakak-kakaknya yang telah terlebih dahulu belajar di sana.

1960-an


Pada bulan April 1959 Bruce pergi ke San Fransisco dengan naik kapal laut. Di San Fransisco, Bruce menjadi seorang guru tari, pekerjaan pertamanya di Amerika.

Bruce kemudian pindah di rumah temannya, Ruby Chow di Seattle. Di sini ia untuk sementara memfokuskan diri untuk belajar sambil melakukan berbagai macam pekerjaan seperti pelayan di restoran atau mengantar koran. Ia masuk Edison Technical School lalu masuk Universitas Washington jurusan filsafat. Dengan dasar kemampuan sebagai ahli bela diri ia menulis banyak esai tentang kung fu beserta filosofinya.

Seusai kuliah ia kembali mempraktikkan kung fu. Bersama teman-temannya ia membuka semacam tempat latihan untuk melatih gerakan kung fu. Beberapa murid baru tertarik dan ikut latihan Ia memberi perkumpulan kungfu itu dengan nama “Jun Fan Gung Fu Institute”. Tempat ini berada di lantai dasar sebuah gedung di Pecinan Seattle.

Pada awal tahun 1960-an, kung fu belum dikenal oleh masyarakat Amerika, namun Bruce Lee berusaha memperkenalkan kungfu dengan cara mendemonstrasikannya ke universitas. Ia membuka kelas yang lebih besar pada tahun 1963 di 4750 University Way.

Salah seorang murid baru yang masuk tahun 1963 bernama Linda Emery. Ia adalah mahasiswa baru Universitas Washington. Linda mengenal Bruce sebagai dosen tamu mata kuliah filsafat Tionghoa di Garfield High School. Ia masuk kelas kungfu karena dorongan pacar Bruce, Sue Ann Kay. Tidak berapa lama keduanya kemudian menjadi sepasang kekasih. Mereka akhirnya menikah pada tahun 1964. Bruce Lee dan Linda pindah ke Oakland dan membuka kelas belajar kungfu yang kedua di sana bersama James Lee, sementara kelas Seattle ia percayakan kepada asistennya, Taky Kimura.

Dikarenakan kekecewaannya dalam suatu pertarungan fisik pada tahun 1964 di Oakland, Bruce merasa perlu lebih jauh untuk mengeksplorasi kemampuan beladiri serta lebih meningkatkan kebugaran tubuhnya, ia menciptakan suatu seni beladiri yang baru bernama Jeet Kune Do.

Pada tahun 1965, anak dari pernikahan dengan Linda, Brandon Bruce Lee lahir.

Pertengahan dekade 60-an, Bruce mulai beralih ke kegiatan akting. Hal itu dikarenakan ia tidak tertarik lagi untuk membuka lebih banyak sekolah beladiri. Jika sekolah semakin banyak, ia dapat kekurangan waktu untuk menjaga kualitas dari ajarannya. Karena dalam kebiasaanya, ia melatih kungfu bersama muridnya satu demi satu dalam waktu yang tidak sedikit. Ia merasa bahwa kecintaannya akan seni beladiri tidak seharusnya menjadi niat untuk mendapatkan keuntungan.

Bruce Lee berkenalan dengan seorang produser film bernama William Dozier. Bruce Lee menandatangani kontrak dengan Dozier selama satu tahun. Pada tahun 1966, pembuatan serial The Green Hornet dimulai. Bruce Lee berperan sebagai Kato. Pertama kali dalam proses pembuatan, mereka kesulitan untuk merekam adegan Bruce yang terlalu cepat, jadi mereka memintanya untuk lebih lambat. The Green Hornet sukses dan mendapat sambutan dari penonton.

1970-an


Bruce menaruh perhatian besar pada latihan fisik dan kebugaran tubuh. Selain latihan bersama murid-muridnya. Metode latihan fisik yang ia lakukan adalah melatih beban dengan perut dan lengan.

Metode lainnya adalah mengangkat barbel tanpa pemanasan serta menaruhnya di atas bahu. Setelah sering melatih metode itu, ia diketahui telah terluka pada jaringan syaraf. Ia dianjurkan untuk beristirahat total selama 6 bulan di atas ranjang. Ia tidak diperbolehkan berlatih kungfu. Hal ini membuatnya tertekan sehingga waktunya banyak dihabiskan untuk menulis. Setelah beberapa bulan Bruce kembali sehat dan perlahan-lahan mengumpulkan kembali tenaga untuk berlatih. Pada film-film selanjutnya ia tampak telah menggunakan kungfu secara penuh. Namun demi merawat punggungnya, ia harus beristirahat dan terapi.

Beberapa ide film yang diajukan oleh Bruce Lee kepada Warner Bros gagal untuk diwujudkan, antara lain Kung Fu dan The Silent Flute. Kung Fu gagal karena adanya konflik pemilihan peran, sementara The Silent Flute tidak mendapatkan lokasi pembuatan film yang cocok. Setelah beberapa film untuk Amerika gagal produksi, Bruce Lee memutuskan pergi ke Hongkong. Di sini ia menandatangani kontrak untuk tampil dalam dua buah film produser film Hong Kong bernama Raymond Chow dari perusahaan Golden Harvest.

Film The Big Boss dirilis tahun 1971 mendapatkan sukses besar di Hongkong.

Pada September 1971, Bruce pindah ke Hong Kong bersama keluarganya dan mulai pengambilan adegan untuk film kedua dengan Golden Harvest berjudul Fist of Fury atau disebut juga “Chinese Connection”. Film ini ternyata lebih sukses dari film pertama sehingga memechkan rekor box office.

Film ketiga ia kembali bekerja sama dengan Raymond Chow membentuk Concord Productions. Ia tidak saja menulis naskah film The Way of the Dragon atau Return of the Dragon, tetapi ia juga memproduksinya. Film inipun sukses dan memecahkan rekor box office.

Pada tahun 1972, Bruce mulai memproduksi film The Game of Death. Namun di tengah-tengah, Warner Bros mengunjungi Bruce Lee dan meminta ia agar bekerja sama dalam pembuatan film ini. Kemudian tercapailah kerja sama pertama antara produser film Hongkong dan Amerika. Pada saat itu produser Warner Bros adalah Ted Ashley.

Setelah sukses dengan The Game of Death, Bruce Lee berlanjut ke produksi film berikutnya Enter the Dragon. Proses pembuatan Enter the Dragon menemukan banyak kendala dan cukup membuat Bruce Lee frustrasi. Ia menginginkan ini menjadi sebuah film yang bagus dan dapat diterima oleh penonton Amerika. Akhirnya Enter the Dragon dapat dirilis di Hollywood’s Chinese theater pada bulan Agsutus 1973. Namun, Bruce tidak dapat menyaksikannya.

Kematian


Pada tanggal 20 Juli 1973, Bruce mengalami sakit kepala. Ia dianjurkan untuk meminum obat penghilang rasa sakit bernama Equagesic. Setelah meminum satu pil, ia tertidur dan koma. Ia tidak bisa bangun kembali dan dinyatakan meninggal dunia. Hasil penelitian forensik menyatakan sebab kematian Bruce 9 hari kemudian. Diketahui bahwa Bruce hipersensitif terhadap obat tersebut yang mengakibatkan pembengkakan di dalam otak yang berujung pada koma dan kematiannya.

Media


Bibliografi

  • Chinese Gung-Fu: The Philosophical Art of Self Defense (buku pertama) – 1963
  • Tao of Jeet Kune Do (diterbitkan setelah kematiannya) – 1973
  • Bruce Lee’s Fighting Method (diterbitkan setelah kematiannya) – 1978

Film

FILM

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Permainan Video

Permainan video

Robert De Niro

Robert De Niro . Biography


Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

406px-Robert_De_Niro_3_by_David_ShankboneDe Niro di acara Tribeca Film Festival 2008

  • Lahir: Robert Anthony De Niro. 17 Agustus 1943 (umur 74), Manhattan, New York City, Amerika Serikat
  • Tempat tinggal: Gardiner, New York, Manhattan, New York City
  • Pekerjaan: Aktor, produser, sutradara
  • Tahun aktif: 1962–sekarang
  • Pasangan: 
    • Diahnne Abbott (m. 1976; bercerai 1988)
    • Grace Hightower (m. 1997)
  • Anak: 6
  • Orang tua:
    • Robert De Niro, Sr.
    • Virginia Admiral

Opera Snapshot_2018-10-28_220505_en.wikipedia.org

Robert Anthony De Niro (/dəˈnɪroʊ/; lahir di Manhattan, New York City , Amerika Serikat , 17 Agustus 1943; umur 74 tahun) adalah seorang 

  • aktor  
  • produser dan 
  • sutradara Amerika Serikat yang telah membintangi lebih dari 100 film.

Peran film besar pertamanya ketika tampil dalam film drama olahraga Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) dan film kejahatan arahan sutradara Martin Scorsese, Mean Streets (1973). Dia berperan sebagai Vito Corleone muda di film The Godfather Part II (1974), yang mana membuatnya memenangkan Academy Award untuk Aktor Pendukung Terbaik.

De Niro telah lama bekerjasama dengan Scorsese, di mana kemudian membuatnya meraih penghargaan Aktor Terbaik Academy Award untuk perannya sebagai Jake LaMotta dalam film tahun 1980 Raging Bull.

Dia juga mendapatkan nominasi untuk perannya dalam film thriller psikologis Taxi Driver (1976) dan Cape Fear (1991), keduanya disutradarai oleh Scorsese.

De Niro menerima nominasi Academy Award lainnya, untuk perannya dalam film-film seperti film drama perang Vietnam karya Michael Cimino, The Deer Hunter (1978), film drama yang disutradarai Penny Marshall, Awakenings (1990), dan film komedi romantis drama arahan sutradara David O. Russell, Silver Linings Playbook (2012).

Perannya sebagai gangster Jimmy Conway dalam film kejahatan karya Scorsese, Goodfellas (1990) dan film komedi hitam The King of Comedy (1983) membuatnya mendapatkan nominasi BAFTA.

De Niro telah menerima empat nominasi Aktor Terbaik Golden Globe Award – Musikal atau Komedi, untuk penampilannya dalam film drama musikal New York, New York (1977), film aksi komedi Midnight Run (1988), film komedi gangster Analyze This (1999), dan dalam film komedi Meet the Parents (2000). Penampilan terkenal lainnya adalah termasuk bermain dalam film-film seperti, Once Upon a Time in America (1984), Brazil (1985), The Untouchables (1987), Backdraft (1991), Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1994), Heat (1995), Casino (1995), Jackie Brown (1997) dan Machete (2010).

Dia juga secara bersamaan menyutradari dan membintangi film-film seperti film drama kejahatan A Bronx Tale (1993) dan film mata-mata The Good Shepherd (2006). De Niro juga menerima AFI Life Achievement Award pada tahun 2003 dan Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award pada 2010. 


Kehidupan Awal

Robert Anthony De Niro lahir di daerah Greenwich Village, Manhattan, New York, anak dari pasangan Virginia Admiral, pelukis dan penyair, dan Robert De Niro, Sr., seorang pelukis dan pematung ekspresionisme abstrak.

Ayahnya seorang keturunan setengah Italia dan setengah keturunan Irlandia, sementara ibunya seorang keturunan setengah Jerman, dengan akar leluhurnya yang lain berasal dari Belanda, Inggris, Perancis, dan Irlandia.

Kakek dan nenek buyut Italianya, Giovanni De Niro dan Angelina Mercurio, beremigrasi dari Ferrazzano, Molise. Nenek dari pihak ayah, Helen O’Reilly, adalah cucu dari imigran Irlandia.

Kedua orang tua de Niro, bertemu di kelas melukis Hans Hofmann di Provincetown, Massachusetts, namun bercerai ketika ia berusia tiga tahun setelah ayahnya mengumumkan bahwa dia gay.

Ia dibesarkan oleh ibunya di Greenwich Village dan Little Italy, Manhattan. Ayahnya tinggal dalam jarak yang cukup dekat dengan dirinya dan De Niro pun menghabiskan banyak waktu dengannya saat tumbuh dewasa.

Ibunya dibesarkan dalam ajaran Presbiterian tetapi menjadi seorang ateis saat dewasa, sementara ayahnya adalah seorang Katolik yang murtad sejak usia 12.

Bertolak belakang dengan keinginan kedua orang tuanya, kakek-neneknya secara diam-diam telah membaptisnya ke dalam Gereja Katolik ketika De Niro tinggal dengan mereka selama orang tuanya bercerai.

De Niro menghadiri “PS 41”, sebuah sekolah dasar negeri di Manhattan, lulus hingga kelas enam. Dia kemudian melanjutkan studi ke Sekolah Elisabeth Irwin, sekolah menengah swasta dari Little Red School House, bersekolah dari kelas tujuh sampai kelas delapan.

Ia diterima di High School of Music and Artuntuk kelas sembilan, tetapi hanya hadir dalam waktu yang singkat sebelum pindah ke sebuah sekolah umum.

De Niro memulai sekolah menengah atas di McBurney School dan kemudian menghadiri sekolah swasta Rhodes Preparatory School, meskipun ia tidak pernah lulus dari salah satu sekolah tersebut.

  • Ia dijuluki “Bobby Milk” karena muka pucatnya, De Niro bergaul dengan sekelompok anak-anak jalanan saat masa mudanya di Little Italy, beberapa di antaranya masih tetap berteman hingga kini.
  • Arah masa depannya sudah terlihat ketika debut panggung teaternya pada usia 10 tahun, ketika ia berperan sebagai Cowardly Lion dalam sebuah sandiwara The Wizard of Oz yang diproduksi oleh sekolahnya.
  • Ia berupaya mengatasi rasa malunya lewat pertunjukan, ia juga terpaku dengan bioskop, dan ia putus sekolah pada usia 16 tahun untuk mengejar cita-cita berakting.
  • Ia belajar akting di Stella Adler Conservatory, serta di Actors Studio-nya Lee Strasberg.

Karier

Akting dan pembuat film

Peran film pertama De Niro terjadi pada saat usia 20, ketika ia muncul di film karya Brian De Palma tahun 1963 The Wedding Party, tetapi film itu tidak dirilis sampai tahun 1969.

Dia kemudian muncul dalam film arahan sutradara Roger Corman, Bloody Mama (1970). Dia mendapat perhatian luas ketika berperan sebagai pemain Major League Baseball yang sekarat di film Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) dan mulai bekerja sama dengan Martin Scorsese ketika ia bermain sebagai Johnny Boy di film Mean Streets (1973).

De Niro memiliki peran penting dalam film arahan sutradara Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather Part II (1974), ia bermain sebagai Vito Corleone muda.

Coppola mengingat bahwa De Niro pernah ikut dalam audisi sebelumnya, untuk mendapatkan peran Sonny Corleone, Michael Corleone, Carlo Rizzi, dan Paulie Gatto di film The Godfather.

Penampilan De Niro sebagai Vito Corleone muda, membuatnya mendapatkan Academy Award pertamanya, untuk kategori Aktor Pendukung Terbaik, namun pada saat upacara penyerahan penghargaan, Coppola lah yang menerima penghargaan karena De Niro tidak hadir pada upacara tersebut.

De Niro menjadi aktor pertama pemenang Academy Award yang berbicara terutama bahasa asing di film yang ia perankan. Dalam hal ini, berbicara beberapa dialek Sisilia, meskipun ia menyampaikan beberapa baris dialog dalam bahasa Inggris.

Dia dan Marlon Brando, yang memainkan Vito Corleone tua dalam film pertama, adalah satu-satunya aktor yang memenangkan Oscar karena memerankan karakter fiksi yang sama.

Keduanya tampil bersama-sama pada satu layar dan merupakan satu-satunya ketika bermain di film The Score (2001).

RobertDeNiroMattDamonBerlinFeb07 
De Niro dengan Matt Damon di Berlin pada Februari 2007 dalam acara pemutaran perdana The Good Shepherd

Setelah bekerja dengan Scorsese di Mean Streets, De Niro melanjutkan hubungan kerja yang sukses dengan Scorsese di film-film seperti Taxi Driver (1976), New York, New York (1977), Raging Bull (1980), The King of Comedy (1983) , Goodfellas (1990), Cape Fear (1991), dan Casino (1995).

Mereka juga berakting bersama-sama dalam film Guilty by Suspicion (1991) dan memberikan suara mereka untuk film animasi Shark Tale (2004). 

Taxi Driver adalah film yang sangat penting dalam karier De Niro. Penampilan ikoniknya sebagai Travis Bickle membawanya menjadi bintang dan namanya selalu terkait dengan monolog Bickle yang terkenal “Kau bicara denganku?”, yang sebagian besar merupakan improvisasi De Niro sendiri.

Peran Bickle membuatnya mendapatkan nominasi Academy Awardpertamanya untuk kategori Aktor Terbaik. Perannya sebagai Jake LaMotta di film Raging Bull dan sebagai Max Cady di film Cape Fear juga mendapatkan pujian.

Pada tahun 1976, De Niro tampil dalam film 1900 yang disutadarai oleh Bernardo Bertolucci, berkisah tentang kehidupan di Italia sebelum Perang Dunia II, dilihat melalui mata dua orang sahabat masa kecil Italia di sisi berlawanan dari hierarki masyarakat.

Dia juga membintangi The Last Tycoon (1976), disutradarai oleh Elia Kazan. Kazan ingat bahwa De Niro “akan melakukan apa saja untuk berhasil” dan mencatat bahwa ia menurunkan berat badannya dari 170 pon menjadi 128 pon untuk peran dalam film ini.

Kazan menambahkan bahwa De Niro “adalah salah satu dari sejumlah aktor yang pernah ia sutradarai yang sangat bekerja keras, dan satu-satunya yang meminta untuk berlatih pada hari Minggu. Sementara sebagian yang lainnys bermain tenis.


Filmografi

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Bill Gates

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

Bill_Gates_in_WEF,_2007

Bill Gates


Lahir:  William Henry Gates III, 28 Oktober 1955 (umur 61), Seattle, Washington, Amerika Serikat

Tempat tinggal: Medina, Washington, Amerika Serikat
Kebangsaan: Amerika Serikat
Almamater: Universitas Harvard (keluar)

Pekerjaan:

  • Ketua Microsoft
  • Ketua Corbis
  • Ketua Pendamping Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
  • Direktur Berkshire Hathaway
  • CEO Cascade Investment

Tahun aktif: 1975–sekarang
Kekayaan bersih: ▲ US$79 miliar (2015), US$90 miliar (2017),  US$ 103,4 (2019)
Agama: Katolik Roma, sebelumnya Kongregasionalisme
Pasangan: Melinda Gates (m. 1994)
Anak: 3

Orang tua:

  • William H. Gates, Sr.
  • Mary Maxwell Gates

Situs web: Bill Gates
Tanda tangan:

TTD.jpg


William Henry “Bill” Gates III (lahir di Seattle, Washington, 28 Oktober 1955; umur 61 tahun) adalah seorang tokoh bisnis, investor, filantropis, penulis asal Amerika Serikat, serta mantan CEO yang saat ini menjabat sebagai ketua Microsoft, perusahaan perangkat lunak yang ia dirikan bersama Paul Allen. Ia menduduki peringkat tetap di antara orang-orang terkaya di dunia dan menempati peringkat pertama sejak 1995 hingga 2009, tidak termasuk 2008 ketika ia turun ke peringkat tiga.

Gates termasuk salah seorang pengusaha revolusi komputer pribadi terkenal di dunia. Meski demikian, taktik bisnisnya dikritik karena dianggap anti-kompetitif. Pada tahap-tahap akhir kariernya, Gates melakukan beberapa usaha filantropi dengan menyumbangkan sejumlah besar dana ke berbagai organisasi amal dan program penelitian ilmiah melalui Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation yang didirikan tahun 2000.

Bill Gates mengundurkan diri dari jabatannya sebagai pejabat eksekutif tertinggi di Microsoft pada bulan Januari 2000. Ia masih menjabat sebagai ketua dan membentuk jabatan kepala arsitek perangkat lunak. Pada Juni 2006, Gates mengumumkan bahwa ia akan bekerja paruh waktu di Microsoft dan purna waktu di Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Ia melimpahkan secara bertahap semua pekerjaannya kepada Ray Ozzie, kepala arsitek perangkat lunak, dan Craig Mundie, pejabat riset dan strategi tertinggi Microsoft. Hari kerja purna waktu terakhir Gates di Microsoft adalah 27 Juni 2008. Saat ini, ia masih bekerja di Microsoft sebagai ketua non-eksekutif.

Kehidupan Awal

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 William H. Gates, ayah Bill Gates.

Perkenalan dengan komputer

Gates lahir di Seattle, Washington, dari pasangan William H. Gates, Sr. dan Mary Maxwell Gates. Ia memiliki darah Inggris, Jerman, Skotlandia, dan Irlandia. Keluarganya termasuk masyarakat menengah ke atas; ayahnya adalah pengacara ternama, ibunya menjabat sebagai anggota dewan direktur First Interstate BancSystem dan United Way, dan ayahnya, J. W. Maxwell, adalah presiden bank nasional. Gates memiliki seorang kakak bernama Kristianne dan seorang adik bernama Libby. Ia merupakan keturunan keempat dalam keluarganya, namun dikenal sebagai William Gates III atau “Trey” karena ayahnya menyandang akhiran “II”.

Gates tertarik dengan komputer sejak saat ia masih berusia belia. Perkenalannya dengan komputer terjadi ketika ia berusia 13 tahun. Saat itu, Mothers Club di sekolahnya, Lakeside School, membeli sebuah terminal Teletype Model 33 ASR dan beberapa komputer General Electric (GE) untuk para siswa. Melihat komputer tersebut, Gates tertarik dan mulai mempelajarinya. Ia tertarik dengan kemampuan mesin tersebut mengeksekusi kode perangkat lunak dengan sempurna dan menulis program komputer pertamanya di sini menggunakan bahasa pemrograman BASIC. Ketika ia mengenang kembali masa-masa itu, ia mengatakan, “Ada sesuatu yang pas dengan mesin tersebut.”

Dari sana, ia mempelajari sistem lain, termasuk sistem minikomputer DEC PDP, khususnya PDP-10 yang dimiliki oleh Computer Center Corporation (CCC). Penggunaan komputer PDP-10 ini dibatasi waktu. Gates bersama beberapa temannya seperti Paul Allen, Ric Welland, dan Kent Evans, memutuskan untuk mengeksploitasi sebuah bug pada sistem operasi untuk memperoleh waktu tambahan penggunaan komputer. Namun mereka tertangkap tangan dan akhirnya dilarang oleh CCC untuk mengakses sistem itu selama musim panas.

Mempelajari bahasa pemrograman

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Komputer Traf-O-Data 8008 dengan pembaca pita

Menjelang akhir masa hukuman, keempatnya malah ditawarkan untuk menemukan bug lain di perangkat lunak CCC dengan imbalan waktu tambahan untuk penggunaan komputer. Di kantor CCC inilah Gates mempelajari kode sumber berbagai program, termasuk program yang ditulis dalam bahasa FORTRAN dan LISP. Ia dan kawannya bekerja di sana hingga tahun 1970 ketika CCC ditutup karena bangkrut.

Pada tahun berikutnya, Information Sciences, Inc. mempekerjakan empat siswa Lakeside tersebut untuk menulis program pembayaran gaji dalam bahasa COBOL dan memberikan royalti untuk penjualan program tersebut sebagai tambahan hak akses ke komputer perusahaan. Gates juga mendapat pekerjaan tambahan ketika sekolah memintanya untuk membuat program pengatur jadwal kelas siswa. Gates memanfaatkan ini dengan mengubah sebagian program agar ia ditempatkan di kelas yang didominasi perempuan. Pada usia 17 tahun, Gates dan Allen mendirikan Traf-O-Data yang fokus pada sistem penghitung lalu lintas yang berbasis prosesor Intel 8008.

Gates lulus dari Lakeside School pada tahun 1973. Setelah itu ia mengambil tes SAT dan mendapatkan skor yang sangat tinggi, yaitu 1590 dari 1600. Dengan nilai itu, ia diterima di Harvard College di mana ia bertemu dengan Steve Ballmer yang kelak menggantikan Gates sebagai CEO Microsoft. Pada tahun keduanya di Harvard, Gates merancang sebuah algoritme untuk penyortiran panekuk sebagai solusi atas satu dari serangkaian masalah yang belum terpecahkan dalam kelas kombinatorika oleh Harry Lewis, salah seorang profesornya. Solusi Gates memegang rekor sebagai versi tercepat selama 30 tahun; penggantinya justru lebih cepat satu persen saja. Solusinya kemudian diresmikan dalam bentuk cetakan bekerja sama dengan ilmuwan komputer Harvard, Christos Papadimitriou.

Gates tidak punya rencana belajar tetap ketika menjadi mahasiswa di Harvard dan menghabiskan banyak waktunya dengan menggunakan komputer sekolah. Gates masih berkomunikasi dengan Paul Allen, dan ia bergabung dengannya di Honeywell pada musim panas 1974. Pada tahun berikutnya, MITS Altair 8800 berbasis CPU Intel 8080 diluncurkan, dan Gates dan Allen melihat peluncurannya sebagai kesempatan untuk mendirikan perusahaan perangkat lunak komputer sendiri. Ia telah membicarakan keputusan ini bersama orang tuanya yang sangat mendukungnya setelah mereka melihat antusiasme Gates untuk mendirikan perusahaan.

Microsoft

BASIC

Setelah membaca majalah Popular Electronics edisi Januari 1975 yang mendemonstrasikan Altair 8800, Gates menghubungi Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems (MITS), pencipta mikrokomputer baru tersebut, dan menginformasikan bahwa ia dan teman-temannya sedang mengerjakan penerjemah BASIC untuk digunakan sebagai platformnya. Kenyataannya, Gates dan Allen tidak memiliki komputer Altair dan belum menulis sebarispun kode BASIC; mereka hanya ingin membuat MITS tertarik.

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MITS Altair 8800 Computer dengan sistem cakram flopi 8-inch (200 mm)

Menanggapi informasi tersebut, Presiden MITS Ed Roberts setuju menemui mereka untuk melihat demonya. Dalam kurun beberapa minggu, mereka mengembangkan emulator Altair yang beroperasi di sebuah minikomputer dan kemudian penerjemah BASIC. Demonstrasi yang diadakan di kantor MITS di Albuquerque tersebut berhasil dan menghasilkan kesepakatan dengan MITS untuk mendistribusikan penerjemah ini dengan nama Altair BASIC.

Untuk keperluan proyek ini, Paul Allen dipekerjakan di MITS. Gates kemudian memutuskan untuk absen dari Harvard untuk bekerja bersama Allen pada November 1975. Mereka membuat perusahaan kemitraan dan memberinya nama “Micro-Soft” dengan kantor pertamanya di Albuquerque. Satu tahun berikutnya, tanda penghubung pada nama “Micro-soft” dihapus dan pada 26 November 1976, nama dagang “Microsoft” didaftarkan di Kementerian Luar Negeri New Mexico. Gates tidak pernah kembali ke Harvard untuk menyelesaikan studinya.

Saat BASIC Microsoft dikenal secara luas oleh para penggemar komputer, Gates menemukan bahwa salinan pra-pasarnya telah bocor ke masyarakat dan didistribusikan secara meluas. Pada Februari 1976, Gates menulis “Open Letter to Hobbyists” di surat berita MITS yang menyatakan bahwa MITS tidak boleh memproduksi, mendistribusikan, dan mempertahankan perangkat lunak berkualitas tinggi tanpa membayarnya. Surat ini disambut dingin oleh banyak penggemar komputer, namun Gates mempertahankan keyakinannya bahwa para pengembang perangkat lunak harus mampu meminta bayaran.

Microsoft terbebas dari MITS pada akhir 1976 dan terus mengembangkan perangkat lunak bahasa pemrograman untuk berbagai sistem. Pada 1 Januari 1979, Gates memindahkan kantor pusat Microsoft dari Albuquerque ke Bellevue, Washington. Pada tahun-tahun awal Microsoft, semua karyawan punya tanggung jawab besar atas bisnis perusahaan. Gates mengawasi rincian bisnis dan juga menulis kode. Pada lima tahun pertama, Gates secara pribadi meninjau setiap baris kode yang dikirimkan perusahaan, dan sering menulis ulang beberapa bagian kode agar terlihat pas.

Kemitraan dengan IBM

Pada tahun 1980, IBM membujuk Microsoft untuk menulis penerjemah BASIC untuk komputer pribadi mereka selanjutnya, IBM PC. Ketika perwakilan IBM menyebutkan bahwa mereka butuh sebuah sistem operasi, Gates memberi rujukan kepada Digital Reserach (DRI), pembuat sistem operasi CP/M yang banyak digunakan pada masa itu. Namun, diskusi IBM dengan Digital Research tidak membuahkan hasil, dan mereka tidak mencapai persetujuan lisensi. Perwakilan IBM Jack Sams menyebutkan masalah tersebut pada pertemuan selanjutnya dengan Gates dan memintanya untuk mencari sebuah sistem operasi yang layak. Beberapa minggu kemudian Gates berencana menggunakan 86-DOS (QDOS), sebuah sistem operasi mirip CP/M yang dibuatkan perangkat lunaknya oleh Tim Paterson dari Seattle Computer Products (SCP), sama seperti PC. Microsoft membuat persetujuan dengan SCP untuk menjadi agen lisensi eksekutif, dan di kemudian hari sebagai pemilik mutlak 86-DOS.

Setelah mengadaptasi sistem operasi untuk PC, Microsoft mengirimkannya ke IBM dalam bentuk PC-DOS dengan imbalan bayaran AS$50.000. Gates tidak menawarkan pemindahan hak cipta sistem operasi ini, karena ia yakin produsen perangkat lunak lain akan meniru sistem IBM. Mereka benar, dan penjualan MS-DOS menjadikan Microsoft pemain utama dalam industri komputer.

Pada 25 Juni 1981, Microsoft di bawah Gates melakukan restrukturisasi yang menggabungkan kembali perusahaan di negara bagian Microsoft dan menjadikan Gates Presiden dan Ketua Dewan Microsoft.

Windows

Microsoft meluncurkan versi ritel pertama Microsoft Windows pada 20 November 1985, dan pada bulan Agustus, perusahaan ini mencapai persetujuan dengan IBM untuk mengembangkan sistem operasi terpisah bernama OS/2. Meski kedua perusahaan ini berhasil mengembangkan versi pertama dari sistem ini, perbedaan tingkat kreativitas merusak kerja sama ini. Gates mengeluarkan memo internal pada 16 Mei 1991 yang mengumumkan bahwa kerja sama OS/2 berakhir dan Microsoft mengalihkan operasinya ke pengembangan kernel Windows NT.

Gaya manajemen

Sejak pendirian Microsoft tahun 1975 hingga 2006, Gates memegang tanggung jawab besar terhadap strategi produk perusahaan. Ia secara agresif memperluas jajaran produk perusahaan dan ketika Microsoft berhasil mendominasi pasar ia mempertahankannya sekuat tenaga. Ia mendapat reputasi sebagai orang yang menjauhkan diri dari sekitarnya; pada awal 1981 seorang eksekutif industri mengeluh kepada masyarakat bahwa “Gates terkenal karena tidak bisa dihubungi melalui telepon dan tidak membalas panggilan telepon.”

Sebagai seorang eksekutif, Gates secara rutin bertemu dengan manajer senior dan manajer program Microsoft. Beberapa pengakuan langsung dari rapat ini menyebutkan Gates sebagai orang yang menyerang dengan kata-kata dan memarahi manajer ketika mengetahui ada lubang ada strategi bisnis atau proposal mereka yang menempatkan rencana jangka panjang perusahaan di ujung tanduk.

Ia sering memotong presentasi dengan komentar seperti, “Itu hal terbodoh yang pernah aku dengar!” dan, “Lebih baik kamu mengembalikan opsimu dan bergabung dengan Korps Perdamaian.” Ketika bawahannya terlihat menunda-nunda pekerjaannya, Gates dikenal mengutarakan kata-kata sarkastik, “Biar aku saja yang mengerjakannya akhir minggu nanti.”

Sebagian besar peran Gates di Microsoft hanya menangani manajemen dan tugas eksekutif. Meski begitu, ia adalah pengembang perangkat lunak aktif pada tahun-tahun awalnya, terutama pada produk bahasa pemrograman Microsoft. Ia juga secara tidak resmi menjadi bagian dari tim pengembang sejak mengerjakan TRS-80 Model 100, dan juga menulis kode pada akhir 1989 yang diikutsertakan dalam produk-produk perusahaan. Pada 15 Juni 2006, Gates mengumumkan bahwa ia akan menghentikan pekerjaan hariannya selama dua tahun berikutnya untuk memfokuskan diri pada aktivitas filantropi. Ia menyerahkan tugasnya kepada dua orang yang menggantikannya, yaitu Ray Ozzie untuk manajemen harian dan Craig Mundie untuk strategi produk jangka panjang.

Tuntutan persaingan tidak sehat

Dalam operasinya, Microsoft di bawah Bill Gates melakukan banyak tindakan yang menjurus pada tuntutan persaingan tidak sehat misalnya kasus United States v. Microsoft yang terjadi pada tahun 1998. Pada saat itu, Gates memberikan pengakuan dan kesaksian-kesaksian yang cenderung menghindari pertanyaan. Ia juga lebih banyak memperdebatkan arti kontekstual kata-kata seperti “compete” (bersaing), “concerned” (mengkhawatirkan) dan “we” (kami/kita). BusinessWeek melaporkan

Putaran pertama kesaksian menunjukkan Gates memberikan jawaban yang tidak jelas dan mengatakan ‘Aku tidak ingat,’ berkali-kali sampai hakim tertawa kecil. Lebih buruknya lagi, banyak penyangkalan dan pembelaan “tidak tahu” yang dijawab kepala teknologi ini dibantah oleh jaksa dengan menampilkan bagian-bagian surel yang dikirim dan diterima Gates.

Gates kemudian mengatakan bahwa ia perlu melawan upaya-upaya David Boies, penyidik kala itu, untuk menyalahartikan kata-kata dan tindakannya. Gates mengatakan, “Apakah aku mengelak pertanyaan Boies? … (Ya), Aku mengaku bersalah. Apapun hukumannya haruslah dijatuhkan kepadaku: (atas) ketidaksopanan yang sangat terhadap Boies.” Meski Gates meyangkal, hakim memutuskan bahwa Microsoft telah melakukan monopolisasi dan pengikatan, dan menghambat persaingan, serta melanggar Undang-undang antitrust Sherman.

Kemunculan di iklan

Gates muncul di beberapa iklan yang mempromosikan Microsoft pada tahun 2008. Iklan pertama, yang juga dibintangi Jerry Seinfeld, adalah percakapan 90 detik ketika Seinfeld berjalan di depan toko sepatu diskon (Shoe Circus) di sebuah mal dan melihat Gates membeli sepatu di toko tersebut. Si penjual berusaha menjual sepatu yang ukurannya lebih besar satu nomor kepada Gates. Ketika Gates membayarnya, ia memegang kartu diskonnya yang menampilkan versi suntingan foto wajahnya ketika ditangkap di New Mexico pada tahun 1977 akibat pelanggaran lalu lintas.

Ketika mereka berdua berjalan keluar mal, Seinfeld bertanya kepada Gates apakah ia telah menyatukan pikirannya dengan para pengembang lain, setelah dijawab ya, ia bertanya lagi apakah mereka bekerja sama untuk membuat komputer yang bisa dimakan, dan Gates menjawab ya. Beberapa orang mengatakan bahwa iklan ini merupakan penghormatan atas acara Seinfeld (Seinfeld). Pada iklan kedua, Gates dan Seinfeld menginap di rumah sebuah keluarga kelas menengah dan mencoba menyesuaikan diri dengan orang-orang biasa.

Pasca-Microsoft

Sejak meninggalkan Microsoft, Gates melanjutkan aktivitas filantropinya dan, di antara proyek-proyek lain, membeli hak video serial Messenger Lectures berjudul The Character of Physical Law, disampaikan di Cornell University oleh Richard Feynman pada tahun 1964 dan direkam oleh BBC. Video-video tersebut tersedia untuk umum secara daring di Project Tuva Microsoft.

Pada April 2010, Gates diundang untuk mengunjungi dan menyampaikan ceramah di Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Ia meminta mahasiswa untuk menangani masalah-masalah besar dunia yang akan mereka alami pada masa depan.

Kehidupan pribadi

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 Bill dan Melinda Gates, Juni 2009

Gates menikahi Melinda French pada 1 Januari 1994. Mereka dikaruniai tiga orang anak: Jennifer Katharine Gates (lahir 1996), Rory John Gates (lahir 1999), dan Phoebe Adele Gates (lahir 2002). Rumah keluarga Gates merupakan sebuah rumah bawah tanah di sisi sebuah bukit yang menghadap Lake Washington di Medina. Menurut catatan publik King County, pada 2006 nilai total properti (tanah dan rumah) keluarga Gates adalah $125 juta, dan pajak properti setiap tahunnya sebesar $991.000.

Rumah seluas 66.000 sq ft (6.100 m2) ini memiliki kolam renang seluas 60-foot (18 m) dengan sistem musik bawah air, serta gimnasium seluas 2.500 sq ft (230 m2) dan ruang makan seluas 1.000 sq ft (93 m2).

Termasuk di antara akuisisi pribadi Gates adalah Codex Leicester, yaitu koleksi tulisan Leonardo da Vinci, yang dibeli Gates senilai $30,8 juta melalui pelelangan tahun 1994. Gates juga dikenal sebagai seorang kutu buku, dan langit-langit perpustakaan besar di rumahnya dipenuhi ukiran kutipan dari The Great Gatsby. Ia juga senang bermain kartu bridge, tenis, dan golf.

Gates pernah menempati peringkat pertama pada daftar orang terkaya Forbes 400 sejak 1993 hingga tahun 2007, dan peringkat satu pada daftar The World’s Richest People Forbes sejak 1995 hingga 2007 dan 2009. Pada 1999, kekayaan Gates pernah melewati angka $101 miliar, akibatnya media menyebutnya sebagai “centibillionaire”.

Sejak 2000, jumlah nominal sahamnya di Microsoft menurun karena jatuhnya harga saham Microsoft setelah pecahnya gelembung dot-com dan sumbangan multi-miliar dolar kepada berbagai yayasan amal. Pada wawancara bulan Mei 2006, Gates berkomentar bahwa ia bukanlah orang terkaya di dunia karena ia tidak suka perhatian yang muncul akibat gelar tersebut.

Gates memiliki beberapa investasi di luar Microsoft yang pada 2006 menggajinya sebesar $616.667, serta bonus $350.000, sehingga totalnya mencapai $966.667. Ia mendirikan Corbis, sebuah perusahaan gambar digital, pada tahun 1989. Pada tahun 2004 ia menjadi direktur Berkshire Hathaway, perusahaan investasi yang diketuai oleh sahabat lamanya, Warren Buffett. Pada Maret 2010, Bill Gates menempati peringkat kedua sebagai orang terkaya di dunia setelah dikalahkan Carlos Slim.

Filantropi

Gates mulai menghargai harapan masyarakat terhadapnya ketika opini publik terus menyatakan bahwa Gates mampu menyumbangkan sebagian kekayaannya untuk amal. Gates mempelajari karya Andrew Carnegie dan John D. Rockefeller, dan pada 1994 ia menjual sebagian sahamnya di Microsoft untuk mendirikan William H. Gates Foundation.

Millennium_Development_Goals_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_Davos_2008

Gates (kedua dari kanan) bersama Bono, Ratu Rania dari Yordania, mantan Perdana Menteri Britania Raya Gordon Brown, Presiden Umaru Yar’Adua dari Nigeria dan peserta lain dalam ‘Call to Action on the Millennium Development Goals’ pada Pertemuan Tahunan Forum Ekonomi Dunia 208 di Davos, Swiss

Sebelumnya, Gates dan ayahnya pernah bertemu dengan Rockefeller beberapa kali, dan sepakat untuk memfokuskan kegiatan amal mereka seperti yang dilakukan keluarga Rockefeller, yaitu menyelesaikan masalah-masalah global yang diabaikan oleh pemerintah dan organisasi lainnya.

Pada tahun 2000, Gates dan istrinya menggabungkan tiga yayasan keluarga menjadi satu dan membentuk yayasan amal Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, yang saat ini merupakan yayasan amal yang beroperasi secara transparan terbesar di dunia.

Yayasan ini mengizinkan para donatur mengakses informasi tentang bagaimana uang yayasan dikeluarkan, tidak seperti organisasi amal besar lainnya seperti Wellcome Trust. Kedermawanan dan filantropi luas David Rockefeller telah diakui sebagai pengaruh besar yayasan ini. Gates dan ayahnya bertemu dengan Rockefeller beberapa kali dan mencontoh sebagian cara penyalurannya pada fokus filantropi keluarga Rockefeller, terutama masalah-masalah global yang diabaikan oleh pemerintahan dan organisasi lain.

Pada tahun 2007, Bill dan Melinda Gates merupakan filantropis paling dermawan kedua di Amerka Serikat, dengan sumbangan untuk amal sebanyak $28 miliar.

Pada saat yang sama yayasan ini dikritik karena menginvestasikan aset yang belum didistribusikan dengan tujuan eksklusif memaksimalkan pulangan investasi. Akibatnya, investasi mereka meliputi perusahaan-perusahaan yang dituduh memperburuk kemiskinan di negara-negara berkembang yang justru keberadaannya berusaha dikurangi oleh yayasan ini.

Investasi mereka meliputi perusahaan-perusahaan yang banyak menghasilkan polusi, dan perusahaan farmasi yang tidak menjual produk-produknya ke negara berkembang.

Sebagai tanggapan atas kritik pers, pada 2007 yayasan ini mengumumkan peninjauan atas semua investasinya untuk menilai tanggung jawab sosialnya.[60] Yayasan ini kemudian membatalkan peninjauan dan mempertahankan kebijakan investasi untuk pulangan maksimal, dan menggunakan hak suara untuk mempengaruhi praktik perusahaan.

Istri Gates mengajak masyarakat untuk belajar dari usaha-usaha filantropi keluarga Salwen, yang menjual rumahnya dan menyumbangkan setengah nilainya, sebagaimana disebutkan dalam buku The Power of Half. Gates dan istrinya mengundang Joan Salwen ke Seattle untuk membicarakan tentang hal-hal yang dilakukan oleh keluarga tersebut, dan pada 9 Desember 2010, Gates, investor Warren Buffett, dan Mark Zuckerberg (CEO Facebook) menandatangani janji yang mereka sebut “Gates-Buffet Giving Pledge”. Isinya adalah mereka berjanji untuk menyumbangkan setengah kekayaan mereka untuk amal secara bertahap.

Penghargaan

Pada tahun 1987, Gates secara resmi dinyatakan sebagai seorang miliarder dalam halaman 400 Richest People in America majalah Forbes, beberapa hari sebelum ulang tahunnya yang ke-32. Sebagai miliarder usaha sendiri termuda di dunia, kekayaannya mencapai $1,25 miliar, $900 juta lebih banyak daripada tahun sebelumnya, ketika ia masuk pertama kalinya dalam daftar ini.

Majalah Time menamai Gates sebagai satu dari 100 orang paling berpengaruh pada abad ke-20, serta satu dari 100 orang paling berpengaruh tahun 2004, 2005, dan 2006. Time juga secara kolektif menamai Gates, istrinya Melinda dan penyanyi utama U2 Bono sebagai Persons of the Year 2005 atas upaya kemanusiaan mereka.

Pada tahun 2006, ia menempati peringkat kedelapan dalam daftar “Heroes of our time“. Gates masuk dalam daftar orang terkuat Sunday Times tahun 1999, dijuluki CEO tahun ini oleh majalah Chief Executive Officers tahun 1994, menempati peringkat pertama dalam daftar “Top 50 Cyber Elite” oleh Time tahun 1998, peringkat kedua di Upside Elite 100 tahun 1999 dan disebutkan oleh The Guardian dalam daftar “Top 100 influential people in media” tahun 2001.

Pada tahun 1994, ia mendapat penghormatan sebagai Distinguished Fellow ke-20 di British Computer Society.

Gates telah menerima gelar doktorat penghormatan dari

  • Nyenrode Business Universiteit,
  • Breukelen, Belanda, pada tahunn 2000;
  • Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Swedia pada tahun 2002;

diundang pada tahun 2003 untuk menyampaikan ceramah intisari di hadapan Golden Jubilee of the Indian Institute of Technology yang diadakan di

  • San Jose, California;
  • Waseda University, Tokyo, Jepang pada tahunn 2005;
  • Tsinghua University, Beijing, Cina, pada bulan April 2007;
  • Harvard University pada bulan Juni 2007;
  • Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, pada bulan Januari 2008, dan
  • Cambridge University pada bulan Juni 2009.

Ia juga dijadikan sebagai anggota kehormatan Peking University pada tahun 2007.

Gates juga diberikan gelar kehormatan Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) oleh Ratu Elizabeth II pada tahun 2005. Para entomolog juga memberi nama bunga kembang Bill Gates, Eristalis gatesi, sebagai tanda penghormatan.

Pada November 2006, ia dan istrinya diberi penghargaan Order of the Aztec Eagle atas aktivitas filantropi mereka di seluruh dunia dalam bidang kesehatan dan pendidikan, terutama di Meksiko, dan tepatnya pada program “Un país de lectores”. Pada Oktober 2009, diumumkan bahwa Gates diberi penghargaan 2010 Bower Award for Business Leadership dari The Franklin Institute atas pencapaiannya dalam bisnis dan aktivitas filantropinya. Pada tahun 2010, ia memperoleh Silver Buffalo Award dari Boy Scouts of America, penghargaan tertinggi untuk orang dewasa, atas jasanya kepada para pemuda.

Investasi

  • Cascade Investments LLC, perusahaan investasi dan holding swasta Amerika Serikat yang diawasi oleh Bill Gates dan berkantor pusat di kota Kirkland, Washington.
  • bgC3, perusahaan wadah pemikir baru yang didirikan oleh Bill Gates.
  • Corbis, perusahaan jasa pemberi lisensi dan hak cipta gambar digital.
  • TerraPower, perusahaan desain reaktor nuklir.

Terbitan

Gates telah menulis dua buku:

  • The Road Ahead (1995)
  • Business @ the Speed of Thought (1999)

Filmografi

Gates pernah muncul di satu film:

  • Waiting For Superman

Gates juga muncul di sebuah film tentang sejarah industri komputer pribadi:

  • Pirates of Silicon Valley – dokudrama 1999 yang menceritakan kebangkitan Apple dan Microsoft. Ia diperankan oleh Anthony Michael Hall.

The Beatles

The Beatles . Biography


Wikipedia

The Beatles 001-02

The Beginning

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How do you begin a biography of the Beatles? I mean honestly, what can you say that can summarize such a spectacular revolution, not only in music but in world consciousness? Their scope of influence stretches from music to film and even dabbles in politics and the art of friendship. Their story is inspiring, sparking many to get up out of their chairs and try something new. The Beatles pioneered so much in their short time together, changing the world for generations to come.

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It all began in 1957, Liverpool England, the second most unlikely place in the world to give birth to stardom (the first being Demorest, Georgia). John Lennon had learned the banjo at a young age, moving quickly to the guitar and then starting his own band. Dubbed “The Quarry Men”, this high school skiffle group played around Liverpool, changing members more frequently than they changed socks. Soon, a young Mr. Paul McCartney sauntered up to John in between concerts. After hearing him play the guitar, John said “Hey. Join me band, we?ll become the most popular group in the world.” Not wanting to appear anxious, Paul waited a day before saying “Alright, sure.” The famous Lennon-McCartney duo was born.

09 The-Beatles

Eight months later Paul had a suggestion for a new recruit. Three years their junior, George Harrison was nonetheless a wizard on the guitar. John was hesitant to allow such a young person into the band, but George won him over. Two weeks before his 15th birthday, George officially became a member of the band. I don’t know about you, but my fifteenth birthday wasn’t nearly as productive as his…

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The Quarry Men continued to play in and around Liverpool. Their name went through several changes over the coming months. After using and discarding the Quarry Men label, Johnny and the Moondogs enjoyed a brief stint, followed by The Nerk Twins. Finally, John hit upon something when he conjured “The Beatals” as their new official title, wanting an insect reference similar to Buddy Holly’s “The Crickets”, the whole beetle theme continued through their next five names: The Silver Beetles, The Silver Beats, The Beatles, The Silver Beatles. At last, after going through more metamorphoses than a caterpillar, the ‘silver’ was dropped (again), leaving the short and sweet, ultra catchy and very rememberable, The Beatles.

Their logo was based on an impromptu sketch by instrument retailer and designer Ivor Arbiter. The Beatles 001-02
Their logo was based on an impromptu sketch by instrument retailer and designer Ivor Arbiter.
The Beatles 001-02

The Beatles 016Some phenomenal changes were in the air as the universe began to stitch together the group that would spark so much change throughout the world. Though they didn’t know it at the time, but this group of young men were setting their foundation for their climb to the top of the world. All they needed was a big break.

Abbey Road Studios main entrance
Abbey Road Studios main entrance.

Abbey Road Studios has been home to countless landmark recordings and pioneering advances in recording technology. We excel in recording, mixing, editing, mastering and audio restoration.

Our facilities are some of the best in the world with award-winning engineers, wonderful acoustic rooms, an unrivalled microphone collection and a highly sought-after mixture of unique, historic audio equipment and cutting-edge recording technology.

The studios are also a unique venue and we host a limited number of exclusive events per annum.

 Top Ten most Technically Innovative Beatles Songs 28 April 2014 Brian Kehew and Kevin Ryan, co-authors of 'Recording the Beatles', have compiled a list of the top ten most technically innovative Beatles songs for Mojo magazine. As they explain,

Top Ten most Technically Innovative Beatles Songs
28 April 2014
Brian Kehew and Kevin Ryan, co-authors of ‘Recording the Beatles’, have compiled a list of the top ten most technically innovative Beatles songs for Mojo magazine.
As they explain, “The group’s remarkable thirst for newness, allied with the ingenuity of their producers and engineers at EMI’s Abbey Road Studios, gave rise to cutting-edge sonics and daring studio exploration – now often taken for granted.”
Check out the top ten here.
Brian and Kevin will be speaking at ‘The Sound of Abbey Road Studios’ events this weekend, along with Beatles engineer Ken Scott. The last few tickets are available here.
Abbey Road Meets... Ken Scott 27 March 2014 We put your questions to renowned former Abbey Road engineer Ken Scott this week. Ken is one of the speakers at ‘The Sound of Abbey Road Studios’ events, where he will return to the very room where he worked on his first session nearly 50 years ago: The Beatles putting the finishing touches to their album ‘A Hard Day’s Night’ in Studio Two. An esteemed engineer, producer and pivotal figure in Abbey Road Studios’ history, Ken has also worked with Pink Floyd, Jeff Beck, The Rolling Stones, David Bowie and Lou Reed, to name but a few. Thank you to everyone who participated and sent in questions; the standard was high and it was tough choosing which ones to put to him. Here is the interview in full.
Abbey Road Meets… Ken Scott
27 March 2014
We put your questions to renowned former Abbey Road engineer Ken Scott this week.
Ken is one of the speakers at ‘The Sound of Abbey Road Studios’ events, where he will return to the very room where he worked on his first session nearly 50 years ago: The Beatles putting the finishing touches to their album ‘A Hard Day’s Night’ in Studio Two.
An esteemed engineer, producer and pivotal figure in Abbey Road Studios’ history, Ken has also worked with Pink Floyd, Jeff Beck, The Rolling Stones, David Bowie and Lou Reed, to name but a few.
Thank you to everyone who participated and sent in questions; the standard was high and it was tough choosing which ones to put to him. Here is the interview in full.
Visit Abbey Road's legendary Studio Two 11 March 2014 We are pleased to announce ‘The Sound of Abbey Road Studios’, unique talks taking place in April and May featuring special guest former Abbey Road Studios Engineer Ken Scott. The talks mark a new opportunity to visit Abbey Road Studios’ world famous Studio Two, where many iconic artists have recorded including The Beatles, Pink Floyd, Kate Bush, Elton John, Oasis and Adele. Event hosts Brian Kehew and Kevin Ryan, authors of critically acclaimed book Recording the Beatles, return for the third instalment of this fascinating talks series with a brand new lecture exploring the evolution of recording techniques and equipment, many of which were pioneered at Abbey Road Studios. In addition to the informative and entertaining stories behind these techniques, the lectures will include demonstrations using both new and vintage equipment, some of which has been used on many landmark recordings over the studios’ 82 year history. For the first time in the series, Brian and Kevin welcome a special guest. Renowned former Abbey Road engineer Ken Scott will be returning to speak in the very room where he recorded tracks by legendary artists including Pink Floyd, Jeff Beck and the Beatles. An esteemed producer and pivotal figure in Abbey Road Studios’ history, Ken has also made records with The Rolling Stones, David Bowie and Lou Reed, to name but a few. With Brian and Kevin’s incredible knowledge of Abbey Road Studios’ history and its role in the development of audio production plus Ken’s unique insight into life at the world’s first purpose built recording studios, these talks promise to be a captivating experience for all classical, rock, pop and film score fans.
Visit Abbey Road’s Legendary Studio Two
11 March 2014
We are pleased to announce ‘The Sound of Abbey Road Studios’, unique talks taking place in April and May featuring special guest former Abbey Road Studios Engineer Ken Scott.
The talks mark a new opportunity to visit Abbey Road Studios’ world famous Studio Two, where many iconic artists have recorded including The Beatles, Pink Floyd, Kate Bush, Elton John, Oasis and Adele.
Event hosts Brian Kehew and Kevin Ryan, authors of critically acclaimed book Recording the Beatles, return for the third instalment of this fascinating talks series with a brand new lecture exploring the evolution of recording techniques and equipment, many of which were pioneered at Abbey Road Studios. In addition to the informative and entertaining stories behind these techniques, the lectures will include demonstrations using both new and vintage equipment, some of which has been used on many landmark recordings over the studios’ 82 year history.
For the first time in the series, Brian and Kevin welcome a special guest. Renowned former Abbey Road engineer Ken Scott will be returning to speak in the very room where he recorded tracks by legendary artists including Pink Floyd, Jeff Beck and the Beatles. An esteemed producer and pivotal figure in Abbey Road Studios’ history, Ken has also made records with The Rolling Stones, David Bowie and Lou Reed, to name but a few.
With Brian and Kevin’s incredible knowledge of Abbey Road Studios’ history and its role in the development of audio production plus Ken’s unique insight into life at the world’s first purpose built recording studios, these talks promise to be a captivating experience for all classical, rock, pop and film score fans.

The Ride to the Top

The Beatles did not immediately jump out to stardom. In fact, their climb was somewhat like a roller coaster, a slow clanking to the top, the suspense building and waiting for that first plunge over the hill. For months they toured Liverpool and the surrounding towns trying to build a fan base. Eventually they made their way Hamburg, playing to a particularly rowdy crowd. The boys were forced to rev-up their performance for the demanding audience, teaching them how to become true showmen. Upon returning to Liverpool, they discovered some of their fame had preceded them.

Brian Epstein, a record store owner in Liverpool, got wind of the Beatles about this time. His interest was piqued, so he went to watch them perform one night. At first glance, they appeared like most young Liverpudlians at the time: uncouth hair, leather jackets and dark trousers. But when they played, their synthesis created something marvelous. Something about their energy when together inspired Brian to become their manager. He pulled some strings and got the boys a few auditions. Sadly, they were unfruitful. This didn’t dampen their resolve, however, and Epstein continued lobbying for the band until he finally secured an audition with George Martin at Parlophone records.

Martin, as it turns out, loved their sound. He, too, was an early victim of the Beatles’ undeniable charm and catchy beats, succumbing to their charismatic energy like Bugs Bunny to a carrot. He cleaned them up, put them in tailored suits and gave them a resounding thumbs-up (It was Brian Epstein who suggested they wear suits). The only part of the package he didn’t seem to like was their drummer, Pete Best. In a move that still raises eyebrows to this day, Epstein was asked to replace Pete before the deal would be complete. Richard Starkey, our beloved Ringo Starr, would take his place, completing the rock and roll quartet. The Beatles were complete.

Being the superstar producer like he was, Martin decided these lanky Liverpudlians should take over the world. After consulting history books and noting that marching over mountains with elephants was not successful, he decided to take the musical route. After several mildly-successful singles released in the UK, the album Please Please Me was recorded in a 12-hour studio session and released in March of 1963. It was a hit, topping the charts for over 6 months. Not too shabby for one day’s worth of work; much nicer than minimum wage.

I Want To Hold Your Hand hit the enterprising shores of America at the end of 1963, floating to number one like a rubber ducky. Their new look was also a big hit. Teens loved their off-kilter appearance, collarless suits, mop-top hair and quirky personalities. The Beatles quickly became known for their plucky sense of humor and constant silliness. In an interview conducted in February 1964, a reporter informed the Beatles that Detroit University had a ‘Stamp out the Beatles’ movement. The boys nodded, and Paul replied with his characteristic head bob “We’ve got a Stamp out Detroit movement!” After laughing, the interviewer continued. “They think your haircuts are un-American.” John retorted, “Well, it was very observant of them because we aren’t American, actually.” Such flippant and unrestrained joy in life was infectious, only increasing their charm and lovability.

The Beatles then hopped on a boat and sailed over to the U.S. (via jet plane) for their famous appearance on the Ed Sullivan show. In what was the highest rated program to that date, the famous words “Ladies and gentlemen, the Beatles!” introduced the rag-tag bunch to the television world. They hopped, they sang, they played, they laughed. People loved it. The souls of the world were opening up to a new era of thought, instigated by the quartet of young clowns from Liverpool. Their songs were simple but touching, the tunes catchy and enjoyable. America fell for the Beatles’, and their success was only beginning.

I Can See My House from Here (or “being on the top)

A sure-sign of being “on the top” would be having a lunchbox with your image on the front. Or a pencil sharpener. Or a pair of socks. Or bubblegum. Or all of the above and much more. Beatlemania settled upon the world, nestling us in the warm winged comfort of the four boys from Liverpool. Their timing couldn’t have been better to start their ascent up the pedestal of stardom. The world was on the verge of an enormous change, and the Beatles, with their budding creativity, would foster the revolution.

As any comic book teaches us, good never comes without evil. Critics reared their ugly heads and had their say, proclaiming the Beatles were nothing but a fad that would die as soon as the next group of cute guys with guitars came along. Shortly after being proved embarrassingly wrong, the same critics tucked their tails and ran, beginning lives of insurance salesmen to retain a shred of their dignity.

The Beatles’ answer to the critics: make a movie. Nothing short of borrowing Santa’s magic sleigh could allow the group to tour every city on earth, so, A Hard Day’s Night was created, sending their images to even the smallest towns and earning them a world-wide reputation for being the happy-go-lucky fab-four they were. Accompanying the movie was an album of the same name, a soundtrack of sorts, launching their career even higher into orbit as thousands of teenage girls watched the movie and swooned.

On the personal side, the band members were molding together in an even tighter knit than before. They were growing up and growing together, stepping into their own personalities more deeply than before. A Hard Day’s Night was the first Beatles album written entirely by the band, showcasing their creativity and ingenuity even this early in their career. John and Paul flexed their lyric-writing muscles in preparation for the records to come.

Since becoming household names, John, Paul, George and Ringo had unwittingly become workaholics. Touring schedules were hectic, hopping the boys across cities, states and countries in a matter of months. And being stars comes with its fair share of responsibility; now they had fans to attend to, those loyal people who could never get enough Beatlemania. The first few years of their success gave them little time to relax and enjoy the fruits of their labors. Beatles for Sale was released in early December 1964, but contained only a handful of original songs. By the end of 1964, the consensus was clear–-slow down and concentrate on the music.

With a bigger budget and more explorative souls, the Beatles produced another movie/album combo six months later. Help! was released to glowing fans, featuring Ringo as the “Starr” of the show. (Yes, that was a bad joke, but I had to!) The album featured more original hits by the Lennon-McCartney duo, including the most-covered song in the history of music, Yesterday. This record also showed off John’s vocal abilities and range, his heart rising and falling with his voice to enchant everyone.

The Beatles were only getting better. They established a pattern of constantly pushing the limits of both society and themselves (and the music industry) and setting ever-higher standards for their work. Each successive album built upon the last as they continued to mesh as a group, their personalities growing more integrated by the day. The universe had stitched them together as if they were destined to be, now they just had to grow as a group to become a whole. Much like a ball of yarn becomes a sock, actually.

Rubber Soul has been called the first true Beatles album, symbolizing their break from traditional love songs and moving into a more eclectic form of songwriting. Every tune was an original, and a few were more original than others. In My Life has been called the greatest song ever written, giving haunting memories of that ruggedly familiar feeling of nostalgia explicated so poetically by John. Norwegian Wood featured an instrument unfamiliar to most western ears, the sitar, played by George Harrison. Such a blending of cultures and sounds was indicative of the group’s collective charm and charisma as well as the budding movement of non-violence and love growing throughout the world.

Never satisfied with milking old formulas, the experiments continued. After Rubber Soul came Revolver, a veritable fruit smoothie of melody, harmony, love, traditional style and something very new. If Rubber Soul was a single step into originality, Revolver was a full game of hopscotch. Songs such as Eleanor Rigby, Yellow Submarine and Tomorrow Never Knows showcased the talent waking up from a long winter’s nap within the group. Fully comfortable with themselves, with each other, and with their music, the Beatles had shoved their sticks in the ground and were preparing to pole vault across the lines of normality even farther.

The renaissance of culture and consciousness was in full-swing at this point. Hippies, those free-willed 15-25 year olds with a penchant for peace, were leaving their homes and striking out on their own, rejecting the old and forging into the new. The Beatles were doing similar things at this time, releasing the traditional styles of music and breaking into their own style. Were the Beatles a catalyst for this movement of change or did they just ride the universal waves? The answer is, undoubtedly, a little bit of both.

After turning up the creativity in exponential notches for their previous albums, the Beatles did their most creative work to date with Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. The brainchild of Paul, the name was a nom de plume of sorts for the Beatles, giving them an excuse to wear crazy outfits. The album features many musical firsts, as per the usual Beatles’ style. Each song blends smoothly into the next, creating the impression that the whole album is one grand concert, complete with applause and screaming fans.

Sgt. Pepper was also the “coming-out” album for the Beatles. Although they had been innovative on their previous recordings, Sgt. Pepper proved they were never out of fresh ideas to experiment with. Their voices can really be heard on this album; they sound more aware, more grown up and more settled in their roles as world musicians. At this time, psychedelic drugs were in full swing in many countries around the world, and the Beatles experimented with their effects as well. While many say this was the source of their creativity in the later years, at best it only contributed to their inherent innovation. Still, Sgt. Pepper was inventive and fresh, becoming an instant hit and long-term inspiration for many.

The Beatles’ were about to embark upon a gauntlet of changes beginning in 1967. Paul sketched out a plan for a new movie, this one completely unscripted. The idea was that a group of actors would be placed on a bus with the Beatles and taken for a ride through their imagination. A “magical mystery tour” of sorts. Work began on the album and movie in the spring of ’67, but was interrupted by several major events. Their manager since the beginning, the man who discovered the Beatles, Brian Epstein, passed away. This was not only an emotional blow to the group, having lost a trusted companion and friend, but a work-related strain as well. Without a manager to handle the business details of the band, the work fell onto the members. Paul had a very proactive attitude toward the process, immediately taking responsibility and encouraging the others to do so as well. John and George had very different opinions, and Ringo didn’t seem to mind either way. The first internal strain had begun to form, one that would, in combination with many other factors, lead to the eventual breakup of the Beatles.

The Beatles also visited Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the man becoming famous in America for bringing an ancient Indian technique of meditation to the world. Seeking spiritual knowledge just as we all were, the Beatles traveled to India with the hopes of gaining enlightenment. Each band member had a different experience there, creating a larger rift between them. They came back unfulfilled on one level but full of creativity on another. Magical Mystery Tour was finished shortly after, releasing both the movie and the album before the end of the year.

The tension created by the loss of their manager and by the varied experiences in India was taking its toll. This combined with John’s insistence on having his new love interest Yoko Ono present at the studio (despite his band-mate’s wishes) made the situation more harrowing. At one point, Ringo actually left the group. The Beatles were far from through with their creative streak, however, as their very next album would show.

In stark contrast to their previous two works, the The Beatles (The White Album) featured a simple white cover with “The Beatles” inconspicuously written on the front. Its simplicity was a foil to the complex music found within. Over two dozen songs filled the inside of this plain white wrapper, each more different than the last. From crazy psychedelic songs such as Wild Honey Pie to somber melodies in Julia, Blackbird and I Will, the White Album would become famous for containing more musical styles than many artists had dabbled with in their entire careers. Such was the nature of the Beatles’ free spirit and inventiveness, the four personalities melding together to allow the freedom and ingenuity for the various styles to come forward.

The band owed United Artists another movie (thanks to those fun things called ‘contracts’), so it was decided to make an animated movie based on the song Yellow Submarine (Songtrack) previously released on Revolver. The soundtrack by the same name featured only four new songs by the Beatles, George Martin creating the orchestral pieces and arranging the other songs.

The Breakup

Unfortunately, the band felt they were running out of steam. Tensions had grown and the overall feeling was that the Beatles were near their end. A final album was planned, but even the details of it could not be agreed upon. The producer favored Paul’s ideas, causing John to withdraw from many sessions in resentment. George and Ringo felt unneeded and refused to show up at many rehearsals. Though the band’s problems were increasing, their music did not seem to suffer the same fate. Abbey Road, planned as a farewell album, featured tight vocals, haunting harmonies and the famous You Never Give Me Your Money medley, pulling many songs together in one long enjoyable ride. Abbey Road was released in the fall of 1969, but the Beatles still were not done with the world, or so it seemed.

Lennon McCartney Harrison Starr

Paul tried to convince the others to do a handful of concerts to re-establish their core group of fans. John and George were against the idea. What resulted was the famous rooftop concert staged in London. At its conclusion, John said the famous line “I’d like to say thank you on behalf of the group and ourselves, and I hope we passed the audition!”. They still had their magic. Songs recorded here were combined with other Beatles material and mixed by Phil Spector. Let It Be (recorded before Abbet Rd) was pieced together and released to the world, an unintended finale to the Beatles’ tromp through the world.

Their end officially came on December 29, 1970. The Beatles, the world’s most influential group of musicians, had been through it all. From rising from obscurity to a serendipitous beginning, they floated on the waves of fame and rode them all the way to America. There they delighted fans and critics alike, awing them with their playful sense of life and harmonious music. They had merchandise, millions of fans, and even a mass album burning in the mid 60’s when John stated they were “more popular than Jesus”. Up and down, side to side, the Beatles traversed it all. It was the symbolic end of an era the Beatles had helped create. The world was changed because of them, and it would never be the same. As John said at the conclusion of the rooftop concert, “I’d like to say thank you on behalf of the group and ourselves, and I hope we passed the audition!”

Post-Beatles:

The four men went their separate directions. John became known for his political activism and his own music career, often combining efforts with wife Yoko Ono. His most famous post-Beatles song, Imagine (from the album of the same name), encouraged unity and peace between nations. It was a ballad for world harmony, encouraging everyone to imagine a world free from war, united as one.

Though his career after the Beatles was successful, it did not reach the height of what he had accomplished in the band. His final album was released in late 1980, rising straight to number one almost everywhere in the world. In December of the same year, John Lennon was tragically murdered by a gunman outside his Manhattan apartment. The world cried collectively when they heard the news, as one of the greatest revolutionary songwriters had moved on from this world and to the next. His work would live on, affecting the lives of billions of people throughout time.

George Harrison, often referred to as the “quiet Beatle”, slowly came into his own after the breakup of the band. He released several albums and singles sporadically, including rock’s first triple album, All Things Must Pass. He had a growing interest in Hinduism and eastern meditation techniques spurred by his meetings with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Throughout the 90’s he fought a battle with lung cancer, one that would eventually take his life in November of 2001. This gentle soul, one who was forever advocating love and spirituality, was cremated, his ashes rumored having been spread on the holy river Ganges in India.

Paul enjoyed a successful solo career after the splitting of the Beatles, continuing to produce albums to this day. Ringo released an album that topped the charts in the late 80’s but was otherwise not very active in the music industry. In the mid 1990’s, coming together for the closest thing to a Beatles’ reunion possible, Paul, George and Ringo agreed to allow a three volume six CD Beatles’ Anthology 1, Anthology 2, Anthology 3 (with accompanying television shows) to be produced, containing unreleased recordings, demos, and two new songs. Free as a Bird and Real Love, originally written by John but re-recorded from his demo tapes. It was both a tribute and a retrospection for the Beatles, reminding the world and a new generation that they were the most influential band ever to grace our globe.

John Lennon once said in reference to the Beatles’ popularity, “We were just a band that made it very very big, that’s all.” In some ways he’s correct. The Beatles was a band, four men from Liverpool, that rose to fame as any band would. When they made it to the top, the world was ready for change. The combined energies of these four created something spectacular, something undeniably unique. This allowed for unmatched creativity and ingenuity, the pinnacle of human potential expressed in their group. Their message is timeless, their songs unique and dear to everyone’s heart. They are sure to delight and inspire listeners for the rest of time.

~by John Bardinelli © 2004 Beatlesnumber9

A SHORT BEATLES HISTORY

Founded in Liverpool during the late ’50s by guitarists John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and George Harrison, with drummer Pete Best and Stu Sutcliffe on bass,the Beatles were initially a skiffle band, playing a British variation of American folk music. The band — which went under several names before arriving at the Beatles — incorporated numerous American rock & roll, rhythm & blues, and pop music influences in their playing and songwriting, most notably the sounds of Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, and Arthur Alexander. By the early ’60s, they had developed significant popularity in Hamburg, Germany, where dozens of Liverpool bands were booked into local clubs, and this soon translated into success in their hometown, where the band’s mixture of solid American rock & roll and careful music articulation made them stand out from the rest of the city’s music scene. Sutcliffe left the band in 1961 and McCartney took over on bass. After finding their manager Brian Epstein — who got them an audition with George Martin, the head of EMI Records’ tiny Parlophone label — the band was signed to a recording contract in 1962. Ringo Starr replaced Best on drums soon thereafter, and the group’s lineup was set.

By the spring of 1963, the Beatles’ singles and albums were breaking sales records in England, and they were officially introduced to America in February 1964 with an appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show followed by a whirlwind tour. The group had been signed the year before to do a movie, and, through a stroke of good luck, they were turned over to producer Walter Shenson, director Richard Lester, and screenwriter Alun Owen, who together created A Hard Day’s Night, probably the best rock & roll movie ever made. This film, a black-and-white, documentary-style, fictionalized account of the fishbowl lives that the Beatles were leading during the first wave of Beatlemania, was popular with parents as well as their teenage children, and critics loved it, too. (Andrew Sarris called it “the Citizen Kane of jukebox movies.”) The mix of the four personalities — Starr’s honest, earthy, clownish presence; Harrison’s cutting, funny personality; McCartney’s pleasant, engaging presence; and Lennon’s snide, sarcastic wit — won over audiences around the world.

…You’ve landed at Beatlesnumber9 A burning HOT Beatles Fan Site Where Beatlemaniacs Pay their respects To John, Paul, George and Ringo…

The band’s follow-up movie, Help! was made on a much bigger budget and in color, but it failed to repeat A Hard Day’s Night’s success, suffering from an unfocused script and a good, but not great, selection of songs. The group was generally as unhappy with the results as everyone else, although the film did make money and have some entertaining moments. The Beatles tried directing and producing their own television film, 1967’s Magical Mystery Tour, but the result — outside of a couple of scenes and a handful of good songs — were amateurish. In 1968, they provided the songs for the psychedelic animated feature Yellow Submarine, and made a brief onscreen appearance at the movie’s conclusion. The divisions that would eventually lead to the group’s break-up were chronicled in the 1969 documentary Let It Be, directed by Michael Lindsay-Hogg, with impressive results.

The Beatles’ exposure to movie-making whetted their appetites for filmmaking on a variety of levels. Lennon had an acting role in Richard Lester’s anti-war satire How I Won the War, while McCartney wrote the score for the John and Roy Boulting comedy The Family Way. Meanwhile, Starr acted in the film Candy, while Harrison produced the soundtrack to the Indian movie Wonderwall. During the late ’60s and early ’70s, the Beatles’ corporate entity, Apple, acquired the distribution rights to various movies, including El Topo and La Grande Bouffe, and made a number of films, most notably Born to Boogie, directed and produced by Starr, and The Concert for Bangladesh, co-produced by Harrison. Starr also took an occasional acting role, most notably in the David Puttnam-produced period drama That’ll Be the Day. McCartney also composed and performed the title song for the 1973 James Bond movie Live and Let Die, but it was ultimately Harrison who became the most active of the Beatles in filmmaking. Through his company Handmade Films, he helped produce such hit pictures as Monty Python’s Life of Brian – Criterion Collection and the fantasy Time Bandits (Special Edition). The end of the ’70s also saw the lingering mystique of the Beatles parodied by Monty Python alumnus Eric Idle and Bonzo Dog Band-founder Neil Innes in the film The Rutles – All You Need Is Cash, in which Harrison made a cameo. ~ Bruce Eder.

Discography

Original UK LPs

  1. Please Please Me (1963)
  2. With the Beatles (1963)
  3. A Hard Day’s Night (1964)
  4. Beatles for Sale (1964)
  5. Help! (1965)
  6. Rubber Soul (1965)
  7. Revolver (1966)
  8. Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)
  9. The Beatles (White Album) (1968)
  10. Yellow Submarine (1969)
  11. Abbey Road (1969)
  12. Let It Be (1970)

Compiled from many sources

Sarah Brightman

Sarah Brightman Biography


Sarah Brightman

Profile:

Famous as :
Classical Crossover Singer
Birth Date :
August 14, 1960
Birth Place :
Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK
Claim to Tame :
AlbumTime to Say Goodbye(1997)

 

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Biography


If there’s ever a person born as entertainer, then it would be Sarah Brightman. Starting from the tender age of three, she has attracted attention with her bodily movement. The girl who was born to Grenville and Paula Brightman on August 14, 1960 spent her very young age dancing in local festivals in Berkhamsted, London and entering competitions that she frequently won. Soon enough, it was a clear future for the toddler Brightman who attended Royal Ballet Academy and got praised by her teacher. Beside attending Ballet lessons, Brightman was also a keen listener to music. There was a balance between pop and classical in her play list, which later on would become a distinctive trademark to determine her genre. She was also an active child in Berkhamsted’s church choir that often chanted Gregorian songs but the attention for her solo voice was only audible several years later when a school performance opened up the ‘hidden talent’. She sang a song from “Alice in Wonderland” and her mother who was in the audience describe the raising moment. “It was so beautiful, I felt sick,” Paula said. “She hit such high notes that the audience was stunned. They completely fell for her. It was absolute magic, and obvious, from that moment on, that singing would be her calling.”

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True to what her mother was saying, Brightman was involved in more and more performing arts. She was cast in Piccadilly Theater’s production of “Albert and I” and strutted along the catwalk to become a model. Her first public break came when Pan’s People, a dance troupe, decided to let her join. The all-girl group were featured as the dancers on BBC’s high-rated show, Top of the Pops. Showing a commitment in the showbiz, Brightman quit her school years and concentrated on her newly-built career. A choreographer named Arlene Phillips invited her to audition for Hot Gossip which is another dance troupe but with more raunchy movements that required sex appeal from its members. Despite critics, Hot Gossip became a popular culture that many would later imprint. They released a single called “I Lost My Heart to a Starship Trooper” that peaked at #6 on U.K. Singles chart. In the meantime Brightman also recorded her solo demos and released several singles that led her being signed to Whisper Records. It was also during this time that she met music manager Andrew Graham Stewart who was seven years her senior. They were married while Brightman was only 18 but her career was not stalled by the bond.

2008 MusiCares Person Of The Year Honors Aretha Franklin - Arrivals

After leaving Hot Gossip, Brightman auditioned for “Cats” and that was when she came face to face to composer Andrew Lloyd Webber. The requirement to become a cast beside the ability to dance and sing was to be different. Sarah fit perfectly to this with her rendition of “Don’t Rain On My Parade,” and “Don’t Cry For Me Argentina.” Few months later Brightman got the call to appear in the production and danced with what people witnessed as “sensuality and determination”. However, Brightman also realized that she needed to enhance her vocal skill that she took lessons from the experts such as Elizabeth Hawes and Ellen Faul. A year in Cats with her voice barely recognized, she left the show to start new on “Nightingale”. It was a production that received a rave review, prompting Webber to spare his time watching the show. Stunned by the remarkable voice Brightman possessed that slipped out of his mind while she was in Cats, Webber drew himself closer to the rising star. It was soon a media frenzy when their romance became public, particularly since both were still married at that time. Brightman was divorced from her husband Stewart while Webber also separated from wife Sarah Hugill to be with his new love.

The bond between Brightman and Webber not only resulted in a marriage in 1984 but also many more musical ventures that shook the theatrical industry to the very core. Their early joint projects include “Him” and “Song and Dance” where Brightman took the major roles. By the time, Brightman was already deemed a new “star” who successfully tackled “Pie Jesu” and sold the single to more that 25,000 copies in the first day only. It was also the same song that prompted Webber to compose for “Requiem Mass” that garnered Brightman her first Grammy nomination, “Best New Classical Artist”. However, her big break was yet to come. Extending the idea of reviving a small play called “The Phantom of the Opera” to husband Webber, she struck a major role as Christine Daae. In fact, the role was adjusted so well to Brightman’s character and voice range that it was virtually and literally a character made solely for Brightman. When it opened at Majesty’s Theater in October 1986 the musical became a huge success that it required Brightman to perform averagely eight shows per week. When the “Phantom” was brought to Broadway, it received a stumble block since The American’s Actor’s Equity refused to let Brightman play the role of Daae. The union insisted that they had retained the policy of having an American to play on the stage. Webber was equally persistent on having his inspiration as the main cast. However, it was then resolved with Brightman eventually appearing in front of amazed audience in January 1988. She was then involved in a year long global tour which is dubbed The Music of Andrew Lloyd Webber. In 1989 Brightman released a compilation titled “The Songs That Got Away” that contained songs from West End or Broadway scores.

Just when their marriage about to reach the sixth year, they had to endure a painful divorce as described by Brightman years later. The tight schedule and many times they spent apart had drawn them away from each other that in Summer 1990 the marriage was ended. Despite the separation, Brightman and Webber remained in friendly term and even worked together in Webber’s other project called “Aspects”. She then moved on from the divorce that became media darling, to a second solo album “As I Came of Age” (1990) that saw a different sound from her. The singer who was by then popular as a musical artist surprisingly opted folk-rock songs to be compiled in the album. She then was in pursuit of Enigma, an electronic musical project found by Michael Cretu, David Fairstein and Frank Peterson, whom she found very interesting. With Peterson, Brightman recorded her album, “Dive”, that was released in April 1993 and evolved on another sound from her. Brightman then took a dramatic departure from her classical musical label in the album “Fly” (1995). Peterson then had the idea to transform “Con Te Partiro” that appeared on Andrea Bocelli’s “Romanza” album to a duet between Brightman and Bocelli which was done partly in English and re-titled “Time to Say Goodbye”. It was an instant hit when it was released in 1996 that it was featured in the re-release version of “Fly” in 1997 and became the first track of Brightman’s 1997 album “Time to Say Goodbye”.

She went on with two other moderately successful albums called “Eden” and “La Luna”. All this while, Brightman had been in romantic relationship with Peterson that ended in 2001, in time of the release of Brightman’s compilation album “Classics”. Peterson would later on continued backing Brightman in her albums including “Harem” that saw a major change in sound from the soprano. “Harem” was none other than a record with thick Middle-Eastern and Indian rhythms that was combined with Brightman’s operatic voice. It reached #29 on Billboard Hot 200 when it was released in 2003. Brightman became extremely popular in the States with her Harem tour grossing over $60 million. Relinquishing herself in several projects, she participated in BBC’s “Just the Two of Us” reality show, Concert for Diana and Live Earth in 2007. All the while, she prepared for another breaking of genre with the recording of “Symphony”, a gothic album which was released in January 2008. She was then cast in a musical film “Repo! The Genetic Opera” which was directed by Darren Lynn Bousman and was due for release in April 2008.

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Dreamchaser


The New Album

It’s hard to imagine Sarah Brightman could have a single dream left to realize. She’s the world’s biggest selling soprano, an international superstar as beloved for her staggering vocal range (over three full octaves) as for her impassioned film and stage performances. Over a three-decade career, Brightman has passionately pursued (and achieved) a slew of artistic goals, consistently reinventing herself in order to breach new creative ground: she’s sold over thirty million records worldwide, is the first artist to have been invited twice to perform the theme songs at the Olympic Games, and is frequently credited with pioneering the Classical Crossover genre, allowing music once reserved for conservatories and concert halls to seep onto the pop charts. Singing has always been an essential part of her life – the way she expressed herself best.I was quite deaf when I was a child,” she recalled. “I had problems with my ears. My mother said that speaking wasn’t really how I communicated – I communicated by singing, that was my way. I could always sing”.

Since 1981, when she made her celebrated West End debut in Cats, Brightman has been an inspiring and influential presence in the music scene, and with the release of her eleventh studio album, Dreamchaser, she’s about to become a different kind of pioneer.

For Brightman, Dreamchaser is the realization of a lifelong journey that began when she was a little girl growing up in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, England, dreaming of spectacular, unknowable things. “When I look back, my mind’s eye brings me a rush of images from all of the incredible things that I have been privileged to experience in my life,” she explained. “But if I keep tracking back my thoughts eventually come to rest on a flickering TV screen in 1969.” That summer, when Apollo 11 touched down on the moon and Neil Armstrong bounded across its surface, Brightman felt herself transform, and all her hopes and aspirations shift. “Watching the first man land on the moon – it was an epiphany. It changed things. It actually helped me understand what it was that I had to do in my life, to further myself, to do things, to think outside of the box,” she said. “I could go that far, I could do that. From that moment, I started to work really hard.”

Now, at age 52, Brightman is about to embark on what she calls “the greatest adventure I can imagine.” She will be part of a three-person team travelling to the International Space Station on board a Soyuz rocket, where she’ll orbit the earth 16 times daily and become the first professional musician to record a song from space – another ground-breaking moment in a career already riddled with firsts.  After undergoing extensive mental and physical testing in Star City, Russia, Brightman was cleared to train as a cosmonaut, and likens the anticipation of her upcoming voyage to being in love. “It’s wonderful,” she said. “It’s this thing that stays beside me as I’m walking down the street.”

In conjunction with her role as a UNESCO Artist for Peace ambassador, Brightman will present life on board the space station – which requires the mindful, shared consumption of resources and an unwavering focus on sustainability – as a model for how we might better inhabit our planet. “Sustainability is a complex concept, sometimes difficult to define. I know from the space training that I have already done that the first objective on a space vehicle or on the Space Station is to make sure that supplies of water and air are preserved. If they fail then the impact is immediate and devastating. Our resources on earth are no different – earth is effectively a space ship which humans inhabit,” she explained.

During her 10 day tenure on board the space station, Brightman will proudly advocate for UNESCO’s mandate to promote peace and sustainable development, and upon her return to Earth, she’ll perform various epic Space to Place concerts at UNESCO World Heritage Sites, biosphere reserves, and geoparks. Aside from global environmental concerns, Brightman is also a fervent supporter of women’s education in science. “If I can raise more awareness for women in sciences – that women can train to be astronauts and cosmonauts, and work in engineering fields – then that’s something.”

In the midst of preparing for her mission, Brightman recorded a collection of new songs influenced by her training. “They’re connected subliminally – in the feelings of the songs and what they gave to me, which was something very uplifting, very open, very outward,” she said. “It’s what we do – we look out at the night sky and we dream and we imagine and we explore. The words ‘Dream Chaser’ encapsulate all of that for me.” Dreamchaser is Brightman’s first collaboration with the producer Mike Hedges (U2, Dido, the Cure), who was deeply impressed by her precision and the scope of her vision. “In this day and age of records being cheaper and cheaper and quicker and quicker, when anyone can make a record at home – to actually have an artist who has a vision and the backing to make a great, great record? There are only a handful of artists in the world who can do that,” he said.

“I’m an interpreter of music, and I’m proud of that,” Brightman said. “I’m able to be very free, to go in all directions – to choose music [based on] what it makes me feel within myself. That guides me to what I need to do. It comes from very deep feelings. Although I’m singing other composers’ music, it’s still very connected to me.”

For Brightman, Dreamchaser is a culmination, an ethos – the perfect soundtrack to what’s next for her, and what’s next for all of us. “Humankind’s ability to set and deliver goals combined with the individual’s pursuit of their dreams and desires are perhaps the most powerful forces that we know. Believing that something may be out of reach should never stop us stretching for it – the journey should be as rewarding as arriving at the destination”.

Sarah Brightman Profile


Sarah Brightman Claim to Fame

  • Famous as: Classical Crossover Singer
  • Popular for Album “Time to Say Goodbye” (1997)

Sarah Brightman Personal Fact

  • Birth Date: August 14, 1960
  • Birth Place: Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire, UK
  • Height: 5′ 5.5
  • Nationality: British

Sarah Brightman Family

  • Father:  Grenville Brightman
  • Mother:  Paula Hall
  • Spouse: Andrew Graham-Stewart (Tangerine Dreams manager, 1978 – September 1983), Andrew Lloyd Webber (composer, 22 March 1984 – June 1990)
  • Relation:  Frank Peterson (music producer, 1990-2001)

Sarah Brightman Awards


Sarah Brightman has received over 180 Gold and Platinum sales awards in over 40 different countries around the world including United States, Australia, Japan, UK, China, Mexico, Canada and Germany.

Sarah Brightman 05From Ireland to Istanbul, Sarah has received a string of accolades and awards from diverse bodies, proving that her appeal is global indeed. Below are some of the awards that she has received in recent years:

  • Drama Desk Awards
    • 1988
    • Got Nomination for Drama Desk Award
    • Category Outstanding Actress – Musical for “Phantom of the Opera”
  • ECHO Awards, Germany
    • 1997
    • Won ECHO Award
    • Category Single of the Year (National) for “Time to Say Goodbye (Con te Partiro)”
  • Grammy Awards
    • 1986
    • Got Nomination for Grammy Award
    • Category Best New Classical Artist
  • RTL Golden Lion Awards
    • 1997
    • Won Golden Lion Special Award
    • Category (For the composition, lyrics and performance of the song, which was performed at boxer Henry Maske’s taking leave of his active career)

Americas:  

  1. Canada – Platinum x 8, Gold x 2
  2. USA – Platinum x 5, Gold x 6
  3. Mexico – Platinum x 1, Gold x 6
  4. Brazil – Gold x 7
  5. Chile – Gold
  6. Venezuela – Gold
  7. Argentina – Platinum
  8. Colombia – Gold

Europe:  

  1. Germany – Platinum x 6, Gold x 4
  2. Denmark – Platinum x 3, Gold x 2
  3. Norway – Platinum x 3, Gold x 1
  4. Sweden – Platinum x 3, Gold x 2
  5. Finland – Gold x 2 UK Gold x 2, Silver
  6. Ireland – Platinum x 4, Gold x 2
  7. Portugal – Platinum, Gold x 3
  8. Austria – Platinum x 2
  9. Switzerland – Platinum x 2
  10. Holland – Platinum, Gold
  11. Belgium – Gold
  12. France – Gold
  13. Estonia – Gold x 2
  14. Czech Republic – Gold
  15. Hungary – Gold
  16. Greece – Gold x 2
  17. Turkey – Gold

Middle East:  

  1. Israel – Platinum x2, Gold x 2
  2. Arabia – Gold x 2

Asia:  

  1. Japan – Platinum x 3, Gold x 7
  2. China – Platinum x 2, Gold x 4
  3. Hong Kong – Platinum x 2, Gold x 6
  4. Singapore – Platinum x 6, Gold x 2
  5. Taiwan – Platinum x 12, Gold
  6. Malaysia – Platinum
  7. South Korea – Platinum x 4, Gold x 5

Africa:

  1. South Africa – Platinum, Gold x 3

Pacific:

  1. Australia – Platinum x 6, Gold x 4
  2. New Zealand – Platinum x 5, Gold x 2
  3. 1986 Grammy Nomination, Best Classical Artist, USA
  4. 1996 Echo Award nomination: Best Female Artist, Germany
  5. 1996 RSH Gold: Best Female Artist, Germany
  6. 1997 Echo Award nomination: Best Female Artist
  7. 1998 Echo Award: Best Song (“Time To Say Goodbye”)
  8. 1998 Golden Lion Award: Best Live Performance, Germany
  9. 1998  Goldene Europa Award: Best Female Artist, Germany
  10. 1998 Guinness Book Entry: Germany’s Best-Selling Single of All Time (“Time to Say Goodbye”)
  11. 1998 Grammy Taiwan: Best Selling Record (Timeless)
  12. 1998 Unesco Hand-in-Hand Award
  13. 1999 Czechoslovakian Grammy: Singer of the Year
  14. 1999 Echo Award nomination: Best Female Artist, Germany
  15. 1999 The Point Trophy, Dublin-Ireland: Highest-Grossing Ticket Sales (One Night in Eden)
  16. 2000 IFPI Award, Europe: Album sales exceeding one million copies in Europe (Timeless)
  17. 2001 New Age Voice Music Award, USA: Best Vocal Album
  18. 2003 Media Control Award, GAS: Biggest Hit of All Time (“Time To Say Goodbye”),
  19. 2004 Arabian Music Award: Best Collaboration (“The War Is Over” with Kazim Al Saher)
  20. 2004 Arabian Music Award: Best Female Artist
  21. 2005 New York Film Festival: First Prize, Music Documentary (A Desert Fantasy)
  22. 2005  New York Film Festival: Third Prize, Music Video (“Time to Say Goodbye”)

Golden Key to the city of Chicago  
Golden Key to the city of Istanbul 

Sarah Brightman Discography


Dreamchaser: Deluxe Edition

  • Release Year : 2013
  • Label : Alternative Distribution Alliance
  • Genre : Vocal

Dreamchaser

  • Release Year : 2013
  • Label : Simha LLC
  • Genre : Vocal

Amalfi – Sarah Brightman Love Songs

  • Release Year : 2009
  • Label : Manhattan
  • Genre : Vocal

Symphony: Live in Vienna

  • Release Year : 2009
  • Label : Manhattan
  • Genre : Vocal
A Winter Symphony
  • Release Year : 2008
  • Label : Manhattan
  • Genre : Vocal

Symphony

  • Release Year : 2008
  • Label : Manhattan
  • Genre : Vocal

The Singles Collection & the Video Collection

  • Release Year : 2006
  • Label : EMI
  • Genre : Vocal

Diva: The Singles Collection

  • Release Year : 2006
  • Label : Angel
  • Genre : Vocal

Eden/La Luna

  • Release Year : 2006
  • Label : EMI
  • Genre : Vocal

Musical and More

  • Release Year : 2005
  • Label : Universal International
  • Genre : Vocal

Love Changes Everything: The Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection, Vol. 2

  • Release Year : 2005
  • Label : Decca
  • Genre : Vocal

Live from Las Vegas

  • Release Year : 2004
  • Label : Angel
  • Genre : Vocal
Harem
  • Release Year : 2003
  • Label : Angel
  • Genre : Vocal

Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection/Encore

  • Release Year : 2002
  • Label : Decca
  • Genre : Vocal

Encore

  • Release Year : 2001
  • Label : Decca
  • Genre : Vocal

Very Best of Sarah Brightman: 1990-2000

  • Release Year : 2001
  • Label : EastWest
  • Genre : Vocal

Classics

  • Release Year : 2001
  • Label : Angel
  • Genre : Vocal

La Luna

  • Release Year : 2000
  • Label : Angel
  • Genre : Vocal

Eden/Time to Say Goodye

  • Release Year : 1999
  • Label : East West
  • Genre : Vocal

Eden

  • Release Year : 1998
  • Label : Angel
  • Genre : Vocal

Sings the Music of Andrew Lloyd Webber

  • Release Year : 1998
  • Label : Polydor
  • Genre : Vocal

The Andrew Lloyd Webber Collection

  • Release Year : 1998
  • Label : Polygram International
  • Genre : Vocal

Timeless/Time to Say Goodbye

  • Release Year : 1997
  • Label : Angel
  • Genre : Vocal

Surrender

  • Release Year : 1995
  • Label : Polygram
  • Genre : Vocal

Fly

  • Release Year : 1995
  • Label : East-West
  • Genre : Vocal

Dive

  • Release Year : 1993
  • Label : A&M
  • Genre : Vocal

As I Came of Age

  • Release Year : 1990
  • Label : Polydor
  • Genre : Vocal

The Trees They Grow So High

  • Release Year : 1988
  • Label : EMI
  • Genre : Vocal

Agnes Monica

BIOGRAPHY-NEW

4 Juli 20132024482867-salah-potong-agnes-monica-ganti-gaya-rambut-horz

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Agnes Monica Muljoto (lahir di Jakarta, 1 Juli 1986; umur 27 tahun) adalah seorang penyanyi dan artis berkebangsaan Indonesia. Ia memulai kariernya di industri hiburan pada usia enam tahun sebagai seorang penyanyi cilik. Agnes telah merilis tiga album anak-anak yang berhasil mengantarkan namanya ke deretan penyanyi cilik populer di era 1990-an. Selain bernyanyi, ia juga menjadi presenter di beberapa acara televisi anak-anak. Saat menginjak usia remaja, Agnes mulai terjun ke dunia seni peran. Penampilannya di sinetron Pernikahan Dini (2001) berhasil melambungkan namanya. Agnes kemudian membintangi sederet sinetron yang menjadikannya artis remaja dengan bayaran termahal saat itu.

Agnes Monica
398px-Agnes_at_AMI_2004Agnes Monica Menghadiri Premiere Film ‘Oblivion’ 2013
Latar belakang
Nama lahir Agnes Monica Muljoto
Lahir 1 Juli 1986 (umur 27)
Bendera Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia
Jenis Musik Pop, R&B
Pekerjaan Penyanyi, aktris, penari, presenter, pencipta lagu, perancang busana
Instrumen Vokal
Tahun aktif 1992–sekarang
Perusahaan rekaman Aquarius Musikindo
Agama Kristen Protestan

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Pada tahun 2003, Agnes merilis album dewasa pertamanya yang berjudul And the Story Goes, yang kembali melejitkan namanya di industri musik Indonesia. Kesuksesannya di tanah air mendorong Agnes memasang target untuk bisa berkarier di kancah internasional. Pada album keduanya yang dirilis pada tahun 2005, Whaddup A’..?!, ia menggandeng penyanyi asal Amerika Serikat Keith Martin untuk berkolaborasi. Agnes juga terlibat dalam syuting dua serial drama Asia, The Hospital dan Romance In the White House di Taiwan.

loloAgnes berhasil meraih penghargaan dua tahun berturut-turut atas penampilannya di ajang Asia Song Festival di Seoul, Korea Selatan, pada tahun 2008 dan 2009. Pada album ketiganya, Sacredly Agnezious (2009), Agnes mulai terlibat sebagai produser dan penulis lagu. Pada tahun 2010, ia diangkat sebagai salah satu juri pada ajang pencarian bakat Indonesian Idol. Agnes juga menjadi salah satu pemandu acara pada karpet merah pegelaran American Music Awards 2010 di Los Angeles, Amerika Serikat.

Seiring dengan melesatnya Agnes ke puncak popularitas, penampilan dan gaya berbusananya menjadi tren di kalangan anak muda. Selain sukses secara komersial, Agnes merupakan penyanyi dengan jumlah penghargaan paling banyak di Indonesia. Ia telah memenangkan puluhan trofi, termasuk di antaranya sepuluh Anugerah Musik Indonesia, tujuh Panasonic Awards, dan empat MTV Indonesia Awards. Selain itu, Agnes telah dipercaya menjadi duta anti narkoba se-Asia serta duta MTV EXIT dalam memberantas perdagangan manusia.

Kehidupan dan Karier

1986–2002: Masa kecil dan awal karier

Yess!

Yess!, album duet Agnes bersama Eza Yayang yang dirilis tahun 1995.

 

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Agnes Monica Muljoto dilahirkan di Jakarta pada tanggal 1 Juli 1986. Ia merupakan anak bungsu dari pasangan Jenny Siswono dan Ricky Muljoto. Ia memiliki seorang kakak laki-laki bernama Steve Muljoto yang kemudian menjadi manajernya.

Agnes menyelesaikan pendidikan dasarnya di SD Tarakanita Jakarta, kemudian melanjutkan pendidikannya ke SLTP Pelita Harapan. Di sekolahnya, Agnes merupakan siswi yang berprestasi di bidang akademik dan sering menerima beasiswa, meskipun ia juga disibukan dengan aktivitas luar sekolah seperti kursus piano, bahasa Inggris, seluncur es, dan bulu tangkis.

Bakat Agnes di bidang seni sudah telihat sejak ia masih kanak-kanak, khususnya bidang tarik suara. Selain ditempa di gereja, Agnes juga ikut kursus vokal di beberapa tempat.

20110711041819!Agnes_Monica-horz

Saat menginjak usia enam tahun, Agnes memulai kariernya sebagai penyanyi cilik dan merekam album anak-anak pertamanya yang diberi judul Si Meong. Nama Agnes melambung sebagai penyanyi cilik saat ia merilis album keduanya pada tahun 1995 yaitu Yess!, yang merupakan album duet bersama Eza Yayang.

Album tersebut dinobatkan sebagai “Album Anak-Anak Terbaik” pada tahun 1999. Album lain yang telah dirilis Agnes yaitu Bala-Bala. Ketiga album tersebut berhasil melejitkan Agnes ke jajaran penyanyi cilik terpopuler di era 1990-an.

Selain bernyanyi dan merilis album, Agnes juga menjadi presenter acara anak-anak yaitu Video Anak Anteve (VAN) di Anteve, Tralala-Trilili di RCTI, dan Diva Romeo di Trans TV. Agnes berhasil meraih penghargaan Panasonic Awards untuk “Pembawa Acara Anak-Anak Terfavorit” selama dua tahun berturut, 1999 dan 2000.

agnes-monica-bersaing-dengan-lady-gaga-di-WMA

Menginjak usia remaja, Agnes mulai terjun ke dunia seni peran, dimulai dengan penampilannya di sinetron Lupus Millenia dan Mr. Hologram pada tahun 1999. Pada tahun itu, Agnes berhasil menempati urutan pertama jajak pendapat artis beranjak remaja terbaik versi artiscilik.com.

Pada tahun 2000, Agnes menjadi pemeran utama di sinetron Pernikahan Dini bersama Sahrul Gunawan. Sinetron inilah yang berhasil melambungkan nama Agnes dan menghapus citranya sebagai seorang artis cilik. Akting Agnes di sinetron tersebut berhasil meraih penghargaan “Aktris Terfavorit” pada Panasonic Awards pada tahun 2001 dan 2002, serta SCTV Awards sebagai “Aktris Ngetop” pada tahun 2002.

Selain itu, Agnes juga menyanyikan dua lagu ciptaan Melly Goeslaw berjudul “Pernikahan Dini” dan “Seputih Hati” sebagai lagu tema sinetron Pernikahan Dini. Kedua lagu tersebut merupakan penampilan pertama Agnes sejak kemunculannya sebagai penyanyi cilik beberapa tahun silam.

Kedua lagu tersebut telah dirilis dalam album kompilasi bertajuk Love Theme (2001). Sepanjang tahun 2002, Agnes telah membintangi tiga judul sinetron, yaitu Ciuman Pertama, Kejar Daku Kau Ku Tangkap, dan Amanda. Ia juga berkolaborasi dengan penyanyi Yana Julio dalam lagu “Awan dan Ombak” dalam album Jumpa Lagi. Seiring dengan popularitasnya, Agnes berhasil menjadi artis remaja dengan bayaran termahal di Indonesia pada saat itu.

2003–2004: And the Story Goes

398px-Agnes_at_AMI_2004
Agnes meraih piala Anugerah Musik Indonesia 2004

Pada tanggal 8 Oktober 2003, Agnes merilis album dewasa pertamanya bertajuk And the Story Goes. Penggarapan album ini melibatkan beberapa musikus kenamaan Indonesia, termasuk di antaranya Ahmad Dhani dan Melly Goeslaw.

Agnes menjelaskan “Untuk album baruku ini, aku memang ingin segala sesuatunya dipersiapkan dengan matang. Dari pemilihan lagu, musikus, sampai konsep videoklip, aku ingin yang benar-benar oke.”

Proses penggarapan album yang memakan waktu selama 1,5 tahun tersebut juga disibukan dengan audisi penari dan program gizi untuk mempersiapkan stamina Agnes sebagai penyanyi. Proses persiapan yang benar-benar matang tersebut akhirnya membuahkan kesuksesan pada album tersebut.

Aquarius Musikindo selaku label yang menaungi Agnes melaporkan bahwa And the Story Goes sudah laris dipesan sekitar 35.000 keping sebelum dirilis secara resmi.

Tak lama berselang, album ini kemudian meraih double platinum dengan penjualan lebih dari 300.000 keping. Album pertama Agnes ini mengangkat “Bilang Saja” sebagai singel pertama dengan klip yang mengusung konsep street fashion. Singel lain yang lahir dari album ini yakni “Indah”, “Cinta Mati”, dan “Jera”.

Selain sukses secara komersial, album ini juga membuahkan sejumlah penghargaan. Pada ajang Anugerah Musik Indonesia 2004, Agnes memenangkan tiga penghargaaan dari total sepuluh nominasi, yaitu sebagai “Artis Pop Solo Wanita Terbaik” untuk lagu “Jera”, “Karya Produksi Dance/Tehno Terbaik” untuk lagu “Bilang Saja”, serta “Duo/Group Terbaik” untuk kolaborasinya dengan Ahmad Dhani di lagu “Cinta Mati”.

Ia juga berhasil meraih penghargaan sebagai “Pendatang Baru Terbaik” pada Anugerah Planet Muzik 2004 yang digelar di Singapura. Kesuksesannya dalam usia yang masih sangat muda membuat Agnes mendapat julukan “Diva Muda” dalam kancah musik Indonesia. Ia juga mulai memasang target untuk bisa berkarier di kancah internasional.

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Sepanjang tahun 2003, selain disibukan dengan perilisan album pertamanya, Agnes juga menggarap sinetron Cewekku Jutek sebagai pemeran utama bersama Roger Danuarta. Pada tahun berikutnya, Agnes membintangi dua sinetron, Bunga Perawan dan Cantik.

Penampilan Agnes dalam tiga sinetron tersebut mengantarkannya meraih penghargaan Panasonic Awards 2003 sebagai “Aktris Terfavorit” dan SCTV Awards 2004 sebagai “Aktris Ngetop”. Di tengah kesibukannya sebagai penyanyi, Agnes masih tetap memperhatikan pendidikannya. Setelah lulus dari bangku SMA Pelita Harapan, ia menempuh pendidikan di Universitas Pelita Harapan (UPH) pada jurusan Hukum.

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2005–2007: Whaddup A’..?!

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Agnes resmi meluncurkan album keduanya berjudul Whaddup A’..?! pada tanggal 10 Desember 2005. Kali ini, selain menggandeng sejumlah musikus Indonesia seperti Dewiq, Melly Goeslaw, dan Andi Rianto, Agnes juga mengajak penyanyi asal Amerika Serikat Keith Martin untuk berkolaborasi. Di album ini, Keith Martin menciptakan dua buah lagu berbahasa Inggris untuk Agnes, termasuk di antaranya “I’ll Light a Candle” yang mereka bawakan secara duet.

Untuk mempromosikan album tersebut, Agnes menggelar konser tunggal di empat kota di Indonesia, yakni Bandar Lampung, Surabaya, Bandung, dan Makassar, dengan tajuk Clasnezenzation. Album ini juga menelurkan lima singel hit yaitu “Bukan Milikmu Lagi”, “Tanpa Kekasihku”, “Tak Ada Logika”, “Cinta di Ujung Jalan”, serta “Dan Tak Mungkin”.

Whaddup A’..?! mendapat respons positif dan diganjar sejumlah penghargaan. Pada pegelaran Anugerah Musik Indonesia 2006, Agnes menyabet dua penghargaan yakni “Artis Pop Wanita Terbaik” dan “Karya Produksi R&B Terbaik” untuk lagu “Bukan Milikmu Lagi”.

Pada ajang Penghargaan MTV Indonesia 2006, Agnes kembali meraih trofi “Most Favorite Female” berkat lagu “Tak Ada Logika”. Whaddup A’..?! juga telah meraih triple platinum untuk angka penjualan album yang mencapai lebih dari 450.000 keping.

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Pada tahun 2005, Agnes juga terlibat dalam syuting serial drama Asia berjudul The Hospital di Taiwan yang dibintangi oleh Jerry Yan, salah satu personel F4. Agnes juga ikut dalam syuting serial Romance in The White House bersama Peter Ho, yang dalam serial ini Agnes bermain hanya dalam beberapa episode saja.

Di Indonesia, Agnes juga disibukan dengan perannya di dua sinetron di Indosiar, yaitu Ku Tlah Jatuh Cinta dan Pink Di penghujung tahun 2006, Agnes kemudian membintangi sinetron komedi berjudul Kawin Muda yang ditayangkan di RCTI.

Pada saat yang bersamaan, Agnes juga memutuskan untuk cuti dari kuliahnya di jurusan Hukum, Universitas Pelita Harapan. Langkah ini diambil Agnes akibat kesibukannya dalam menjalani karier dan mempersiapakan rencananya untuk go international.

timthumb.phpPada awal tahun 2007, Agnes ditunjuk oleh DEA (Drugs Enforcement Administration) dan IDEC Far East Region sebagai duta anti narkoba se-Asia. Pada tanggal 15 Mei 2007, Agnes menjadi artis pembuka konser grup R&B Amerika Serikat Boyz II Men di Istora Senayan, Jakarta.

Agnes dan promotor konser sempat mengumumkan bahwa ia akan berkolaborasi dengan grup tersebut, meskipun akhirnya tidak terlaksana akibat persiapan yang belum matang.

Pada tanggal 23 Juni 2007, Agnes menggelar konser tunggal untuk pertama kali di Stadium Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, yang disaksikan sebanyak 3.000 penonton. Agnes juga menjadi bintang tamu khusus dalam panggung final Asian Idol yang digelar pada tanggal 16 Desember 2007, dengan membawakan lagunya berjudul “Get Up”.

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2008–2009: Sacredly Agnezious

Pada awal tahun 2008, Agnes membintangi sinetron kejar tayang RCTI berjudul Jelita. Agnes mulai menggarap album studio ketiganya dan merilis lagu berjudul “Matahariku” lebih awal sebagai singel pertama. Sampai saat ini, “Matahariku” merupakan singel terlaris Agnes dengan penjualan nada sambung mencapai lebih dari tiga juta dalam waktu sembilan bulan.

Videoklip “Matahariku” juga telah ditonton lebih dari 4,5 juta kali di YouTube, menjadikannya video musik Indonesia yang paling banyak ditonton. Lagu tersebut kembali membuahkan Agnes penghargaan di MTV Indonesia Awards sebagai “Most Favorite Female” serta Anugerah Musik Indonesia 2009 sebagai “Artis Pop Solo Wanita Terbaik”.

Pada bulan September 2008, Agnes meluncurkan singel kedua berjudul “Godai Aku Lagi” yang merupakan ciptaannya sendiri. Sebagai pemanasan sebelum resmi merilis album, Agnes merilis album mini yang memuat dua singel saja “Godai Aku Lagi” dan “Matahariku”. Agnes juga membintangi sinetron keduanya pada tahun itu berjudul Kawin Masal.

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Pada tanggal 4 Oktober 2008, Agnes tampil di panggung Asia Song Festival yang diselenggarakan oleh Korea Foundation for International Culture Exchange di Seoul, Korea Selatan. Acara yang diikuti 24 artis dari 12 negara Asia tersebut disaksikan oleh 35.000 penonton di Seoul World Cup Stadium dan disiarkan di stasiun televisi di 30 negara.

Agnes menampilkan dua lagu miliknya, “Godai Aku Lagi” dan “Shake It Off”, dengan memasukkan unsur tarian Bali. Penampilan Agnes tersebut mendapat respons positif dari sejumlah media lokal Korea dan meraih penghargaan “The Best Asian Artist Award” dari panitia.

Pada tahun berikutnya, Agnes kembali tampil di panggung tersebut dan membawakan tiga lagu yaitu “Shake It Off”, “Temperature”, serta lagu milik penyanyi pop Michael Jackson, “Heal the World”. Panggung kali ini diikuti 14 artis dari sembilan negara Asia dan disaksikan sekitar 40.000 penonton. Seperti penampilan sebelumnya, Agnes kembali mendapat sambutan baik serta menerima penghargaan “The Best Asian Artist Award” untuk kedua kalinya.

2024482867-salah-potong-agnes-monica-ganti-gaya-rambutPada tanggal 1 April 2009 Agnes akhrinya resmi meluncurkan album ketiganya yang diberi judul Sacredly Agnezious. Kali ini, Agnes lebih terlibat secara langsung dalam pengerjaan album. Dengan dibantu sejumlah musikus ternama, yaitu Erwin Gutawa, Dewiq, Pay, dan DJ Sumantri, Agnes turut terlibat sebagai produser dan pencipta lagu dalam album tersebut. Selain dua singel terdahulu, “Matahariku” dan “Godai Aku Lagi”, Sacredly Agnezious melejitkan singel lain berjudul “Teruskanlah” dan “Janji-Janji”. Pada MTV Indonesia Awards 2009, Agnes menyabet dua penghargaan sebagai “Most Favorite Female” serta “Artist of the Year” yang merupakan penghargaan tertinggi dalam acara tersebut. Pada Anugerah Musik Indonesia yang digelar pada tahun berikutnya, Agnes berhasil meraih dua penghargaan, masing-masing untuk kategori “Album Pop Terbaik”, “Artis Solo Pop Wanita Terbaik” dan “Album Terbaik Terbaik”.

Pada tanggal 23 Mei 2009, Agnes tampil sebagai salah satu bintang tamu dalam acara “Festival of Life” di Garuda Wisnu Kencana, Bali, dalam rangka peringatan 50 tahun hubungan diplomatik Indonesia dan Jepang.

Pada tanggal 14 Oktober 2009, Agnes juga terlibat dalam konser pementasan lagu-lagu grup legendaris ABBA bertajuk “Dancing Queen” di Istora Senayan dengan menyanyikan lagu “The Winner Take It’s All”. Setelah sekian lama cuti dari kuliahnya, Agnes akhirnya memutuskan untuk mengundurkan diri dari jurusan Hukum Universitas Pelita Harapan dengan IPK terakhir 3,67. Ia kemudian melanjutkan kuliahnya di Oregon State University (OSU), Amerika Serikat, dengan program distance education di jurusan Political Science.

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2010–sekarang: Agnes Is My Name

agnes-monicca-130416b-1Memasuki tahun 2010, Agnes mendapat kehormatan menjadi juri dalam ajang pencarian bakat Indonesian Idol. Kehadiran Agnes di ajang tersebut sempat diragukan karena usianya yang masih terlalu muda. Agnes berkomentar “Kalau pengalaman, jangan dilihat dari umur. Dengan prestasi yang aku dapat, enggak ada beban buatku berada di antara Mas Anang dan Mas Erwin. Aku sendiri merasa bukan jadi juri, aku dibiarkan jadi diri sendiri, aku sebagai teman mereka [para peserta]. Aku akan bagi pengalamanku ke mereka.” Agnes juga ditunjuk menjadi duta MTV EXIT (End Exploitation and Trafficking) dalam misi memberantas perdagangan manusia. Pada tahun ini, Agnes meluncurkan singel berjudul “Karena Ku Sanggup” yang ia ciptakan bersama musikus Andi Rianto.

Ia juga membintangi sinetron berjudul Pejantan Cantik yang tayang di Indosiar. Pada tanggal 21 November 2010, Agnes menjadi salah satu pembawa acara karpet merah ajang penghargaan tahunan American Music Awards yang diselenggarakan di Nokia Theatre, Los Angeles, Amerika Serikat.

Ia tampil menggunakan busana bermotif batik dan kebaya, serta sesekali menggunakan bahasa Indonesia. Pada kesempatan tersebut, Agnes juga berduet bersama penyanyi Meksiko Christian Chávez dalam lagu berjudul “¿En Dónde Estás?” yang dikemas dalam bahasa Spanyol, Inggris, dan Indonesia.

Pada tanggal 2 Februari 2011, Agnes meluncurkan sebuah album kompilasi terbaik yang diberi judul Agnes Is My Name. Album ini memuat sepuluh singel pilihan dari tiga album studio sebelumnya, ditambah dua lagu terbaru “Karena Ku Sanggup” dan “Paralyzed”.

Album ini hanya dijual di gerai KFC di seluruh Indonesia dan meraih plakat “Million Award” untuk penjualan lebih dari satu juta keping dalam waktu empat bulan.[58] Pada saat acara peluncuran album tersebut, Agnes mengumumkan bahwa ia telah menandatangani kontrak dengan Sony/ATV Music Publishing.

Pada tanggal 23 Maret 2011, bertepatan dengan Perayaan Hari Musik Nasional, Agnes menerima penghargaan Nugraha Bhakti Musik Indonesia (NBMI) dari Menteri Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata dan Persatuan Artis Penyanyi, Pencipta Lagu, dan Penata Musik Rekaman Indonesia (PAPPRI) atas dedikasi dan sumbangsihnya, baik berupa pemikiran maupun perbuatan, bagi kemajuan dan perkembangan serta pelestarian musik Indonesia.

Agnes juga kesekian kalinya meraih penghargaan di Anugerah Musik Indonesia, untuk tahun 2011 ia memenangkan kategori “Artis Solo Wanita Terbaik”.

Pada bulan September 2011, Agnes berduet dengan penyanyi senior Amerika Serikat Michael Bolton pada lagu “Said I Loved You…But I Lied”.

Lagu tersebut direkam sebagai lagu tambahan dalam album Bolton bertajuk Gems: The Duets Album khusus untuk edisi Asia. Agnes juga berduet dengan Andy /rif sebagai penyanyi tamu pada lagu “Berkelana ke Ujung Dunia” di album keempat Presiden RI Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono bertajuk Harmoni.

Pada tahun yang sama, ia merilis singel berjudul “Rindu”, lagu ciptaan Eros Djarot yang aslinya dipopulerkan oleh Fryda pada tahun 1995.

Agnes berhasil meraih nominasi sebagai “Worldwide Act Asia Pasific” dalam ajang penghargaan MTV Europe Music Awards 2011. Ia juga menjadi nominator di American Nickleodeon Kids Choice Awards 2012 kategori “Favorite Asian Act”.

Meskipun gagal memenangkan dua penghargaan tersebut, saat ini, Agnes dikabarkan tengah sibuk merampungkan proyek album internasional perdananya di Los Angeles bersama beberapa musisi, termasuk di antaranya produser dan rapper Timbaland.. Pada 2012 Mnet Asian Music Awards, Agnes memenangkan kategori Best Asian Artist Indonesia.  Pada tahun 2013 ini , Agnes Monica juga mendapatkan penghargaan Best Celebrity Fashion SHORTY AWARDS 2013.

Tak hanya di kategori Best Singer, artis multi talenta ini juga berhasil menggeser posisi Justin Bieber dalam kategori Best Celebrity Fashion SHORTY AWARDS 2013. Untuk kategori ini Agnes mengumpulkan 1199 suara, sedangkan Justin Bieber secara mengejutkan hanya memperoleh 74 suara(DYL).

Keartisan dan Citra

Agnes merupakan penyanyi solo yang mengusung jenis musik pop, R&B, dan hip-hop. Ia mengakui Aretha Franklin, Jill Scott, Angie Stone, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Fantasia, dan Beyoncé sebagai pengaruh besarnya dalam bermusik.

Agnes juga sering dibanding-bandingkan dengan artis Amerika lainnya, terutama Britney Spears dan Christina Aguilera. Meskipun demikian, cukup banyak pula penyanyi Indonesia yang terpengaruh Agnes dalam hal gaya bernyanyi dan penampilan. Penyanyi dari negara tetangga, Stacy, bahkan mendapat julukan sebagai “Agnes Monica Malaysia” akibat pengaruh Agnes pada dirinya.

Agnes memiliki jenis suara sopran dengan jangkauan yang cukup tinggi. Untuk lagu-lagu bertempo cepat, Agnes memadukannya dengan koreografi yang energik di atas panggung, sehingga sering mengharuskannya untuk tampil secara lip sync.

Selain sering berlatih vokal, Agnes juga rajin melatih gerakan tari dan stamina untuk menunjang penampilannya. Sampai saat ini, Agnes merupakan satu-satunya artis Indonesia yang memiliki grup tari pribadi yang bernama Nezindahood. Penari-penari dalam grup tersebut dipilihnya melalui audisi sejak penggarapan album pertamanya pada tahun 2003.

Seiring dengan profesinya sebagai penyanyi, Agnes juga mengembangkan kemampuannya dalam bermain piano dan menulis lagu. Bakat Agnes dalam mencipta lagu mulai terbentuk saat menggarap album Sacredly Agnezious, saat ia menciptakan tiga lagu termasuk singel “Godai Aku Lagi”.

Agnes merupakan artis yang selalu membawa tren baru di kalangan anak muda, khususnya dalam hal penampilan, baik itu pakaian, aksesori, maupun tata rambut. Melalui penampilannya di atas panggung, video musik, dan sinetron, Agnes telah memopulerkan berbagai gaya berpenampilan, mulai dari punk rock hingga harajuku. Namun demikian, Agnes juga tak jarang dituduh tidak orisinal dan cenderung kebarat-baratan. Agnes menanggapi komentar mengenai dirinya tersebut dengan berkata:

Tidak ada satu pun di dunia ini yang “original” tanpa pengaruh dari hal lainnya. Saya beruntung lahir dan dibesarkan di Indonesia (specifically Jakarta) di zaman ini di mana kita (dalam hal ini Indonesia) sangat terbuka dengan proses globalisasi. Budaya Timur dan budaya Barat saling memengaruhi, ya begitu keadaannya. Intinya, adanya pengaruh antarbudaya jangan dianggap sebagai “budaya yang berbenturan”, tapi anggaplah sebagai budaya yang “saling melengkapi”. Ambil yang baik dari budaya-budaya tersebut dan tinggalkan yang negatif. Jadi, ya, saya ini adalah produk Indonesia dan produk era globalisasi.

Ketertarikan Agnes dalam dunia busana mendorongnya untuk menekuni bisnis clothing line yang mendapat sambutan bagus. Menurut survei yang dilakukan majalah Cosmopolitan pada tahun 2010, Agnes merupakan penyanyi wanita terseksi di Indonesia.

Ia juga sempat meraih Kartini Award dari Wanita Indonesia Tanpa Tembakau (WITT) dan World Health Organization (WHO). Menurut Ketua Umum WITT Nita Yudi, “Karena Agnes adalah artis muda berprestasi yang enerjik, dan pastinya tidak merokok.

Semoga dapat menjadi contoh yang baik bagi generasi muda.” Agnes juga merupakan selebriti yang tertutup mengenai kehidupan pribadinya di media. Ia sering diterpa gosip menjalin hubungan khusus dengan sejumlah nama, namun tak satu pun yang ia konfirmasi.

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Agnes merupakan penyanyi dengan jumlah penghargaan paling banyak di Indonesia. Sebagai salah satu figur paling dominan dalam industri hiburan Indonesia, Agnes telah mendapat kepercayaan untuk menjadi bintangi iklan ataupun duta oleh berbagai merek produk. Agnes juga telah terlibat dalam sejumlah kegiatan sosial.

Ia melakukan kegiatan penggalangan dana untuk membantu para korban bencana, seperti di Sumatera Barat dan Situ Gintung. Agnes juga membantu menggalang dana senilai lebih dari Rp 400 juta untuk Persis, tim sepak bola Surakarta, melalui konser yang diadakan di Diamond Convention Center di Surakarta.

Awal bulan Desember 2011, Agnes Monica mengadakan konser amal “Save A Teen Charity Concert”, konser yang diadakan untuk membantu remaja-remaja yang putus sekolah. Hasil tiket yang ludes terjual diserahkan ke Sampoerna Foundation sebagai pemrakarsa acara untuk disumbangkan pada remaja-remaja yang yang membutuhkan.

Diskografi

Album Studio

  • And the Story Goes (2003)
  • Whaddup A’..?! (2005)
  • Sacredly Agnezious (2009)
  • Agnez Mo (2013)

Album Lain

  • Si Meong (1992)
  • Yess! (1995)
  • Bala-Bala (1996)
  • Nez (2008)
  • Agnes Is My Name (2011)

Penampilan Lain

  • “Tralala-Trilili” – lagu tema acara televisi Tralala-Trilili (1998)
  • “Pernikahan Dini” dan “Seputih Hati” – album kompilasi Love Theme (2001)
  • “Awan dan Ombak” – duet dengan Yana Julio dalam album Jumpa Lagi (2002)
  • “Said I Loved You…But I Lied” – duet dengan Michael Bolton dalam album Gems: The Duets Album (Asian Edition) (2011)
  • “Rindu” – singel non-album (2011)
  • Silent Night” – album kompilasi Natal Damai Bersamamu (2011)
  • “Berkelana ke Ujung Dunia” – duet dengan Andi Rif dalam album Presiden RI Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Harmoni (2012)
  • “Muda (lagu)” single non album (2012)

Sinetron

  • Lupus Milenia (1999)
  • Mr Hologram (1999)
  • Pernikahan Dini (2001)
  • Amanda (2002)
  • Ciuman Pertama (2002)
  • Cinta Selembut Awan (2002)
  • Cewekku Jutek (2003)
  • Cantik (2004)
  • Bunga Perawan (2004)
  • Ku ‘Tlah Jatuh Cinta (2005)
  • Pink (2006)
  • Romance In The White House (2006)
  • The Hospital (2006)
  • Kawin Muda (2006)
  • Jelita (2008)
  • Kawin Masal (2008)
  • Pejantan Cantik (2010)
  • Marissa (2011)
  • Mimo Ketemu Poscha (2012)
  • 3 Peas In A Pod – Special appearance + Theme song Singer (2013)

Pembawa Acara

  • VAN (Video Anak Anteve) – Anteve
  • Tralala-Trilili – RCTI
  • Diva Romeo – Trans TV
  • American Music Awards 2010 – ABC Channel

Berbagai Sumber & Wikipedia

Agnes Monica (English)

Agnes Monica . Biography


4 Juli 2013

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Agnes Monica also known as Agnezmo (traditional Chinese: 楊詩曼; simplified Chinese: 楊诗曼; Pinyin: Yáng Shī-Màn) or Agmon, born in Jakarta (1 July 1986) is an Indonesian Singer and Actress. She started her career in the entertainment industry at the age of six as a child singer. She has recorded three children’s albums. She also became a presenter of several children’s television programs. As a teenager, Agnes expanded her career to include acting. Her role in the soap opera Pernikahan Dini rocketed her name into the industry. Later, she became the highest-paid teenage artist in Indonesia.

In 2003, she released her fourth studio album And the Story Goes, which marked her transition from a child singer to a female artist. On her fifth studio album, Whaddup A.. ‘?! (2005), she collaborated with American R&B singer Keith Martin. She also appeared in two Taiwanese drama series, The Hospital and Romance in the White House. She participated in the 2008 and 2009 Asia Song Festival in Seoul, South Korea, and received “Best Asian Artist Award” at each event. Agnes took creative control of her sixth studio album, Sacredly Agnezious (2009), for which she served as the producer and songwriter. In 2010, she was appointed as one of the judges on the talent show Indonesian Idol and was also one of the international hosts of the red carpet at the American Music Awards of 2010 in Los Angeles.

In addition to her commercial success, Agnes is the most-awarded Indonesian singer. She has received numerous awards, including ten Anugerah Musik Indonesia awards, seven Panasonic Awards, and four MTV Indonesia Awards. She was also honored with a Nugraha Bhakti Musik Indonesia (NBMI) from the Indonesian Ministry of Culture and Tourism and the Singers, Songwriters, and Music Record Producers Association of Indonesia (PAPPRI) for her contribution and support for the Indonesian music industry.She was also appointed as an anti-drug ambassador of Asia, and as the ambassador of MTV EXIT to combat human trafficking.

Throughout her career, she has often been controversial in Indonesia. When she was a teenager, her frequent comments about her goal to break into the international market was viewed by some as a pompous proclamation. In 2010, however, she began work on a debut English studio album. Consequently, her slogan “Dream, Believe, and Make it Happen” was used in a 2011 cultural conference to inspire young people organized by the US Embassy in Jakarta.

Agnes Monica

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Agnes Monica receiving her first AMI Award in 2004
Background information
Birth name Agnes Monica Muljoto
Born 1 July 1986 (age 27)
Origin Jakarta, Indonesia
Genres Pop, R&B, hip hop, dance
Occupations Singer-songwriter, actress, dancer, producer
Instruments Vocals
Years active 1992–present
Labels Aquarius Musikindo, US label or Intenational label will be revealed after release
Agnes Monica
Agnes Monica Muljoto adalah seorang penyanyi dan artis berkebangsaan Indonesia. Ia memulai kariernya di industri hiburan pada usia enam tahun sebagai seorang penyanyi cilik. Wikipedia
Lahir: 1 Juli 1986 (27 tahun), Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta, Indonesia
Tinggi: 1,65 m
Asal: Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta, Indonesia
Orang tua: Ricky Muljoto, Jenny Siswono

Life and Career

1986–2002: Childhood and early career

Agnes Monica was born in Jakarta, Indonesia, on 1 July 1986 to a Yang family of Chinese ancestry. She is the youngest child of Jenny Siswono, a former table tennis player, and Ricky Muljoto, a former badminton player.Her older brother, Steve Muljoto, is her manager. She attended Tarakanita elementary school and Pelita Harapan junior high school. Her talent for the performing arts was evident in her childhood, especially in singing; she sang in church and attended vocal courses.

Agnes entered the entertainment industry in 1992, when she was six years old, and released her first children’s album, Si Meong.In 1995, she released her second children’s album, Yess!, which includes a duet with fellow Indonesian child singer Eza Yayang. Her last children’s album, Bala-Bala, was released the following year. Agnes also became the host for several children’s programs, including Video Anak Anteve (VAN) on Anteve, Tralala-Trilili on RCTI, and Diva Romeo on Trans TV. She was awarded “Most Favorite Presenter of Children’s Program” at the Panasonic Awards in 1999 and 2000 for Tralala-Trilili.

Agnes began acting as a teenager. Her first two roles were on the soap operas Lupus Millennia and Mr Hologram in 1999. The next year, she starred in the TV series Pernikahan Dini, which served as a turning point in her career by transforming her image from that of a child artist to one of a teenage artist. The production was well received by audiences, and she received the “Favorite Actress” award at the 2001 and 2002 Panasonic Awards, as well as the “Popular Actress” award at the 2002 SCTV Awards. In 2002, Agnes starred in three soap operas, Ciuman Pertama, Kejar Daku Kau Ku Tangkap, and Amanda. Due to her popularity, she became the highest-paid teenage artist in Indonesia.

Agnes also recorded songs in her early teens, including “Pernikahan Dini” and “Seputih Hati” for the soundtrack of Pernikahan Dini, both of which are featured on the 2001 compilation album Love Theme. The following year, she collaborated with the Indonesian senior singer Yana Julio in the song “Awan dan Ombak” for his studio album Jumpa Lagi.

2003–2004: And The Story Goes

On 8 October 2003, Agnes released her first adult album, And the Story Goes. In this album, she worked with several famed Indonesian producers and songwriters, including Ahmad Dhani, Melly Goeslaw, and Titi DJ. The album production took a year and a half, including the audition process for the dancers. According to her record label, Aquarius Musikindo, the album sold 35,000 copies before its official release. It was later certified double platinum after selling more than 300,000 copies. The album won three awards after receiving ten nominations at the 2004 Anugerah Musik Indonesia Awards—the highest music awards in Indonesia. They were “Best Female Solo Pop Artist” for the song “Jera”, “Best Dance/Techno Production” for the song “Bilang Saja”, and “Best Duo/Group” for her duet with Ahmad Dhani in “Cinta Mati”. She also won “Best Female Newcomer” at the 2004 Anugerah Planet Muzik awards in Singapore. Because of her success at a young age, she was dubbed a “Young Diva” by members of the media.[10] At this point, she started broaching the idea of an international career.

In addition to promoting her debut album, Agnes also starred in several TV series during this time, playing the lead role in three: Cewekku Jutek, Bunga Perawan, and Cantik. She won “Favorite Actress” at the 2003 Panasonic Awards and “Famous Actress” at 2004 SCTV Awards.

In 2004, after graduating from Pelita Harapan senior high school, Agnes enrolled at Pelita Harapan University, where she majored in Business Law.

2005–2007: Whaddup A.. ‘?!

Agnes launched her second studio album, Whaddup A.. ‘?!, on 10 December 2005. It featured five singles: “Bukan Milikmu Lagi”, “Tanpa Kekasihku”, “Tak Ada Logika”, “Cinta Di Ujung Jalan”, and “Tak Mungkin”. In addition to working with Indonesian musicians such as Melly Goeslaw, Andi Rianto, and Erwin Gutawa, she also collaborated with American singer-songwriter Keith Martin. Martin wrote two English songs for the album, including the duet “I’ll Light a Candle”. To promote the album, Agnes held a concert tour known as Clasnezenzation in four Indonesian cities: Bandar Lampung, Surabaya, Bandung, and Makassar. The album was commercially successful and she won two 2006 Anugerah Musik Indonesia awards for “Best Female Pop Artist” and “Best R&B Production”. She also won the “Most Favorite Female” award at the 2006 MTV Indonesia Awards. She was nominated for “Favorite Indonesian Artist” award at the MTV Asia Awards 2005 (beaten by Peterpan) but, she grabs the youngest artist of all nominees in Asian category. Selling more than 450,000 copies, the album was one of the top-selling albums of 2006 and was certified triple platinum.

In 2005, Agnes appeared in the Taiwanese drama The Hospital, co-starring with Jerry Yan, a member of the Taiwanese boyband F4. She also appeared with Peter Ho in several episodes of the Taiwanese drama Romance in the White House, and starred in two Indonesian soap operas, Ku Tlah Jatuh Cinta and Pink, both televised on Indosiar. In 2006, she starred in the RCTI soap opera Kawin Muda. She also decided to take a break from her education that year to focus on her entertainment career.

In early 2007, Agnes was appointed by the United States of America’s Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and the International Drug Enforcement Conference (IDEC) Far East Region as an Asian anti-drug ambassador. On 15 May 2007, she was an opening act for American R&B group Boyz II Men at a concert in Istora Senayan, Jakarta, and on 23 June of that year, she held her first concert at Stadium Negara in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. She also guest starred in the finale of Asian Idol on 16 December 2007, and performed the song “Get Up”.

2008–2009: Sacredly Agnezious

In 2008, Agnes began working on her third studio album. She released the first single, “Matahariku”, earlier than she had planned. It became her best-selling single, with sales of three million ringback tone downloads within nine months. The song received the “Most Favorite Female” award at the 2008 MTV Indonesia Awards and the “Best Female Solo Pop Artist” award at the 2009 Anugerah Musik Indonesia awards. In September 2008, she released the second single, “Godai Aku Lagi”, which she wrote herself. She also released a mini album containing the two singles. That same year she starred in the RCTI soap opera Jelita.

On 4 October 2008, Agnes was invited as the Indonesian representative at the Asia Song Festival. The event was organized by the Korea Foundation for International Culture Exchange in Seoul, South Korea. She performed with 24 artists from 12 Asian countries. The event was viewed by an audience of 35,000 at the Seoul World Cup Stadium and was broadcast in 30 countries. She performed two of her songs, “Godai Aku Lagi” and “Shake It Off”. During the performance, she incorporated elements of Indonesian traditional dance from Bali. Her performance received positive responses from the Korean media and won the committee’s “Best Asian Artist Award”. The following year, she was invited again and performed three songs: “Shake It Off”, “Temperature”, and Michael Jackson‘s “Heal the World“. This time, 14 artists from across Asia participated and it was viewed by an audience of 40,000. As was the case with her previous performance, Agnes received good reviews and earned the “Best Asian Artist Award”.

Agnes launched her third studio album on 1 April 2009, Sacredly Agnezious. This time, she was involved more in the album production. She worked with the renowned musicians Erwin Gutawa, Dewiq, Pay, and DJ Sumantri. She also acted as producer and songwriter. In addition to the two previous singles, “Matahariku” and “Godai Aku Lagi”, she produced two more singles: “Teruskanlah” and “Janji–Janji”. At the 2010 Anugerah Musik Indonesia awards, she won three awards: “Best Pop Album”, “Best Female Pop Solo Artist”, and “Best of the Best Album”. On 23 May 2009, she appeared as a guest star at the “Festival of Life” in Bali. The celebration commemorated the 50-year anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Japan.

Having already taken an extended break from the Pelita Harapan University, Agnes withdrew from the school. She then began taking distance education classes as a Political Science major at Oregon State University.

2010–Present: Upcoming International Project

In late 2010, Agnes experienced a breakthrough into the international market when she was chosen as an international red carpet host for the annual American Music Awards on 21 November 2010 at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles. Several months later, she announced that she had signed to Sony/ATV Music Publishing and was working on her debut English studio album in London and Los Angeles. In early 2011, she also recorded a duet version of “Said I Loved You…But I Lied” with the American singer Michael Bolton for his compilation album, Gems: The Duets Album. The duet was released in the album’s international version in Asia. Consequently, her slogan “Dream, Believe, and Make it Happen” was used in a 2011 cultural conference to inspire young people organized by the US Embassy in Jakarta.

Agnes released a greatest hits album Agnes Is My Name on 2 February 2011. The album compiled her top hit singles and two new songs, “Karena Ku Sanggup” and “Paralyzed”. The album sold one million copies in three months, earning her the “Million Awards” award from Indonesian KFC, a fast food restaurant chain that marketed the album. Her new song in the album, “Karena Ku Sanggup”, won her the “Best Pop Female Singer” award at the 2011 AMI Awards. She also won the “Most Inbox Video Clip” award at the 2011 Inbox Awards for the “Paralyzed” video clip, which was made in Indonesia and the United States. Another single, “Muda”, was released on 9 November 2012. This song is free to download for simPATI subscribers.

Agnes was often selected to participate in important events. In 2010 she was appointed as an ambassador of the MTV EXIT (End Exploitation and Trafficking) organization, which combats human trafficking, for which she performed at benefit concerts in Surabaya and Jakarta. She was chosen to perform for the 26th SEA Games 2011 Opening Ceremony, with KC Concepcion from the Philippines and the Malaysian singer Jaclyn Victor. Their performance of “Together We Will Shine” was the highlight of the event. In December 2012, she gave the opening and closing speeches at UN Global Youth Forum and performed in the concert held for the event. Her duet song with Timbaland would be one of the digital contents of mobile application launched in 2013 by UN Global Youth.

Agnes was nominated for various international awards. In 2011 she was nominated in the Worldwide Acts Asia Pacific Nominees category for the 2011 MTV Europe Music Awards. In March 2012 she was nominated for the American Nickleodeon Kids Choice Awards 2012 for a new category, Favorite Asian Act. Still in the same year, she won an Mnet Asian Music Awards for Best Asian Artis Indonesia. She was also nominated for 2013 World Music Awards for Best Female Artist.

Other important milestone in Agnes’ career is her selection as a judge on Indonesian Idol season 6 in 2010. Her selection for the panel caused controversy at first because of her age. In 2012 Agnes returned as one of the judges of Indonesian Idol season 7.

On 1 June 2013, Monica released her fourth studio album Agnez Mo Although all songs were composed in English, the album was only released for Indonesian market. The album was released digitally by Entertainment Inc., via Souniq Music. The album’s marketing was bundled with local coffee brand Kopi Kapal Api

Artistry

Agnes has been noted as a powerful soprano with a range (in singing) of three octaves (F3 – F6). Her songs can be classified as pop, R&B, or hip-hop, and she has named Avril Lavigne, Aretha Franklin, Jill Scott, Angie Stone, Madonna, Michael Jackson, Jennifer Lopez, Fantasia, and Beyoncé as her musical influences,. In addition to her singing talent, she is also known as a strong dancer and actress. She is the first Indonesian soloist with a personal dance group, known as Nezindahood. They auditioned during the development of her first album in 2003. She has also written some of her songs and produced her own music videos.[70] She has been described as a perfectionist with a variety of talents by Indonesian commentators.

Honors and Awards

Agnes has become the most-awarded Indonesia singer. Notable awards she has won include ten Anugerah Musik Indonesia, seven Panasonic Awards, and four MTV Indonesia Awards. She has also received many international awards, including an Anugerah Planet Muzik award and two Best Asian Artist Awards. For her contribution and support to Indonesian music, she was given the 2011 Nugraha Bhakti Musik Indonesia (NBMI) award from The Minister of Culture and Tourism and Association of Indonesian Singers, Songwriters and Music Record Producers.Until today Agnes Monica often win Indonesia Nickelodeon Kid Choice Award as most inspiring actress, and seven JPOP Asia Awards

List of awards and nominations received by Agnes Monica

Agnes Monica is an Indonesian recording artist and actress. She started her career in entertainment industry at the age of six as a child singer. She has received numerous awards, including fifteen Anugerah Musik Indonesia, seven Panasonic Awards, and four MTV Indonesia Awards. She has also earned 2011 Nugraha Bhakti Musik Indonesia (NBMI) award from The Minister of Culture and Tourism and Association of Indonesian Singers, Songwriters and Music Record Producers for her contribution to the Indonesian music.

List of awards received by Agnes Monica
Agnes receiving her first AMI Award in 2004
Major Awards Wins
Anugerah Bintang Luminar
1
Anugerah Musik Indonesia
16
Anugerah Planet Muzik
1
Asia Song Festival
3
Dahsyat awards
1
Festival Film Bandung
2
Inbox Awards
1
Indigo Music awards
6
Indonesia Kids Choice Awards
5
Intuned Music Awards
1
JPopAsia Music Awards
7
Marketing Celebrity Image Awards
9
Mnet Asian Music Awards
1
MTV Indonesia Awards
4
Opera Van Java Awards
1
Panasonic Awards
7
Shorty Awards
1
Social Star Awards
3
SCTV Awards
3
SCTV Music Awards
2
Video Music Indonesia Awards
4
Yahoo! OMG Awards
4
Totals
Awards won 82

American Nickelodeon Kids’ Choice Awards

Nickelodeon Kids’ Choice Awards is an annual awards show that airs on the Nickelodeon cable channel, which airs live and is usually held and telecast live on a Saturday night in late March or early April, that honors the year’s biggest television, movie, and music acts, as voted by Nickelodeon viewers. Winners receive a hollow orange blimp figurine.

Year Recipient Award Result
2012 “Paralyzed” Favorite Asian Act Nominated

Anugerah Musik Indonesia

Anugerah Musik Indonesia was created in 1997 by ASIRI (Association of Indonesia Recording Industry), PAPPRI (Association of Indonesian Singers, Songwriters and Music Record Producers), and KCI (Copyright Office of Indonesia). It is an annual awards and the highest music awards given to outstanding artists in Indonesia.

Year Recipient Award Result
2004 “Bilang Saja” Best Pop Solo Female Won
2004 “Bilang Saja” Best Dance/Techno Art Production Won
2004 “Cinta Mati” (feat. Ahmad Dhani) Best Pop Duo/Group Won
2004 And The Story Goes Best Pop Album Nominated
2004 And The Story Goes Best of The Best Album Nominated
2004 And The Story Goes Best Grafis Desain Nominated
2004 “Cinta Mati” (feat. Ahmad Dhani) Best Song Nominated
2004 And The Story Goes Best production work Nominated
2004 And The Story Goes Best Pop Album Nominated
2006 “Tanpa Kekasihku” Best Pop Female Artist Won
2006 “Bukan Milikmu Lagi” Best Rhythm & Blues Production for Solo, Duo or Group Won
2006 “Whaddup A.. ‘?!” Best Pop Album Nominated
2006 Bukan Milikmu Lagi Best Mix Engginer Nominated
2006 “Tanpa Kekasihku” Best Grafis Desain Won
2006 “Whaddup A.. ‘?!” Best Of The Best Album Nominated
2006 “Tanpa Kekasihku” Best Of The Best Production Work Nominated
2009 “Matahariku” Best Female Singer Won
2009 “Godai Aku Lagi” Best R&B Production Work Nominated
2010 “Sacredly Agnezious” Best Of The Best Album Won
2010 “Teruskanlah” Best Pop Female Singer Won
2010 “Teruskanlah” Best Pop Song Nominated
2010 “Sacredly Agnezious” Best Grafis Desain Nominated
2010 Teruskanlah Best Mix Enggineer Nominated
2010 “Sacredly Agnezious” Best recording producer Nominated
2010 “Sacredly Agnezious” Best Pop Album Won
2011 “Karena Ku Sanggup” Best Pop Female Singer Won
2011 “Karena Ku Sanggup” Best Of The Best Production Work Won
2011 Karena Ku Sanggup Best Mix Enggineer Won
2011 “Karena Ku Sanggup” Best Pop Song Nominated
2011 Karena Ku Sanggup Best Producer & Music Director Nominated
2012 “Paralyzed” Best Pop Female Singer Won
2012 “Rindu” Best Of The Best Production Work Won
2012 “Rindu” Best Mix Enggineer Nominated
2012 “Rindu” Best of Music Director Nominated
2013 “Muda” Best Urban Pop Male/Female Solo Artist Nominated
2013 “Muda” Best Of The Best Production Work Nominated
2013 “Muda” Best Soul/R&B Production Work Won
2013 “Muda” Best Pop Song Stylish Nominated

Anugerah Planet Muzik

Anugerah Planet Muzik, also known as Planet Music Awards, is annual awards given to most popular artists from Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia.

Year Recipient Award Result
2004 “Bilang Saja” Best Newcomer Female Singer Won
2007 “Tak Ada Logika” Most Popular Song Nominated
2007 “Tak Ada Logika” Most Popular Female Solo Singer Nominated
2007 “Tak Ada Logika” Best Female Singer Nominated
2009 “Matahariku” Most Popular Regional Artist Nominated
2009 “Matahariku” Most Popular Indonesian Artist Nominated
2009 “Matahariku” Best Song Nominated
2011 “Karena Ku Sanggup” Best Female Artiste Nominated
2012 “Rindu” Best Female Artist Nominated
2012 “Rindu” Most Popular Regional Artist Nominated
2012 “Paralyzed” Most Popular Regional Song Nominated

Asia Song Festival

Asia Song Festival is one of the most famous Asian pop music festival held in South Korea each year featuring Asian top artists from 10 Asian countries. Participating artists will be awarded with the plaque of appreciation by the Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and ‘Best Asian Artists Award’ by the chairman of Korea Foundation for International Culture and Exchange (KOFICE). This festival is recorded and broadcasted by SBS (Korean freeTV), Fuji TV (Japanese freeTV/BS/CS) and over 30 other major broadcasting station all over the world. Agnes is the first female singer in Indonesia invited to perform at this event.

Year Recipient Award Result
2008 “Agnes Monica” Best Asian Artist Won
2009 “Agnes Monica” Best Asian Artist Won
2009 “Agnes Monica” Best Performance Won

Dahsyat Awards

Dahsyat awards is an award from an RCTI show, Dahsyat.

Year Recipient Award Result
2009 “Teruskanlah” Most Awesome Singer Won
2012 “Paralyzed” Most Awesome Solo Singer Nominated
2012 “Paralyzed” Most Awesome Video Nominated

Festival Film Bandung

Festival Film Bandung (FFB) is a form of appreciation of film by Film Forum community. First held regularly since 1987 to the present. Even as the Film Indonesia ‘ sleep ‘ by lelapnya diera 90s, and FFI is not held a tribute to film makers, but still host it by selecting the FFB television films and foreign films from Asia or the West. If other awards gives his best, then gave a Commendable FFB. In addition there is also a winner of more than one also double winner.

Year Recipient Award Result
2011 “Marissa” The Commendable Female Main Character Won
2012 Mimo Ketemu Poscha The Commendable Female Main Character Won

Inbox Awards

Year Recipient Award Result
2011 “Paralyzed” Most Inbox Video Won

Indigo Music Awards

Indigo Music Awards are an award given to artists who have their song used most as ringback tones. Agnes has collected 4 Indigo Music Awards.

Year Recipient Award Result
2009 “Teruskanlah” Best Female Artist Won
2010 “Karena Kusanggup” Best Female Artist Won
2010 “Karena Kusanggup” Song Of the Year Won
2010 “Karena Ku Sanggup” Artist of Year Won
2011 “Rindu” Best Female Artist Won
2011 “Rindu” Artist of Year Won

Indonesia Kids Choice Awards

Indonesia Kids Choice Awards is the Indonesian version of Nickelodeon Kids’ Choice Awards, held since 2008. Agnes won two awards in the first event.

Year Recipient Award Result
2008 “Matahariku” Favourite Female Singer Won
2008 “Matahariku” Wannabe Artist Won
2009 Favorite Actress Nominated
2009 “Teruskanlah” Favorite Female Singer Nominated
2009 Indonesian Star Wannabe Nominated
2010 “Janji Janji” Favorite Female Singer Nominated
2010 Indonesian Star Wannabe Nominated
2010 Slime Star Won
2011 “Paralyzed” Favorite Female Singer Won
2011 Favorite Actress Nominated
2011 Indonesian Star Wannabe Award Nominated
2012 “Paralyzed” Favorite Singer Nominated
2012 “Agnes Monica” Big Inspiration Won
2013 “Muda” Favorite Singer Nominated

Infotainment Awards

Year Recipient Award Result
2012 “Agnes Monica” Most Infotainment Celebrities Nominated
2012 “Agnes Monica” Most Infotainment Dressed Celebrities Nominated
2013 “Agnes Monica” Most Lure Female Celebrities Nominated
2013 “Agnes Monica” Most Awaited Celebrity Performance Nominated
2013 “20 Tahun Agnes Monica Berkarya” Most Phenomenal World Of Entertainment Events Nominated

Intuned Music Awards

Intuned Music Awards is an online award event where fans can cast their votes online for their favourites. For the inaugural event, with over 132 000 votes cast

Year Recipient Award Result
2011 “Paralyzed” Best Artis/Band Nominated
2011 “Paralyzed” Best Female Solo Nominated
2011 “Agnes Is My Name” Best Album Nominated
2011 Most Promising Artist Nominated
2011 “Paralyzed” Best Musical Ability Won
2011 “Paralyzed” Best Music Video Nominated
2011 Best Use Of Social Media Nominated
2011 Sexiest Female Singer Nominated

JPopAsia Music Awards

JPopAsia Music Awards is the largest online Asian music awards with its nominees picked by online community. Agnes won 7 awards out of 8 nominations. Her nomination in this award has caused a dispute because this award was originally created for artists based in Taiwan, Japan and Korea. Her nomination was removed and then listed again after a huge responses came from Agnes’ fans stating their confusions and disagreements.

Year Recipient Award Result
2010 Favorite artist Won
2010 Best female solo Won
2010 Most promising artist/band Won
2010 Best musical ability (vocal, instrumental, etc.) Won
2010 Best use of social media (Facebook, twitter, etc.) Won
2010 Sexiest female singer Won
2010 Most want-to-be girlfriend/boyfriend Won
2011 Agnes Is My Name Best Album Nominated
2011 Paralyzed Best Music Video Nominated
2011 Jera Best Music Video Nominated

Marketing Celebrity Image Awards

Year Recipient Award Result
2004 “Agnes Monica” Most Childish Actress Picture Won
2004 “Agnes Monica” Most Modern Actress Picture Won
2004 “Agnes Monica” Most Oriental Actress Picture Won
2004 “Agnes Monica” Most Favorite Young Actress Picture Won
2005 “Agnes Monica” Most Stylish Actress Picture Won
2005 “Agnes Monica” Most Childish Actress Picture Won
2005 “Agnes Monica” Best Actress Picture Won
2005 “Agnes Monica” Most Selling Actress Picture Won
2005 “Agnes Monica” Most Modern Actress Picture Won

Mnet Asian Music Awards

Mnet Asian Music Awards (commonly abbreviated as MAMA), is one of the major K-pop music awarding ceremonies being held annually, involving the participation of some of the most well-known actors and idols, by Mnet Media. As one of the most important events in the South Korean music industry, it has been attended by many popular and most successful K-Pop acts such as Rain, BoA, TVXQ, SS501, Super Junior, Big Bang, Girls’ Generation, 2NE1 and other artists musically active in South Korea.

Year Recipient Award Result
2012 “Paralyzed” Best Asian Artist Indonesia Won

MTV Asia Awards

MTV Asia Awards is a show that gives recognition and awards to Asian and international icons in achievement, cinema, fashion, humanitarian, and music. Just like the Eroupe Music Awards, most of the awards are voted for by the viewers from the Asian region.

Year Recipient Award Result
2005 Favorite Indonesian Artist Nominated

MTV Europe Music Awards

MTV Europe Music Awards were established in 1994 by MTV Networks Europe to celebrate the most popular music videos in Europe. Originally beginning as an alternative to the American MTV Video Music Awards, the MTV Europe Music Awards is today a popular celebration of what MTV viewers consider the best in music. The awards are chosen by MTV viewers throughout Europe.

Year Recipient Award Result
2011 “Paralyzed” Best Asia and Pacific Act Nominated

MTV Indonesia Awards

MTV Indonesia Awards is the same awards like MTV Eroupe Music Awards and MTV Asia awards. It is an award for Indonesian musician since 2000. The awards are chosen by MTV viewers throughout Indonesia.

Year Recipient Award Result
2006 “Tak Ada Logika” Favorite Female Artist Won
2008 “Matahariku” Favorite Female Artist Won
2009 “Teruskanlah” Most Favorite Female Artist Won
2009 “Teruskanlah” Artist Of The Year Won

Opera Van Java Awards

Year Recipient Award Result
2012 “Agnes Monica” Most Tempted Artist Won

Panasonic Awards

Panasonic Awards is an award given to the most favorite television programs and performances based on poll results since 1997. The poll itself was originally conducted by Indonesia’s Citra tabloid, but was taken over by Nielsen Media Research in 2004.

Year Recipient Award Result
1999 Tralala Trilili Favorite Female Kids Show Presenter Won
2000 Tralala trilili Favorite Female Kids Show Presenter Won
2001 “Pernikahan Dini” Favorite TV Drama Won
2001 “Pernikahan Dini” Favorite Actress Won
2002 “Pernikahan Dini” Favorite Actress Won
2003 Cewekku Jutek Favorite Actress Won
2004 Cantik Favorite Actress Nominated
2005 Ku Tlah Jatuh Cinta Favorite Actress Nominated
2006 “Pink” Favorite Actress Won
2007 Kawin Muda Favorite Actress Won
2011 Pejantan Cantik Favorite Actress Nominated
2013 Mimo Ketemu Poscha Favorite Actress Nominated

Social Star Awards (Starcount)

Starcount is proud to award our Music star and Almighty Social Star Awards.

Year Recipient Award Result
2013 Agnes Monica Indonesian Musician Won
2013 Agnes Monica Indonesian Won
2013 Agnes Monica South East Asia Won

SCTV Awards

The SCTV awards is an award given by SCTV, an Indonesian TV station, for the most favorite programs and actresses based on the audience’s vote.

Year Recipient Award Result
2002 Amanda Famous Actress Won
2003 Kejar Daku Kau Kutangkap Famous Actress Nominated
2004 Cantik Famous Actress Won
2005 Cantik Famous Actress Won
2005 Bilang Saja Famous Singer Nominated
2006 Bukan Milikmu Lagi Famous Singer Nominated
2011 Paralyzed Famous Singer Nominated
2012 Rindu Famous Singer Nominated

SCTV Music Awards

The SCTV Music Awards is an award given by SCTV, an Indonesian TV station, for the most popular songs, albums, and artists based on the audience’s vote.

Year Recipient Award Result
2006 “Whaddup A.. ‘?!” Famous Solo Pop Album Won
2009 “Matahariku (Single)” Famous Solo Pop Album Nominated
2010 “Sacredly Agnezious” Famous Female Solo Pop Album Nominated
2011 “Karena Ku Sanggup (Single)” Famous Solo Pop Album Nominated
2012 “Agnes Is My Name” Famous Female Solo Pop Album Nominated
2013 “Muda” The Most Famous Female Solo Singer Won

Shorty Awards

The Shorty Awards, also known as the Shorties, are an awards event that honors top short-form content creators on the micro-blogging website Twitter. The awards were created in 2008 by tech entrepreneurs Greg Galant, Adam Varga, and Lee Semel of Sawhorse Media.

Year Recipient Award Result
2012 Agnes Monica The Shorty Vox Populi Award Won
The Best Actress In Social Media Nominated
The Best Singer In Social Media Nominated
2013 The Best Singer In Social Media Nominated
The Best Actress In Social Media Nominated
The Best Music In Social Media Nominated

Video Musik Indonesia Awards

Year Recipient Award Result
2006 “Agnes Monica” Best Artist Won
2006 “Whaddup A.. ‘?!” Most Favorite Video Won
2006 “Tanpa Kekasihku” Favorite Video Won
2006 “Tanpa Kekasihku” Favorite Video Artist Won

World Music Awards

The World Music Awards is an international awards show founded in 1989 that annually honors recording artists based on worldwide sales figures provided by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI).

Year Recipient Award Result
2013 “Agnes Monica” World’s Best Female Artist Pending
2013 “Agnes Monica” Best Selling Indonesian Artist Pending

Yahoo! OMG Awards

Year Recipient Award Result
2012 “Agnes Monica” Outstanding Internasional Achievement Won
2012 “Agnes Monica” Most Wanted Female Won
2012 “Agnes Monica” Most Inspiring Won
2012 “Agnes Monica” Most Stylish Won

Other Awards and Honors

In 2007 Agnes was appointed by the Drug Enforcement Administration of the United States and IDEC Far East Region as an ambassador for Asia Anti Drugs Movement. She was also appointed as the ambassador of MTV EXIT in combating human trafficking in 2010. In the end of 2010, she was selected as one of the international co-hosts of 2010 American Music Awards. She has also earned 2011 Nugraha Bhakti Musik Indonesia (NBMI) from The Minister of Culture and Tourism and Association of Indonesian Singers, Songwriters and Music Record Producers for her contribution and support for the Indonesian music. Other awards she received are as follows:

Relationships and Personal LifeAgnes is closed about her personal relationships and she often said that having a boyfriend is not her priority in life. She also stated that personal relationships should remain private. However, in November 2007 it was revealed that she was involved in a relationship with Dirly, the runner-up of Indonesian Idol season 3, although the relationship didn’t last long. Also rumor has spreaded that Agnes has a special relation with Rezky Aditya and lately close to Choi Siwon member of South Korea boyband Super JuniorFundraisingAgnes has conducted fundraising activities for victims of the 2004 Tsunami in Aceh and the 2006 earthquake in Java. In 2009, Agnes visited Situ Gintung, where a dam failure had caused flooding. She also donated a sum of money to relief efforts and performed several of her songs for the victims. Agnes also helped to raise over Rp 400 million (approx. US$44,000 as of December 2011) for Persis, an association football team based in Surakarta, through a benefit concert held at the Diamond Convention Center in Surakarta. In 2011, she participated at The Save Teen Charity Concert in Jakarta, a benefit concert to raise money to help teenagers who have dropped out of school.DiscographyMain article: Agnes Monica discographyTelevision series

  • Lupus Milenia (1999)
  • Mr Hologram (1999)
  • Pernikahan Dini (2001)
  • Amanda (2002)
  • Ciuman Pertama (2002)
  • Cinta Selembut Awan (2002)
  • Cewekku Jutek (2003)
  • Cantik (2004)
  • Bunga Perawan (2004)
  • Ku ‘Tlah Jatuh Cinta (2005)
  • Pink (2006)
  • Romance in the White House (2006)
  • The Hospital (2006)
  • Kawin Muda (2006)
  • Jelita (2008)
  • Kawin Masal (2008)
  • Pejantan Cantik (2010)
  • Marissa (2011)
  • Mimo Ketemu Poscha (2012)
  • 3 Peas in a Pod – Special appearance + Theme song Singer (2013)

Presenter

  • VAN (Video Anak Anteve) – Antv
  • Tralala-TrililiRCTI
  • Diva RomeoTrans TV
  • MTV Ampuh Indonesia (guest host in 2005) – Global TV
  • American Music Awards of 2010ABC Channel

Reception and criticismAgnes’ potential international career has been a subject of adoration and criticism. The term “go international” has been synonymous with her, and is often used to ridicule her attempts to perform on a bigger platform, that has been pledged by her in early 2000s.

Year Awards
2005
  • Golden Marketing Celebrity Image Award – The Most Stylish Image Actress
  • Golden Marketing Celebrity Image Award – The Most Boyish Image Actress
  • Golden Marketing Celebrity Image Award – The Most Selling Image Actress
  • Golden Marketing Celebrity Image Award – The Best Ignored Image Actress
  • Golden Marketing Celebrity Image Award – The Most Modern Image Actress
  • Indonesian News Channel – Favorite Female Video
2006
  • Dewan Pimpinan Pusat Persatuan Artis – Phenomenal New Generation Indonesian Music Artist
  • Jawa Pos Award – Favorite Female Solo Singer Deteksi Jawa Pos
2007
  • Star Entertainer
  • Go Show Awards – Hottest Show
2009
  • Class Mild Awards: Class Music Heroes
  • Trax FM Jakarta – The Now Generation is in Action
2010
  • AMICA Magazine – Adorable Celebrity Hairstyle
  • Be Radio Awards (Be Radio Karawang) – Best Female
  • Cosmopolitan Readers Choice Awards (Cosmopolitan Magazine) – The Most Fashionable Women of The Year
  • (Indonesian) Femina Magazine – One of The Headline Newsmakers as Proud Achievement
  • Gadis Awards (Gadis Magazine Viewers’ Choice) – The Most Favorite Local Artist
  • Hai Magazine (Indonesian) – Artist of The Year
  • Hai Readers Choice Awards (Hai Magazine) – Best Female
  • Indonesian Children Newspaper – 100 most influential people in Indonesia
  • Johnny Andrean Awards (Femina[disambiguation needed] Magazine Viewers’ Choice) – The Most Stylish Celebrity
  • kapanlagi.com – The Most Revered Artist
  • kapanlagi.com – The Most Kissable Artist
  • Star Musik Indonesian Awards – Most Favorite Pop Female Singer
  • Star Musik Indonesian Awards by vote – Most Favorite Video Clip in 20th Century “Tanpa Kekasihku”
2011
  • Nugraha Bhakti Musik Indonesia 2011 – Dari Menteri Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata dan Persatuan Artis Penyanyi, Pencipta Lagu dan Penata Musik Rekaman Indonesia (PAPPRI)
  • Intens – selebrity paling menginspirasi 2011.
  • Million Awards – penjualan albumn AGNES IS MY NAME terjual sebanyak 1 juta keping dalam waktu 3 bulan.
  • kapanlagi.com – The Most Shining Stars 2011 urutan 2
  • kapanlagi.com – ARTIS PALING BANYAK DI PUJA 2011 urutan 2
2012
  • 4th Shorty Award 2012 for Vox Populi Award with the most voted of all categories and beat the other rival such Justin Bieber, Selena Gomez, Greyson Chance, etc.

Indonesian discography

Studio albums
  • And the Story Goes (2003)
  • Whaddup A.. ‘?! (2005)
  • Sacredly Agnezious (2009)
Extended plays
  • Nez (2008)
Compilation albums
  • Agnes Is My Name (2011)

English discography

Studio albums
  • Agnez Mo (2013)

Angelina Jolie

Angelina Jolie . Biography


 

30 Juni 2013

Tremendous-Charity-Work-by-Angelina-Jolie-Made-Her-Real-Star

Angelina Jolie (/ˈl/ joh-LEE, born Angelina Jolie Voight; June 4, 1975) is an American Actress, film director, screenwriter, and author. She has received an Academy Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and three Golden Globe Awards, and was named Hollywood’s highest-paid actress by Forbes in 2009 and 2011. Jolie promotes humanitarian causes, and is noted for her work with refugees as a Special Envoy and former Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). She has often been cited as the world’s “most beautiful” woman, a title for which she has received substantial media attention.

Opera Snapshot_2018-10-28_214211_en.wikipedia.org

Angelina Jolie

angelina-jolie-success-100-100
Jolie at the May 2012 launch of a UK initiative on preventing sexual violence in conflict
Born Angelina Jolie Voight
June 4, 1975 (age 38)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Citizenship United States, Cambodia, Sarajevo (honorary)
Occupation Actress, film director, screenwriter
Years active 1982; 1991–present
Spouse(s)
  • Jonny Lee Miller (m. 1996–d. 1999)
  • Billy Bob Thornton (m. 2000–d. 2003)
Partner(s) Brad Pitt (2005–present)
Children 6 (Six)
Parents Jon Voight
Marcheline Bertrand
Relatives James Haven (brother)
Chip Taylor (uncle)

Jolie made her screen debut as a child alongside her father, Jon Voight, in Lookin’ to Get Out (1982), but her film career began in earnest a decade later with the low-budget production Cyborg 2 (1993). Her first leading role in a major film was in the cyber-thriller Hackers (1995). She starred in the critically acclaimed biographical television films George Wallace (1997) and Gia (1998), and won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the drama Girl, Interrupted (1999).

Jolie achieved wide fame after her portrayal of the video game heroine Lara Croft in Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001), and established herself among the highest-paid actresses in Hollywood with the sequel The Cradle of Life (2003). She continued her action star career with Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005), Wanted (2008), and Salt (2010)—her biggest live-action commercial successes to date—and received further critical acclaim for her performances in the dramas A Mighty Heart (2007) and Changeling (2008), which earned her a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Jolie made her directorial debut with the wartime drama In the Land of Blood and Honey (2011).

Divorced from actors Jonny Lee Miller and Billy Bob Thornton, Jolie now lives with actor Brad Pitt, in a relationship notable for fervent media attention. Jolie and Pitt have three biological children and three adopted children.

Early Life and Family

Born in Los Angeles, California, Jolie is the daughter of actors Jon Voight and Marcheline Bertrand. She is the sister of actor James Haven, niece of singer-songwriter Chip Taylor, and goddaughter of actors Jacqueline Bisset and Maximilian Schell. On her father’s side, Jolie is of German and Slovak descent, and on her mother’s side, she is of primarily French Canadian, Dutch, and German ancestry. Like her mother, Jolie has stated that she is part Iroquois, although her only known Native American ancestor was a Huron woman born in 1649.

After her parents’ separation in 1976, Jolie and her brother lived with their mother, who had abandoned her acting ambitions to focus on raising her children. As a child, Jolie often watched movies with her mother and explained this had inspired her interest in acting; she stated that she was not influenced by her father’s career. When she was six years old, her mother and stepfather, filmmaker Bill Day, moved the family to Palisades, New York; they returned to Los Angeles five years later. She then decided she wanted to act and enrolled at the Lee Strasberg Theatre Institute, where she trained for two years and appeared in several stage productions.

At the age of 14, Jolie dropped out of her acting classes and aspired to become a funeral director. She began working as a fashion model, modeling mainly in Los Angeles, New York, and London. During this period, she wore black clothing, experimented with knife play, and went out moshing with her live-in boyfriend. Two years later, after the relationship had ended, she rented an apartment above a garage a few blocks from her mother’s home. She graduated from high school and returned to theater studies, though in recent times she has referred to this period with the observation, “I am still at heart—and always will be—just a punk kid with tattoos.

Jolie suffered episodes of suicidal depression throughout her teens and early twenties. She felt isolated at Beverly Hills High School among the children of some of the area’s affluent families, as her mother survived on a more modest income, and she was teased by other students, who targeted her for being extremely thin and for wearing glasses and braces. She found it difficult to emotionally connect with other people, and as a result she started to self-harm;later commenting, “I collected knives and always had certain things around. For some reason, the ritual of having cut myself and feeling the pain, maybe feeling alive, feeling some kind of release, it was somehow therapeutic to me. She also began experimenting with drugs; by the age of 20, she had tried “just about every drug possible,” including heroin.

Jolie's father, Jon Voight, in 2011
Jolie’s father, Jon Voight, in 2011

Jolie has had a difficult relationship with her father. Because of Voight’s marital infidelity and the resulting breakup of her parents’ marriage, she was estranged from her father for many years. They reconciled and he appeared with her in Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001), but their relationship again deteriorated. In July 2002, Jolie—who had long used her middle name as a stage name to establish her own identity as an actress—filed a request to legally drop Voight as her surname, which was granted on September 12, 2002. In August of that year, Voight claimed his daughter had “serious mental problems” on Access Hollywood. In response, Jolie released a statement in which she indicated that she no longer wished to pursue a relationship with her father. She explained that because she had adopted her son Maddox, she did not think it was healthy for her to associate with Voight. In the wake of her mother’s death from ovarian cancer on January 27, 2007, Jolie again reconciled with her father after a six-year estrangement.

Career

Early Work: 1982; 1991–1997

When she was seven years old, Jolie had a small part in Lookin’ to Get Out (1982), a movie co-written by and starring her father, Jon Voight. She committed to acting at the age of 16, but initially found it difficult to pass auditions, often being told that she was “too dark. She appeared in five of her brother’s student films, made while he attended the USC School of Cinema-Television, as well as in several music videos, namely Lenny Kravitz’s “Stand by My Woman” (1991); Antonello Venditti’s version of Crowded House’s hit “Don’t Dream It’s Over”, “Alta Marea” (1991); The Lemonheads’s “It’s About Time” (1993); and Meat Loaf’s “Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through” (1993). She began to learn from her father, as she noticed his method of observing people to become like them. Their relationship during this time was less strained, with Jolie realizing that they were both “drama queens.

Jolie began her professional film career in 1993, when she played her first leading role in the low-budget, straight-to-video science-fiction sequel Cyborg 2, as Casella “Cash” Reese, a near-human robot, designed to seduce her way into a rival manufacturer’s headquarters and then self-detonate. Jolie was so disappointed with the film that she did not audition again for a year. Following a supporting role in the independent film Without Evidence (1995), Jolie starred as Kate “Acid Burn” Libby in her first Hollywood picture, Hackers (1995). The New York Times wrote, “Kate (Angelina Jolie) stands out. That’s because she scowls even more sourly than [her co-stars] and is that rare female hacker who sits intently at her keyboard in a see-through top. Despite her sullen posturing, which is all this role requires, Ms. Jolie has the sweetly cherubic looks of her father, Jon Voight. The movie failed to make a profit at the box office, but developed a cult following after its video release.

She next appeared in the 1996 comedy Love Is All There Is, a modern-day loose adaptation of Romeo and Juliet set among two rival Italian family restaurant owners in The Bronx, New York. In the road movie Mojave Moon (1996) she played a young woman who falls for Danny Aiello’s middle-aged character, while he develops feelings for her mother, played by Anne Archer. That same year, Jolie also portrayed Margret “Legs” Sadovsky, one of five teenage girls who form an unlikely bond in the film Foxfire after they beat up a teacher who has sexually harassed them. The Los Angeles Times wrote about her performance, “It took a lot of hogwash to develop this character, but Jolie, Jon Voight’s knockout daughter, has the presence to overcome the stereotype. Though the story is narrated by Maddy, Legs is the subject and the catalyst.

In 1997, Jolie starred with David Duchovny in the thriller Playing God, set in the Los Angeles underworld. The movie was not well received by critics; Roger Ebert noted that “Angelina Jolie […] finds a certain warmth in a kind of role that is usually hard and aggressive; she seems too nice to be Blossom’s girlfriend, and maybe she is. She then appeared in the television film True Women (1997), a historical romantic drama set in the American West and based on the book by Janice Woods Windle. That year, she also appeared as a stripper in the music video for “Anybody Seen My Baby?” by the Rolling Stones.

Breakthrough: 1998–2000

Jolie’s career prospects began to improve after she won a Golden Globe Award for her performance in TNT’s George Wallace (1997). She portrayed Cornelia Wallace, the second wife of Alabama Governor George Wallace, played by Gary Sinise. The film was very well received by critics and won, among other awards, the Golden Globe Award for Best Miniseries or Television Film. Jolie also received an Emmy Award nomination for her performance.

In 1998, Jolie starred in HBO’s Gia, portraying supermodel Gia Carangi. The film chronicled the destruction of Carangi’s life and career as a result of her addiction to heroin, and her decline and death from AIDS in the mid-1980s. Vanessa Vance from Reel.com noted, “Angelina Jolie gained wide recognition for her role as the titular Gia, and it’s easy to see why. Jolie is fierce in her portrayal—filling the part with nerve, charm, and desperation—and her role in this film is quite possibly the most beautiful train wreck ever filmed. For the second consecutive year, Jolie won a Golden Globe Award and was nominated for an Emmy Award. She also won her first Screen Actors Guild Award.

In accordance with Lee Strasberg’s method acting, Jolie preferred to stay in character in between scenes during many of her early films, and as a result had gained a reputation for being difficult to deal with. While shooting Gia, she told her then-husband Jonny Lee Miller that she would not be able to phone him: “I’d tell him: ‘I’m alone; I’m dying; I’m gay; I’m not going to see you for weeks. After Gia wrapped in 1997, Jolie announced that she had given up acting for good, because she felt that she had “nothing else to give. She separated from Miller and moved to New York, where she enrolled at New York University to study filmmaking and attend writing classes; she later described it as “just good for me to collect myself. Encouraged by her Golden Globe Award win for George Wallace and the positive critical reception of Gia, she resumed her career.

Jolie returned to film in the 1998 gangster movie Hell’s Kitchen. Later that year, she appeared in Playing by Heart, part of an ensemble cast that included Sean Connery, Gillian Anderson, Ryan Phillippe, and Jon Stewart. The film received predominantly positive reviews, and Jolie was praised in particular. The San Francisco Chronicle wrote, “Jolie, working through an overwritten part, is a sensation as the desperate club crawler learning truths about what she’s willing to gamble.” Jolie won the Breakthrough Performance Award from the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures.

In 1999, she starred in the comedy-drama Pushing Tin, alongside John Cusack, Billy Bob Thornton, and Cate Blanchett. The film received a mixed reception from critics, and Jolie’s character—Thornton’s seductive wife—was particularly criticized. The Washington Post wrote, “Mary (Angelina Jolie) [is] a completely ludicrous writer’s creation of a free-spirited woman who weeps over hibiscus plants that die, wears lots of turquoise rings and gets real lonely when Russell spends entire nights away from home. She then co-starred with Denzel Washington in The Bone Collector (1999), an adaptation of a crime novel by Jeffery Deaver. Jolie played a police officer haunted by her cop father’s suicide, who reluctantly helps Washington track down a serial killer. The movie grossed $151 million worldwide,[9] but was a critical failure. The Detroit Free Press concluded, “Jolie, while always delicious to look at, is simply and woefully miscast.

“Jolie is emerging as one of the great wild spirits of current movies, a loose cannon who somehow has deadly aim.”

—Roger Ebert on Jolie’s performance in Girl, Interrupted (1999)

Jolie next took the supporting role of the sociopathic mental patient Lisa Rowe in Girl, Interrupted (1999), an adaptation of author Susanna Kaysen’s memoir of the same name. While Winona Ryder played the main character in what was hoped to be a comeback for her, the film instead marked Jolie’s final breakthrough in Hollywood. She won her third Golden Globe Award, her second Screen Actors Guild Award, and an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. Variety noted, “Jolie is excellent as the flamboyant, irresponsible girl who turns out to be far more instrumental than the doctors in Susanna’s rehabilitation.

In 2000, Jolie appeared in her first summer blockbuster, Gone In 60 Seconds, in which she played Sarah “Sway” Wayland, the ex-girlfriend of car thief Nicolas Cage. The role was small, and The Washington Post criticized that “all she does in this movie is stand around, cooling down, modeling those fleshy, pulsating muscle-tubes that nest so provocatively around her teeth. She later explained that the film had been a welcome relief after the emotionally heavy role of Lisa Rowe. It became her highest-grossing movie to that point, earning $237 million internationally.

International Success: 2001–2005

Although highly regarded for her acting abilities, Jolie’s films to date had often not appealed to a wide audience, but Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) made her an international superstar. An adaptation of the popular Tomb Raider videogame, Jolie was required to learn an English accent and undergo extensive martial arts training to play the title role of Lara Croft. She was generally praised for her physical performance, but the movie generated mostly negative reviews. Slant commented, “Angelina Jolie was born to play Lara Croft but [director] Simon West makes her journey into a game of Frogger. The movie was an international success nonetheless, earning $275 million worldwide, and launched her global reputation as a female action star.

Jolie at the Cologne premiere of Alexander in 2004

Jolie then starred opposite Antonio Banderas as his mail-order bride in Original Sin (2001), a thriller based on the novel Waltz into Darkness by Cornell Woolrich. The film was a major critical failure, with The New York Times noting, “The story plunges more precipitously than Ms. Jolie’s neckline. In 2002, she starred in Life or Something Like It as an ambitious television reporter who is told that she will die in a week. The film was poorly received by critics, though Jolie’s performance received positive reviews. CNN’s Paul Clinton wrote, “Jolie is excellent in her role. Despite some of the ludicrous plot points in the middle of the film, this Academy Award-winning actress is exceedingly believable in her journey towards self-discovery and the true meaning of fulfilling life.

Jolie reprised her role as Lara Croft in Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life (2003), which established her among Hollywood’s highest-paid actresses.[8] The sequel was not as lucrative as the original, earning $156 million at the international box office.[9] She appeared in the music video for Korn’s “Did My Time”, which was used to promote the film. She next starred in Beyond Borders (2003), as a socialite who joins aid workers in Africa and Asia. The film reflected Jolie’s real-life interest in promoting humanitarian relief, but it was critically and financially unsuccessful. The Los Angeles Times wrote, “Jolie, as she did in her Oscar-winning role in Girl, Interrupted, can bring electricity and believability to roles that have a reality she can understand. She can also, witness the Lara Croft films, do acknowledged cartoons. But the limbo of a hybrid character, a badly written cardboard person in a fly-infested, blood-and-guts world, completely defeats her.

In 2004, Jolie starred alongside Ethan Hawke in the thriller Taking Lives. She portrayed an FBI profiler summoned to help Montreal law enforcement hunt down a serial killer. The movie received mixed reviews and The Hollywood Reporter concluded, “Angelina Jolie plays a role that definitely feels like something she has already done, but she does add an unmistakable dash of excitement and glamour. She also provided the voice of the angelfish Lola in the DreamWorks animated movie Shark Tale (2004), and had a brief appearance in Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow (2004), a science fiction adventure film shot entirely with actors in front of a bluescreen. That same year, Jolie played Olympias in Alexander, about the life of Alexander the Great. The film failed domestically, which director Oliver Stone attributed to disapproval of the depiction of Alexander’s bisexuality, but it succeeded internationally, with revenue of $139 million outside the United States.

Continued Success: 2005–2011

Jolie then starred opposite Brad Pitt in the 2005 action-comedy Mr. & Mrs. Smith, which tells the story of a bored married couple, John and Jane Smith, who find out that they are both secret assassins. The film received mixed reviews, but was generally lauded for the chemistry between the two leads. The Star Tribune noted, “While the story feels haphazard, the movie gets by on gregarious charm, galloping energy and the stars’ thermonuclear screen chemistry. The movie earned $478 million worldwide, making it the seventh-highest grossing film of 2005.

Jolie as Christine Collins on the set of Changeling in 2007
Jolie as Christine Collins on the set of Changeling in 2007

Jolie next appeared in Robert De Niro’s The Good Shepherd (2006), a film about the early history of the CIA, as seen through the eyes of Edward Wilson, an officer based on James Jesus Angleton and played by Matt Damon. Jolie played the supporting role of Margaret “Clover” Russell, Wilson’s neglected wife. According to the Chicago Tribune, “Jolie ages convincingly throughout, and is blithely unconcerned with how her brittle character is coming off in terms of audience sympathy.

In 2007, Jolie made her directorial debut with the documentary A Place in Time, which captures daily life in 27 locations around the world during a single week. The film was screened at the Tribeca Film Festival and was intended for distribution to high schools through the National Education Association. Jolie then starred as Mariane Pearl in the documentary-style drama A Mighty Heart (2007). Based on Pearl’s memoir of the same name, the film chronicles the kidnapping and murder of her husband, The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl, in Pakistan. The Hollywood Reporter described Jolie’s performance as “well-measured and moving,” played “with respect and a firm grasp on a difficult accent. Jolie was nominated for a Golden Globe Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award for her performance. She also played Grendel’s mother in the animated epic Beowulf (2007), which was created through the motion capture technique.

Jolie co-starred alongside James McAvoy and Morgan Freeman in the 2008 action movie Wanted, an adaptation of Mark Millar’s graphic novel of the same name. The film received predominately favorable reviews and proved an international success, earning $342 million worldwide.[9] She also provided the voice of Master Tigress in the DreamWorks animated movie Kung Fu Panda (2008). With revenue of $632 million internationally, it became the third-highest grossing film of 2008. That same year, Jolie took on the lead role in Clint Eastwood’s drama Changeling. Based in part on the Wineville Chicken Coop Murders, the film stars Jolie as Christine Collins, who is reunited with her kidnapped son in 1928 Los Angeles—only to realize the boy is an impostor. The Chicago Tribune noted, “Jolie really shines in the calm before the storm, the scenes […] when one patronizing male authority figure after another belittles her at their peril.”[53] Jolie received nominations for an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and a BAFTA Award.

Jolie on the Salt panel at the San Diego Comic-Con in 2010
Jolie on the Salt panel at the San Diego Comic-Con in 2010

Jolie next starred in the 2010 thriller Salt, her first film in two years. She starred alongside Liev Schreiber as CIA agent Evelyn Salt, who goes on the run after she is accused of being a KGB sleeper agent. Originally written as a male character, Salt underwent a gender change after a Columbia Pictures executive suggested Jolie for the role to director Phillip Noyce. The film was an international success with revenues of $294 million. It received mixed to positive reviews, with Jolie’s performance earning praise; Empire remarked, “When it comes to selling incredible, crazy, death-defying antics, Jolie has few peers in the action business.

She also starred opposite Johnny Depp in The Tourist (2010), which was a major critical failure. Peter Travers wrote, “Depp and Jolie hit career lows, producing the chemistry of high-fashion zombies. Roger Ebert defended Jolie, stating she “does her darndest” and “plays her femme fatale with flat-out, drop-dead sexuality. Despite the general criticism, after a slow start at the domestic box office, the film went on to gross a respectable $278 million worldwide. Jolie received a controversial Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance, which gave rise to speculation that it had been given merely to ensure her high-profile presence at the awards ceremony.

2011–Present

In 2011, Jolie reprised her voice role as Master Tigress in the animated DreamWorks sequel Kung Fu Panda 2. It became the fourth-highest grossing film of 2011 and Jolie’s highest grossing film to date, earning $666 million at the international box office. She also made her directorial feature debut with In the Land of Blood and Honey (2011), a love story between a Serb soldier and a Bosniak prisoner of war, set during the 1992–95 Bosnian War. Jolie, who had twice visited Bosnia and Herzegovina in her capacity as a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador, explained that she made the film to rekindle attention for the survivors of a war that took place in recent history.[60] The film, which Jolie also scripted and co-produced, aroused both praise and criticism in the Balkans; the response from Bosniak war-victims advocacy organizations was “overwhelmingly positive,”[61] while a Serb war prisoners group decried the film for its alleged anti-Serb bias.[62] Sarajevo’s regional government named Jolie an honorary citizen of the capital for raising awareness of the war.[63] In the Land of Blood and Honey won the Stanley Kramer Award from the Producers Guild of America, which honors films that highlight provocative social issues. It also received a nomination for a Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

Jolie will play the Disney villain Maleficent in the upcoming film of the same name, where the character’s background story will be revealed.

In February 2013, it was announced that Jolie will be teaming up with the Coen brothers to tell the story of World War II hero Louis Zamperini. The brothers are set to rewrite Unbroken, the adaptation of the 2010 book by Laura Hillenbrand. Jolie is set to direct the film.

Humanitarian Work

Jolie stated that she first became personally aware of worldwide humanitarian crises while filming Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) in Cambodia. She contacted the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) for information on international trouble spots. To learn more about the conditions in these areas, Jolie began visiting refugee camps around the world. In February 2001, she went on her first field visit, an 18-day mission to Sierra Leone and Tanzania; she later expressed her shock at what she had witnessed. In the following months, she returned to Cambodia for two weeks and met with Afghan refugees in Pakistan.[69][70] She covered all costs related to her missions and shared the same rudimentary working and living conditions as UNHCR field staff on all of her visits Jolie was named a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador at UNHCR headquarters in Geneva on August 27, 2001.

“We cannot close ourselves off to information and ignore the fact that millions of people are out there suffering. I honestly want to help. I don’t believe I feel differently from other people. I think we all want justice and equality, a chance for a life with meaning. All of us would like to believe that if we were in a bad situation someone would help us.”

—Jolie on her motives for joining UNHCR in 2001

Since then, Jolie has been on field missions around the world and met with refugees and internally displaced persons in more than 30 countries.Asked what she hoped to accomplish, she stated, “Awareness of the plight of these people. I think they should be commended for what they have survived, not looked down upon. Jolie aims to visit what she terms “forgotten emergencies,” crises that media attention has shifted away from. She is noted for not shying away from traveling to areas that are at war: She visited the Darfur region of Sudan during the Darfur conflict in 2004; Pakistan with Brad Pitt to see the impact of the 2005 Kashmir earthquake in 2005; Chad during its civil war in 2007; Iraq during the Second Gulf War in 2007 and 2009; Afghanistan during the ongoing war in 2008 and 2011;  and Libya during the Libyan revolution in 2011.

After more than a decade of service as Goodwill Ambassador, Jolie was promoted to the rank of Special Envoy of High Commissioner António Guterres on April 17, 2012. As Special Envoy, she represents the UNHCR and High Commissioner António Guterres at the diplomatic level and works to facilitate long-term solutions for people displaced by large-scale crises, such as Afghanistan and Somalia. “This is an exceptional position reflecting an exceptional role she has played for us,” said a UNHCR spokesman.

Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Jolie at World Refugee Day in 2005
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Jolie at World Refugee Day in 2005

In addition to her work with the UNHCR, Jolie uses her public profile to promote humanitarian causes through the mass media. Her early field visits were chronicled in her book Notes from My Travels, which was published in conjunction with the release of her film Beyond Borders (2003). She filmed a 2005 MTV special, The Diary of Angelina Jolie & Dr. Jeffrey Sachs in Africa, portraying her and noted economist Dr. Jeffrey Sachs on a trip to a remote group of villages in Western Kenya. Jolie has also regularly released public service announcements promoting World Refugee Day and other causes.

Over time, Jolie became more involved in promoting humanitarian causes on a political level. She has regularly attended World Refugee Day in Washington, D.C., and she was an invited speaker at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2005 and 2006. She also began lobbying humanitarian interests in the U.S. capital, where she met with members of Congress at least 20 times between 2003 and 2006, during which she pushed for several bills to aid refugees and vulnerable children in the Third World and the United States. She explained in 2006, “As much as I would love to never have to visit Washington, that’s the way to move the ball.”[71] In 2007, she became a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Jolie has established several charitable organizations. In 2003, she founded the Maddox Jolie-Pitt Foundation—named the Maddox Jolie Project until 2007—which is dedicated to community development and environmental conservation in Cambodia’s northwestern province Battambang. In 2006, she partnered with the Global Health Committee to establish the Maddox Chivan Children’s Center, a daycare facility for children afflicted and affected by HIV in the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh. That same year, she and her partner Brad Pitt founded the Jolie-Pitt Foundation, to aid humanitarian causes worldwide. In 2007, Jolie and noted economist Dr. Gene Sperling founded the Education Partnership for Children of Conflict, which funds education programs for children affected by man-made or natural disasters. In 2008, she collaborated with the Microsoft Corporation to establish Kids in Need of Defense, a pro bono movement of law firms, corporate law departments, NGOs and volunteers committed to providing legal counsel to unaccompanied immigrant children in the U.S. In 2010, she established the Jolie Legal Fellows Programme, which recruits lawyers to support governmental child protection efforts in Haiti.

Jolie has received wide recognition for her humanitarian work. In 2002, she received the inaugural Humanitarian Award by the Church World Service’s Immigration and Refugee Program. In 2003, she was the first recipient of the Citizen of the World Award by the United Nations Correspondents Association. In 2005, she was awarded the Global Humanitarian Award by the UNA-USA.On July 31, 2005, King Norodom Sihamoni awarded Jolie Cambodian citizenship for her conservation work in the country. In 2007, Jolie received the Freedom Award by the International Rescue Committee.[93] In 2011, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres presented Jolie with a gold pin reserved for the most long-serving staff, in recognition of her decade as a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador.

Personal life

Relationships

Jolie had a serious boyfriend for two years from the age of 14. Her mother allowed them to live together in her home, of which Jolie later said, “I was either going to be reckless on the streets with my boyfriend or he was going to be with me in my bedroom with my mom in the next room. She made the choice, and because of it, I continued to go to school every morning and explored my first relationship in a safe way. She has compared the relationship to a marriage in its emotional intensity, and said that the breakup compelled her to dedicate herself to her acting career at the age of 16.

During filming of Hackers (1995), Jolie had a romance with British actor Jonny Lee Miller, her first lover since the relationship in her early teens. They were not in touch for many months after production ended, but eventually reconnected and married soon after on March 28, 1996. She attended her wedding in black rubber pants and a white T-shirt, upon which she had written the groom’s name in her blood. Jolie and Miller separated in September 1997 and divorced on February 3, 1999. They remained on good terms, and Jolie later explained, “It comes down to timing. I think he’s the greatest husband a girl could ask for. I’ll always love him, we were simply too young.

Jolie and her partner Brad Pitt at the Deauville premiere of The Assassination of Jesse James in 2007
Jolie and her partner Brad Pitt at the Deauville premiere of The Assassination of Jesse James in 2007

Jolie had a brief relationship with model-actress Jenny Shimizu on the set of Foxfire (1996). She later said, “I would probably have married Jenny if I hadn’t married my husband. I fell in love with her the first second I saw her. Shimizu claimed in 2005 that her relationship with Jolie had lasted many years and continued even while Jolie was romantically involved with other people. In 2003, asked if she was bisexual, Jolie responded, “Of course. If I fell in love with a woman tomorrow, would I feel that it’s okay to want to kiss and touch her? If I fell in love with her? Absolutely! Yes!

After a two-month courtship, Jolie married actor Billy Bob Thornton on May 5, 2000, in Las Vegas. They met on the set of Pushing Tin (1999), but did not pursue a relationship at that time as Thornton was engaged to actress Laura Dern. As a result of their frequent public declarations of passion and gestures of love—most famously wearing one another’s blood in vials around their necks—their marriage became a favorite topic of the entertainment media.[103] Jolie and Thornton announced the adoption of a son from Cambodia in March 2002, but abruptly separated three months later. Their divorce was finalized on May 27, 2003. Asked about the sudden dissolution of their marriage, Jolie stated, “It took me by surprise, too, because overnight, we totally changed. I think one day we had just nothing in common. And it’s scary but… I think it can happen when you get involved and you don’t know yourself yet.

In early 2005, Jolie was involved in a well-publicized Hollywood scandal when she was accused of being the reason for the divorce of actors Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston. She and Pitt were alleged to have started an affair during filming of Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005). She denied this on several occasions, but later admitted that they “fell in love” on the set. She explained in 2005, “To be intimate with a married man, when my own father cheated on my mother, is not something I could forgive. I could not look at myself in the morning if I did that. I wouldn’t be attracted to a man who would cheat on his wife. Jolie and Pitt did not publicly comment on the nature of their relationship until January 2006, when Jolie confirmed to People that she was pregnant with Pitt’s child.[106] Pitt and Jolie announced their engagement in April 2012, after seven years together. The couple—dubbed “Brangelina” by the entertainment media—are the subject of worldwide media coverage.

Children

On March 10, 2002, Jolie adopted her first child, seven-month-old Maddox Chivan, from an orphanage in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. He was born as Rath Vibol on August 5, 2001, in a local village. Jolie applied for adoption after she had visited Cambodia twice, while filming Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) and on a UNHCR field mission. The adoption process was halted in December 2001 when the U.S. government banned adoptions from Cambodia amid allegations of child trafficking. Once the adoption was finalized, she took custody of Maddox in Namibia, where she was filming Beyond Borders (2003). Although Jolie and her then-husband Billy Bob Thornton announced the adoption together, she in fact adopted Maddox as a single parent.

Jolie adopted a daughter, six-month-old Zahara Marley, from an orphanage in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on July 6, 2005. Zahara was born as Yemsrach on January 8, 2005, in Awasa. At the time of the adoption, Zahara was wrongly believed to be an AIDS orphan and it was unknown whether she herself had contracted HIV, but she later tested negative. Shortly after they returned to the United States, Zahara was hospitalized for dehydration and malnutrition.[115] In November 2007, media outlets reported that Zahara’s biological mother wanted her daughter back, but she denied these reports, saying she thought Zahara was “very fortunate” to have been adopted by Jolie.

A pregnant Jolie with director Clint Eastwood at the Cannes premiere of Changeling in 2008
A pregnant Jolie with director Clint Eastwood at the Cannes premiere of Changeling in 2008

Jolie was accompanied by her partner Brad Pitt when she traveled to Ethiopia to take custody of Zahara. She later indicated that she and Pitt had made the decision to adopt from Ethiopia together. In December 2005, Pitt’s publicist announced that Pitt was seeking to adopt Maddox and Zahara. To reflect this, Jolie filed a request to legally change her children’s surnames from Jolie to Jolie-Pitt, which was granted on January 19, 2006. The adoptions were finalized soon after.

In an attempt to avoid the media frenzy surrounding their relationship, Jolie and Pitt went to Namibia for the birth of their first biological child. On May 27, 2006, Jolie gave birth to a daughter, Shiloh Nouvel, in Swakopmund. Pitt confirmed that their newborn daughter would have a Namibian passport. The couple decided to sell the first pictures of Shiloh through the distributor Getty Images themselves, rather than allowing paparazzi to make these valuable photographs. People paid a reported $4.1 million for the North American rights, while Hello! obtained the British rights for a reported $3.5 million.[122] All profits were donated to charities serving African children.

On March 15, 2007, Jolie adopted a son, three-year-old Pax Thien, from an orphanage in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. He was born as Pham Quang Sang on November 29, 2003, in HCMC, where he was abandoned soon after birth.[124] Jolie adopted Pax as a single parent, because Vietnam’s adoption regulations do not allow unmarried couples to co-adopt. The rights for the first post-adoption images of Pax were sold to People for a reported $2 million, as well as to Hello! for an undisclosed amount. In April, Jolie filed a request to legally change her son’s surname from Jolie to Jolie-Pitt, which was approved on May 31, 2007. Pitt’s adoption of Pax was finalized in the United States on February 21, 2008.

At the Cannes Film Festival in May 2008, Jolie confirmed that she was expecting twins. For the two weeks she spent in a seaside hospital in Nice, France, reporters and photographers camped outside on the promenade. She gave birth to a son, Knox Léon, and a daughter, Vivienne Marcheline, on July 12, 2008. The rights for the first images of Knox and Vivienne were jointly sold to People and Hello! for a reported $14 million—the most expensive celebrity pictures ever taken. The proceeds were donated to the Jolie-Pitt Foundation.

Cancer Prevention Treatment

On February 16, 2013, at the age of 37, Jolie underwent a preventive double mastectomy after learning she had an 87% risk of developing breast cancer due to a defective BRCA1 gene. Her family history warranted genetic testing for BRCA mutations: her mother, actress Marcheline Bertrand, had breast cancer and died from ovarian cancer at the age of 56, while her maternal grandmother had ovarian cancer and died aged 45. Her maternal aunt Debbie Martin, who had the same defective BRCA1 gene as Jolie, was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2004 and died at age 61 on May 26, 2013. Jolie’s mastectomy lowered her chances of developing breast cancer to under 5 percent, and testing of the removed breast tissue showed no signs of cancerous cells. On April 27, Jolie had reconstructive surgery involving implants and allografts. She reportedly intends to undergo a preventive oophorectomy, as she still has a 50% risk of developing ovarian cancer due to the same genetic anomaly.

Jolie kept news of her mastectomy private until she had completed the three-month process. On May 14, The New York Times published an op-ed titled “My Medical Choice” in which Jolie wrote about her decision and procedures, with the aim of helping other women make informed health choices. To that end, her treatment regimen was posted on the website of the Pink Lotus Breast Center, where she was treated. In her piece—published concurrently with U.S. Supreme Court deliberations on BRCA gene patent rights held by Myriad Genetics—Jolie acknowledged the largely prohibitive cost of BRCA gene testing and advocated wider accessibility. On June 13, 2013 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that isolated genes are not patentable, invalidating the BRCA gene patents held by Myriad Genetics.

A Patient’s Journey: Angelina Jolie

In an article in the New York Times today, My Medical Choice, Angelina Jolie promised to share some background about her medical treatment with women seeking more information about BRCA gene mutations and what it might mean for them.

This blog describes the main stages of her treatment. It is important to emphasize that each woman’s case is different. Surgery will not necessarily be the right choice for everyone, and there are alternatives available. As Angelina says in her article, the important thing is to be aware of your options.

STAGE 1. Gathering Data and Information

  • BRCA stands for BReast CAncer.  BRCA genes help you fight cancer when it happens in your body. But some families carry mutated or broken BRCA genes that can be passed down from one generation to the next. Approximately 5-10% of all breast cancers and 14% of ovarian cancers occur from a BRCA1 or BRCA2 genetic mutation that is inherited from either parent.
  • Women carrying BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations have up to an 87% lifetime chance of breast cancer and 54% chance of ovarian cancer vs. a general population risk of 12% for breast cancer and less than 1% for ovarian cancer. Prevention does not yet exist. More details about the risks of breast and ovarian cancer, including how risk changes with each decade of life, can be found in our BRCA Gene Mutations blog post.
  • Given the high likelihood of getting breast or ovarian cancer with BRCA mutations, family history usually triggers testing for the gene. Angelina’s mother had breast cancer, and sadly passed away from ovarian cancer.  Her maternal grandmother was also diagnosed with ovarian cancer. This family history would certainly meet any insurance carrier’s criteria to cover genetic testing. To find out if there is enough risk for you to consider a BRCA mutation genetic test, we encourage you to take our Genetics Quiz that reviews a variety of information, including your family history.

STAGE 2. After diagnosis: Traveling the Road of Surveillance

We follow a standard surveillance plan at our center for BRCA mutation carriers, which I used for Angelina:

Beginning at age 18, or 10 years younger than the youngest relative with breast cancer, every 3 months, you have breast imaging or an exam. An example plan follows:

  • Month 1: Mammogram (wait until 25 years old)Whole breast screening ultrasound (begin at 18)
  • Month 4: Clinical breast exam with a breast specialist
  • Month 7: Breast MRI, timed to menstrual cycle days 7-10 (day 1 is the day bleeding starts); Contrast Enhanced Spectral Mammography (CESM) for those who cannot have an MRI
  • Month 10: Clinical breast exam with a breast specialist
  • Every month: Self breast exams (cycle days 7-10). If you don’t know how to do a self breast exam, please watch our how-to video.

For those who prefer twice-a-year surveillance, we combine the imaging with clinical breast exams, and meet every 6 months.

Ovarian surveillance begins at age 35, or 10 years prior to youngest relative with ovarian cancer, and includes the following:

  • Transvaginal Pelvic ultrasound every 6 months (cycle days 1-10)
  • CA-125 blood marker testing every 6 months (after cycle day 5)
  • Pelvic exam by gynecologist every 6 months

For additional screening details, including risk reduction strategies and holistic and integrative medicine, see our blog on BRCA Gene Mutations.

STAGE 3. Committing to an operation

When first meeting a woman newly diagnosed with a BRCA mutation, my immediate goal is to learn about her, including her family situation, whether she is in a stable relationship, and whether she is planning to have children. In the course of these discussions, it becomes clear whether the patient will proceed to a mastectomy.

STAGE 4. Preparing for the operations

The questions any patient needs to address at this stage include: (1) whether or not to preserve the nipples, (2) if so, whether or not to perform a “nipple delay” procedure, (3) where to place the incision, (4) whether or not to test sentinel nodes, (5) what kind of reconstruction will be done, (6) what supplements might enhance healing and recovery, and finally (7) where should we operate.

NIPPLE: Women undergoing preventive mastectomies can always consider keeping their nipples. While no one can guarantee that the nipples will survive an operation, much can be done to ensure the greatest chance of success.

NIPPLE DELAY: The delay, performed 1-2 weeks prior to the actual mastectomies, uses the planned mastectomy incision and lifts half of the skin off of the breast surface. A small disc of the tissue directly behind the nipple and areola is also removed and analyzed by a pathologist. This is done to rule out the presence of any disease directly behind the nipples, which would make preserving them a dangerous proposition. Additionally, it recruits extra blood flow to the area, lessening the chances of nipple and skin loss due to insufficient blood supply after the mastectomy. Since starting this technique in 2008, my loss of skin and nipple after mastectomy has decreased to less than 2%. In Angelina’s case, she judged it worth taking this extra step of caution.

INCISION: Incision locations must take into consideration a cancer location (if cancer is present), any prior incisions, breast size reduction (if desired), and the technical skill of the surgeon (smaller incisions make for a harder and longer operation). For Angelina, her optimal incision choices were around the areola, or underneath the breast in the inframammary fold – the latter was chosen.

SENTINEL NODE BIOPSY/PBDI: Whenever a breast contains cancer and the armpit lymph nodes cannot be felt on exam, we routinely perform a sentinel node biopsy, which is the removal of the first nodes that receive breast lymphatic drainage. By injecting blue dye into the breast, which then travels to the lymph node(s), we find out if cancer spread beyond the breast. Until now, the trend has been not to perform sentinel node biopsies in conjunction with prophylactic (preventive) mastectomies since the discovery of cancer in breasts removed prophylactically only ranges from 2-8%. Therefore, most women do not want to take the additional risks associated with a sentinel node biopsy, especially since they can have complications, such as pain, numbness, arm swelling (lymphedema), fluid buildup (seroma), limited arm movement, and infection. This dilemma has been resolved with a new technique that was pioneered at the Pink Lotus Breast Center, called Prophylactic Breast Dye Injection, or PBDI. PBDI allows the sentinel node to be identified, but not surgically removed, giving more control and peace of mind to women. I developed this technique while treating Angelina, and I hope other women will now benefit from it. It was at her friendly insistence that I wrote the rationale for it in our blog post, Prophylactic Breast Dye Injection.

RECONSTRUCTION: Reconstruction options vary depending on a number of factors.  The two broad categories of reconstruction include implants and flaps. Implants are the most common reconstruction, often requiring two stages, whereby a tissue expander is placed prior to the final implant. A tissue expander is a deflated implant that goes behind the pectoral muscles and gets slowly inflated with saline over a period of 2-3 months, until the chosen volume is reached. A second operation is performed to swap the expander for the final implant (usually silicone). A different implant option can be a “one-step” operation, where the final implant is placed at the time of mastectomy, skipping the expander phase.

Two improvements which I believe can enhance the final outcome for those patients choosing implants include: (1) the newly FDA-approved anatomic implants, which are teardrop shaped, and (2) allograft, or synthetic sheets of material, that create a more natural look.

Autologous flaps use your own skin, fat and sometimes muscle from the abdomen, back (latissimus), thigh (gracilis), or buttock to create a potentially more natural breast reconstruction than implants can achieve. Flaps, however, create scars at the donor site, potential weakness in the donor area, and involve a longer operation than implants, with longer recovery periods and associated hospital stays.

Angelina’s body type was best suited to an implant reconstruction with allograft.  Although tissue expanders required an additional operation, she preferred to use them.  Expanders maximize blood flow to the breast skin and nipple (because they are not fully expanded right after placement, they do not compress the tiny blood vessels in the skin), and they allow us to optimize the final implant size, location and appearance.

SUPPLEMENTS AND PREP: To prepare for and to recover from operations, patients can use a variety of supplements.  Angelina followed the regimen below, written onto a calendar:

To enhance wound healing (for each operation):

A) Vitamin C: 1000mg tablets; one tablet once daily for one week before and one week after surgery.

B) Multi-Vitamin: one tablet once daily for one week before and one week after surgery.

C) Zinc: 50 mg; one tablet once daily for one week before and one week after surgery.

To reduce the risk of infection (operations 2 and 3):

D) Bactroban ointment: Applied twice a day beginning 3 days prior to surgery x 7 days.

E) Hibiclens shower: Hibiclens soap applied to upper torso and abdomen – left on for 5 minutes, then rinsed. Applied once a day for 3 days prior to surgery.

F) Keflex: 250mg (antibiotic); one tablet 4x a day for 7 days, beginning with 2 doses the day of the operation.

To reduce postoperative nausea and vomiting (for each operation):

G) Emend: 40mg; one tablet by mouth the night before surgery

To reduce postoperative swelling and bruising (for each operation):

H) Arnica Forte (Arnica and Bromelain): two capsules daily x 7 days, beginning one day prior to surgery.

To help eliminate anesthesia from the system (for each operation):

I) Exchem: 10 drops in water or directly in the mouth twice daily, beginning the day before surgery and continuing for one week after surgery.

J) Lymphomyosot: 10 drops in water or directly in the mouth twice daily, beginning the day before surgery and continuing for one week after surgery.

To increase oxygen to the skin (operations 1 and 2):

K) Cutagenix: Applied to breast every 6 hours x 3 days. Skin care specialists use this topical cream after laser resurfacing to increase oxygen flow to the outer layers of skin. We decided in Angelina’s case to apply it to the mastectomy skin to give it an oxygen boost and to help ensure adequate blood flow to her skin postoperatively.

To minimize scarring (after operation 3):

L) BioCorneum: Rubbed into scars twice a day for 12 weeks – begin after the third operation once steri strips are removed.

Medications “as needed” for comfort:

Percocet: 1-2 tablets every 4-6 hours as needed for pain

Colace: 250mg twice a day

MiraLax: One tablespoon diluted in 8oz water once a day

Ativan: 1mg every 8 hours as needed for muscle spasm

Zofran: 8mg oral dissolving tablet placed on tongue every 6 hours as needed for nausea

LOCATION: Angelina chose to have her care, including her three operations, performed at the Pink Lotus Breast Center. Some people might think that a hospital is the only place to have a mastectomy.  However, outpatient surgery centers provide an attractive, peaceful alternative when coupled with attentive nursing care at recovery facilities. You can learn more about our comprehensive and integrative breast center by exploring this website.

STAGE 5. Recovering from the operations

On February 2, 2013, Angelina was in the operating room for the first operation, the nipple delay. Her partner was on hand to greet her as soon as she came around from the anesthetic, as he was during each of the operations.

After the operation, her skin was slightly bruised but soon returned to normal.  Two days after her procedure, great news arrived: the tissue behind both nipples came back completely normal.

On February 16 she had the main surgery, which can last up to eight hours.  The mastectomies went smoothly, with sentinel nodes identified but not removed.  After the mastectomies, I assisted plastic surgeon, Dr. Jay Orringer, as we performed the first stage breast reconstruction by placing tissue expanders with allograft.

To a large extent, I believe recovery reflects expectation. Angelina expected to feel well, to be active. On Monday, the pathology returned and I called Angelina to confirm our biggest hope: all of the breast tissue was benign. On day four after her mastectomies, I was pleased to find her not only in good spirits with bountiful energy, but with two walls in her house covered with freshly assembled storyboards for the next project she is directing. All the while she spoke, six drains dangled from her chest, three on each side, fastened to an elastic belt around her waist.

The next day she had her first injection of saline into the expanders, thus beginning the process that would gradually prepare the tissues for the final stage of her operations, reconstruction. Four of the six drains were removed.  Four days after that, on postoperative day nine, the last two drains were removed.  A second saline fill occurred on March 4. Over the next four weeks she was hard at work.

The final operation occurred on April 27, 2013, ten weeks after the mastectomies: reconstruction of the breasts with implant, which went extremely well, bringing an end to her surgical journey.

Angelina Jolie dan Mastektomi

CONCLUSION

Many women unfortunately do not know that BRCA gene mutations exist and could affect them. Breast and ovarian cancers take lives every day – knowledge and action can help prevent the premature loss of those who love us, and whom we deeply love in return.

Like Angelina, I urge women who feel they might have reason to be at risk for a BRCA gene mutation – perhaps because of a strong family history of cancer – to seek medical advice and to take control of their futures.

Jolie’s announcement drew extensive public attention; a Time cover story titled

“The Angelina Effect” observed that Jolie brought “genetic testing in the spotlight,” and noted her ability to influence people on a large scale. Various public figures applauded Jolie for her decision; UK foreign secretary William Hague, who visited refugee camps in Congo-Kinshasa with Jolie in March, called her “an inspiration to many. Most medical experts who weighed in publicly agreed that Jolie made the right choice for herself, but differed in their response to its expected influence on the public. Her decision was met with praise from health campaigners, who welcomed her raising awareness of the options available to those at risk, while other experts feared a widespread overestimation of BRCA mutation occurrence, as less than 1% of all women carry this genetic condition, and a misunderstanding of the risks involved for those who do test positive. Eric Topol, a geneticist and director of the Scripps Translational Science Institute in California, told attendees at a genetics symposium “This is the moment that will propel genomic medicine forward”, saying that Jolie’s announcement was “incredibly important symbolically”.

In the Media

Jolie at the New York premiere of A Mighty Heart in 2007; several of her tattoos are visible
Jolie at the New York premiere of A Mighty Heart in 2007; several of her tattoos are visible

During the first decade of her career, Jolie—who does not employ a publicist or an agent—maintained a “wild child” persona in her communication with the media. She openly discussed her love life, including her bisexuality and her interest in BDSM. After she kissed her brother during the Academy Awards in 2000, their close relationship became the subject of tabloid media speculation, which she dismissed. She spoke about her experiences with drugs and depression, and recalled the time, in 1997, when she almost hired a hitman to kill her, as well as the three days, just before her marriage to Billy Bob Thornton, that she was sectioned at UCLA’s psychiatric ward. By the mid-2000s, Jolie’s involvement with the UNHCR and the adoption of her son Maddox had transformed her public image from Hollywood eccentric into humanitarian and devoted mother.

Jolie has attracted notable media attention for her physical appearance—particularly her full lips and her many tattoos, being her most distinctive features. She has been named the world’s “most beautiful” or “sexiest” woman by various media outlets, including Vogue in 2002, Esquire in 2004, American FHM and British Harper’s Bazaar in 2005, People and Hello! in 2006, Empire in 2007, and Vanity Fair in 2009. People named her one of 2012’s Most Beautiful at Every Age.

Jolie’s extensive collection of tattoos has often been addressed by interviewers. She has fourteen known tattoos, among which the Latin proverb “quod me nutrit me destruit” (what nourishes me destroys me), the Tennessee Williams quote “A prayer for the wild at heart, kept in cages,” two sak yant designs featuring a prayer of protection and a twelve-inch-by-eight-inch tiger, and seven sets of geographical coordinates indicating the birthplaces of her children and her partner Brad Pitt. Over time, she has covered or lasered several of her tattoos, including the name of her second husband, “Billy Bob”, and the Chinese characters “死” (death) and “勇” (courage).

Jolie holds a private pilot license and owns a single-engine Cirrus SR22 aircraft.

Today, Jolie is one of the best-known celebrities around the world. According to the Q Score, in 2000, subsequent to her Oscar win, 31% of respondents in the United States said Jolie was familiar to them; by 2006 she was familiar to 81% of Americans. In a 2006 global industry survey by ACNielsen in 42 international markets, Jolie, together with partner Brad Pitt, was found to be the favorite celebrity endorser for brands and products worldwide. She was the face of St. John and Shiseido from 2006 to 2008, and in 2011 had an endorsement deal with Louis Vuitton reportedly worth $10 million—a record for a single advertising campaign.[158] She was among the Time 100, a list of the most influential people in the world as assembled by Time, in 2006 and 2008. Forbes named her Hollywood’s highest-paid actress in 2009 and 2011, with estimated annual earnings of $27 million and $30 million respectively, and she topped the magazine’s Celebrity 100, a ranking of the world’s most powerful celebrities, in 2009.

Filmography

Angelina Jolie is an American actress, film director and screenwriter. She is an Academy Award winner for the Best Supporting Actress for Girl, Interrupted in 1999. She made her debut with Lookin’ to Get Out in 1982. The following is her complete filmography.

Jolie at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival.
Jolie at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival.

As Actor

Title Year Role Notes
Lookin’ to Get Out 1982 Tosh As Angelina Jolie Voight
Cyborg 2 1993 Casella “Cash” Reese Direct-to-video film
Without Evidence 1995 Jodie Swearingen  
Hackers 1995 Kate “Acid Burn” Libby  
Love Is All There Is 1996 Gina Malacici  
Mojave Moon 1996 Eleanor “Elie” Rigby  
Foxfire 1996 Margret “Legs” Sadovsky  
True Women 1997 Georgia Virginia Lawshe Woods TV film
George Wallace 1997 Cornelia Wallace TV film
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated – CableACE Award for Supporting Actress in a Movie or Miniseries
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie
Playing God 1997 Claire  
Gia 1998 Gia Carangi TV film
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
Grand Jury Award for Outstanding Actress in a Feature Film
Satellite Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie
Hell’s Kitchen 1998 Gloria McNeary  
Playing by Heart 1998 Joan National Board of Review of Motion Pictures Award for Breakthrough Performance
Pushing Tin 1999 Mary Bell  
The Bone Collector 1999 Amelia Donaghy  
Girl, Interrupted 1999 Lisa Rowe Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Best Supporting Actress
Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress (2nd place)
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
Nominated – Empire Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actress Drama
Nominated – Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Hissy Fit
Gone in 60 Seconds 2000 Sara “Sway” Wayland  
Lara Croft: Tomb Raider 2001 Lara Croft Nominated – MTV Movie Award for Best Female Performance
Nominated – MTV Movie Award for Best Fight
Nominated – Razzie Award for Worst Actress
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actress
Original Sin 2001 Julia Russell/Bonny Castle Nominated – Razzie Award for Worst Actress
Life or Something Like It 2002 Lanie Kerrigan
Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life 2003 Lara Croft
Beyond Borders 2003 Sarah Jordan
Taking Lives 2004 Illeana Scott Nominated – Razzie Award for Worst Actress
Nominated – Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Scary Scene
Shark Tale 2004 Lola Voice
Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow 2004 Francesca “Franky” Cook People’s Choice Award for Favorite Female Action Star
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress
Alexander 2004 Olympias Nominated – Razzie Award for Worst Actress
Mr. & Mrs. Smith 2005 Jane Smith Nominated – People’s Choice Award for Favorite Female Action Star
Nominated – People’s Choice Award for Favorite Female Movie Star
The Good Shepherd 2006 Margaret “Clover” Russell  
A Mighty Heart 2007 Mariane Pearl Santa Barbara International Film Festival Award for Outstanding Performance of the Year
Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Empire Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Independent Spirit Award for Best Female Lead
Nominated – London Film Critics Circle Award for Actress of the Year
Nominated – NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated – Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actress Drama
Beowulf 2007 Grendel’s mother  
Kung Fu Panda 2008 Master Tigress Voice
Wanted 2008 Fox People’s Choice Award for Favorite Female Action Star
Nominated – MTV Movie Award for Best Female Performance
Nominated – MTV Movie Award for Best WTF Moment
Nominated – National Movie Award for Best Female Performance
Nominated – People’s Choice Award for Favorite Female Movie Star
Changeling 2008 Christine Collins Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Saturn Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated – Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Empire Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Nominated – Irish Film & Television Award for Best International Actress
Nominated – London Film Critics Circle Award for Actress of the Year
Nominated – Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated – Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actress Drama
Salt 2010 Evelyn Salt Rembrandt Award for Best International Actress
Nominated – People’s Choice Award for Favorite Action Star
Nominated – People’s Choice Award for Favorite Female Movie Star
Nominated – Saturn Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Choice Summer Movie Star Female
The Tourist 2010 Elise Clifton-Ward Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Actress Action
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Kung Fu Panda 2 2011 Master Tigress Voice
Maleficent Film has yet to be released 2014 Maleficent  

As Director

Director
Title Year Notes
A Place in Time 2007 Documentary
In the Land of Blood and Honey 2011 Cinema for Peace Award for Most Valuable Movie of the Year
NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Foreign Motion Picture
Producers Guild of America Stanley Kramer Award
Sarajevo Film Festival Honorary Award
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film
Nominated – NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Directing – Motion Picture

Selected Awards

Year Award Category Film Result
1998 Emmy Award Outstanding Supporting Actress – Miniseries or Movie George Wallace Nominated
1998 Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film George Wallace Won
1998 National Board of Review of Motion Pictures Award Breakthrough Performance Playing by Heart Won
1998 Emmy Award Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or Movie Gia Nominated
1999 Golden Globe Award Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film Gia Won
1999 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Female Actor – Miniseries or Television Movie Gia Won
2000 Academy Award Best Supporting Actress Girl, Interrupted Won
2000 Golden Globe Award Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Girl, Interrupted Won
2000 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Supporting Female Actor Girl, Interrupted Won
2008 Golden Globe Award Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama A Mighty Heart Nominated
2008 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Leading Female Actor A Mighty Heart Nominated
2009 Academy Award Best Actress Changeling Nominated
2009 BAFTA Award Best Leading Actress Changeling Nominated
2009 Golden Globe Award Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama Changeling Nominated
2009 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Leading Female Actor Changeling Nominated
2011 Golden Globe Award Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy The Tourist Nominated
2012 Golden Globe Award Best Foreign Film (as producer) In the Land of Blood and Honey Nominated
2012 Producers Guild of America Award Stanley Kramer Award (as producer) In the Land of Blood and Honey Won

Compiled from many sources