Tag Archives: Jakarta

Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta [Short Version]

  • Hari jadi: 22 Juni 1527 (umur 492)
  • Dasar hukum: UU Nomor 29 Tahun 2007
  • Ibu kota: Jakarta

Area

  • Total luas: 7.659,02[2] km2
  • Luas daratan: 661,52 km2
  • Luas perairan: 6.997,50 km2
  • Lintang: 5° 19′ 12″ – 6° 23′ 54″ LS
  • Longitude: 106° 22′ 42″ – 106° 58′ 18″ BT

Populasi (2017)

  • Total: 10.374.235
  • Kepadatan: 15.663/km2

Pemerintahan

  • Gubernur: Anies Baswedan
  • Wakil Gubernur: Jabatan lowong
  • Ketua DPRD: Prasetyo Edi Marsudi
  • Sekretaris Daerah : Saefullah
  • Kabupaten: 1
  • Kota : 5
  • Kecamatan: 44
  • Kelurahan: 267

APBD (2019)

Total: Rp 89.088.351.842.504,-

PAD

Total: Rp 50.624.330.153.998,-

Demografi

Etnis

  • Jawa (35,16%)
  • Betawi (27,65%)
  • Sunda (15,27%)
  • Tionghoa (5,53%)
  • Batak (3,61%)
  • Minang (3,18%)
  • Melayu (1,62%)
  • Bugis, Aceh, Madura, dan lain-lain (7,98%)

Agama

  • Islam (83.30%)
  • Kristen Protestan (8.62%)
  • Katolik (4.04%)
  • Buddha (3.84%)
  • Hindu (0.21%)
  • Konghucu (0.06%)

Bahasa

  • Indonesia (resmi)
  • Betawi (utama)
  • Melayu, Jawa, Pecok, Sunda, Banjar, Minangkabau, Batak, Madura, Tionghoa, Mandarin, Arab, Tamil, Belanda, Portugis

IPM: 79.60 (tinggi)

  • Zona waktu: WIB (UTC+7)
  • Lagu daerah: Kicir-Kicir
  • Rumah tradisional: Rumah Bapang/Kebaya
  • Senjata tradisional: Golok

Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta (DKI Jakarta) adalah ibu kota negara dan kota terbesar di Indonesia. Jakarta merupakan satu-satunya kota di Indonesia yang memiliki status setingkat provinsi. Jakarta terletak di pesisir bagian barat laut Pulau Jawa. Dahulu pernah dikenal dengan beberapa nama di antaranya Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta, dan Batavia. Di dunia internasional Jakarta juga mempunyai julukan J-Town, atau lebih populer lagi The Big Durian karena dianggap kota yang sebanding New York City (Big Apple) di Indonesia.

Jakarta memiliki luas sekitar 661,52 km² (lautan: 6.977,5 km²), dengan penduduk berjumlah 10.374.235 jiwa (2017). Wilayah metropolitan Jakarta (Jabodetabek) yang berpenduduk sekitar 28 juta jiwa, merupakan metropolitan terbesar di Asia Tenggara atau urutan kedua di dunia.

Sebagai pusat bisnis, politik, dan kebudayaan, Jakarta merupakan tempat berdirinya kantor-kantor pusat BUMN, perusahaan swasta, dan perusahaan asing. Kota ini juga menjadi tempat kedudukan lembaga-lembaga pemerintahan dan kantor sekretariat ASEAN. Jakarta dilayani oleh dua bandar udara, yakni Bandara Soekarno–Hatta dan Bandara Halim Perdanakusuma, serta tiga pelabuhan laut di Tanjung Priok, Sunda Kelapa, dan Ancol.

Nama-nama yang pernah diberi untuk kota Jakarta

  1. Sunda Kelapa (397–1527)
  2. Jayakarta (1527–1619)
  3. Batavia (1619–1942)
  4. Jakarta (1942–sekarang)
  5. Ibukota DKI Jakarta (1998–sekarang)
  6. Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta (1998–sekarang)

2018 Asian Games (18th Asian Games)

18th Asian Games 2018 | Jakarta – Palembang Indonesia


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Presiden Jokowi memang selalu menjadi sorotan, bukan hanya aksi tak biasanya dalam berbagai momen, tapi juga soal gaya dan penampilannya yang santai dan kasual.

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EMAS PERTAMA: (kiri ke kanan) Peraih medali perak Marjan Salahshouri dari Iran, peraih Medali Emas Defia Rosmaniar dari Indonesia dan peraih medali perunggu Khim Wen Yap dari Malaysia dan Yun Jihye dari Korea Selatan diabadikan dengan Presiden Joko Widodo saat upacara penghormatan pemenang cabor Taekwondo nomor poomsae tunggal putri, Asian Games 2018 di Jakarta Convention Center (JCC), Minggu (19/8). Defia merupakan atlet Indonesia peraih medali emas pertama Asian Games 2018.

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Presiden Joko Widodo menyebut atlet Wushu Indonesia, Lindswell Kwok, sebagai Ratu Wushu Asia setelah berhasil mempersembahkan Medali Emas kedua kepada Indonesia dalam ajang Asian Games 2018.

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Atlet wushu Indonesia, Lindswell Kwok, saat beraksi pada Asian Games di JIExpo, Jakarta, Senin, (20/8/2018). (Bola.com/Vitalis Yogi Trisna)

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Medal Table as of 1-09-2018

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Opening Ceremony 18th Asian Games at Gelora Bung Karno Complex

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Fireworks explode over the Gelora Bung Karno main stadium during the opening ceremony of the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta on August 18, 2018. (Photo: AFP / BAY ISMOYO)

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The 2018 Asian Games, officially known as the 18th Asian Games and also known as Jakarta Palembang 2018, is a pan-Asian multi-sport event scheduled to be held from 18 August to 2 September 2018 in the Indonesian cities of Jakarta and Palembang.

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For the first time, the Asian Games are being co-hosted in two cities; the Indonesian Capital of Jakarta (which is hosting the Games for the first time since 1962), and Palembang, the Capital of the South Sumatra Province. Events will be held in and around the two cities, including venues in Bandung and province of West Java and Banten. The opening and closing ceremonies of the Games will be held at Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta.

Also for the first time, eSports and canoe polo will be contested as demonstration sports. eSports is expected to be a medal event at the 2022 Asian Games.

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Bhin Bhin is a bird of paradise (Paradisaea Apoda) that represent strategy.

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Atung is a Bawean deer (Hyelaphus Kuhlii) that represents speed​.

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Kaka is a single-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Sondaicus) that represents strength.

Contents


1 | Bidding process
    1.1 Hanoi
    1.2 Appointment of Jakarta and Palembang
2 | Development and preparations
    2.1 Costs
    2.2 Marketing
          2.2.1 Official songs
    2.3 Promotion
    2.4 Torch relay
3 | Venues and infrastructures
    3.1 Jakarta
          3.1.1 Gelora Bung Karno Sport Complex
          3.1.2 Other venues in Jakarta
   3.2 Palembang
   3.3 West Java and Banten
   3.4 Athletes’ Village
   3.5 Transport
4 | The Games
    4.1 Ceremonies
    4.2 Sports
    4.3 Participating National Olympic Committees
          4.3.1 Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees (by highest to lowest)
    4.4 Calendar
5 | Concerns and Controversies
6 | See also
7 | Gallery
8 | External links

1 | Bidding process


1.1 | Hanoi

Hanoi, Vietnam was originally selected to be the host after they won the bid against two other candidates, Surabaya and Dubai. They were awarded the winning bid on 8 November 2012, with 29 votes against Surabaya’s 14 votes  Dubai pulled out at the last minute, instead announcing their intention to focus on future bids. The UAE’s National Olympic Committee’s vice-president denied any pullout and claimed that Dubai “did not apply for hosting 2019 Asian Games” and had “only considered” doing so.

However, in March 2014, there were some concerns about Vietnam’s ability to host. These included concerns over whether the anticipated budget of US$150 million was realistic. There were claims that the government would eventually spend over US$300 million. In addition, critics were concerned that several stadiums built in conjunction with 2003 Southeast Asian Games had not been utilized since.  Former chairman of the Vietnam Olympic Committee Ha Quang Du also claimed that hosting the Asian Games would not boost tourism in Vietnam. 

On 17 April 2014, the Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng officially announced Hanoi’s withdrawal from hosting. He cited unpreparedness and economic recession as the main reasons for the withdrawal, saying they have left the country unable to afford the construction of facilities and venues. Many Vietnamese people supported the decision to withdraw. No penalty was imposed for the withdrawal.

1.2 | Appointment of Jakarta and Palembang

After Hanoi’s withdrawal, the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) said that Indonesia, China, and the United Arab Emirates were major candidates under consideration to host. Indonesia was widely regarded as a favourite, since Surabaya was the runner-up of the previous bid, and willing to do so if selected.  The Philippines  and India expressed their interest about hosting the Games, but India failed to submit a late bid because it was unable to get an audience with Prime Minister Narendra Modi after being given an extended deadline by the OCA.

On 5 May 2014, the OCA visited some Indonesian cities including Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Palembang. At this time Surabaya decided to drop their bid to host the Games and instead focus on hosting the already scheduled 2021 Asian Youth Games. On 25 July 2014, during a meeting in Kuwait City, the OCA appointed Jakarta as the host of the Games with Palembang as the supporting host. Jakarta was chosen because of its well-equipped sport facilities, adequate transportation networks, and other facilities such as hotels and lodgings for guests. On 20 September 2014, Indonesia signed the host city contract, and during the closing ceremony of 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, Indonesia was appointed symbolically by the OCA to host the next Games.

The OCA originally planned to hold these Games in 2019 rather than 2018, so that Asian Games would be held in the year immediately prior to the next Summer Olympics, rather than two years before. After they were awarded to Indonesia, the OCA backtracked on these plans and kept the Games in 2018, so that they will not interfere with the 2019 Indonesian general elections.

2 | Development and preparations


2.1 | Costs

Total cost for the games is estimated as $3.2 billion. By 2015, the central government had allocated a budget of IDR 3 trillion (USD 224 million) to prepare for the Games, with regional administrations also expected to supply some part of the funding. However, by July 2018, the budget allocation for the Games had been reported to be IDR 6.6 trillion including IDR 869 billion from sponsorships.

2.2 | Marketing

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The Games’ mascots (name from left): Bhin Bhin, Kaka, and Atung.

The emblem for the 2018 Asian Games was first unveiled on 9 September 2015, in celebration of the country’s National Sports Day. The emblem featured a stylised depiction of a cenderawasih, a rare species of a bird in Indonesia.

Organizers withdrew the design in January 2016, after it was widely-criticized for its outdated appearance. Its accompanying mascot, Drawa, was also criticized for having little connection to Indonesian culture and history (with some Indonesians joking that Drawa looked more like a chicken than a cenderawasih). An open call for a new design was held, resulting in 60 submissions. The final design was unveiled on 28 July 2016; titled Energy of Asia, the emblem is modelled upon Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, and is intended to symbolize unity among Asian countries.

The same day the logo was unveiled, three new mascots were also unveiled, replacing the previous cenderawasih mascot, which are Bhin Bhin—a greater bird-of-paradise, Atung—a Bawean deer, and Kaka—a Javan rhinoceros. They represents the Eastern, Central, and Western regions of Indonesia and also strategy, speed and strength respectively. Each mascots also wear different clothes: Bhin Bhin wears a vest with Asmat pattern details, Atung wears a sarong with Jakarta’s batik’s tumpal pattern, and Kaka wears Palembang’s traditional attire with flower pattern.

In July 2018, Indonesia Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released the medal design to public, featuring the Asian Games logo and the batik style of all Indonesian regions, reflects the cultural diversity of Indonesia and their unity. In addition to cultural diversity, batik motifs also reflect the diversity of ethnic, religious, and racial Asian communities who participated in the 18th Asian Games.

Official songs

On 13 July 2018, the Indonesian Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released an official music album of the 2018 Asian Games titled Asian Games 2018: Energy of Asia. The album consists of 13 songs involves several cross-genre musical artists.

2.3 | Promotion

On 18 August 2017, simultaneous events were held at Jakarta’s National Monument and Palembang’s Benteng Kuto Besak to mark the one-year milestone prior to the Games. The event in Jakarta was attended by president Joko Widodo, and featured performances by Taeyeon and Kim Hyo-yeon of K-pop group Girls’ Generation. Countdown clocks were unveiled at the Selamat Datang Monument and in front of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium.

Several fun run events had been held in some Asian countries since December 2017, with Lahore, Pakistan as the first city to organize the fun run event.

On May 2018, an event marking 100-day milestone prior to the Games was held, featuring the introduction of Asian Games torch. The torch design is inspired by traditional weapons named golok from Jakarta and skin from Palembang, South Sumatra.

2.4 | Torch relay

The torch relay began at the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, host of the 1st Asian Games, on 15 July 2018. The flame will be generated from a parabolic mirror directed straight at the sun. On 18 July 2018, a ceremony took place in Brahma field by the 9th century Hindu temple of Prambanan near Yogyakarta, where the torch’s flame from India were fused together with an Indonesian natural eternal flame taken from Mrapen, Central Java. Subsequently, the Torch Relay Concert were performed marking the start of torch relay throughout the country.

The relay then continue to travel through 54 cities, 18 provinces in Indonesia, including host cities. The relay will finish on 17 August, the 73rd anniversary of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence in the National Monument, Jakarta before being carried into the opening ceremony at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium the next day.

3 | Venues and infrastructures


For the games, some venues will be built, renovated, and prepared across four provinces in Indonesia: Jakarta, South Sumatra, Banten, and West Java. The facilities for the Asian Games 2018 are located in the capital city of Jakarta and Palembang (South Sumatra), in four different sports clusters (three in Jakarta and one in Palembang). However, 15 arenas for matches and 11 training arenas in West Java and Banten which shares border with Jakarta, will be used to support implementation of the 2018 Asian Games. There will be total 80 venues for competitions and training. The organisation hopes to keep the cost down by using the existing sports facilities and infrastructure, including those venues built for the 2011 Southeast Asian Games, and after the test event of the 2018 Asian Games in February, Inasgoc moved several sports that will be held in Jakarta International Expo to Jakarta Convention Center.

3.1 | Jakarta

Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Jakarta will alone host 13 sports after renovation. The 55-year-old Main Stadium’s capacity is being reduced from 88,000 spectators to 76,127. A facial recognition system will also install at the stadium in anticipation of terror threats. A Velodrome is being built at Rawamangun in East Jakarta, at a cost of US$ 40 million for cycling, badminton, futsal, basketball, and wrestling. An equestrian facility is being built at Pulomas with a cost of US$ 30.8 million, which could host up to 1,000 spectators. It was set to be equipped with 100 stables, athletes lodging, an animal hospital, training places, and a parking area on a 35-hectare plot of land.

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3.1.1 | Gelora Bung Karno Sport Complex

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Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium will host the ceremonies and athletics.

3.1.2 | Other venues in Jakarta

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3.2 | Palembang

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Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium will host the final of women’s football.

Jakabaring Sport City complex at Palembang will host for other sports events. Several plans has been raised to add and improves the facilities in the complex, including a capacity upgrade of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium from 36,000 to 60,000 seats which was cancelled, instead the capacity was decreased to 27,000 after installing individual seats to whole stadium tribunes along with pitch and other facilities improvements in the stadium. The new venue in Jakabaring Sport City is a 40-lane bowling alley which was completed in late May 2018. Eight additional tennis courts was built in the complex for the Games. The length of canoeing and rowing venue in Jakabaring Lake was extended to 2,300 metres along with rowing facilities and a tribune which was built on the lake shore. Other existing venues which will be used for Asian Games were also had been renovated, including Ranau Sport Hall as sepak takraw venue.

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3.3 | West Java and Banten

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3.4 | Athletes’ Village

Athletes village in Jakarta is built at Kemayoran at an area of 10 hectares land, which has 7,424 apartments in 10 towers. Total accommodation capacity of 22,272 at the village exceeds International Olympic Committee standards, which require Olympics hosts to provide rooms for 14,000 athletes. The Athletes’ Village inside the Jakabaring Sport City at Palembang will house 3,000 athletes and officials.

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Kemayoran Athlete & Media Village

3.5 | Transport

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Ampera LRT Station, one of 13 stations of Palembang LRT which will be used to upgrade the city transportation capabilities ahead for Asian Games.

As part of the Games preparation, the construction of the Jakarta MRT and Jakarta LRT will be accelerated. A line of Jakarta LRT will connect athlets village at Kemayoran in Central Jakarta to the Velodrome at Rawamangun in East Jakarta. City bus operator TransJakarta added 416 buses to serve the officials, and also provide free rides on selected days during the Games.

Palembang upgraded their transportation facilities ahead for the Games by building 25 kilometres of the Palembang Light Rail Transit from Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport to Jakabaring Sport City which will be expected to be opened for public use by late July 2018. Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport is expanding its existing arrival and departure terminals to increase its capacity and also connecting the airport with the light rail transit (LRT) terminal by building a skybridge. Other transportation facilities such as toll roads, flyovers, and bridges will be also built in and around the city.

4 | The Games


4.1 | Ceremonies

The OCA determined that Jakarta would host both the opening and closing ceremonies, although an earlier sports minister said Palembang would host the closing ceremony.

4.2 | Sports

In March 2017, the Olympic Council of Asia initially announced that the Games would feature 484 events in 42 sports, including the 28 permanent Olympic sports contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the five additional sports that will be contested at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, as well as events in other non-Olympic sports. In April 2017, the OCA approved reductions in the programme in response to cost concerns; belt wrestling, cricket, kurash, skateboarding, sambo, and surfing were dropped from the programme, and there was to be a reduced number of competitions in bridge, jet ski, ju jitsu, paragliding, sport climbing, taekwondo (in particular, all non-Olympic weight classes), and wushu. These changes reduced the total number of events to 431.

The final programme was unveiled in September 2017, increasing it to 462 events in 40 disciplines as the second-largest programme in Asian Games history. Additional disciplines being introduced at the 2020 Summer Olympics were also added, including 3×3 basketball and BMX freestyle.

For the first time in Asian Games history, eSports and canoe polo will be contested as a demonstration sport in the Games. Six video game titles will be featured in the event.

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Demonstration Sport

  • eSports
  • Canoe polo

4.3 | Participating National Olympic Committees

All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia are scheduled to participate in the games.

It has been agreed that North Korea and South Korea will compete as a unified team in some events under the title “Korea” (COR), as they did at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Both nations will also march together under a unified flag during the opening and closing ceremonies.

Originally set to compete as Independent Asian Athletes, the Kuwaitis are allowed to compete under their own flags just two days before the opening ceremony.

Below is a list of all the participating NOCs.; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.

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4.3.1 | Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees (by highest to lowest)

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4.4 | Calendar

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5 | Concerns and controversies


Prior to the Games, several concerns have been raised over the preparation of the Games. Authorities in Indonesia confident both host cities will be ready for the Games although have had only four years to prepare rather than the usual six after stepping in to fill the gap when Vietnam, whose city of Hanoi was originally chosen to host these Games by the Olympic Council of Asia, dropped out in 2014 citing concerns over costs. On top of that, work in both host cities was delayed throughout 2015 because government funding was not immediately available.

Jakarta, consistently ranked as having one of the world’s worst traffic congestion, is building a subway. However, it will not be ready until 2019, so organizers have proposed closing schools during the event to curb traffic from millions of commuting pupils. Authorities also proposed to set aside toll roads and bus lanes for special official and athlete use during the Games. Jakarta has also instated an odd-even licence plate system to limit congestion.

Security is another concern, with the Games taking place just a few months after a series of terror attacks, which killed dozens of people and provoked fear over Islamist militants. Some 100,000 security staff including bomb squad and sniper teams will be deployed in Jakarta, Palembang, and West Java, where the majority of events are hosted. Local police said they have been taking part in a pre-Asian Games crackdown on terror suspects and petty street criminals. Before, the Olympic Council of Malaysia (OCM) also raised concerns over Malaysian athletes’ security issues due to the recent provocations by Indonesian fans at venues and on social media.

Air pollution also becomes a concern on both cities. Jakarta has long struggled to boost air quality, regularly rated as unsafe by the World Health Organization (WHO) as Jakarta’s average score on the Air Quality Index (AQI) had exceeded 100 during early July 2018, once reaching the “unhealthy” range at 171 on 11 AM, Tuesday, 17 July 2018. Palembang also had been constantly under risk of haze caused by peatland fire during dry season which coincides with the Games. Authorities are looking into the possibility of cloud seeding to combat the fire hotspots by triggering rainfall in dry areas with flares of salt shot into suitable clouds. Authorities has been covered a polluted, foul-smelling river near the Asian Games athletes’ village in Jakarta with black nylon mesh over fears it will be an eyesore at the showpiece event.

On 21 July 2018, less than one month from the Games, women football venue of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium in Palembang had been partially damaged in a riot during local football match. At least 335 seats had been destroyed by the mob.

Officials had held Asian Games’ men football tournament drawing three times due to protest from UAE and Palestine which were incidentally not included in the first drawing. Later, Iraq withdrew from tournament which forced officials to rebalance the groups by determining which of Palestine or UAE would be moved to Group C to replace Iraq.

6 | See also


7 | Gallery


 

8 | Medal table


China led the medal table for the tenth consecutive time. Korea claimed their first gold medal at the Games in the canoeing women’s traditional boat race 500 m event.[119] A total of 37 NOCs won at least one medal, 29 NOCs won at least one gold medal and 9 NOCs failed to win any medal at the Games.

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below.

* Host nation (Indonesia) 

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Complete Medals Table

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Elek Yo Band in Java Jazz Festival 2018 Jakarta

Band Para Menteri Bakal Tampil di Java Jazz, Bawakan Lagu dari Slank dan Anji

Tribunseleb, Kamis, 1 Maret 2018 10:04 WIB


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Menteri Perhubungan Budi Karya Sumadi yang merupakan personel ‘Elek Yo Band’ membocorkan song daftar lagu yang akan dibawakan band yang beranggotakan para menteri itu saat tampil di Java Jazz Festival (JJF) 2018.

Budi menyebutkan saat tampil besok, Jumat (2/3/2018) mereka akan membawakan dua lagu dari Slank, dan juga lagu dari solois pria Anji.

“Satu lagunya Ku Tak Bisa dari Slank dan juga Juwita Malam lalu lagu Dia dari Anji dong kan mewakili 3 generasi,” ungkap Budi di Jakarta, Rabu (28/2/2018).

Selain Budi Karya yang menjadi gitaris dan vokalis, personel Elek Yo Band lainnya adalah Kepala Badan Ekonomi dan Industri Kreatif Triawan Munaf (keyboardist), Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Hanif Dakhiri (vokalis dan keyboardist), dan Koordinator Staf Khusus Presiden RI Teten Masduki (vokalis)

Kemudian Menteri Luar Negeri Retno Marsudi (vokalis), Suaminya Agus Marsudi (bassist), Menteri Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat Basuki Hadimuljono (drummer), dan Menteri Keuangan Sri Mulyani (bassist).

Budi menjelaskan karena banyaknya kegiatan para menteri Kabinet Kerja Presiden Joko Widodo itu maka merkea tidak banyak melakukan latihan bersama.

Para personel ‘Elek Yo Band’ melalukan latohan sendiri-sendiri terlebih dulu baru kemudian menyatukan konsep saat latihan bersama.

“Kita latihan sendiri-sendiri nanti kalau sudah ada formatnya kita kirim ke masing-masing personel,” ujar Budi.

Dari akun instagram Triawan Munaf, @triawanmunaf terlihat ‘Elek Yo Band’ melakukan latihan bersama pada Rabu (28/2/2018) malam mulai dari pukul 21.00 hingga pukul 00.00 WIB.

“Baru pada selesai kerja jam 9 malam. Menyempatkan berlatih sampai jamj 00.00 karena besok subuh Ibu Menkeu dan Pak Menaker harus keluar kota. Play hard, Work Harder,” tulis Triawan pada judul foto yang diunggahnya.

Rencananya Elek Yo Band akan melakukan kolaborasi dengan duo musik Endah N Rhesa, yang akan tampil Jumat 2 Maret 2018 di panggung Mitsubishi Motors Hall, di Jakarta Internasional Expo (JIEXPO) pukul 20.30 WIB.

 

 

Java Jazz Festival 2018 Jakarta

Daftar Kolaborasi Musisi di Java Jazz Festival 2018

Rabu, 28 Feb 2018 20:49 WIB · Hanif Hawari – detikHOT


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Jakarta Internasional Java Jazz Festival (JJF) 2018 siap digelar 2-4 Maret di Jiexpo Kemayoran, Jakarta Pusat. Ada suatu hal spesial yang ditawarkan oleh penyelenggara, Java Festival Production.

Yaitu menampilkan beberapa musisi yang akan berkolaborasi di JJF ke-14 itu. Tim programlah yang bertugas mengkurasi kolaborator musikus Indonesia maupun Internasional tersebut.

Berikut adalah beberapa kolaborasi yang sudah pasti dapat disaksikan di pengunjung Java Jazz Festival 2018 :

  1. Indro Hardjodikoro x Jazz Muda Indonesia, feat Soukma.
  2. Mateus Asato x drummer muda Tanah Air, Rafi Muhammad Trio.
  3. Soulful x Amelia Ong dan Imela Kei.
  4. Elek Yo Band (band yang beranggotakan sejumlah menteri kabinet Joko Widodo) x Endah N Rhesa.
  5. Dwiki Dharmawan & Friends x Trisouls dan Rahmania Astrini.
  6. Danish Radio Big Band x New York Voices dan Ivan Lins, Big Band yang sama juga akan mengiringi Curtis Stigers.
  7. Java Jive x Fariz RM. King Horn Sections.
  8. Yura Yunita x Ron King Horn Sections yang pada tahun lalu berkolaborasi bersama Barasuara.
  9. Musisi Jazz senior Oele Patiselano x Tony Monaco, dan Cendy Luntungan.
  10. Candra Darusman x Monita Tahalea, Teddy Adhitya, Adikara Fardy, Nina Tamam, dengan special performance dari Chaseiro dan Karimata Trio.
  11. Incognito x Java All Stars yang di beranggotakan Tompi, Rega Dauna, Dira Sugandi dan Petra Sihombing, serta masih banyak kolaborasi lainnya.

 

Masjid Istiqlal

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Masjid Istiqlal adalah masjid nasional negara Republik Indonesia yang terletak di pusat ibukota Jakarta. Masjid Istiqlal merupakan masjid terbesar di Asia Tenggara. Pembangunan masjid ini diprakarsai oleh Presiden Republik Indonesia saat itu, Ir. Soekarno di mana pemancangan batu pertama, sebagai tanda dimulainya pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal dilakukan oleh Ir. Soekarno pada tanggal 24 Agustus 1951. Arsitek Masjid Istiqlal adalah Frederich Silaban, seorang Kristen Protestan.

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Lokasi kompleks masjid ini berada di bekas Taman Wilhelmina, di timur laut lapangan Medan Merdeka yang ditengahnya berdiri Monumen Nasional (Monas). Di seberang timur masjid ini berdiri Gereja Katedral Jakarta. Bangunan utama masjid ini terdiri dari lima lantai dan satu lantai dasar. Masjid ini memiliki gaya arsitektur modern dengan dinding dan lantai berlapis marmer, dihiasi ornamen geometrik dari baja antikarat. Bangunan utama masjid dimahkotai satu kubah besar berdiameter 45 meter yang ditopang 12 tiang besar. Menara tunggal setinggi total 96,66 meter menjulang di sudut selatan selasar masjid. Masjid ini mampu menampung lebih dari dua ratus ribu jamaah.

Istiqlal_Cathedral

Selain digunakan sebagai aktivitas ibadah umat Islam, masjid ini juga digunakan sebagai kantor berbagai organisasi Islam di Indonesia, aktivitas sosial, dan kegiatan umum. Masjid ini juga menjadi salah satu daya tarik wisata yang terkenal di Jakarta. Kebanyakan wisatawan yang berkunjung umumnya wisatawan domestik, dan sebagian wisatawan asing yang beragama Islam. Masyarakat non-Muslim juga dapat berkunjung ke masjid ini setelah sebelumnya mendapat pembekalan informasi mengenai Islam dan Masjid Istiqlal, meskipun demikian bagian yang boleh dikunjungi kaum non-Muslim terbatas dan harus didampingi pemandu.

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Pada tiap hari besar Islam seperti Ramadhan, Idul Fitri, Idul Adha, Tahun Baru Hijriyah, Maulid Nabi Muhammad dan Isra dan Mi’raj, Presiden Republik Indonesia selalu mengadakan kegiatan keagamaan di masjid ini yang disiarkan secara langsung melalui televisi nasional (TVRI) dan sebagian televisi swasta.

Nama Masjid

Masjid Istiqlal merupakan masjid negara Indonesia, yaitu masjid yang mewakili umat muslim Indonesia. Karena menyandang status terhormat ini maka masjid ini harus dapat menjadi kebanggaan bangsa Indonesia sekaligus menggambarkan semangat perjuangan dalam meraih kemerdekaan. Masjid ini dibangun sebagai ungkapan dan wujud dari rasa syukur bangsa Indonesia yang mayoritas beragama Islam, atas berkat dan rahmat Allah SWT yang telah menganugerahkan nikmat kemerdekaan, terbebas dari cengkraman penjajah. Karena itulah masjid ini dinamakan “Istiqlal” yang dalam bahasa Arab berarti “Merdeka“.

Sejarah

Setelah perang kemerdekaan Indonesia, mulai berkembang gagasan besar untuk mendirikan masjid nasional. Ide pembangunan masjid tercetus setelah empat tahun proklamasi kemerdekaan. Gagasan pembangunan masjid kenegaraan ini sejalan dengan tradisi bangsa Indonesia yang sejak zaman kerajaan purba pernah membangun bangunan monumental keagamaan yang melambangkan kejayaan negara. Misalnya pada zaman kerajaan Hindu-Buddha bangsa Indonesia telah berjaya membangun candi Borobudur dan Prambanan. Karena itulah pada masa kemerdekaan Indonesia terbit gagasan membangun masjid agung yang megah dan pantas menyandang predikat sebagai masjid negara berpenduduk muslim terbesar di dunia.

Perencanaan

Pada tahun 1950, KH. Wahid Hasyim yang waktu itu menjabat sebagai Menteri Agama Republik Indonesia dan H. Anwar Tjokroaminoto dari Partai Syarikat Islam mengadakan pertemuan dengan sejumlah tokoh Islam di Deca Park, sebuah gedung pertemuan di jalan Merdeka Utara, tidak jauh dari Istana Merdeka. Pertemuan dipimpin oleh KH. Taufiqurrahman, yang membahas rencana pembangunan masjid. Gedung pertemuan yang bersebelahan dengan Istana Merdeka itu, kini tinggal sejarah. Deca Park dan beberapa gedung lainnya tergusur saat proyek pembangunan Monumen Nasional (Monas) dimulai.

Masjid tersebut disepakati akan diberi nama Istiqlal. Secara harfiah, kata Istiqlal berasal dari bahasa Arab yang berarti: kebebasan, lepas atau kemerdekaan, yang secara istilah menggambarkan rasa syukur kepada Allah SWT atas limpahan rahmat berupa kemerdekaan bangsa.

Pada pertemuan di gedung Deca Park tersebut, secara mufakat disepakati H. Anwar Tjokroaminoto sebagai ketua Yayasan Masjid Istiqlal. Dia juga ditunjuk secara mufakat sebagai ketua panitia pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal meskipun dia terlambat hadir karena baru kembali ke tanah air setelah bertugas sebagai delegasi Indonesia ke Jepang membicarakan masalah pampasan perang saat itu.

Pada tahun 1953, Panita Pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal, melaporkan rencana pembangunan masjid itu kepada kepala negara. Presiden Soekarno menyambut baik rencana tersebut, bahkan akan membantu sepenuhnya pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal. Kemudian Yayasan Masjid Istiqlal disahkan dihadapan notaris Elisa Pondag pada tanggal 7 Desember 1954.

Presiden Soekarno mulai aktif dalam proyek pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal sejak dia ditunjuk sebagai Ketua Dewan Juri dalam Sayembara maket Masjid Istiqlal yang diumumkan melalui surat kabar dan media lainnya pada tanggal 22 Februari 1955. Melalui pengumuman tersebut, para arsitek baik perorangan maupun kelembagaan diundang untuk turut serta dalam sayembara itu.

Terjadi perbedaan pendapat mengenai rencana lokasi pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal. Ir. H. Mohammad Hatta (Wakil Presiden RI) berpendapat bahwa lokasi yang paling tepat untuk pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal tersebut adalah di Jl. Moh. Husni Thamrin yang kini menjadi lokasi Hotel Indonesia. Dengan pertimbangan lokasi tersebut berada di lingkungan masyarakat Muslim dan waktu itu belum ada bangunan di atasnya.

Sementara itu, Ir. Soekarno (Presiden RI saat) mengusulkan lokasi pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal di Taman Wilhelmina, yang di dalamnya terdapat reruntuhan benteng Belanda dan dikelilingi oleh bangunan-bangunan pemerintah dan pusat-pusat perdagangan serta dekat dengan Istana Merdeka. Hal ini sesuai dengan simbol kekuasaan kraton di Jawa dan daerah-daerah di Indonesia bahwa masjid harus selalu berdekatan dengan kraton atau dekat dengan alun-alun, dan Taman Medan Merdeka dianggap sebagai alun-alun Ibu Kota Jakarta. Selain itu Soekarno juga menghendaki masjid negara Indonesia ini berdampingan dengan Gereja Katedral Jakarta untuk melambangkan semangat persaudaraan, persatuan dan toleransi beragama sesuai Pancasila.

Pendapat H. Moh. Hatta tersebut akan lebih hemat karena tidak akan mengeluarkan biaya untuk penggusuran bangunan-bangunan yang ada di atas dan di sekitar lokasi. Namun, setelah dilakukan musyawarah, akhirnya ditetapkan lokasi pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal di Taman Wilhelmina. Untuk memberi tempat bagi masjid ini, bekas benteng Belanda yaitu benteng Prins Frederick yang dibangun pada tahun 1837 dibongkar.

Sayembara Rancang Bangun Masjid

Dewan Juri sayembara rancang bangun Masjid Istiqlal, terdiri dari para Arsitek dan Ulama terkenal. Susunan Dewan Juri adalah Presiden Soekarno sebagai ketua, dengan anggotanya Ir. Roeseno, Ir. Djuanda, Ir. Suwardi, Ir. R. Ukar Bratakusumah, Rd. Soeratmoko, H. Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah (HAMKA), H. Abu Bakar Aceh, dan Oemar Husein Amin.

Sayembara berlangsung mulai tanggal 22 Februari 1955 sampai dengan 30 Mei 1955. Sambutan masyarakat sangat menggembirakan, tergambar dari banyaknya peminat hingga mencapai 30 peserta. Dari jumlah tersebut, terdapat 27 peserta yang menyerahkan sketsa dan maketnya, dan hanya 22 peserta yang memenuhi persyaratan lomba.

Setelah dewan juri menilai dan mengevaluasi, akhirnya ditetapkanlah 5 (lima) peserta sebagai nominator. Lima peserta tersebut adalah:

  1. Pemenang Pertama: Fredrerich Silaban dengan disain bersandi Ketuhanan
  2. Pemenang Kedua: R. Utoyo dengan disain bersandi Istighfar
  3. Pemenang Ketiga: Hans Gronewegen dengan disain bersandi Salam
  4. Pemenang Keempat: 5 orang mahasiswa ITB dengan disain bersandi Ilham
  5. Pemenang Kelima: adalah 3 orang mahasiswa ITB dengan disain bersandi Khatulistiwa dan NV. Associatie dengan sandi Lima Arab

Pada tanggal 5 Juli 1955, Dewan Juri menetapkan F. Silaban sebagai pemenang pertama. Penetapan tersebut dilakukan di Istana Merdeka, sekaligus menganugerahkan sebuah medali emas 75 gram dan uang Rp. 25.000. Pemenang kedua, ketiga, dan keempat diberikan hadiah. Dan seluruh peserta mendapat sertifikat penghargaan.

Pembangunan

Pemancangan tiang pertama dilakukan oleh Presiden Ir. Soekarno pada tanggal 24 Agustus 1961 bertepatan dengan peringatan Maulid Nabi Muhammad SAW, disaksikan oleh ribuan umat Islam.

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Selanjutnya pelaksanaan pembangunan masjid ini tidak berjalan lancar. Sejak direncanakan pada tahun 1950 sampai dengan 1965 tidak mengalami banyak kemajuan. Proyek ini tersendat, karena situasi politik yang kurang kondusif. Pada masa itu, berlaku demokrasi parlementer, partai-partai politik saling bertikai untuk memperjuangkan kepentingannya masing-masing. Kondisi ini memuncak pada tahun 1965 saat meletus peristiwa G30S/PKI, sehingga pembangunan masjid terhenti sama sekali. Setelah situasi politik mereda,pada tahun 1966, Menteri Agama KH. M. Dahlan mempelopori kembali pembangunan masjid ini. Kepengurusan dipegang oleh KH. Idham Chalid yang bertindak sebagai Koordinator Panitia Nasional Pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal.

Tujuh belas tahun kemudian, Masjid Istiqlal selesai dibangun. Dimulai pada tanggal 24 Agustus 1961, dan diresmikan penggunaannya oleh Presiden Soeharto pada tanggal 22 Februari 1978,ditandai dengan prasasti yang dipasang di area tangga pintu As-Salam. Biaya pembangunan diperoleh terutama dari APBN sebesar Rp. 7.000.000.000,- (tujuh miliar rupiah) dan US$. 12.000.000 (dua belas juta dollar AS).

Peristiwa Kontemporer

Karena Masjid Istiqlal adalah masjid nasional Republik Indonesia, setiap upacara atau peringatan hari besar Islam senantiasa digelar di masjid ini. Misalnya Hari raya Idul Fitri, Idul Adha, Isra Mi’raj, dan Maulid Nabi digelar di masjid ini dan diliput televisi nasional. Untuk turut memeriahkan perhelatan Visit Indonesia Year 1991 digelarlah Festival Istiqlal yang pertama pada tahun 1991. Festival ini digelar untuk memamerkan seni dan kebudayaan Islam Indonesia, turut hadir perwakilan negara sahabat berpenduduk muslim seperti Iran, Arab Saudi, dan perwakilan muslim China dari Uighur. Festival Istiqlal yang kedua digelar pada tahun 1995 untuk memperingati 50 tahun kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia.

Pada pukul 15.20 WIB hari Senin, 19 April 1999 bom meledak di lantai dasar Masjid Istiqlal. Letusan ini meretakkan tembok dan memecahkan kaca beberapa kantor organisasi Islam yang berkantor di Masjid Istiqlal, termasuk kantor Majelis Ulama Indonesia. Dua orang terluka akibat ledakan ini. Pada bulan Juni 1999 Polisi mengumumkan tujuh orang pengamen tersangka pelaku pengeboman Masjid Istiqlal yang telah ditangkap. Ketujuh orang ini adalah pelaksana yang menempatkan bom di Masjid Istiqlal, meskipun demikian siapakah otak perencana di balik pengeboman ini masih belum terungkap jelas.

Karena letak Masjid Istiqlal dan Gereja Katedral Jakarta yang bedampingan, maka kedekatan ini menjadi simbol keharmonisan antarumat beragama di Indonesia. Kendaraan umat Katolik yang merayakan misa hari besar keagamaan Katolik diperkenankan menggunakan lahan parkir Masjid Istiqlal.

Pengunjung

Sebagai masjid terbesar di Kawasan Timur Asia (Asia Tenggara dan Asia Timur), Masjid Istiqlal menarik perhatian wisatawan dalam dan luar negeri, terutama wisatawan muslim yang datang dari berbagai penjuru Indonesia ataupun wisatawan muslim dari luar negeri. Pengunjung muslim dapat langsung masuk dan berbaur dengan jemaah untuk menunaikan shalat berjamaah. Wisatawan non-Muslim diperbolehkan berkunjung dan memasuki masjid ini, setelah sebelumnya mendapat pembekalan informasi mengenai Islam dan Masjid Istiqlal. Pengunjung non-Muslim harus mengikuti tata cara mengunjungi masjid seperti melepaskan alas kaki serta mengenakan busana yang sopan dan pantas. Misalnya pengunjung tidak diperkenankan mengenakan celana pendek atau pakaian yang kurang pantas (busana lengan pendek, kaus kutang atau tank top). Pengunjung yang mengenakan celana pendek biasanya dipinjamkan sarung, sedangkan pengunjung wanita diminta mengenakan kerudung. Meskipun demikian bagian yang boleh dikunjungi kaum non-Muslim terbatas dan harus didampingi pemandu. Misalnya pengunjung non-Muslim (kecuali tamu negara atau VVIP) tidak diperkenankan memasuki lantai pertama ruang utama tempat mihrab dan mimbar, tetapi diperbolehkan melihat bagian dalam ruangan ini dari balkon lantai kedua. Selebihnya pengunjung non-Muslim boleh mengunjungi bagian lain seperti pelataran terbuka, selasar, kaki menara dan koridor masjid.

Setelah presiden Amerika Serikat Barack Obama didampingi istrinya mengunjungi Masjid Istiqal pada November 2010, makin banyak wisatawan asing yang berkunjung ke masjid ini, rata-rata sekitar 20 wisatawan asing mengunjungi masjid ini tiap harinya. Kebanyakan berasal dari Eropa. Para tokoh penting asing terkenal yang pernah mengunjungi Masjid Istiqlal antara lain; Bill Clinton Presiden Amerika Serikat pada tahun 1994, Presiden Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Presiden Libya Muammar Gaddafi, Pangeran Charles dari Britania Raya, Li Yuanchao wakil ketua Partai Komunis China, Presiden Cile Sebastián Piñera, Heinz Fischer Presiden Austria, dan Jens Stoltenberg Perdana Menteri Norwegia,dan Kanselir Jerman Angela Merkel pada tahun 2012.

Arsitektur

Sebagai masjid negara Indonesia, Masjid Istiqlal diharapkan dapat menampung jamaah dalam jumlah yang besar. Karena itu arsitekturnya menerapkan prinsip minimalis, dengan mempertimbangkan keberadaannya di kawasan beriklim tropis. Masjid dirancang agar udara dapat bebas bersirkulasi sehingga ruangan tetap sejuk, sementara jemaah terbebas dari panas matahari dan hujan. Ruangan shalat yang berada di lantai utama dan terbuka sekelilingnya diapit oleh plaza atau pelataran terbuka di kiri-kanan bangunan utama dengan tiang-tiang dengan bukaan lowong yang lebar di antaranya, dimaksudkan untuk memudahkan sirkulasi udara dan penerangan yang alami.

Gaya Arsitektur

Masjid ini bergaya arsitektur Islam modern internasional, yaitu menerapkan bentuk-bentuk geometri sederhana seperti kubus, persegi, dan kubah bola, dalam ukuran raksasa untuk menimbulkan kesan agung dan monumental. Bahannya pun dipilih yang besifat kokoh, netral, sederhana, dan minimalis, yaitu marmer putih dan baja antikarat (stainless steel). Ragam hias ornamen masjid pun bersifat sederhana namun elegan, yaitu pola geometris berupa ornamen logam krawangan (kerangka logam berlubang) berpola lingkaran, kubus, atau persegi. Ornamen-ornamen ini selain berfungsi sabagai penyekat, jendela, atau lubang udara, juga berfungsi sebagai unsur estetik dari bangunan ini. Krawangan dari baja ini ditempatkan sebagai jendela, lubang angin, atau ornamen koridor masjid. Pagar langkan di tepi balkon setiap lantainya serta pagar tangga pun terbuat dari baja antikarat. Langit-langit masjid dan bagian dalam kubah pun dilapisi kerangka baja antikarat. Dua belas pilar utama penyangga kubah pun dilapisi lempengan baja antikarat.

Karena bangunan yang begitu besar dan luas, jika memanfaatkan seluruh permukaan lantai di semua bagian bangunan, masjid ini dapat menampung maksimal sekitar 200.000 jamaah, meskipun demikian kapasitas ideal masjid ini adalah sekitar 120.000 jamaah. Masjid ini mempunyai arsitektur yang bergaya modern. Jamaah dan wisatawan yang berkunjung ke masjid ini dapat melihat konstruksi kokoh bangunan masjid yang didominasi oleh batuan marmer pada tiang-tiang, lantai, dinding dan tangga serta baja antikarat pada tiang utama, kubah, puncak menara, plafon, dinding, pintu krawangan, tempat wudhu, dan pagar keliling halaman.

Selain sebagai tempat ibadah, Masjid Istiqlal juga merupakan obyek wisata religi, pusat pendidikan, dan pusat aktivitas syiar Islam. Dengan berkunjung ke masjid ini, jamaah dan wisatawan dapat melihat keunikan arsitektur masjid yang merupakan perpaduan antara arsitektur Indonesia, Timur Tengah, dan Eropa. Arsitektur Indonesia nampak pada bangunan yang bersifat terbuka dengan memungkinkan sirkulasi udara alami sesuai dengan iklim tropis serta letak masjid yang berdekatan dengan bangunan pusat pemerintahan. Kemudian pada bagian dalam kubah masjid yang berhiaskan kaligrafi merupakan hasil adopsi arsitektur Timur Tengah. Masjid ini juga dipengaruhi gaya arsitektur Barat, sebagaimana terlihat dari bentuk tiang dan dinding yang kokoh.

Arsitektur Masjid Istiqlal juga menampilkan pendekatan yang unik terhadap berbagai serapan budaya dalam komposisi yang harmonis. Perpaduan itu menunjukkan kuatnya pemahaman yang menghargai berbagai budaya dari masyarakat yang berbeda, yang ditempatkan sebagai potensi untuk membangun harmoni dan toleransi antar umat beragama, dalam rangka membina kesatuan dan persatuan bangsa.

Beberapa kalangan menganggap arsitektur Islam modern Timur Tengah masjid Istiqlal berupa kubah besar dan menara terlalu bersifat Arab dan modern, sehingga terlepas dari kaitan harmoni dan warisan tradisi arsitektur Islam Nusantara tradisional Indonesia. Mungkin sebagai jawabannya mantan presiden Suharto melalui Yayasan Amal Bhakti Muslim Pancasila menyeponsori pembangunan berbagai masjid beratap limas tingkat tiga bergaya tradisional masjid Jawa.

Simbolisme

Rancangan arsitektur Masjid Istiqlal mengandung angka dan ukuran yang memiliki makna dan perlambang tertentu. Terdapat tujuh gerbang untuk memasuki ruangan dalam Istiqlal yang masing-masing dinamai berdasarkan Al-Asmaul-Husna, nama-nama Allah yang mulia dan terpuji. Angka tujuh melambangkan tujuh lapis langit dalam kosmologi alam semesta Islam, serta tujuh hari dalam seminggu. Tempat wudhu terletak di lantai dasar, sementara ruangan utama dan pelataran utama terletak di lantai satu yang ditinggikan. Bangunan masjid terdiri atas dua bangunan; bangunan utama dan bangunan pendamping yang lebih kecil. Bangunan pendamping berfungsi sebagai tangga sekaligus tempat tambahan untuk beribadah. Bangunan utama ini dimahkotai kubah dengan bentang diameter sebesar 45 meter, angka “45” melambangkan tahun 1945, tahun Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia. Kemuncak atau mastaka kubah utama dimahkotai ornamen baja antikarat berbentuk Bulan sabit dan bintang, simbol Islam.

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Interior ruang utama masjid Istiqlal; kubah raksasa ditopang 12 tiang berlapis baja antikarat

Kubah utama ini ditopang oleh 12 tiang ruang ibadah utama disusun melingkar tepi dasar kubah, dikelilingi empat tingkat balkon. Angka “12” yang dilambangkan oleh 12 tiang melambangkan hari kelahiran nabi Muhammad yaitu tanggal 12 Rabiul Awwal, juga melambangkan 12 bulan dalam penanggalan Islam (juga penanggalan Masehi) dalam satu tahun. Empat tingkat balkon dan satu lantai utama melambangkan angka “5” yang melambangkan lima Rukun Islam sekaligus melambangkan Pancasila, falsafah kebangsaan Indonesia. Tangga terletak di keempat sudut ruangan menjangkau semua lantai. Pada bangunan pendamping dimahkotai kubah yang lebih kecil berdiameter 8 meter.

Adanya dua bangunan masjid; yaitu bangunan utama dan bangunan pendamping (berfungsi sebagai tangga, ruang tambahan dan pintu masuk Al Fattah), serta dua kubah yaitu kubah utama dan kubah pendamping, melambangkan angka “2” atau dualisme yang saling berdampingan dan melengkapi; langit dan bumi, kepentingan akhirat dan kepentingan duniawi, bathin dan lahir, serta dua bentuk hubungan penting bagi muslim yaituHablum minallah (hubungan manusia dengan Tuhannya) dan Hablum minannaas (hubungan manusia dengan sesamanya). Hal ini sesuai dengan sifat agama Islam yang lengkap, mengatur baik urusan keagamaan maupun sosial kemasyarakatan. Islam tidak semata-mata bertitik berat pada masalah ibadah dan akhirat saja tetapi juga memperhatikan urusan duniawi; kesejahteraan, keadilan dan kepedulian sosial, ekonomi, hukum, ilmu pengetahuan, kebudayaan dan kehidupan sehari-hari umat muslim.

Rancangan interior masjid ini sederhana, minimalis, dengan hiasan minimal berupa ornamen geometrik dari bahan baja antikarat. Sifat gaya arsitektur dan ragam hias geometris yang sederhana, bersih dan minimalis ini mengandung makna bahwa dalam kesederhanaan terkandung keindahan. Pada dinding utama yang menghadap kiblat terdapat mihrab dan mimbar di tengahnya. Pada dinding utama terdapat ornamen logam bertuliskan aksara Arab Allah di sebelah kanan dan nama Muhammad di sebelah kiri, di tengahnya terdapat kaligrafi Arab Surah Thaha ayat ke-14. Semua ornamen logam baja antikarat didatangkan dari Jerman. Pada awalnya direncanakan menggunakan bahan marmer impor dari Italia seperti Monumen Nasional. Akan tetapi untuk menghemat biaya dan mendukung industri mamer lokal maka bahan marmer akhirnya diambil dari Tulungagung di Jawa Timur.

Thousands of the Indonesian muslims congregrated during Eid ul Fitr mass prayer in Istiqlal Mosque, the largest mosque in Southeast Asia, located in Central Jakarta, Indonesia.

Ribuan umat muslim Indonesia berkumpul untuk menunaikan shalat Ied pada Hari Raya Idul Fitri di Masjid Istiqlal

Struktur bangunan utama dihubungkan dengan emper dan koridor yang mengelilingi pelataran terbuka yang luas. Teras besar terbuka ini berukuran seluas 29.800 meter persegi, berupa pelataran berlapis tegel keramik berwarna merah bata yang disusun sesuai shaf shalat, terletak di sisi dan belakang gedung utama. Teras ini berfungsi menampung jemaah pada saat shalat Idul Fitri dan Idul Adha. Koridor di sekeliling teras pelataran menghubungkan bangunan utama dengan menara masjid. Tidak seperti masjid dalam arsitektur Islam Arab, Persia, Turki, dan India yang memiliki banyak menara, Istiqlal hanya memiliki satu menara yang melambangkan Keesaan Allah. Struktur menara berlapis marmer berukuran tinggi 66,66 meter (6.666 cm),melambangkan 6.666 ayat dalam persepsi tradisional dalam Al Quran. Ditambah kemuncak yang memahkotai menara terbuat dari kerangka baja setinggi 30 meter melambangkan 30 juz’ dalam Al Quran, maka tinggi total menara adalah 96,66 meter. Selain koridor emper keliling terdapat pula koridor di tengah yang menghubungkan Gerbang Al Fattah dengan Gerbang Ar Rozzaq. Jika masjid sudah tentu berkiblat ke arah Mekkah, penjuru koridor ini mengarah ke Monumen Nasional, hal ini untuk menunjukkan bahwa masjid ini adalah masjid nasional Republik Indonesia.

Di masjid ini juga terdapat bedug raksasa yang terbuat dari dari sebatang pohon kayu meranti merah asal pulau Kalimantan yang berusia sekitar 300 tahun.

Masjid Istiqlal dikenal dengan kemegahan bangunannya. Luas bangunannya hanya mencapai 26% dari kawasan seluas 9.32 hektare, yang selebihnya adalah halaman dan pertamanan. Pada taman masjid di sudut barat daya terdapat kolam besar dengan air mancur yang dapat menyemburkan air setinggi 45 meter. Air mancur ini hanya diaktifkan tiap hari Jumat menjelang shalat Jumat atau pada hari raya dan hari penting keagamaan Islam seperti Idul Fitri, Idul Adha, Maulid Nabi, dan Isra Miraj.

Lingkungan Sekitar

Pada tahun 1950, keadaan dan kondisi kawasan Taman Wilhelmina yang berada di depan Lapangan Banteng merupakan tempat yang sepi, gelap, kotor, dan tak terurus. Reruntuhan tembok bekas bangunan Benteng Prins Frederick di taman itu penuh dengan lumut, dan ditumbuhi ilalang dimana-mana.

Pada tanggal 21 Mei 1961, dalam rangka peringatan Hari Kebangkitan Nasional di tempat yang sama, sekitar 50.000 orang dari berbagai unsur lapisan masyarakat, termasuk pegawai negeri dan swasta, alim ulama, tentara, dan lain-lain bekerja bakti membersihkan taman Wilhelmina yang tak terurus itu, sebagai persiapan lokasi pembangunan Masjid yang diawali dengan pidato Menteri Jaksa Agung.

Beberapa bulan kemudian, tepatnya tanggal 24 Agustus 1961, telah menjadi tanggal yang paling bersejarah bagi kaum muslimin di Jakarta khususnya, dan Indonesia pada umumnya, untuk pertama kalinya di bekas taman itu, kota Jakarta akan memiliki sebuah masjid besar dan monumental. Maka dengan ucapan Bismillahirrahmanirrahim Presiden RI Ir. Soekarno meresmikan permulaan pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal diatas area seluas 9.32 Ha. Yang ditandai dengan pemasangan tiang pancang disaksikan oleh ribuan ummat Islam. Sebuah masjid yang akan menjadi simbol kemerdekaan bagi bangsa Indonesia.

Kompleks Masjid Istiqlal juga mempunyai daya tampung parkir untuk 800 kendaraan.

Pagar dan Pintu Gerbang

Komplek Masjid Istiqlal dikelilingi pagar setinggi empat meter, terdiri dari tembok setinggi satu meter dan diatasnya berdiri pagar setinggi tiga meter yang terbuat dari bahan stainless steel, baja anti karat sepanjang 1.165 meter.

Semula pagar ini meski dibuat dari bahan baja antikarat dan cukup kokoh, namun tingginya hanya sekitar 1,2 meter ditambah 1 meter tembok sehingga memudahkan keluar masuknya orang-orang yang tidak bertanggung jawab dengan cara melompati pagar tersebut, ditambah lagi dengan pintu gerbang yang sangat mudah dilewati meski pintu tersebut dalam keadaan terkunci.

Sebagai solusinya maka mulai tahun 2007 pagar diganti menjadi lebih tinggi dan indah seperti yang disaksikan sekarang. Pintu gerbangpun diubah dan dipercantik dengan menggunakan alumunium cor dan dirancang memiliki celah-celah yang rapat yang tidak mungkin dilewati oleh manusia.

Saat ini untuk masuk ke wilayah Masjid Istiqlal baik menggunakan kendaraan ataupun berjalan kaki harus melalui pintu gerbang yang terbuka yang masing-masing mempunyai gardu jaga. Pintu-pintu gerbang tersebut terletak di sebelah utara, timur, tenggara dan selatan. Salah satu dari pintu gerbang tersebut diperuntukkan khusus untuk VIP yaitu RI 1 dan RI 2.

Terdapat lima pintu gerbang masuk menuju kompleks Masjid Istiqlal, beberapa gerbang masuk ini dihubungkan ke masjid oleh jembatan yang dibawahnya mengalir sungai Ciliwung dan di kiri kanannya terdapat lapangan parkir yang luas, sedangkan dua buah lainnya di bagian utara tidak dihubungkan dengan jembatan. Gerbang masjid ini terdapat di ketiga sisi kompleks masjid, yaitu sisi utara menghadap pintu air dan jalan Veteran, sisi timur menghadap Gereja Katedral Jakarta dan jalan Katedral, dan sisi tenggara-selatan menghadap jalan Perwira dan kantor pusat Pertamina. Sementara di sepanjang sisi barat terdapat rel kereta api yang menghubungkan Stasiun Gambir dan Stasiun Juanda, di sisi barat ini tidak terdapat pintu gerbang.

  1. Sisi Utara dari arah Pintu Air terdapat satu pintu gerbang yang langsung diarahkan menuju pintu As-Salam. Pada acara kenegaraan biasanya hanya dibuka untuk dilalui para undangan VIP setingkat pejabat negara, para menteri, duta-duta besar perwakilan negara sahabat, pejabat legislatif, pejabat daerah dan undangan VIP lainnya.
  2. Sisi Timur Laut dari arah Katedral terdapat satu buah pintu gerbang berhadapan dengan bangunan gereja Katedral. Pintu gerbang inilah yang dibuka setiap harinya untuk keluar masuk area Masjid Istiqlal dan mulai pada pertengahan tahun 2008 perparkiran menggunakan sistem Check Point.
  3. Sisi Tenggara-Selatan dari arah Kantor Pusat Pertamina dan jalan Perwira terdapat tiga pintu gerbang, satu pintu gerbang ujung selatan tepat di pertigaan Jalan Merdeka Timur dan jalan Perwira searah dengan gedung kantor pusat Pertamina dan Stasiun Gambir, satu pintu di sisi tenggara dekat jembatan Ciliwung, dan satu lagi dekat pertigaan Lapangan Banteng searah dengan gedung Kementerian Agama Pusat. Gerbang tenggara dekat jembatan Ciliwung biasanya dibuka untuk umum hanya pada saat shalat Jumat, sedangkan pintu gerbang ujung selatan khusus diperuntukkan bagi Presiden dan Wakil Presiden Indonesia beserta rombongan bila menghadiri acara keagamaan yang diselenggarakan secara kenegaraan di Masjid Istiqlal, seperti peringatan hari-hari besar Islam seperti Hari Raya Idul Fitri dan Idul Adha.

Seluruh pintu gerbang ini dibuka setiap acara resmi kenegaraan, sedangkan untuk hari-hari biasa pintu gerbang yang dibuka hanya pintu dari arah Katedral yang langsung menuju pintu Al-Fattah.

Sedangkan pada bangunan Masjid Istiqlal terdapat 7 buah pintu gerbang yand dinamakan berdasarkan Asmaul Husna.

Taman, Parkir, Jembatan, dan Air Mancur

Halaman di sekitar Masjid Istiqlal sebelah utara, selatan dan timur seluas 6,85 Ha terdari dari:

Pertamanan seluas 4,15 Ha, dibagi menjadi 23 lokasi dan masing-masing diberi nama sesuai dengan nama pepohonan yang dominan berada di lokasi tersebut. Misalnya Taman Kamboja dan lain-lain. Rindangnnya pertamanan berfungsi juga sebagai hutan kota, dihidupi pula dengan beberapa jenis unggas untuk menambah keindahan komplek Masjid Istiqlal. Dengan demikian menjadikan suasana masjid terasa sejuk sehinnga akan menambah kekhusyuan beribadah bagi para jamaah.

Fountain_Istiqlal_Mosque_Monas_background

Air mancur di tengah kolam sudut barat daya taman Masjid Istiqlal

Perparkiran seluas 2,15 Ha, yang dapat menampung kurang lebih 800 kendaraan sekaligus melalui 7 buah pintu gerbang yang ada. Kualitas pengaspalan untuk halaman, parkir dan jalan dibuat dengan methode pengaspalan kelas satu. Sungai Ciliwung mengalir membelah kompleks Masjid Istiqlal. Karena halaman Masjid Istiqlal dikelilingi oleh sungai, maka dibangun pula tiga buah jembatan besar yang lebarnya 18,6 meter dan panjang sekitar 21 sampai 25 meter. Ditambah satu buah jembatan kecil untuk pejalan kaki, kerangka dari jembatan-jembatan ini juga terbuat dari bahan stainless steel. Tepat di taman ini aliran sungai Ciliwung bercabang dua, cabang ke barat mengarah ke Harmoni, Jalan Gajah Mada-Hayam Wuruk, dan kawasan Kota Tua Jakarta, sedangkan cabang ke timur mengarah ke Pasar Baru, Gunung Sahari dan Ancol. Di sisi utara cabang barat terdapat pintu air yang dibangun pada zaman kolonial Hindia Belanda.

Untuk menambah indahnya panorama kompleks Masjid Istiqlal, di halaman bagian selatan dilengkapi dengan kolam air mancur yang ditempatkan di tengah-tengah, taman air mancur ini seluas 2.803 meter persegi, dan kolam air mancur seluas 8.490 meter persegi, jadi luas keseluruhannya 11,293 meter persegi. Pada bagian tengah kolam dibuat ring penampung air bersih bergaris tengah 45 meter, jumlah nozel pemancar air mancur sebanyak: 1 buah tegak lurus di tengah-tengah cawan air mancur, 17 buah di lingkar luar, dan 8 buah buah di lingkar dalam pada kolam penampungan air bersih. Air mancur ini dapat memancarkan air setinggi 45 meter.

Gedung Utama dan Gedung Pendukung

Masjid Istiqlal berdaya tampung jamaah sebanyak 200.000 orang yang terdiri dari:

  1. Ruang shalat utama dan balkon serta sayap memuat 61.000 orang.
  2. Ruang pada bangunan pendahuluan memuat 8.000 orang.
  3. Ruang teras terbuka di lantai 2 memuat 50.000 orang.
  4. Semua koridor dan tempat lainnya memuat 81.000 orang.

Pintu Masuk

Terdapat tujuh pintu gerbang masuk ke dalam Masjid Istiqlal. Masing-masing pintu itu diberi nama berdasarkan Asmaul Husna. Dari ketujuh pintu ini tiga pintu yaitu Al Fattah, As Salam dan Ar Rozzaq adalah pintu utama. Ketujuh pintu itu adalah:

  1. Al Fattah (Gerbang Pembuka): pintu utama yang terletak sisi timur laut berhadapan dengan Gereja Katedral. Pintu ini adalah pintu untuk masyarakat umum yang senantiasa terbuka dan terletak di bangunan pendamping dengan kubah kecil diatasnya.
  2. Al Quddus (Gerbang Kesucian): pintu yang terletak di sisi timur laut terdapat di sudut bangunan utama masjid.
  3. As Salam (Gerbang Kedamaian): salah satu pintu utama ini terletak di ujung utara pada sudut bangunan utama. Pintu ini langsung menuju dekat shaf terdepan barisan shalat, sehingga pintu ini digunakan untuk tamu penting VIP, seperti ulama, tamu asing, duta besar dari negara muslim, dan tamu penting lainnya pada acara keagamaan penting.
  4. Al Malik (Gerbang Raja): pintu VVIP di sisi barat pada sudut bangunan utama masjid. Seperti pintu As Salam pintu ini juga langsung menuju dekat shaf terdepan barisan shalat, sehingga pintu ini digunakan untuk tamu penting VVIP seperti presiden dan wakil presiden Indonesia serta tamu negara yang berkunjung.
  5. Al Ghaffar (Gerbang Ampunan): pintu ini terletak di ujung selatan pada bangunan selasar pelataran, tepat di bawah menara masjid Istiqlal. Pintu ini adalah yang paling dekat gerbang tenggara sekaligus yang terjauh dari mihrab masjid.
  6. Ar Rozzaq (Gerbang Rezeki): salah satu pintu utama ini terletak di tengah-tengah sisi selatan selasar pelataran Istiqlal. Dari pintu ini terdapat koridor yang lurus menghubungkannya dengan pintu Al Fatah di sisi timur laut.
  7. Ar Rahman (Gerbang Pengasih): pintu ini terletak di sudut barat daya bangunan selasar masjid, dekat pintu Al Malik.

Gedung Utama

  • Tinggi: 60 meter
  • Panjang: 100 meter
  • Lebar: 100 meter
  • Tiang pancang: 2.361 buah

1280px-Istiqlal_Mosque_Minbar

Masjid Istiqlal yang megah ini adalah bangunan berlantai dua. Lantai pertama untuk perkantoran, ruang pertemuan, instalasi AC sentral dan listrik, kamar mandi, toilet dan ruang tempat wudhu. Lantai dua, untuk shalat yang terdiri dari ruang shalat utama dan teras terbuka yang luas guna untuk menampung jemaah yang melimpah terutama pada saat shalat Idul Fitri dan Idul Adha.

Gedung utama dengan ruang shalat utama mengarah ke kiblat (Mekkah), sedangkan teras terbuka yang luas mengarah ke Monumen Nasional (Monas).

Lantai utama yang disediakan untuk ruang sholat baik Rawatib ataupun sholat sunnat lainnya terletak di gedung utama dengan daya tampung 61.00 orang jamaah. Di bagian depan terdapat Mihrab tempat dimana imam memimpin sholat jamaah, dan disebelah kanan mihrab terdapat mimbar yang ditinggikan. Lantainya ditutupi karpet merah sumbangan seorang dermawan dari Kerajaan Arab Saudi.

Kubah besar

Dengan diameter 45 m, terbuat dari kerangka baja antikarat dari Jerman Barat dengan berat 86 ton, sementara bagian luarnya dilapisi dengan keramik. Diameter 45 meter merupakan simbol penghormatan dan rasa syukur atas kemerdekaan Bangsa Indonesia pada tahun 1945 sesuai dengan nama Istiqlal itu sendiri. Bagian bawah sekeliling kubah terdapat kaligrafi Surat Yassin yang ditulis oleh K.H Fa’iz seorang Khatthaath senior dari Jawa Timur.

Dari luar atap bagian atas kubah dipasang penangkal petir berbentuk lambang Bulan dan Bintang yang terbuat dari stainless steel dengan diameter 3 meter dan berat 2,5 ton. Dari dalam kubah di topang oleh 12 pilar berdiameter 2,6 meter dengan tinggi 60 meter, 12 buah pilar ini merupakan simbol angka kelahiran nabi Muhammad SAW yaitu 12 Rabiul Awal tahun Gajah atau 20 April 571 M.

Seluruh bagian di gedung utama ini dilapisi marmer yang didatangkan langsung dari Tulungagung seluas 36.980 meter persegi.

Gedung pendahuluan

  • Tinggi: 52 meter
  • Panjang: 33 meter
  • Lebar: 27 meter

Bagian ini memiliki lima lantai yang terletak di belakang gedung utama yang diapit dua sayap teras. Luas lantainya 36.980 meter persegi, dilapisi dengan 17.300 meter persegi marmer. Jumlah tiang pancangnya sebanyak 1800 buah. Di atas gedung ini ada sebuah kubah kecil, fungsi utama dari gedung ini yaitu setiap jamaah dapat menuju gedung utama secara langsung. Selain itu juga bisa dimanfaatkan sebagai perluasan tempat shalat bila gedung utama penuh.

Teras raksasa

Teras raksasa terbuka seluas 29.800 meter terletak di sebelah kiri dan dibelakang gedung induk. Teras ini berlapis tegel keramik berwarna merah kecoklatan yang disusun membentuk shaf shalat. Teras ini dibuat untuk menampung jamaah pada saat shalat Idul Fitri dan Idul Adha. Selain itu teras ini juga berfungsi sebagai tempat acara-acara keagamaan seperti MTQ dan pada emper tengah biasa digunakan untuk peragaan latihan manasik haji, teras raksasa ini dapat menampung sekitar 50.000 jamaah.

Emper keliling dan koridor

  • Panjang: 165 meter
  • Lebar : 125 meter

Emper atau koridor ini mengelilingi teras raksasa dan koridor tengah yang sekelilingya terdapat 1800 pilar guna menopang bangunan emper. Di bagian tengah terdapat koridor tengah yang menghubungkan pintu Al Fattah di timur laut dengan pintu Ar Rozzaq di barat daya. Arah poros koridor ini mengarah ke Monumen Nasional menandakan masjid ini adalah masjid nasional.

Menara

  • Tinggi tubuh menara marmer: 6.666 cm = 66.66 meter
  • Tinggi kemuncak (pinnacle) menara baja antikarat: 30 meter
  • Tinggi total menara: sekitar 90 meter
  • Diameter menara 5 meter

Bangunan menara meruncing ke atas ini berfungsi sebagai tempat Muadzin mengumandangkan adzan. Di atasnya terdapat pengeras suara yang dapat menyuarakan adzan ke kawasan sekitar masjid.

Menara megah tersebut melambangkan keagungan Islam, dan kemuliaan kaum muslimin. Keistimewaan lainnya, menara yang terletak di sudut selatan masjid, dengan ketinggian 6.666 cm ini dinisbahkan dengan jumlah ayat-ayat Al-Quran. Pada bagian ujung atas menara, berdiri kemuncak (pinnacle) dari besi baja yang menjulang ke angkasa setinggi 30 meter sebagai simbol dari jumlah juz dalam Al-Quran. Menara dan kemuncak baja ini membentuk tinggi total menara sekitar 90 meter.

The minaret or tower of Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, Indonesia. The National Monument (Monas) and Medan Merdeka Square in the background with Jakarta skyline.

Menara Istiqlal dengan Monas terlihat di kejauhan

Puncak menara yang meruncing dirancang berlubang-lubang terbuat dari kerangka baja tipis. Angka 6.666 merupakan simbol dari jumlah ayat yang terdapat dalam AL- Quran, seperti yang diyakini oleh sebahagian besar ulama di Indonesia.

Lantai Dasar dan Tangga

Ruangan shalat terdapat di lantai pertama tepat di atas lantai dasar, sedangkan lantai dasar terdapat ruang wudhu, kantor Masjid Istiqlal, dan kantor berbagai organisasi Islam. Lantai dasar Masjid Istiqlal seluruhnya ditutupi oleh marmer seluas 25.000 meter persegi dipersiapkan untuk sarana perkantoran, sarana penunjang masjid, dan ruang serbaguna. Gagasan semula tempat ini akan dibiarkan terbuka yang sewaktu-waktu dapat dipergunakan, misalnya pada saat penyelenggaraan Festival Istiqlal I tahun 1991 dan Festival Istiqlal II tahun 1995 ruangan-ruangan serbaguna di lantai dasar dan pelataran halaman Masjid dijadikan ruang pameran seni Islam Indonesia dan bazaar. Namun pasca terjadinya pengeboman di Masjid Istiqlal pada tanggal 19 April 1999 maka dilakukanlah pemagaran dan pembuatan pintu-pintu strategis pada tahun 1999.

Jumlah tangga menuju lantai shalat utama sebanyak 11 unit. Tiga diantaranya memiliki ukuran besar dan berfungsi sebagai tangga utama yaitu: satu unit berada disisi utara gedung induk, satu unit berada pada gedung pendahuluan yang dapat dipergunakan langsung menuju lantai lima, dan satu unit lainnya berlokasi di emper selatan menuju lantai utama, tangga-tangga ini memiliki lebar 15 meter.

Disamping itu terdapat 4 unit tangga dengan ukuran lebar 3 meter berlokasi pada tiap-tiap pojok gedung utama yang langsung menuju lantai lima dan di sudut-sudut teras raksasa.

Sarana dan Fasilitas

Ruang shalat utama luasnya satu hektare dapat menampung jamaah lebih dari 16.000 orang. Ruang tersebut ditambah balkon 4 tingkat dan sayap disebelah timur, selatan, dan utara sehingga luas seluruhnya menjadi 36.980 meter persegi atau sama dengan hampir 4 hektare yang berarti dapat menampung jamaah sekitar 61.000 orang.

1280px-Eid_ul-Fitr_prayer_Istiqlal_Mosque_women_section

Koridor keliling dipenuhi jemaah shalat Ied hari raya Idul Fitri

Di sebelah barat ruang shalat utama terletak mimbar yang diapit sebelah kiri dan kanannya oleh tembok berlapiskan marmer di mana terpajang kaligrafi Arab yang indah berbunyi: “Allah” (sebelah utara), “Laa Ilaha Illa Allah, Muhammad ar Rasulu Allah” (tengah), dan “Muhammad” (sebelah selatan).

Sarana Peribadatan

Karpet

Seluruh lantai utama masjid ditutupi oleh karpet merah sumbangan dari seorang dermawan Arab Saudi bernama Sheikh Esmail Abu Daud yang diserah terimahkan pada tanggal 3 Juni 2005. Karpet sebanyak 103 gulung ini berwarna merah terbuat dari bahan dasar wol.

Perawatan karpet tersebut dikerjakan secara manual, setiap hari dibersihkan dengan menggunakan alat vacum cleaner. Jumlah karpet penutup lantai utama 18 lembar, setiap lembarnya berukuran: panjang 25 meter dan lebar 4 meter, rata-rata beratnya 250 kg.

Rak Al Quran

Masjid Istiqlal juga menyediakan mushaf Al-Qur’an untuk dibaca oleh para jama’ah yang ditempatkan pada rak yang melingkar di 12 tiang yang terdapat pada lantai utama, setiap rak berbentuk setengah lingkaran yang terdiri dari dua tingkat terbuat dari bahan stainless steel.

Setiap rak dapat menampung 100 sampai 150 buah mushaf yang disediakan oleh BPPMI serta waqaf dari jamaah.

1203px-Istiqlal_Mosque_Reciting_Al_Quran

Umat muslim Indonesia tengah membaca Al Quran setelah menunaikan shalat di Masjid Istiqlal, Jakarta, Indonesia. Indonesia memiliki jumlah umat muslim terbesar di dunia

Sketsel

Untuk pembatas antara tempat shalat bagi jamaah pria dan wanita dan batas area sholat rawatib, di lantai utama Masjid Istiqlal juga disediakan sketsel yang terbuat dari 20 modul dengan bahan stainless steel dan dari bahan kayu 20 modul dengan ukuran masing-masing 2 meter x 80 cm. Sketsel tersebut bersifat knock down yang bisa dipasang sesuai kebutuhan.

Sarana Olahraga

Didalam tubuh yang sehat terdapat jiwa yang kuat. Menjaga kesehatan dengan berolahraga merupakan hal yang rutin dilakukan oleh siswa-siswi madrasah dan remaja Masjid Istiqlal.

Untuk mendukung berbagai macam program yang ada, BPPMI menyediakan fasilitas-fasilitas pendukung seperti sarana olah raga yang representatif berstandart nasional dan internasional yang dibangun di pojok kiri bagian timur Masjid.

Pusat kegiatan olahraga ini berupa lapangan terbuka terdiri dari lapangan Futsal, Badminton, Bola Volly dan Basket. Lapangan olah raga ini berukuran 420 meter persegi, diresmikan penggunaannya oleh ibu Menteri Agama RI pada Tanggal 17 Januari 2009 M/20 Muharram 1430 H.

Tenaga Listrik

Tenaga listrik di Masjid Istiqlal difungsikan untuk:

  1. Penerangan
  2. Tenaga Hydrofour
  3. AC
  4. Sound system
  5. Air Mancur
  6. Alat eloktronik lainnya seperti TV, Komputer dll.

Penggunaan listrik untuk kebutuhan penerangan diseluruh areal Masjid Istiqlal baik di gedung ataupun di taman dan halaman serta pagar menggunakan layanan listrik dari PLN. Suplai listrik yang diperoleh dari Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) dengan satu gardu tersendiri yang menyiapkan central box berkapasitas 2.000 KVA.

Sebagai cadangan bila terjadi pemadaman dari pihak PLN, disiapkan juga dua buah mesin diesel atau generator berkekuatan 825 KVA dan 500 KVA. Selain untuk penerangan tenaga listrik ini juga dipergunakan untuk mesin-mesin Hydrofour dan AC di ruang perkantoran yang terdapat di lantai dasar masjid, rata-rata konsumsi listrik setiap bulannya adalah 1.750 KVA, dengan pembayaran rekening rata-rata sebesar Rp: 125.000.000/bulan.

Sistem Suara dan Multimedia

Untuk keperluan ibadah dan sarana informasi Masjid Istiqlal menggunakan sound system yang dikendalikan secara terpusat yang terletak pada ruang kaca bagian belakang lantai dua, dengan jumlah speaker sebanyak 200 chanel yang tersebar pada lantai utama.

Jumlah speaker yang terdapat pada koridor, gedung penghubung dan gedung pendahuluan sebanyak 158 chanel. Sound system dikendalikan oleh 26 amplyfire dan 5 (lima) buah mixer dan diawasi oleh enam orang yang bertugas secara bergantian baik siang ataupun malam hari.

Untuk mendukung kelancaran komunikasi pada waktu pelaksanaan ibadah dan kegiatan, di lantai utama juga telah dipasang system TV plasma sehingga akses informasi dpat diikuti secara merata oleh para jamaah yang berada diseluruh area ruang utama Masjid.

Pendingin Udara (AC)

AC difungsikan secara sentral yang meliputi seluruh perkantoran dan ruangan lain yang ada di lantai dasar. Untuk memenuhi kebutuhan AC ini didukung oleh empat buah mesin pendingin atau chiller.

Pendingin ruangan hanya digunakan bagi ruangan-ruangan kantor di lantai bawah dengan menggunakan sistem AC central dan AC split.

Untuk menambah kenyamanan beribadah bagi jamaah, sekarang ini ruang utama Masjid Istiqlal dilengkapi juga dengan 5 unit standing AC, masing-masing berkekuatan 5 PK dan sebelas unit AC celling berkekuatan masing-masing 5 PK, ditambah kipas angin berukuran besar.

Disamping itu pada ruangan perkantoran, ruang madrasah serta ruang VIP yang berada pada lantai dasar sistem pendinginnya juga menggunakan AC sentral yang digerakkan oleh empat unit mesin chiller dengan 300 buah fan coil unit yang tersebar pada setiap ruangan, karena termakan usia di beberapa ruangan ditemukan AC chiller sudah kurang berfungsi maka secara bertahap dilakukan penggantian dengan AC split.

Fasilitas Air, Ruang Wudhu, Kamar Mandi, WC

Keperluan air untuk bersuci di Masjid Istiqlal pada awalnya dari Perusahaan Air Minum (PAM). Sebagai cadangan untuk mengantisipasi kekurangan dan kerusakan maka dibuatlah 6 buah sumur artesis dengan kedalaman 100 M, menggunakan mesin berkekuatan 3 PK dan 3 fase berkapasitas 600 liter permenit dan didistribusikan ke tempat-tempat wudhu.

752px-Istiqlal_Mosque_Wudhu_(Ablution)

Tempat wudhu pria

Untuk kebutuhan air di tempat pembuangan air kecil digunakan delapa buah mesin Hydrofour, ditambah empat tangki Hydrofour berkapasitas 1400 liter. Mesin-mesin air tersebut menggunakan tenaga listrik sebanyak 15 PK.

Tempat wudhu terdapat di beberapa lokasi di lantai dasar yaitu di sebelah utara, timur maupun selatan gedung utama. Di setiap lokasi tersedia 100 unit tempat wudhu dengan kran air terbuat dari bahan stainless steel, tiap unitnya terdiri atas 6 buah kran maka jumlah kran seluruhnya sebanyak 600 buah. Berarti pada saat yang bersamaan dapat melayani 600 orang berwudhu sekaligus.

800px-Wudu_Istiqlal_Mosque

Tempat wudhu wanita

Sedangkan toilet terdapat di lantai dasar sebelah barat, selatan dan timur di bawah teras raksasa. Toilet ini sengaja dibangun terpisah dari tempat wudhu, hal ini dimaksudkan agar tempat yang bersih dan suci tidak berdekatan dengan tempat yang kotor. Disisi sebelah timur, dibawah emper masjid terdapat dua lokasi urinior yang berkapasitas 80 ruang.

Selain itu juga terdapat 52 kamar mandi dan WC, dengan rincian: 12 buah dibawah emper barat, 12 buah dibawah emper selatan dekat menara dan 28 buah dibawah emper sebelah timur. Keperluan air untuk wudhu, kamar mandi dan toilet ini setiap hari dipasok air dari PAM yaang berkapasitas 600 liter per menit.

Lift Bagi Penyandang Cacat

Mengingat Masjid Istiqlal sebagai sarana umum dan jamaah yang berkunjung juga terdapat diantaranya penyandang cacat dan jamaah lanjut usia. Karena itu bagi penyandang cacat yang akan menuju ke lantai dua dan lantai utama disediakan lift yang terletak di bagian selatan. Hal ini dalam rangka peningkatan pelayanan kepada para jamaah penyandang cacat dan lansia.

Keberadaan satu unit lift yang diperuntukkan khusus bagi jamaah penyandang cacat dan lansia ini adalah berkat bantuan pemerintah DKI Jakarta. Lift tersebut berkapasitas 6 orang dan dioperasikan pada waktu-waktu tertentu sesuai kebutuhan.

Lift ini terdapat di lokasi pintu Ar-Rahman dan dapat diakses melalui pintu gerbang depan kantor pusat pertamina.

Perpustakaan Islam

Firman yang pertama kali diturunkan-Nya dalam Al Quran adalah perintah membaca, melalui firman-Nya tersebut Allah memerintahkan manusia membaca sebagai jalan untuk menuntut ilmu. Jadi jika menutut ilmu memiliki kedudukan mulia, maka jalan kearahnya pun dengan membaca menjadi jalan yang mulia. Kesadaran akan pentingnya membaca sebagai jalan masuknya ilmu telah mendorong generasi terdahulu umat Islam untuk mendirikan fasilitas yang bisa menampung bahan bacaan karya-karya ulama Islam waktu itu.

Perpustakaan Islam Istiqlal, walaupun belum bisa mewakili jumlah besarnya koleksi buku seperti perpustakaan-perpustakaan Islam yang besar lainnya, mewakili fungsinya sebagai pusat keilmuan Islam. Perpustakaan Islam sendiri sudah mulai berkembang di Indonesia. Hampir di setiap masjid-masjid besar di Ibukota, telah dilengkapi dengan sarana perpustakaan.

Poliklinik

Ketika gubernur DKI Jakarta dijabat oleh Bapak Sumarno pada tahun 1968 dimana Masjid Istiqlal masih dalam proses pembangunan, maka untuk membantu karyawan dalam pemeriksaan kesehatan, Gubernur Sumarno ketika itu meminta bantuan pihak RS Gatot Soebroto untuk turut serta membantu dalam bidang pelayanan kesehatan bagi seluruh pekerja dan karyawan proyek pembangunan Masjid Istiqlal. Pihak RS mengirimkan bantuan empat orang tenaga mantri secara bergiliran yaitu:

H.Abd.Hamid Ipang H.M.Sukiran Suster Yuyun Rahayu Suster Rosda Setelah proyek pembangunan masjid diserahkan kepada Sekretaris Negara pada tahun 1984 tenaga medis yang menangani pelayanan kesehatan tinggal dua orang yaitu H.Abd. Hamid Ipang dan H.M. Sukiran.

Sampai sekarang Masjid Istiqlal tetap menyediakan fasilitas berupa Poliklinik Umum. Poliklinik ini berada di bawah tanggung jawab dr. Khulushinnisak, MARS yang juga PNS Departemen Agama. Di Klinik ini karyawan dan para jamaah Masjid Istiqla bisa mendapatkan layanan kesehatan dengan berbagai kemudahan. Klinik Istiqlal bertempat di lantai dasar Masjid Istiqlal Jl. Taman Wijaya Kusuma No.1, Jakarta Pusat.

Pelayanan Kesehatan yang diberikan berupa pemeriksaan dan konsultasi dokter umum serta obat-obatan generik. Bagi karyawan dan jamaah Masjid Istiqlal, dibebaskan biaya pemeriksanaan. Karyawan dan jamaah harus membawa kartu berobat (atau kartu identitas jika belum memiliki kartu berobat) agar dibebaskan dari biaya pemeriksaan dan konsultasi dokter.

Obat-obatan yang diberikan diutamakan dalam bentuk generik, dan bagi obat-obatan yang tidak ada dalam bentuk generik diutamakan penyediaan hasil produksi perusahaan farmasi nasional.

Jadwal pelayanan kesehatan bagi karyawan adalah setiap hari kerja :

Senin s/d Jum’at : 08.00 – 16.00, Hari sabtu dan Ahad tutup kecuali jika di Masjid Istiqlal diadakan acara hari-hari besar Islam atau acara-acara penting lainnya.

Sejak tahun 2003, pliklinik Masjid Istiqlal sudah dilengkapi oleh tiga orang tenaga dokter dan seorang paramedis, tiga orang tenaga dokter tersebut adalah dokter umum yang terdiri dari seorang dokter PNS Departemen Agama DPK, dua orang dokter Kememterian Agama dan seorang paramedis/mantri karyawan Masjid Istiqlal pensiunan dari RS Gatot Soebroto. Poliklinik Masjid Istiqlal juga dilengkapi alat untuk mengecek kadar gula darah dan kolestrol serta satu unit mobil ambulans.

Adapun obat-obatan yang tersedia di poliklinik ini adalah obat generik bagi penyakit ringan untuk membantu pada tahap pertolongan pertama, bila ada penyakit yang memerlukan pengobatan medis yang serius maka akan dirujuk ke RS. Gatot Soebroto atau RSCM.

Madrasah

Masjid ini menjadi pedoman dan teladan pengelolaan masjid di Indonesia, sehingga harus menjadi contoh dan model dalam pengelolaan masjid secara nasional. Dalam konsep pengelolaan masjid yang ideal, masjid tidak hanya berfungsi sebagai tempat ibadah, tetapi juga harus mejadi tempat pembinaan umat melalui berbagai macam kegiatan. Salah satu kegiatan yang sangat penting adalah pendidikan untuk pembinaan masyarakat atau umat baik pendidikan formal maupun non formal.

Telah diselenggarakan pendidikan formal di Masjid Istiqlal yang terdiri dari jenjang pendidikan: Kelompok bermain dan Raudhatul Athfal, Madarasah Ibtidaiyah (MI) dan Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs).

Bedug Raksasa

Pada waktu dulu masjid-masjid di Indonesia dilengkapi dengan bedug yang berfungsi sebagai tanda masuk waktu shalat. Bedug dipukul ketika waktu untuk shalat tiba, diikuti adzan.

BEDUG RAKSASA

Di Masjid Istiqlal bedug masih ada dan dilestarikan keberadaannya sebagai warisan budaya bangsa, saat ini bunyi bedug direkam kemudian diperdengarkan melalui pengeras suara sebelum adzan dikumandangkan. Bedug tersebut memiliki ukuran yang sangat besar, diletakkan di atas penyangga setinggi 3,80 meter, panjangnya 3,45 meter, dan lebarnya 3,40 meter. Semua terbuat dari kayu jati dari hutan Randu Blatung di Jawa Tengah.

Bedug Masjid Istiqlal panjangnya 3 meter, dengan berat 2,30 ton, bagian depan berdiameter 2 meter, bagian belakang 1,71 meter, terbuat dari kayu meranti merah (shorea wood) dari sebuah pohon berumur 300 tahun, diambil dari hutan di Kalimantan Timur, diawetkan menggunakan bahan pengawet superwolman salt D (fluoride, clirome, dan arsenate)

Dulu bedug di Masjid Istiqlal tersebut dipukul setiap hari Jumat, mendahului adzan Jumat yang dikumandangkan melalui pengeras suara. Belakangan ini suara bedug direkam kemudian diperdengarkan melalui pengeras suara sebelum adzan dikumandangkan. Walaupun fungsi beduk sudah dapat digantikan oleh pengeras suara, dalam menentukan tanda masuk waktu shalat, tetapi di Masjid Istiqlal, beduk masih dimanfaatkan. Beduk dipukul sebelum adzan. Selain itu beduk raksasa masjid ini juga berfungsi sebagai hiasan dan sekaligus melestarikan salah satu budaya Islam Indonesia.

Bedug

  • Garis tengah bagian depan : 2 meter
  • Garis tengah bagian belakang : 1,71 meter
  • Panjang : 3 meter
  • Berat : + 2,30 ton
  • Jenis kayu : Meranti Merah (Shorea) dari Kalimantan Timur
  • Umur pohon : + 300 tahun.

Kaki bedug (Jagrag)

  • Tinggi : 3,80 meter
  • Panjang : 3,45 meter
  • Lebar : 3,40 meter
  • Volume kayu  : + 3,10 meter kubik
  • Jenis kayu : jati (tectona grandis) dari Randublatung Jawa Tengah.
  • Ukiran : Jepara.

Ukiran pada Jagrag

Tulisan “Allah” di dalam segilima pada 4 tempat. Segi-lima melambangkan : 5 rukun Islam dan 5 waktu sholat.

Tulisan “Bismillahirrahmanirrahim” pada 2 tempat. Tulisan Kalimah Sahadat pada 4 tempat. Surya Sengkala (tahun Matahari) : 1978 dalam seni kaligrafi yang berbunyi :

  • Angesti = angka 8
  • Suwara = angka 7
  • Kusumaning = angka 9
  • Samadi = angka 1

Pada bagian-bagian jagrag seluruhnya terdapat 27 (dua puluh tujuh) ukiran Surya sengkala.

“Nanasan” dengan dua susun kelopak daun, masing-masing menunjukkan Angka 7 dan 8 (daun).

Ukiran pada Bedug

Ukiran surya Sengkala (tahun matahari) : 1978 dalam seni kaligrafi dengan pengertian sama dengan No.4. Pada kayu bedug terdapat 2 (dua) ukiran Surya Sengkala dilingkari segi lima. Dua buah kendit/sabuk dari logam kuningan terukir berfungsi sebagai hiasan. Pada kedua kendit terdapat 11 (sebelas) ukiran Surya Sengkala.

Bahan kayu

Kayu jagrag berbahan jati (tectona grandis) dari Randublatung Jawa Tengah. Bahan kayu bedug dari jenis Meranti Merah (Shorea) dari Kalimantan Timur, umur pohon diperkirakan 300 tahun, sumbangan dari Badan Pelaksana Pembangunan dan Pengelolaan Pengusahaan Proyek Taman Mini Indonesia Indah dan merupakan potongan batang pohon dari koleksi Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.

Bahan kulit

Bagian depan adalah kulit sapi jantan dari daerah Jawa Timur. Bagian belakang adalah kulit sapi betina jenis Santa Gertrudis, umur 2 tahun, sumbangan PT. Redjo Sari Bumi, Tapos, Bogor.

Bahan lainnya

  • Kendit/Sabuk : dari logam kuningan.
  • Gantungan : dari besi baja yang di verchroom.
  • Band penguat : (pada kedua ujung) dari baja anti karat (stainless steel).
  • Paku kulit : dari kayu sonokeling, 90 buah pada bagian depan dan 80Â buah pada bagian belakang.
  • Obat pengawet : Superwolmansalt D (fluoride, chrome, arsenate), konsentrasi larutan kl. 4%, masa rendam 6 (enam) hari.
  • Pemukul bedug : 4 (empat) buah dari kayu jati terukir.

Jagrag/kaki dikerjakan dalam waktu 25 hari, sedangkan bedug dalam 60 hari.

Koperasi Karyawan dan Jamaah Masjid Istiqlal (KOSTIQ)

Usaha Pengembangan KOSTIQ (Koperasi karyawan dan Jamaah Masjid Istiqlal), selain dapat memakmurkan masjid, juga sangat diharapkan mampu menciptakan dan meningkatkan kesejahtraan karyawan dan jamaah Masjid Istiqlal.

KOSTIQ telah diakui keberadaannya oleh badan hukum yang telah disahkan oleh Menteri Koperasi dan Pembinaan Pengusaha Kecil pada tanggal 19 Mei 1997 nomor 171/BHKWK.9/V/1997 serta anggaran rumah tangga yang disahkan pada Rapat Anggota Tahunan (RAT) tanggal 31 Maret 2004. Pendirian Kostiq dimotori oleh para pengurus BPPMI, dalam rangka pemberdayaan potensi yang dimiliki oleh Masjid Istiqlal.

Salah satu tujuan KOSTIQ adalah ikut serta meningkatkan citra baik Masjid Istiqlal melalui kegiatan-kegiatan sosial masyarakat. Saat ini KOSTIQ telah banyak dimanfaatkan oleh para karyawan dan jamaah Masjid Istiqlal.

Pada awal berdirinya KOSTIQ mensepakati usaha yang dijalankan adalah pengadaan barang-barang kebutuhan sehari-hari, usaha yang sudah berjalan hingga saat ini adalah penjualan sembako. Untuk kebutuhan lainnya seperti barang-barang elektronik KOSTIQ menerapkan sistem kredit jangka pendek maksimun 12 bulan.

Disamping itu usaha yang benar-benar menjadi konsentrasi KOSTIQ adalah:

  • Usaha simpan pinjam
  • Usaha perdagangan umum
  • Usaha toko sembako dan elektronik serta usaha cetak foto yang sangat dibutuhkan oleh para pengunjung di Masjid Istiqlal
  • Usaha kerjasama khusus
  • Usaha jasa boga

Kegiatan KOSTIQ dipusatkan di kamar 58 Masjid Istiqlal, sebagai pusat administrasi usaha. Untuk toko penjualan sembako selama ini dipusatkan di pintu air sebelah utara Masjid Istiqlal sementara usaha wartel dan foto copy di area parkir timur pintu utama Masjid Istiqlal.

Koperasi Istiqlal mempekerjakan 6 (enam) orang tenaga staf yang terdiri dari tenaga bantuan dan tenaga staf penuh, jumlah angota sampai dengan 31 Desember 2008 adalah 261 orang. Pengurus Kostiq selalu berusaha semaksimal mungkin untuk melakukan pembinaan administrasi melalui pemanfaatan potensi pegawai dan saran perkantoran dengan segala keterbatasannya.

Imam dan Muadzin

Masjid Istiqlal mempunyai seorang imam besar, seorang wakil imam besar, dan tujuh orang imam. Sampai saat ini, Masjid Istiqlal memiliki empat imam besar. Imam Besar bertugas untuk mengawasi peribadatan di Masjid Istiqlal sesuai Syari’at Islam dan memberikan layanan konsultasi agama. Mereka adalah K. H. A. Zaini Miftah (1970-1980), K. H. Mukhtar Natsir (1980-2004), K. H. Nasrullah Djamaluddin (2004-2005)dan Imam Besar saat ini yang dijabat oleh Prof. Dr. K. H. Ali Musthafa Ya’qub, M. A. Dia adalah pengasuh Pondok Pesantren Luhur Ilmu Hadis Darus Sunnah di Ciputat, Jakarta Selatan. Wakil Imam Besar dijabat Drs. H. Syarifuddin Muhammad, M. M. Dia adalah mantan Ketua Ikatan Penghafal al-Qur’an. Tujuh imam lainnya adalah:

  1. Drs. H. Ali Hanafiah
  2. H. Ahmad Husni Isma’il S. Ag.
  3. Drs. H. Muhasyim Abdul Majid
  4. H. Martomo Malaing AS, S. Q. , S. Th. I
  5. H. Ahmad Rofi’uddin Mahfudz, S. Q.
  6. Drs. H. Hasanuddin Sinaga, M. A.
  7. Drs. H. Dzulfatah Yasin, M. A.

Selain itu, Masjid Istiqlal juga memiliki tujuh orang muadzin yang bertugas mangumandangkan adzan dan memberikan pengajaran tentang Al-Qur’an dan agama Islam. Mereka adalah:

  1. Drs. H. Abdul Wahid
  2. H. Sayuti
  3. H. Muhammad Mahdi, S. Ag.
  4. H. Ahmad Achwani S. Ag.
  5. H. Hasan Basri
  6. H. Muhdori Abdur Razzaq, S. Ag.
  7. H. Saiful Anwar al-Bintani

Galeri

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1024px-Istiqlal_Interior 1024px-Eid_ul-Fitr_Family_Istiqlal_Mosque_Jakarta

1024px-Istiqlal_Mosque_Eid_ul_Fitr_Jamaah_4 masjid-istiqlal-laksanakan-dua-gelombang-shalat-tarawih-86556

image032 Hukum Berdiam Di Masjid Bagi Wanita Haidh, Abu Mujahidah

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ISTIQLAL 001 ISTIQLAL 002 ISTIQLAL 003 ISTIQLAL 004 ISTIQLAL 005 ISTIQLAL 006

Source: Wikipedia

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Jakarta

Read also:

JAKARTA –  IBU KOTA JAKARTA – BATAVIA

Special Capital Region of Jakarta – DAERAH KHUSUS IBU KOTA JAKARTA (DKI)

(From top, left to right): Jakarta Old Town, Hotel Indonesia Roundabout, Jakarta Skyline, Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Monumen Nasional, Merdeka Palace, Istiqlal Mosque(From top, left to right): Jakarta Old Town, Hotel Indonesia Roundabout, Jakarta Skyline, Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Monumen Nasional, Merdeka Palace, Istiqlal Mosque 449px-Jakarta_COA.svg

Coat of armsFlag_of_Jakarta_(vectorised)-JPGFlag

Nickname(s): The Big Durian, J-Town

Motto: Jaya Raya (Indonesian) – (meaning: Victorious and Great)


800px-Indonesia_location_map_1Location of Jakarta in Indonesia | Coordinates: 6°12′S 106°48′E

Indo-DataJakarta/əˈkɑrtə/, officially known as the SpecialCapital Region of Jakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia, and one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world.Located on the northwest coast of Java, Jakarta is the country’s economic, cultural and political centre, and with a population of 9,761,407 as of December 2012, it is the most populous city in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia. The official metropolitan area, known as Jabodetabek (a name formed by combining the initial syllables of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi), is the second largest in the world, yet the metropolis’s suburbs still continue beyond it. The metropolitan has an area of 4,383.53 square kilometres (1,692.49 sq mi) and population of well over 28 million.Jakarta is listed as a global city in the 2008 Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC) research.[7] Based on survey by Brooking Institute, in 2011 growth of economic of Jakarta ranked 17th among the world’s 200 largest cities, a jump from its 2007 ranking of 171. Jakarta has grown more rapidly than Kuala Lumpur, Beijing and Bangkok.In 2014 A.T. Kearney as Global consultant released the Global Cities Index, which also includes the Emerging Cities Outlook 2014 which mentioned Jakarta as rank first among 35 cities.Jakarta has a bustling luxury property market. Knight Frank, a global real estate consultancy based in London, reported in 2014 that Jakarta offers the highest return on high-end property investment in 2013 as compared to any other cities in the world.Established in the fourth century, the city became an important trading port for the Kingdom of Sunda. It was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies (known as Batavia at that time) and has continued as the capital of Indonesia since the country’s independence was declared in 1945.The city is the seat of the ASEAN Secretariat. Jakarta is served by the Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, and Tanjung Priok Harbour; it is connected by several intercity and commuter railways, and served by several bus lines running on reserved busways.

Etymology


The place that is now called Jakarta has been home to multiple settlements along with their respective names: Sunda Kelapa (397–1527), Jayakarta (1527–1619), Batavia (1619–1949), and Djakarta (1949–1972).

Its current name is derived from the word “Jayakarta”. The origins of this word lie in the Old Javanese and ultimately in the Sanskrit language. “Jayakarta” translates as “victorious deed”, “complete act”, or “complete victory”.

Jakarta is nicknamed the Big Durian, the thorny foul-smelling fruit; the city is seen as the Indonesian equivalent of New York City (the Big Apple).

History


 Pre-colonial Era

450px-Prasasti_tugu
The 5th century Tugu inscription discovered in Tugu district, North Jakarta

The area in and around modern Jakarta was part of the fourth century Sundanese kingdom of Tarumanagara, one of the oldest Hindu kingdoms in Indonesia. Following the decline of Tarumanagara, its territories, including the Jakarta area, became part of the Kingdom of Sunda. From 7th to early 13th century port of Sunda is within the sphere of influence of Srivijaya maritime empire. According to the Chinese source, Chu-fan-chi, written circa 1200, Chou Ju-kua reported in the early 13th century Srivijaya still ruled Sumatra, the Malay peninsula, and western Java (Sunda). The source reports the port of Sunda as strategic and thriving, pepper from Sunda being among the best in quality. The people worked in agriculture and their houses were built on wooden piles. The harbour area became known as Sunda Kelapa and by the fourteenth century, it was a major trading port for Sunda kingdom.

The first European fleet, four Portuguese ships from Malacca, arrived in 1513 when the Portuguese were looking for a route for spices. The Kingdom of Sunda made an alliance treaty with Portugal by allowing the Portuguese to build a port in 1522 in order to defend against the rising power of the Sultanate of Demak from central Java.[15] In 1527, Fatahillah, a Javanese general from Demak attacked and conquered Sunda Kelapa, driving out the Portuguese. Sunda Kelapa was renamed Jayakarta,[15] and became a fiefdom of the Sultanate of Banten which became a major Southeast Asia trading centre.

Through the relationship with Prince Jayawikarta from the Sultanate of Banten, Dutch ships arrived in Jayakarta in 1596. In 1602, the English East India Company’s first voyage, commanded by Sir James Lancaster, arrived in Aceh and sailed on to Banten where they were allowed to build a trading post. This site became the centre of English trade in Indonesia until 1682.

Jayawikarta is thought to have made trading connections with the English merchants, rivals of the Dutch, by allowing them to build houses directly across from the Dutch buildings in 1615.

Colonial Era

800px-Andries_Beeckman_-_The_Castle_of_Batavia
Dutch Batavia built in what is now Jakarta, by Andries Beeckman c. 1656

When relations between Prince Jayawikarta and the Dutch deteriorated, Jayawikarta’s soldiers attacked the Dutch fortress. Prince Jayakarta’s army and the English were defeated by the Dutch, in part owing to the timely arrival of Jan Pieterszoon Coen (J.P. Coen). The Dutch burned the English fort, and forced the English to retreat on their ships. The victory consolidated Dutch power and in 1619 they renamed the city Batavia.

The former Stadhuis of Batavia, the seat of Governor General of VOC. The building now serves as Jakarta History Museum, Jakarta Old Town area.
The former Stadhuis of Batavia, the seat of Governor General of VOC. The building now serves as Jakarta History Museum, Jakarta Old Town area.

Commercial opportunities in the capital of the Dutch colony attracted Indonesian and especially Chinese immigrants. This sudden population increase created burdens on the city. Tensions grew as the colonial government tried to restrict Chinese migration through deportations. Following a revolt, 5,000 Chinese were massacred by the Dutch and natives on 9 October 1740 and the following year, Chinese inhabitants were moved to Glodok outside the city walls. The city began to move further south as epidemics in 1835 and 1870 encouraged more people to move far south of the port. The Koningsplein, now Merdeka Square was completed in 1818, the housing park of Menteng was started in 1913, and Kebayoran Baru was the last Dutch-built residential area. By 1930 Batavia had more than 500,000 inhabitants, including 37,067 Europeans.

After World War II, the city of Batavia was renamed “Jakarta” (short form of Jayakarta) by the Indonesian nationalists after achieving independence from the Dutch in 1946.

Independence Era

Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Jakarta's main avenue and business district.
Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Jakarta’s main avenue and business district.

Following World War II, Indonesian Republicans withdrew from Allied-occupied Jakarta during their fight for Indonesian independence and established their capital in Yogyakarta. In 1950, once independence was secured, Jakarta was once again made the national capital.[18] Indonesia’s founding president, Sukarno, envisaged Jakarta as a great international city, and instigated large government-funded projects with openly nationalistic and modernist architecture.[23][24] Projects included a clover-leaf highway, a major boulevard (Jalan MH Thamrin-Sudirman), monuments such as The National Monument, Hotel Indonesia, a shopping centre, and a new parliament building. In October 1965, Jakarta was the site of an abortive coup attempt in which 6 top generals were killed, precipitating a violent anti-communist purge in which half-a million people were killed, including many ethnic Chinese, and the beginning of Suharto’s New Order. A monument stands where the generals’ bodies were dumped.

In 1966, Jakarta was declared a “special capital city district” (daerah khusus ibukota), thus gaining a status approximately equivalent to that of a state or province. Lieutenant General Ali Sadikin served as Governor from the mid-60’s commencement of the “New Order” through to 1977; he rehabilitated roads and bridges, encouraged the arts, built several hospitals, and a large number of new schools. He also cleared out slum dwellers for new development projects—some for the benefit of the Suharto family—and tried to eliminate rickshaws and ban street vendors. He began control of migration to the city in order to stem overcrowding and poverty. Foreign investment contributed to a real estate boom which changed the face of the city.

The boom ended with the 1997/98 East Asian Economic crisis putting Jakarta at the centre of violence, protest, and political maneuvering. After 32 years in power, support for President Suharto began to wane. Tensions reached a peak in when four students were shot dead at Trisakti University by security forces; four days of riots and violence ensued that killed an estimated 1,200, and destroyed or damaged 6,000 buildings. Much of the rioting targeted Chinese Indonesians. Suharto resigned as president, and Jakarta has remained the focal point of democratic change in Indonesia. Jemaah Islamiah-connected bombings occurred almost annually in the city between 2000 and 2005, with another bombing in 2009.

 Administration


Kota or Kotamadya (Municipalities) and Regency of Jakarta

Map of the municipalities (kotamadya) in Jakarta province. Each city is divided into subdistricts (kecamatan).
Map of the municipalities (kotamadya) in Jakarta province. Each city is divided into subdistricts (kecamatan).

Officially, Jakarta is not a city, but a province with special status as the capital of Indonesia. It has a governor (instead of a mayor), and is divided into several sub-regions with their own administrative systems. As a province, the official name of Jakarta is Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta (“Special Capital City District of Jakarta”), which in Indonesian is abbreviated to DKI Jakarta.

Jakarta is divided into five kota or kotamadya (“cities” – formerly municipalities), each headed by a mayor – and one regency (kabupaten) headed by a regent. In August 2007, Jakarta held its first ever election to choose a governor, whereas previously the city’s governors were appointed by the local house of representatives. The poll is part of a country-wide decentralization drive, allowing for direct local elections in several areas.

The cities/municipalities of Jakarta are:

  • Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat) is Jakarta’s smallest city and home to most of Jakarta’s administrative and political centre. It is characterized by large parks and Dutch colonial buildings. Landmarks include the National Monument (Monas), the Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, the Jakarta Cathedral, and museums.
  • West Jakarta (Jakarta Barat) has the highest concentration of small-scale industries in Jakarta. The area includes Jakarta’s Chinatown and Dutch colonial landmarks such as the Chinese Langgam building and Toko Merah. West Jakarta contains part of Jakarta Old Town.
  • South Jakarta (Jakarta Selatan), originally planned as a satellite city, is now the location of large upscale shopping centres and affluent residential areas. Jakarta Selatan functions as Jakarta’s ground water buffer, but recently the green belt areas are threatened by new developments. Much of the CBD area of Jakarta is concentrated in Setia Budi, South Jakarta, bordering the Tanah Abang/Sudirman area of Central Jakarta.
  • East Jakarta (Jakarta Timur) territory is characterized by several industrial sectors erected in this city. Also located in East Jakarta are Taman Mini Indonesia Indah and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport.
  • North Jakarta (Jakarta Utara) is the only city in Jakarta that is bounded by the sea (Java Sea). It is the location of the Tanjung Priok Port. Large-scale and medium-scale industries are concentrated in North Jakarta. North Jakarta contains part of Jakarta Old Town, formerly known as Batavia since the 17th century, and was a centre of VOC trade activity in Dutch East Indies. Also located in North Jakarta is Ancol Dreamland (Taman Impian Jaya Ancol), currently the largest integrated tourism area in South East Asia.

The only regency (kabupaten) of Jakarta is:

  • Thousand Islands (Kepulauan Seribu), formerly a subdistrict of North Jakarta, is a collection of 105 small islands located on Java Sea. It has a high conservation value because of its unique and special ecosystems. Marine tourism, such as diving, water bicycle, and wind surfing, is the most important touristic activity in this territory. The main transportation between these islands are speed boat or small ferries.

Kota Admin

Government

In September 1945, the government of Jakarta City was changed from the Japanese Djakarta Toku-Betsu Shi into the Jakarta National Administration. This first government was held by a Mayor until the end of 1960 when the office was changed to that of a Governor. The last mayor of Jakarta was Sudiro, until he was replaced by Dr Sumarno as Governor of the province (as the city had now become).

In 1974, Based on the Act No. 5 of 1974 relating to the Fundamentals of Regional Government, Jakarta was confirmed as the capital of Indonesia and one of Indonesia’s (then) 26 provinces.List of Governors of JakartaMunicipal Finances

The ability of the regional government to respond to the many problems of Jakarta is constrained by extremely limited finances. In 2013 the total budget available to the Jakarta regional government was approved at around Rp 50 trillion (about $US 5.2 billion), equivalent to around $US 380 per citizen. Priority areas of spending were listed as education, transport, flood control measures, environment programs, and various types of social spending (such as health and housing).

The Jakarta provincial government, like all other provincial governments in Indonesia, relies on transfers from the central government for the bulk of budget income. Local (non-central government) sources of revenue are incomes from various taxes such as vehicle ownership and vehicle transfer fees and so on.

In recent years, the Jakarta provincial government has consistently run a surplus of between 15–20% of total planned spending, largely because of delays in procurement procedures and other inefficiencies in the spending process. The regular underspending is a matter of frequent public comment but the legal and administrative blockages that cause the underspending problem seem very difficult to overcome.

JCFGeography and Climate


Jakarta is located on the northwest coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, which is an inlet of the Java Sea. Officially, the area of the Jakarta Special District is 662 km2 (256 sq mi) of land area and 6,977 km2 (2,694 sq mi) of sea area.[47] The Thousand Islands, which are administratively a part of Jakarta, are located in Jakarta Bay, north of the city.

Jakarta lies in a low, flat basin, ranged from −2 to 50 metres (−7 to 164 ft) with average elevation 8 metres (26 ft) above sea level; 40% of Jakarta, particularly the northern areas, is below sea level, while the southern parts are comparatively hilly. Rivers flow from the Puncak highlands to the south of the city, across the city northwards towards the Java Sea; the most important is the Ciliwung River, which divides the city into the western and eastern principalities. Other rivers include the Pesanggrahan, and Sunter.

All these rivers, combined with the wet season rains and insufficient drainage due to clogging, make Jakarta prone to flooding. Moreover, Jakarta is sinking about 5 to 10 centimeters each year, even up to 20 centimeters in the northern coastal areas. To help cope with the threat from the sea, the Netherlands will give $4 million for a feasibility study to build a dike around Jakarta Bay. The ring dike will be equipped with a pumping system and retention areas to defend against seawater. Additionally, the dike will function as a toll road. The project will be built by 2025.[49] In January 2014, Central Government agreed to build 2 dams in Ciawi, Bogor and a 1.2 kilometers tunnel from Ciliwung River to Cisadane River to ease Jakarta floods. Construction costs will be paid by Central Government, but land acquisitions is responsibility of Jakarta Authority.

Panorama of Jakarta
Panorama of Jakarta

Climate

Jakarta has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Despite being located relatively close to the equator, the city has distinct wet and dry seasons. The wet season in Jakarta covers the majority of the year, running from October through May. The remaining four months (June through September) constitute the city’s dry season (each of these 4 months has an average monthly rainfall of less than 100 mm). Located in the western part of Java, Jakarta’s wet season rainfall peak is January with average monthly rainfall of 389 millimetres (15.3 in), and its dry season low point is September with a monthly average of 30 mm (1.2 in).

ClimateCulture


As the economic and political capital of Indonesia, Jakarta attracts many domestic immigrants who bring their various languages, dialects, foods and customs.

The Golden Snail (Keong Emas), established in the 1970s during the New Order era, is an IMAX theatre located in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, East Jakarta.
The Golden Snail (Keong Emas), established in the 1970s during the New Order era, is an IMAX theatre located in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, East Jakarta.

The “Betawi” (Orang Betawi, or “people of Batavia”) are the descendants of the people living in and around Batavia and recognized as an ethnic group from around the 18th–19th century. The Betawi people are mostly descended from various Southeast-Asian ethnic groups brought or attracted to Batavia to meet labor needs, and include people from different parts of Indonesia.[55] The language and Betawi culture are distinct from those of the Sundanese or Javanese, forming itself as a language island in the surrounding area. The language is mostly based on the East Malay dialect and enriched by loan words from Dutch, Portuguese, Sundanese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Chinese, and Arabic. Nowadays, the Jakarta dialect (Bahasa Jakarta), used as a street language by people in Jakarta, is loosely based on the Betawi language.

Betawi arts have a low profile in Jakarta, and most Betawi have moved to the suburbs of Jakarta, displaced by new migrants. It is easier to find Java or Minang based wedding ceremonies rather than Betawi weddings in Jakarta. It is easier to find Javanese Gamelan instead of Gambang Kromong (a mixture between Betawi and Chinese music) or Tanjidor (a mixture between Betawi and Portuguese music) or Marawis (a mixture between Betawi and Yaman music). However, some festivals such as the Jalan Jaksa Festival or Kemang Festival include efforts to preserve Betawi arts by inviting artists to give performances.

Festival Beach in Ancol Dreamland, North Jakarta.
Festival Beach in Ancol Dreamland, North Jakarta.

There has been a significant Chinese community in Jakarta for many centuries. The Chinese in Jakarta traditionally reside around old urban areas, such as Pinangsia, Pluit and Glodok (Jakarta Chinatown) areas. They also can be found in old chinatowns of Senen and Jatinegara. Officially, they make up 5.5% of the Jakartan population, although this number may be under-reported.[57] Chinese culture also had influenced Betawi culture, such as the popularity of Chinese cakes and sweets, firecrackers, to Betawi wedding attire that demonstrates Chinese and Arab influences.

Jakarta has several performing art centres, such as the classical concert hall Aula Simfonia Jakarta in Kemayoran, Taman Ismail Marzuki (TIM) art centre in Cikini, Gedung Kesenian Jakarta near Pasar Baru, Balai Sarbini in Plaza Semanggi area, Bentara Budaya Jakarta in Palmerah area, Pasar Seni (Art Market) in Ancol, and traditional Indonesian art performances at the pavilions of some provinces in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah. Traditional music is often found at high-class hotels, including Wayang and Gamelan performances. Javanese Wayang Orang performances can be found at Wayang Orang Bharata theater near Senen bus terminal. As the nation’s largest city and capital, Jakarta has lured much national and regional talent who hope to find a greater audience and more opportunities for success.

Jakarta hosts several prestigious art and culture festivals, and exhibitions, such as the annual Jakarta International Film Festival (JiFFest), Jakarta International Java Jazz Festival, Jakarta Fashion Week, Jakarta Fashion & Food Festival (JFFF), Jakarta Fair, Indonesia Creative Products and Jakarta Arts and Crafts exhibition. Flona Jakarta is a flora-and-fauna exhibition, held annually in August at Lapangan Banteng Park, featuring flowers, plant nurseries, and pets. The Jakarta Fair is held annually from mid-June to mid-July to celebrate the anniversary of the city and is largely centred around a trade fair. However, this month-long fair also features entertainment, including arts and music performances by local bands and musicians.

Several foreign art and culture centres are also established in Jakarta, and mainly serve to promote culture and language through learning centres, libraries, and art galleries. Among these foreign art and cultural centres are China Confucius Institute, Netherlands Erasmus Huis, UK British Council, France Centre Culturel Français, Germany Goethe-Institut, Japan Foundation, and the Jawaharlal Nehru Indian Cultural Centre.

Museums

The museums in Jakarta cluster around the Central Jakarta Merdeka Square area, Jakarta Old Town, and Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.

National Museum of Indonesia in Central Jakarta
National Museum of Indonesia in Central Jakarta

The Jakarta Old Town contains museums that are former institutional buildings of Colonial Batavia. Some of these museums are: Jakarta History Museum (former City Hall of Batavia), Wayang Museum (Puppet Museum) (former Church of Batavia), the Fine Art and Ceramic Museum (former Court House of Justice of Batavia), the Maritime Museum (former Sunda Kelapa warehouse), Bank Indonesia Museum (former Javasche Bank), and Bank Mandiri Museum (former Nederlandsche Handels Maatschappij). There is also a very famous museum in Jakarta, dedicated to the famous music producer MOBZERO. It feature lots of his music and artworks. Several museums clustered in central Jakarta around the Merdeka Square area include: National Museum of Indonesia (also known as Gedung Gajah (“the Elephant Building”), Monas (National Monument), Istiqlal Islamic Museum in Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, and Jakarta Cathedral Museum on the second floor of Jakarta Cathedral. Also in the central Jakarta area is the Taman Prasasti Museum (former cemetery of Batavia), and Textile Museum in Tanah Abang area. The recreational area of Taman Mini Indonesia Indah in East Jakarta contains fourteen museums, such as Indonesia Museum, Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum, Asmat Museum, Bayt al-Qur’an Islamic Museum, Pusaka (heirloom) Museum, and other science-based museum such as Research & Technology Information Centre, Komodo Indonesian Fauna Museum, Insect Museum, Petrol and Gas Museum, plus the Transportation Museum. Other museums are Satria Mandala Military Museum, Museum Sumpah Pemuda, and Lubang Buaya.

Jakarta contains the most museums in Indonesia with over 50 museums within its 661 square kilometers area. The museums in Jakarta cluster around the Central Jakarta Merdeka Square area, Jakarta Old Town, and Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.

The Jakarta Old Town contains museums that are former institutional buildings of Colonial Batavia. Some of the notable museums are: Jakarta History Museum (former City Hall of Batavia), Wayang Museum (former Church of Batavia), the Fine Art and Ceramic Museum (former Court House of Justice of Batavia), the Maritime Museum (former Sunda Kelapa warehouse), Bank Indonesia Museum (former Javasche Bank), and Bank Mandiri Museum (former Netherlands Trading Society).

Several museums clustered in central Jakarta around the Merdeka Square area include: National Museum of Indonesia, Monas, Istiqlal Islamic Museum in Istiqlal mosque, and Jakarta Cathedral Museum on the second floor of Jakarta Cathedral. Also in the central Jakarta area is the Taman Prasasti Museum (former cemetery of Batavia), and Textile Museum in Tanah Abang area.

The recreational area of Taman Mini Indonesia Indah in East Jakarta contains fourteen museums from the 1970s within its complex.

  • North Jakarta and Thousand Islands
  • Maritime Museum
  • Onrust Archaeology Park
  • West Jakarta
  • Jakarta Old Town
    • Bank Indonesia Museum
    • Bank Mandiri Museum
    • Fine Art and Ceramic Museum
    • Jakarta History Museum or Museum Fatahillah
    • Wayang Museum
  • Jakarta Textile Museum
  • Museum Lukisan Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Museum 12 Mei Universitas Trisakti
  • Central Jakarta
  • Bentara Budaya Jakarta
  • Gedung Joang ’45
  • Gedung Kesenian Jakarta
  • Gedung Mohammad Hoesni Thamrin
  • Jakarta Cathedral Museum
  • Jakarta Planetarium
  • Monas
  • Museum Adam Malik (1985, closed in 2005)[7]
  • Museum Anatomy Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia
  • Museum Jenderal Besar DR. Abdul Haris Nasution
  • Museum Kebangkitan Nasional
  • Museum Pers ANTARA
  • Museum Perumusan Naskah Proklamasi (the site where the text of the nation’s proclamation of independence was composed in 1945)
  • Museum Puri Bhakti Renatama
  • National Gallery of Indonesia
  • National Museum or Museum Gajah
  • Museum Sasmita Loka Jenderal Ahmad Yani
  • Museum Sumpah Pemuda
  • Taman Prasasti Museum
  • East Jakarta
  • Museum Loka Jala Srana
  • Museum of PKI Treason
  • Monument of Sacred Pancasila
  • Taman Mini Indonesia Indah
    • Asmat Museum
    • Indonesia Fauna Museum
    • Indonesia Museum
    • Istiqlal Museum
    • Indonesia Soldiership Museum
    • Insect Museum and Butterfly Park
    • Komodo Museum and Reptile Park
    • Museum of Electricity and New Energy
    • Oil and Natural Gas Museum
    • Sports Museum
    • Lighting Museum
    • Museum of Science and Technology
    • Indonesia Stamp Museum
    • Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum
    • Heirloom Museum
    • Telecommunication Museum
    • Timor Timur Museum
    • Transport Museum
  • South Jakarta
  • Basuki Abdullah Museum
  • Harry Dharsono Museum
  • Kite Museum
  • Museum Dirgantara Mandala
  • Museum Kriminal (Mabak)
  • Museum Manggala Wanabhakti
  • Museum Polri
  • Reksa Artha Museum
  • Satrian Mandala Museum
  • Waspada Purbawisesa Museum
  • Ragunan Zoo

A mock up of Dutch East Indies bank in Bank Indonesia Museum.
A mock up of Dutch East Indies bank in Bank Indonesia Museum.

National Gallery of Indonesia
National Gallery of Indonesia

The Kalpataru Tree Hall in the Indonesia Museum, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.
The Kalpataru Tree Hall in the Indonesia Museum, Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.

Museum Sasmitaloka Panglima Besar Jenderal Soedirman.
Museum Sasmitaloka Panglima Besar Jenderal Soedirman.

Cuisine

Gado-gado is a popular food in Jakarta.
Gado-gado is a popular food in Jakarta.

Jakarta has a vast range of food available at hundreds of eating complexes located all over the city, from modest street-side foodstalls and traveling vendors to the high-class expensive restaurants. One of the most popular local dishes in Jakarta is Soto Betawi, which is a cow milk or coconut milk broth with beef tendons, intestines, tripe. However since Jakarta is regarded as the ‘melting-pot’ and a miniature of Indonesia, many traditional food from other regions of Indonesia can be easily found in Jakarta. For example, traditional Padang restaurants and low-budget Javanese Warteg (Warung Tegal) foodstalls are ubiquitous in the capital. Next to a myriad of selections of Indonesian food and regional specialties from all over Indonesia, there is also international food, especially Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Indian, American, French, Italian, Vietnamese, Middle Eastern, and modern fusion food.[58] The other popular foods include Kerak Telor, gado-gado, sate, nasi goreng and kue cucur.

Typical Low-budget Javanese Warteg (Warung Tegal) Foodstalls
Typical Low-budget Javanese Warteg (Warung Tegal) Foodstalls

Media

A Metro TV news van parking in Merdeka Square, Jakarta
A Metro TV news van parking in Merdeka Square, Jakarta

Daily newspapers in Jakarta include

  • Chinese language national newspaper: Indonesia Shang Bao
  • English language national newspaper: The Jakarta Post, The Jakarta Globe
  • Indonesian language national newspaper: Kompas, Koran Tempo, Media Indonesia, Seputar Indonesia, Republika, Suara Pembaruan, Suara Karya, Sinar Harapan, Indo Pos, Jurnal Nasional, Harian Pelita
  • Business newspaper: Bisnis Indonesia, Investor Daily, Kontan, Harian Neraca.
  • Indonesian language local (Jakarta) newspaper: Pos Kota, Warta Kota, Koran Jakarta, Berita Kota,
  • Sport newspaper: Top Skor

Television stations include:

  • Public broadcaster:[59] TVRI
  • Private national television: MNC TV, RCTI, Metro TV, Indosiar, ANTV, SCTV, Trans TV, tvOne, Trans 7, Global TV, Kompas TV, NET., and Rajawali TV
  • Local television: Jak TV, O Channel, Elshinta TV, and DAAI TV Indonesia
  • Cable television: First Media, TelkomVision
  • Satellite television: Indovision, TelkomVision, Okevision, Aora TV, Yes TV

Many TV stations are analog PAL, but some are now are converting to digital signals using DVB-T2 following government plan to digital television migration.

Radio:

  • Public broadcaster: RRI.
  • Investment and Finance Radio: [Radio Finance Indonesia]

RRIEconomy, Governance and Infrastructure


Jakarta’s economy depends heavily on financial service, trade, and manufacturing. Industries in Jakarta include electronics, automotive, chemicals, mechanical engineering and biomedical sciences manufacturing.

The economic growth of Jakarta in 2007 was 6.44% up from 5.95% the previous year, with the growth in the transportation and communication (15.25%), construction (7.81%) and trade, hotel and restaurant sectors (6.88%). In 2007, GRDP (Gross Regional Domestic Product) was Rp. 566 trillion (around $US 56 billion). The largest contributions to GRDP were by finance, ownership and business services (29%); trade, hotel and restaurant sector (20%), and manufacturing industry sector (16%). In 2007, the increase in per capita GRDP of DKI Jakarta inhabitants was 11.6% compared to the previous year

Both GRDP by at current market price and GRDP by at 2000 constant price in 2007 for the Municipality of Central Jakarta (Jakarta Pusat), which was Rp 146 million and Rp 81 million, was higher than other municipalities in DKI Jakarta.

Governance

A new law in 2007 forbids the giving of money to beggars, buskers and hawkers, bans squatter settlements on river banks and highways, and prohibits spitting and smoking on public transportation. Unauthorized people cleaning car windscreens and taking tips for directing traffic at intersections will also be penalized. Critics of the new legislation claim that such laws will be difficult to enforce and it tends to ignore the desperate poverty of many of the capital’s inhabitants.

Copying an idea implemented in Singapore’s Orchard Road, in 2011, the Jakarta administration said that it would restrict on-street parking on Jl Hayam Wuruk (Haram Wuruk St) and Jl Gajah Mada in Central Jakarta. It said it would also remove illegal vendors and beggars from pavements and streets in the area. In practice, these measures have only been partially successful.

Water Supply

Two private companies, PALYJA and Aetra, provide piped water supply in the western and eastern half of Jakarta respectively under 25-year concession contracts signed in 1998. A public asset holding company called PAM Jaya owns the infrastructure. 80% of the water distributed in Jakarta comes through the West Tarum Canal system from Jatiluhur reservoir on the Citarum River 70 km (43 mi) southeast of the city. Water supply had been privatized by government of then President Suharto in 1998 to the French company Suez Environnement and the British company Thames Water International. Both foreign companies subsequently sold their concessions to Indonesian companies. Customer growth in the 7 first years of the concessions had been lower than before, despite substantial inflation-adjusted tariff increases during this period. In 2005 tariffs were frozen, leading the private water companies to cut down on investments.

According to PALYJA in its western half of the concession the service coverage ratio increased substantially from 34% in 1998 to 59% in 2007 and 65% in 2010. According to data by the Jakarta Water Supply Regulatory Body, access in the eastern half of the city served by PTJ increased from about 57% in 1998 to about 67% in 2004, but stagnated after that. However, other sources cite much lower access figures for piped water supply to houses, excluding access provided through public hydrants: One study estimated access as low as 25% in 2005, while another source estimates it to be as low as 18.5% in 2011. Those without access to piped water supply get water mostly from wells that are often salty and polluted with bacteria.

Demography


PopulationThe 2010 census counted some 9.58 million people, well above all government estimates. The area of DKI Jakarta is 664 km2, suggesting a population density of 14,464 people/km2 as the ninth largest urban population density in the world. Inwards immigration tended to negate the effect of family planning programs. The population has risen from 4.5 million in 1970 doubled to 9.5 million in 2010, counting only its legal residents.[citation needed] While the population of Greater Jakarta (Jabodetabek Region) has risen from 8.2 million in 1970 jump to 28.5 million in 2010.

ReligionThe city’s population in 2000 was 35.16% Javanese, 27.65% Native Jakarta (known as Betawi), 15.27% Sundanese and 5.53% Chinese. Jakarta is home to the largest population of overseas Chinese in Indonesia, even Jakarta does not then have the largest concentration of ethnic Chinese population. The Sumatran people of the city is very diverse. According to 2010 Census, there were roughly 346,000 Batak, 305,000 Minangkabau, and 155,000 The Malays. Batak ethnic group has increased in ranking, from eighth in 1930 to fifth in 2000.

 Tourism


Most of the visitors attracted to Jakarta are domestic tourists from all over Indonesia. As the gateway of Indonesia,

Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta with Cathedral in the background.
Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta with Cathedral in the background.

Jakarta often serves as the stop-over for foreign visitors on their way to Indonesian popular tourist destinations such as Bali and Yogyakarta. Other than attracted to monuments, landmarks, and museums around Merdeka square and Jakarta Old Town, tourist attractions include Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Ragunan Zoo, Sunda Kelapa old port and the Ancol Dreamland complex on Jakarta Bay, including Dunia Fantasi theme park, Sea World, Atlantis Water Adventure, and Gelanggang Samudra.

Tourism is contributing a growing amount of income to the city. In 2012, the tourism sector contributed 2.6 trillion rupiah (US$268.5 million) to the city’s total direct income of 17.83 trillion rupiah, a 17.9 per cent increase over 2011. Tourism stakeholders are expecting greater marketing of the Jakarta as a tourism destination.

On February 2014, the government provided city tour buses that offers sightseeing in Central Jakarta. The buses route covers tourist attractions, such as Monas, Istiqlal Mosque, the Cathedral, National Museum, Sarinah, Plaza Indonesia as well as Grand Indonesia shopping centers.

Shopping


Jakarta is a shopping hub in the nation also one of the best places to shop in South East Asia. The city has numerous shopping malls and traditional markets. The annual “Jakarta Great Sale” is held every year on June and July to celebrate Jakarta’s anniversary with about 73 participating shopping centres in 2012.

Malls such as Grand Indonesia Shopping Town, Plaza Indonesia, Plaza Senayan and Senayan City provides numerous selections of luxury brands. Mall Taman Anggrek, Pondok Indah Mall, Mal Kelapa Gading, and Central Park Jakarta cater high-street brands such as UK’s Topshop and Europe’s Zara

United Kingdom’s number one department store, Debenhams has 3 outlets in the city, the first one on Senayan City, Supermall Karawaci and Lippo Mall Kemang Village. Japan’s international Sogo department store has about 6 department stores which spread around shopping malls in the city. Seibu flagship store is located on Grand Indonesia Shopping Town. And French luxury department store, Galeries Lafayette will open its doors for the first time on South East Asia in Pacific Place Jakarta.

Internationally known luxury brands such as Louis Vuitton, Bulgari, Chanel, Gucci, Christian Louboutin, Balenciaga, and Giorgio Armani can be easily found on Jakarta’s luxury shopping malls.

Satrio-Casablanca corridor, 3.5 kilometre-long street that is a new shopping belt in Jakarta.[75] Many multistorey shopping centres are located here, such as Kuningan City, Mal Ambassador, and Kota Kasablanka. Also Satrio-Casablanca’s largest shopping centre, LOTTE Shopping Avenue, opened in 22 June 2013.

Traditional markets include Blok M, Tanah Abang, Senen, Pasar Baru, Glodok, Mangga Dua, Cempaka Mas, and Jatinegara. In Jakarta there are also markets that sells specified collectable items, such as antique goods in Surabaya Street and gemstones in Rawabening Market.

Parks

The National Monument in the centre of Medan Merdeka Park
The National Monument in the centre of Medan Merdeka Park

Lapangan Banteng (Buffalo Field Park) is located in Central Jakarta near the Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta, Jakarta Cathedral, and the Jakarta Central Post Office. It is about 4.5 hectares. Initially it was called Waterlooplein of Batavia and functioned as the ceremonial square during the Netherlands Indies colonial period. A number of colonial monuments and memorials erected on the square during the colonial period were demolished during the Sukarno era. The most notable monument in the square is the Monumen Pembebasan Irian Barat (Monument of the Liberation of West Irian). During the 1970s and 1980s the park was used as a bus terminal. In 1993 the park was turned into a public space again. It has become a recreation place for people and is occasionally also used as an exhibition place or for other events. The Jakarta Flona (Flora dan Fauna), the flower and decoration plants and pet exhibition, is held in this park around August annually.

Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Miniature Park of Indonesia), in East Jakarta, has 10 mini parks. But the most popular is The Bird Park or Aviary

Spherical cage Bird Park in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.
Spherical cage Bird Park in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah.

Taman Suropati is located in Menteng city subdistrict in Central Jakarta. The park is surrounded by several Dutch colonial buildings. Taman Suropati was known as Burgemeester Bisschopplein during the Dutch colonial time. The park is circular shaped with a surface area of 16,322 m2. There are several modern statues in the park made by artists of the ASEAN countries, which contributes to the nickname of the park “Taman persahabatan seniman ASEAN” (“Park of the ASEAN artists friendship”). Also located in the Menteng area are the Taman Menteng and Situ Lembang pond parks. The Taman Menteng was built on the former Persija football Stadium.

Taman Monas (Monas Park) or Taman Medan Merdeka (Medan Merdeka Park) is a huge square where the symbol of Jakarta, Monas or Monumen Nasional (National Monument) is located. The enormous space was created by Dutch Governor General Herman Willem Daendels (1810) and was originally named Koningsplein (Kings Square). On 10 January 1993, President Soeharto initiated action for the beautification of the square. Several features in the square are a deer park and 33 trees that represents the 33 provinces of Indonesia.

In June 2011, Jakarta has only 10.5 percent Ruang Terbuka Hijau (Green Open Space) and will be added to 13.94 percent Public Green Open Space. Public Parks are include in Public Green Open Space. By 2030, the administration also hope there are 16 percent Private Green Open Space.

Sports

Jakarta was host to the Asian Games in 1962, host of the Asian Cup 2007 beside Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam, and has hosted the regional-scale Southeast Asian Games in 1979, 1987 and 1997. In 2011, Jakarta again hosted the Southeast Asian Games, but this time as co-hosts with Palembang.

The Bung Karno Stadium during football match between Indonesia vs South Korea in 2007 AFC Asian Cup
The Bung Karno Stadium during football match between Indonesia vs South Korea in 2007 AFC Asian Cup

Jakarta’s most popular home football club is Persija, which plays its matches in their home stadium at Bung Karno Stadium. The home match of Persija often draws its large fan – cladded with Persija’s typical orange kit – to watch the match in the main stadium. The large spectators flocking to the main stadium usually worsen the traffic congestion in Jakarta. Another premiere division team is Persitara which plays its matches in the Kamal Muara Stadium in Kamal area. The biggest stadium in Jakarta is the Gelora Bung Karno Stadium with a capacity of 88,083 seats. The Senayan sports complex has several sport venues, including the Bung Karno football stadium, Madya Stadium, Istora Senayan, aquatic arena, baseball field, basketball court, badminton court, a shooting range, several indoor and outdoor tennis court and a golf driving range. The Senayan complex was built in 1959 to accommodate the Asian Games in 1962. For basketball, the Kelapa Gading Sport Mall in Kelapa Gading, North Jakarta, with a capacity of 7,000 seats, is the home arena of the Indonesian national basketball team.

The Jakarta Car-Free Days are held weekly on Sunday on the main avenues of the city, Jalan Sudirman and Jalan Thamrin, from 6 am to 11 am. The briefer Car-Free Day which lasts from only 6 am to 9 am is held on every other Sunday. The event invites local pedestrians to do sports and exercise and have their activities on the streets that are normally full of cars and traffic. Along the road from the Senayan traffic circle on Jalan Sudirman, South Jakarta, to the “Selamat Datang” Monument at the Hotel Indonesia traffic circle on Jalan Thamrin, all the way north to the National Monument in Central Jakarta, cars are cleared out for pedestrians. Morning gymnastics, calisthenics and aerobic exercises, futsal games, jogging, bicycling, skateboarding, badminton, karate, and on-street library and musical performances take over the roads and the main parks in Jakarta.

Transportation

With 28 million people in the metropolitan area, nearly 10 million vehicles in daily use, and limited rapid transit system Jakarta is strained by transportation problems. The city suffers a lack of urban public transport services due to prioritized development of road networks, which were mostly designed to accommodate private vehicles. Most trips, however, are undertaken by non-motorized transportation (particularly walking) and numerous modes of public or demand-responsive transportation services.

Jakarta pedestrians, joggers and bicyclists take over the main avenue during Car-Free Day.
Jakarta pedestrians, joggers and bicyclists take over the main avenue during Car-Free Day.

Taxi in Jakarta.
Taxi in Jakarta.

TRANSPORT

 Road

A structured road network had been developed in the early 19th century as a part of the Java Great Post Road by former Governor-General Daendels, which connects most major cities throughout Java. During the following decades, the road network was expanded to a great extent, although it could not keep up with the rapidly increasing numbers of motorized vehicles, resulting in highly congested traffic.

Inner Ring road of Jakarta, some major roads in Jakarta are implementing 3 passengers in a car regulation during rush hours.
Inner Ring road of Jakarta, some major roads in Jakarta are implementing 3 passengers in a car regulation during rush hours.

A notable feature of Jakarta’s present road system is the toll road network. Composed of an inner and outer ring road and five toll roads radiating outwards, the network provides inner as well as outer city connections. The outer ring road is under construction, but it is largely in use. Six elevated toll roads are in tender progress.

The five radiating toll roads are the:

  • Prof. Dr. Sedyatmo Toll Road linking to Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
  • Jakarta-Tangerang Toll Road linking to Tangerang and further to Merak in the west
  • Jakarta-Serpong Toll Road linking to Serpong
  • Jagorawi Toll Road linking to Bogor and Ciawi in the south
  • Jakarta-Cikampek Toll Road linking to Bekasi and Cikampek in the east

Throughout the years, several attempts have been made to reduce traffic congestion on Jakarta’s main arteries. Implemented solutions include a ‘three-in-one’ rush-hour law, during which cars with fewer than three passengers are prohibited from driving on the main avenues. Another example is the ban on trucks passing main avenues during the day.

Public road transportation

In 1966, an estimated 160 thousand pedicabs (becak) operated in the city; as much as 15% of Jakarta’s total workforce was engaged in becak driving. In 1971, becak were banned from major roads, and shortly thereafter the government attempted a total ban, which substantially reduced their numbers but did not eliminate them. A campaign to eliminate them succeeded in 1990 and 1991, but during the economic crisis of 1998, some returned amid less effective government attempts to control them.

“Auto rickshaws”, called bajaj, provide local transportation in the back streets of some parts of the city. From the early 1940s to 1991 they were a common form of local transportation in the city.

A TransJakarta bus. TransJakarta has the world's longest bus rapid transit routes.
A TransJakarta bus. TransJakarta has the world’s longest bus rapid transit routes.

The TransJakarta bus rapid transit service (known as Busway) was developed in the context of development reforms (or reformasi) and used Bogota’s TransMilenio system as a model. Jakarta’s first busway line, from Blok M to Jakarta Kota opened in January 2004 and as of 14 February 2013, twelve out of fifteen corridors are in use. Currently TransJakarta has the world’s longest bus rapid transit routes (172 km in length) and has more than 669 buses in operation.

The Kopaja and MetroMini economy minibus systems also provide important services for Jakarta commuters with numerous routes throughout the city.

Although ojeks are not an official form of public transport, they can be found throughout Indonesia and in Jakarta. They are especially useful on the crowded urban roads and narrow alleyways, which other vehicles cannot reach. In November 2011, Taxijek was launched in Jakarta. It is essentially a taxi, but with a motorcycle instead of an automobile. Besides a taximeter and the company’s driver identity card, the passenger has access to a helmet, disposable shower caps to use underneath the helmet and an extra raincoat. Contrary to common ojeks, Taxijeks are allowed to enter gated communities and they usually charge a lower fare.

Electronic Road Pricing

Due to the city’s acute gridlock, the Jakarta administration will implement Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) in 10 districts: Tanah Abang, Menteng, Setiabudi, Tebet, Matraman, Senen, Gambir, Tambora, Sawah Besar and Taman Sari. The projects will initiate once approved by the Finance Ministry. The ERP will be implemented in the three-in-one zone and along Jl. Rasuna Said in Kuningan by the first quarter of 2014. Vehicles passing through the ERP areas will be charged Rp 21,072.

Railways

Long-distance railways and local tram services were first introduced during the Dutch colonial era. While the trams were replaced with buses in the post-colonial era, long-distance railways continued to connect the city to its neighbouring regions as well as cities throughout Java. The surrounding cities of Jakarta are served by KRL Jabotabek, a mass rapid transit system which serves commuters both in and around Jakarta. The major rail stations are Gambir, Jakarta Kota, Jatinegara, Pasar Senen, Manggarai, and Tanah Abang. During rush hours, the number of passengers greatly exceeds the system’s capacity, and crowding is common.

A KRL Jabotabek commuter train
A KRL Jabotabek commuter train

There had been plans for a monorail and part of it was already under construction, but the project stalled in 2004 and was officially abandoned as of 2008, mostly due to a lack of investors to fund it all. The monorail project was relaunched in 2013 and the groundbreaking was done in October 2013.

A two-line metro (MRT) system is under construction, with a north-south line between Kota and Lebak Bulus; and an east-west line, which will connect to the north-south line at Sawah Besar Station. In the end the JMRT will be a combination of both subways and elevated rails. Preparation works started in April 2012, with the first, 15.2 km-long line between Hotel Indonesia and Lebak Bulus, and the north-south line MRT network is scheduled to be operational by 2016.

The Jakarta Capital City Government had decided to build rail-based mass transits because this type of transport is capable of carrying passengers in large quantities quickly and cheaply. As of 2013 plans were underway to invest $4 billion in mass transit over the next few years including commencement of a subway.

Air

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (CGK) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area. The airport is named after the first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the first vice-president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport is often called Cengkareng or Soetta by Indonesians. The airport’s IATA code, CGK, originates from the name of the Cengkareng locality, Tangerang, Banten, although the location of this airport is located outside of the city, it is used as a gate out by the Jakartans and citizen of the surrounding areas, therefore at the main gate of the airport, there is an inscription “Jakarta Airports”. It is Indonesia’s busiest airport handling over 50 million passengers annually. A second airport, Halim Perdanakusuma Airport (HLP) serves domestic flight of low cost airline, private and VIP/presidential flights. Other airports in the Jakarta metropolitan area include Pondok Cabe Airport and an airfield on Pulau Panjang, part of the Thousand Island archipelago.

Front view of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Terminal 3.
Front view of Soekarno-Hatta International Airport Terminal 3.

Jakarta Airport Quick Facts

Jakarta Airport is operated by PT Angkasa Pura II

Airport Code

Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
IATA airport code is CGK
and ICAO code is WIII

Location

Located at 06°07?32?S 106°39?21?E, 32 feet (10 meters) above sea level, Jakarta International Airport is located 20 kilometers west of Jakarta city center.

Capacity

Two runways
Runway 07R/25L – 12,007 feet, 3,660 meters long – Paved
Runway 07L/25R – 11,811 feet, 3,600 meters long – Paved

Soekarno-Hatta International Airport has 150 check-in counters, 30 baggage carousels and 42 gates. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates.

Waterway

On 6 June 2007, the city administration introduced the Waterway (officially Angkutan Sungai), a new river boat service along the Ciliwung River. However, because of the large amount of floating garbage which kept jamming the propeller, it is no longer in service. The varying water levels during the dry and wet seasons were also a contributing factor to the close-down.

Sea

Jakarta’s main seaport Tanjung Priok serves many ferry connections to different parts of Indonesia. Tanjung Priok is the largest seaport in Indonesia, with an annual traffic capacity of around 45 million tonnes of cargo and 4,000,000 TEU’s. The port is also an important employer in the area, with more than 18,000 employees who provide services to more than 18,000 ships every year. The Port of Jakarta has 20 terminals: general cargo, multipurpose terminal, scraps terminal, passenger terminal, dry bulk terminal, liquid bulk terminal, oil terminal, chemicals terminal and three container terminals, 76 berths, a quay length of 16,853 metres, a total storage area of 661,822 m2 and a storage capacity of 401,468 tonnes.

In December 2011, Muara Angke Port has been renovated yet with cost Rp130 billion ($14.4 million) in 3 hectares area. Next, Muara Angke Port will be used for public transport port to Thousand Islands, while Marina Ancol Port will be used as tourist ship port.

Education

Jakarta is home to a number of universities, of which the University of Indonesia is the largest. It is a state-owned university with campuses in Salemba and Depok. Jakarta is also home to two other state universities: the Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta and the State University of Jakarta. Some major private universities located in Jakarta are: Trisakti University, Tarumanagara University, Atma Jaya University, Pelita Harapan University and Bina Nusantara University.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia.

STOVIA (School tot Opleiding van Indische Artsen) was the first high school in Jakarta, established in 1851. As the largest city and the capital, Jakarta houses a large number of students from various parts of Indonesia, many of whom reside in dormitories or home-stay residences. For basic education, there are a variety of primary and secondary schools, tagged with public (national), private (national and bi-lingual national plus) and international schools. Four of the major international schools located in Jakarta are the Gandhi Memorial International School, IPEKA International Christian School, Jakarta International School and the British International School (BIS). Other international schools include the Jakarta International Korean School, Bina Bangsa School, Jakarta International Multicultural School, Australian International School, New Zealand International School, Singapore International School, and Sekolah Pelita Harapan.

International relations

Jakarta signed sister city agreement with other cities, one of them is Casablanca, Morocco’s largest city, that have signed sister city agreement on 21 September 1990. To promote friendship between two cities, Jalan Casablanca, a main avenue famous for its shopping and business centers in South Jakarta, was named after Jakarta’s Moroccan sister city. Currently there is no street in Casablanca named after Jakarta, however on the other hand in Rabat, Morocco’s capital city, an avenue was named after Sukarno, Indonesia’s first president, to commemorate his visit in 1960 also as a token of friendship.[110] Jakarta is also a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21 and the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group.

Twin towns – Sister cities

TWIN CITIES

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