Tag Archives: Lombok

Kisah warga Belanda Chaim Fetter di Lombok

Kisah  Chaim Fetter mendirikan Yayasan Peduli Anak di Lombok


13 Desember 2014 11:05 – Penulis: Arai Amelya – kapanlagi[dot]com

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Chaim Fetter ©Merdeka

Manusia memang mempunyai kisah kehidupan masing-masing yang berbeda. Apa yang kamu alami dalam hidup tentu berbeda dengan yang dialami orang lain. Beruntung mereka yang pernah merasakan pedih dan kerasnya hidup hingga bisa bangkit lebih kuat lagi. Hal itulah yang dialami oleh bule Belanda bernama Chaim Fetter.

Nama Fetter beberapa waktu lalu sempat ramai diperbincangkan karena dirinya dituding melakukan upaya Kristenisasi ketika hendak mendirikan Yayasan Peduli Anak di kota Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Selama ada di sana, Fetter harus rela merasakan getirnya hidup berjuang demi menunjukkan tekadnya yang sekeras baja, seperti dilansir Merdeka.

Kamu pasti akan merasa sangat sulit ketika menjadi orang asing dan harus menuju wilayah terpencil. Bisa saja niat baikmu itu ditanggapi berbeda oleh penduduk lokal, hal itulah yang dialami oleh Fetter. Fetter sampai menjelaskan kepada penduduk lokal di Lombok bahwa dirinya bukanlah Atheis atau Kristen. Dimana dirinya adalah seorang Believers (orang yang tak punya agama tapi percaya adanya Tuhan).

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Chaim Fetter. Pria Belanda dengan cinta besar ke Indonesia ©Merdeka

Jelas saja apa yang diungkapkan Fetter itu membuat para warga yang mayoritas Muslim takut sehingga menuding Fetter melakukan aksi permurtadan. Namun tekad Fetter untuk membantu anak-anak jalanan di Lombok memang begitu kuat. Dia membuka dialog dengan para warga dan tokoh agama setempat. Komunikasinya yang intens dengan penduduk lokal, membuat Fetter jatuh cinta dengan Islam. Setiap hari melihat warga salat dan mendengar azan, Fetter merasakan bahwa Islam memanggil dirinya hingga pria berusia 33 tahun ini memilih menjadi mualaf.

Fetter pun mengungkapkan tekadnya menjadi Muslim kepada ulama setempat. Proses perpindahan keyakinan itu disaksikan oleh banyak orang dan membuatnya gugup luar biasa kala harus membaca dua kalimat syahadat. Kendati gemetar, tekad Fetter pun kuat. Kini sembari membesarkan Yayasan Peduli Anak di Lombok, Fetter pun belajar sedikit demi sedikit menjadi Muslim yang taat seperti belajar salat dan mengaji.

Jalan hidup Fetter memang berliku. Namun pria Belanda ini membuktikan bahwa cintanya kepada Indonesia memberikannya kekuatan dan keberanian. Semoga saja aksi Fetter yang mencintai dan peduli anak-anak Indonesia ini bisa membuat kamu juga terinspirasi ya.

(mdk/aia) Editor: Arai Amelya

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Website Yayasan Peduli Anak Lombok yg didirikan Chaim Fetter:

Opera Snapshot_2018-09-22_224312_www.pedulianak.org

pedulianak[dot]org

Who we are?

When our founder was traveling through the rural areas of Indonesia in 2005, he was confronted with the lives of street children. Moved by the harsh conditions under which they grow up and their lack of any opportunity towards a better life, he decided to make a difference.

Together with his childhood friend he founded the Peduli Anak Foundation on the remote Indonesian island of Lombok. They bought 1.5 hectares of land in the middle of the rice fields and started to build a project area with shelters, schools and medical facilities from scratch. Currently, almost 10 years later, Peduli Anak employs almost 60 local staff and provides residential care, family care, medical and healthcare services to hundreds of underprivileged children. We were happy to see that over time the foundation became the example in Indonesia with regards to operating charity organisations.


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Facebook Account Yayasan Pedui Anak Lombok

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Our Story

PEDULI ANAK FOUNDATION·THURSDAY, 18 JANUARY 2018

Peduli Anak Foundation, also known as Yayasan Peduli Anak and LKSA Peduli Anak, helps underprivileged children and their families by providing them with the necessary residential care, family care, education, medical care and legal aid.

Preventing child abuse and exploitation and providing access to education and medical care are the fundamental goals of the Peduli Anak Foundation; goals that reflect the UN Millennium Goals and the assumptions as stated in the UN Convention of the Right of the Child.

How to Get in touch


Address :

Indonesia
Jalan Dharma Bakti
Desa Langko, Lingsar
Lombok Barat – NTB 83371

Phone : +62 370 6171993

Map of Location

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Lombok

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Related Posts:

lombok1Lombok is an island in West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. It forms part of the chain of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the Lombok Strait separating it from Bali to the west and the Alas Strait between it and Sumbawa to the east. It is roughly circular, with a “tail” (Sekotong Peninsula) to the southwest, about 70 km across and a total area of about 4,514 km² (1,825 sq mi). The provincial capital and largest city on the island is Mataram. It is somewhat similar in size and density with neighboringBali and shares some cultural heritage, but is administratively part of Nusa Tenggara Barat along with sparsely populatedSumbawa. It is surrounded by a number of smaller islands locally called Gili.

The island was home to some 3.17 million Indonesians as recorded in the decennial 2010 census; the latest estimate (for January 2014) gives the population as 3,311,044.

Lombok Gallery

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Aan Beach

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Sasaknese Wedding

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Camping over the top of Mount Rinjani

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The Padang-bai Harbor with its ferries, tourist boats and fishing boats

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Senggigi Beach

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Senaru Waterfall

Various cuisine from Lombok such as:

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Taliwang Grilled Chicken

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Lomboknese Kikil Soup

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Bulayak Satay

Administration

lombok2Lombok is under the administration of the Governor of the province of West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat). The province is administered from the provincial capital of Mataram in West Lombok.

The island is administratively divided into four kabupaten (regencies) and one kota (city). They are as follows, with their areas and populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest (January 2014) official estimates:

population

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Lombok Island, Indonesia

History

Little is known about the Lombok before the seventeenth century. Before this time it was made up of numerous competing and feuding petty states each of which were presided over by a Sasak ‘prince’. This disunity was taken advantage of by the neighbouring Balinese who took control of western Lombok in the early seventeenth century.

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The Sasak chiefs of Lombok that allied with the Dutch to resist Balinese occupation.

The Makassarese meanwhile invaded eastern Lombok from their colonies in neighbouring Sumbawa. The Dutch had first visited Lombok in 1674 and the Dutch East India Companyconcluded its first treaty with the Sasak Princess of Lombok. The Balinese had managed to take over the whole island by 1750, but Balinese infighting resulted in the island being split into four feuding Balinese kingdoms. In 1838, the Mataram kingdom brought its rivals under control.

Relations between the Sasak and Balinese in western Lombok were largely harmonious and intermarriage was common. In the island’s east, however, relations were less cordial and the Balinese maintained control from garrisoned forts. While Sasak village government remained in place, the village head became little more than a tax collector for the Balinese. Villagers became a kind ofserf and Sasak aristocracy lost much of its power and land holdings.

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During one of the many Sasak peasant rebellions against the Balinese, Sasak chiefs sent envoys to the Dutch in Bali and invited them to rule Lombok. In June 1894, the governor general of the Dutch East Indies, Van der Wijck, signed a treaty with Sasak rebels in eastern Lombok. He sent a large army to Lombok and the Balinese raja capitulated to Dutch demands.(see Dutch intervention in Lombok) The younger princes however overruled the raja and attacked and routed the Dutch. The Dutch counterattacked overrunning Mataram and the raja surrendered. The entire island was annexed to the Netherlands East Indies in 1895. The Dutch ruled over Lombok’s 500,000 people with a force of no more than 250 by cultivating the support of the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy. The Dutch are remembered in Lombok as liberators from Balinese hegemony.

During World War II a Japanese invasion force comprising elements of the 2nd Southern Expeditionary Fleet invaded and occupied the Lesser Sunda Islands, including the island of Lombok. They sailed from Soerabaja harbour at 09:00 hrs on 8 March 1942 and proceeded towards Lombok Island. On 9 May 1942 at 17:00 hrs the fleet sailed into port of Ampenan on Lombok Island. The Dutch defenders were soon defeated and the island occupied.[6]

Following the cessation of hostilities the Japanese forces occupying Indonesia were withdrawn and Lombok returned temporarily to Dutch control. Following the subsequent Indonesian independence from the Dutch, the Balinese and Sasak aristocracy continued to dominate Lombok. In 1958, the island was incorporated into the province of West Nusa Tenggara with Mataram becoming the provincial capital. Mass killings of communists occurred across the island following the abortive coup attempt in Jakarta and Central Java. DuringPresident Suharto’s New Order administration, Lombok experienced a degree of stability and development but not to the extent of the boom and wealth in Java and Bali. Crop failures led to famine in 1966 and food shortages in 1973. The national government’s transmigrasiprogram moved a lot of people out of Lombok. The 1980s saw external developers and speculators instigate a nascent tourism boom although local’s share of earnings was limited. Indonesia’s political and economic crises of the late 1990s hit Lombok hard. In January 2000, riots broke out across Mataram with Christians and ethnic Chinese the main victims, with alleged agents provocateur from outside Lombok. Tourism slumped, but in recent years has seen a renewed growth.

Geography

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Dutch intervention in Lombok and Karangasem against the Balinese in 1894.

The Lombok Strait lies to the immediate west of the island, marking the passage of the biogeographical division between the prolific fauna of the Indomalayan ecozone and the distinctly different, but similarly prolific, fauna of Australasia—this distinction is known as the “Wallace Line” (or “Wallace’s Line”) and is named after Alfred Russel Wallace. Wallace was the first person to comment on the division between the two regions, as well as the abrupt boundary between the two biomes.

To the east of Lombok lies the Alas Strait, a narrow body of water separating the island of Lombok from the nearby island of Sumbawa to the east.

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A 75 carat diamond on exhibit at the Museum Volkenkunde, Leiden. It was taken, together with 230 kg (507 lb) of gold, 7,000 kg (15,432 lb) of silver and three chests of jewels and precious stones from the royal palace of Lombok after a Dutch invasion in 1894. Only part of the treasure was handed back to Indonesia in 1977

The island’s topography is dominated by the centrally-located stratovolcano Mount Rinjani, the second highest volcano in Indonesia which rises to 3,726 m (12,224 ft). The most recent eruption of Rinjani was in September 2016 at Gunung Barujari. In a 2010 eruption, ash was reported as rising 2 km into the atmosphere from the Barujari cone in Rinjani’s caldera lake of Segara Anak. Lava flowed into the caldera lake raising its temperature while crops on the slopes of Rinjani were damaged by ash fall. The volcano, and its crater lake, ‘Segara Anak’ (child of the sea), are protected by the Gunung Rinjani National Park established in 1997. Recent evidence indicates an ancient volcano, Mount Samalas, of which now only a caldera remains, was the source of one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history, causing worldwide changes in weather.

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Mount Rinjani seen from Gili Air

The highlands of Lombok are forest clad and mostly undeveloped. The lowlands are highly cultivated. Rice, soybeans, coffee, tobacco,cotton, cinnamon, cacao, cloves, cassava, corn, coconuts, copra, bananas and vanilla are the major crops grown in the fertile soils of the island. The southern part of the island is fertile but drier, especially toward the southern coastline.

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Lake Segara Anak on top of Mt. Rinjani

The water supply in Lombok is stressed and this places strain upon both the water supply of the provincial capital, Mataram, and the island in general. The southern and central areas are reported to be the most critically affected. West Nusa Tenggara province in general is threatened with a water crisis caused by increasing forest and water table damage and degradation. 160 thousand hectares of a total of 1960 thousand hectares are thought to have been affected. The Head of Built Environment and Security Forest Service Forest West Nusa Tenggara Andi Pramari stated in Mataram on Wednesday, May 6, 2009 that, “If this situation is not addressed it can be expected that within five years it may be difficult for people to obtain water in this part of NTB (West Nusa Tenggara). Not only that, the productivity of agriculture in value added will fall, and the residents are experiencing water deficiency in their wells”. High cases of timber theft in the region of NTB are contributing to this problem.

In September 2010, Central Lombok some villagers were reported to be walking for several hours to fetch a single pail of water. Nieleando, a small coastal village about 50 kilometers from the provincial capital, Mataram, has seen dry wells for years. It has been reported that occasionally the problem escalates sufficiently for disputes and fighting between villagers to occur. The problems have been reported to be most pronounced in the districts of Jonggat, Janapria, Praya Timur, Praya Barat, Praya Barat Daya and Pujut. In 2010 all six districts were declared drought areas by provincial authorities. Sumbawa, the other main island of the province, also experienced severe drought in 2010, making it a province-wide issue.

List of islands

Lombok is surrounded by many islets, of which are:

Northwest: colloquially the Gili Islands (North Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Trawangan
  • Gili Meno
  • Gili Air

Northeast (East Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Lawang
  • Gili Sulat
  • Gili Petagan
  • Gili Bidara (Pasaran)
  • Gili Lampu
  • Gili Puyu
  • Gili Kondo

East Coast of Nusa Tenggara

  • Gili Puyuh
  • Gili Sulat

Southeast (East Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Indah
  • Gili Merengke
  • Gili Belek
  • Gili Ular

South Coast (West Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Solet
  • Gili Sarang Burung
  • Gili Kawu
  • Gili Puyuh
  • Gili Nanggu

Southwest (Sekotong Peninsula, West Lombok Regency)

  • Gili Nanggu
  • Gili Sudak
  • Gili Tangkong
  • Gili Kedis
  • Gili Poh
  • Gili Genting
  • Gili Lontar
  • Gili Layar
  • Gili Amben
  • Gili Gede
  • Gili Anyaran
  • Gili Layar
  • Gili Asahan

Demographics

The island’s inhabitants are 85% Sasak whose origins are thought to have migrated from Java in the first millennium BC. Other residents include an estimated 10–15% Balinese, with the small remainder being Tionghoa-peranakan, Javanese, Sumbawanese and Arab Indonesians.

The Sasak population are culturally and linguistically closely related to the Balinese, but unlike the Hindu Balinese, the majority are Muslim and the landscape is punctuated with mosques and minarets. Islamic traditions and holidays influence the Island’s daily activities.

In 2008 the Island of Lombok had 866,838 households and an average of 3.635 persons per household.

The 2010 census recorded a population of 4,496,855 people[4] in the province of NTB, of which 70.42% reside on Lombok, giving it a population of 3,166,789 at that date.

Religion

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Traditional Sasak houses

The island’s indigenous Sasak people are predominantly Muslim however before the arrival of Islam Lombok experienced a long period of Hindu and Buddhist influence that reached the island through Java. A minority Balinese Hindu culture remains in Lombok. Islam may have first been brought to Lombok by traders arriving from Sumbawa in the 17th century who then established a following in eastern Lombok. Other accounts describe the first influences arriving in the first half of the sixteenth century.

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The oldest mosque dating from 1634 in Bayan

According to the palm leaf manuscript Babad Lombok which contains the history of Lombok describes how Sunan Prapen was sent by his father The Susuhunan Ratu of Giri on a military expedition to Lombok and Sumbawa in order to convert the population and propagate the new religion. However, the new religion took on a highly syncretistic character, frequently mixing animist and Hindu-Buddhist beliefs and practices with Islam.

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Pura Meru in Mataram, a Hindu temple built in 1720.

A more orthodox version of Islam increased in popularity in the early twentieth century. The Indonesian government agamaization programs (acquiring of a religion) in Lombok during 1967 and 1968 led to a period of some considerable confusion in religious allegiances and practices. These agamaization programs later led to the emergence of more conformity in religious practices in Lombok. The Hindu minority religion is still practised in Lombok alongside the majority Muslim religion.

Hinduism is followed by ethnic Balinese and by a minority of the indigenous Sasak. All the main Hindu religious ceremonies are celebrated in Lombok and there are many villages throughout Lombok that have a Hindu majority population. According to local legends two of the oldest villages on the island, Bayan and Sembalun, were founded by a prince of Majapahit.

According to the 2010 population census declared adherents of Hinduism numbered 101,000 people with the highest concentration in the Mataram Regency where they accounted for 14% of the population.

The Ditjen Bimas Hindu (DBH)/ Hindu Religious Affairs Directorate’s own analysis conducted in close association with Hindu communities throughout the country found that the number of Hindus in the population are much higher than counted in the government census. The survey carried out in 2012 found the Hindu population of Lombok to be 445,933. This figure is more in line with the commonly stated view that 10-15% of the Islands population is Hindu.

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Budhist Temple near Tamjung on the north coast

The Nagarakertagama, the 14th century palm leaf poem that was found on Lombok, places the island as one of the vassals of the Majapahit empire. This manuscript contained detailed descriptions of the Majapahit Kingdom and also affirmed the importance of Hindu-Buddhism in the Majapahit empire by describing temple, palaces and several ceremonial observances.

Christianity is practised by a small minority including some ethnic Chinese and immigrants from Bali and East Nusa Tenggara. There are Roman Catholic churches and parishes in Ampenan, Mataram, Praya and Tanjung. There is a catholic hospital in Mataram as well. Two Buddhist temples can be visited in and around Tanjung where about 800 Buddhists live.

The history of a small Arab community in Lombok has history dating back to early settlement by traders from Yemen. The community is still evident mainly in Ampenan, the old Port of Mataram. Due to the siting of a UNHCR refugee centre in Lombok some refugees from middle eastern countries have intermarried with Lombok people.

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Indigenous Sasak dancers performing traditional Lombok wardance c. 1880

A non-orthodox Islamic group found only on Lombok are the Wektu Telu (“Three times”), who pray three times daily, instead of the five times stipulated in the Quran. Waktu Telu beliefs are entwined with animism, and is influenced not only by Islam, but also Hinduism and pantheistic beliefs. There are also remnants of Boda who maintain Pagan Sasak beliefs and could be representative of an original Sasak culture, undiluted by later Islamic innovations.

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Local Sasak children (c. 1997)

Many influences of animist belief prevail within the Sasak people, most of whom believe in the existence of spirits or ghosts. They regard both food and prayer as indispensable whenever they seek to communicate with spirits, including the dead and ritualistic traditional practices endure.

Traditional magic is practised to ward off evil and illness and to seek solutions to disputations and antipathy. Magic may be practised by an individual alone but normally a person experienced in such things is sought out to render a service. Normally money or gifts are made to this person and the most powerful practitioners are treated with considerable respect.

Economy and Politics

Many of the visitors to Lombok and much of the islands goods come across the Lombok Strait by sea or air links from Bali. Only 40 kilometres (25 mi) separate the two islands. Lombok is often marketed as “an unspoiled Bali,” or “Bali’s sister island.” Currently with support of the central government Lombok and Sumbawa are being developed as Indonesia 2nd destination for international and domestic tourism.

Lombok has retained a more natural, uncrowded and undeveloped environment, which attract travelers who come to enjoy its relaxed pace and the opportunity to explore the island’s unspoiled, spectacular natural beauty. The more contemporary marketing campaigns for Lombok/Sumbawa seek to differentiate from Bali and promote the island of Lombok as a standalone destination. The opening of the Lombok International Airport on 1 October 2011 assisted in this endeavour.

Nusa Tenggara Barat and Lombok may be considered economically depressed by First World standards and a large majority of the population live in poverty. Still, the island is fertile, has sufficient rainfall in most areas for agriculture, and possesses a variety of climate zones.

Consequently, food in abundant quantity and variety is available inexpensively at local farmer’s markets, though locals still suffer from famine due to drought and subsistence farming. A family of 4 can eat rice, vegetables, and fruit for as little as US$0.50. Even though a family’s income may be as small as US$1.00 per day from fishing or farming, many families are able to live a contented and productive life on such astonishingly small incomes.

However, the people of Lombok are coming under increasing pressure from rising food and fuel prices. Access to housing, education and health services remains difficult for many of the island’s indigenous population.

The percentage of the population living in poverty in urban areas of Nusa Tenggara Barat in 2008 was 29.47% and in 2009 it was 28.84%. For those living in rural areas in 2008 it was 19.73% and in 2009 it reduced marginally to 18.40% For combined urban and village the figures were 23.81% and in 2009 it fell slightly to 22.78%.

In Mataram in 2008 the percentage of the population that was unmarried was 40.74%, married 52.01%, divorced 2.51% and widowed 4.75%.

Tourism

Tourism is an important source of income on Lombok. The most developed tourism area of the island is on the west coast of the island and is centered about the township of Senggigi. The immediate surrounds of the township contain the most developed tourism facilities. The west coast coastal tourism strip is spread along a 30 km strip following the coastal road north from Mataram and the old airport at Ampenan.

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One of the unique traditional crafts from Lombok

The principal tourism area extends to Tanjung in the northwest at the foot of Mount Rinjani and includes the Sire and Medana Peninsulas and the highly popular Gili Islands lying immediately offshore. These three small islands are most commonly accessed by boat from Bangsal near Pemenang, Teluk Nare a little to the south, or from further south at Senggigi and Mangsit beach.

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The Gili Islands

Many hotels and resorts offer accommodations ranging from budget to luxurious. Recently direct fast boat services have been running from Bali making a direct connection to the Gili islands. Although rapidly changing in character, the Gili islands still provide both a lay-back backpacker’s retreat and a high class resort destination.

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Manta ray Biorock reef in Gili Islands

Other tourist destinations include Mount Rinjani, Gili Bidara, Gili Lawang, Narmada Park and Mayura Park and Kuta (distinctly different from Kuta, Bali). Sekotong, in southwest Lombok, is popular for its numerous and diverse scuba diving locations.

The Kuta area is also famous for its beautiful, largely deserted, white sand beaches. The Small town is rapidly developing since the opening of the International airport in Praya. Increasing amounts of surfers from around the globe come here seeking out perfect surf and the slow and rustic feel Lombok.

South Lombok surfing is considered some of the best in the world. Large polar lows push up through theIndian Ocean directing long range, high period swell from as far south as Heard Island from late March through to September or later. This conicides with the dry season and South-East trade winds that blow like clock work. Lombok is famous for its diversity of breaks, which includes world-renowned Desert Point at Banko Banko in the southwest of the island.

The northern west coast near Tanjung has many new upmarket hotel and villa developments centreed about the Sire and Medana peninsular nearby to the Gili islands and a new boating marina at Medana bay. These new developments complement the already existing 5 star resorts and a large golf course already established there.

Pre-2000

Tourist development started in the mid-1980s, when Lombok attracted attention as an ‘unspoiled’ alternative to Bali. Initially, low budget bungalows proliferated at places like the Gili islands and Kuta, Lombok on the South Coast. These tourist accommodations were largely owned by and operated by local business entrepreneurs. Areas in proximity to the airport, places like Sengiggi, experienced rampant land speculation for prime beachfront land by big businesses from outside Lombok.

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Mawun Beach

In the 1990s the national government in Jakarta began to take an active role in planning for and promoting Lombok’s tourism. Private organizations like the Bali Tourism Development Corporation (BTDC) and the Lombok Tourism Development Corporation (LTDC) were formed. LTDC prepared detailed land use plans with maps and areas zoned for tourist facilities. Large hotels provide primary employment for the local population. Ancillary business, ranging from restaurants to art shops have been started by local businessmen. These businesses provide secondary employment for local residents.

1997 to 2007

The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis and the fall of Suharto regime in 1998 marked the beginning a decade of setbacks for tourism. Spurred by rapid devaluation of the currency and the transition to true democracy caused all of Indonesia to experience a period of domestic unrest. Many of Indonesian Provinces struggled with elements of the population desiring autonomy or independence from the Republic of Indonesia. At the same time fanatical Islamic terrorism in Indonesia further aggravated domestic unrest across the archipelago.

In Jan 2000, radical Islamic agitators from the newly formed Jemaah Islamiyah provoked religious and ethnic violence in the Ampenan area of Mataram and the southern area of Senggigi. Many foreign expatriates and tourists were temporarily evacuated to Bali. Numerous foreign embassies issued Travel Warnings advising of the potential danger of traveling to Indonesia.

Subsequently, the 2002 Bali bombings, the 2005 Bali bombings and the Progress of the SARS outbreak in Asia all dramatically impacted tourism activities in Lombok. Tourism was slow to return to Lombok, provoked in part by a worldwide reluctance to travel because of global tensions. Only since 2007–2008, when most developed countries lifted their Travel Warnings has tourism recovered to the pre-2000 levels.

2008 to the present

The years leading up to 2010 has seen a rapid revival and promotion of tourism recovery in the tourism industry. The number of visitors has far surpassed the pre-2000 levels. All signs indicate the long-term trend will see a steady increase in the number of visitor arrivals.

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Harbour of Labuhan Lombok

Both the local government and many residents recognise that tourism and services related to tourism will continue to be a major source of income for the island. The island’s natural beauty and the customary hospitality of its residents make it an obvious tourist destination.

Lombok retains the allure of an undeveloped and natural environment. Tourism visits to this tropical island are increasing again as both international and local tourists are re-discovering the charms of Lombok. With this new interest comes the development of a number of boutique resorts on the island providing quality accommodation, food and drinks in near proximity to relatively unspoiled countryside.

The Indonesian government is actively promoting both Lombok and neighboring Sumbawa as Indonesia’s number two tourism destination after Bali. The President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, the Ministry of Cultural and Tourism and the regional Governor have made public statements supporting the development of Lombok as a tourism destination and setting a goal of 1 million visitors annually by the year 2012 for the combined destination of Lombok and Sumbawa.  

This has seen infrastructure improvements to the island including road upgrades and the construction of a much delayed new International airport in the islands south. Despite this, Sumbawa retains a very rustic feel compared to Lombok.

Lombok International Airport (Bandara Internasional Lombok) (IATA: LOP, ICAO: WADL) is south west of the small regional city of Prayain South central Lombok. It commenced operations on 1 October 2011. It replaced Selaparang airport near Ampenan. It is the only operational international airport within the province of West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat).

Selaparang Airport in Ampenan was closed for operations on the evening of 30 September 2011. It previously provided facilities for domestic services to Java, Bali, and Sumbawa and international services to Singapore to Kuala Lumpur via Surabaya and Jakarta. It was the island’s original airport and is situated on Jalan Adi Sucipto on the north western outskirts of Mataram. The terminals and basic airport infrastructure remain intact but it is closed to all civil airline traffic.

Lembar Harbor seaport in the southwest has shipping facilities and a ferry for road vehicles and passenger services. In 2013, the gross tonnage is 4.3 million Gross Tonnages or increase by 72 percent from 2012 data means in Lombok and West Nusa Tenggara the economy progress significantly. Labuhan Lombok ferry port on the east coast provides a ferry for road vehicles and passenger services to Poto Tano on Sumbawa.

Pelni Shipping Line provides a national network of passenger ship services throughout the Indonesian archipelago. Pelni have offices in Ampenan.

Transport between Bali and Lombok

Flights from Ngurah Rai International Airport (IATA: DPS) to Lombok International Airport (IATA: LOP) take about 40 minutes. Lombok international airport is located in southwest Lombok, 1.5 hours drive to Senggigi main tourist areas in the west Lombok, 2 hours drive to the jetty of Teluk Nara before you cross to Gili Islands and about 30 minutes drive to Kuta south Lombok.

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Lombok International Airport

Public Ferries depart from Padang Bai (Southeast Bali) and Lembar (Southwest Lombok) every hour, taking a minimum of 4–5 hours make the crossing in either direction.

Fastboat services are available from various departure points on Bali and principally serve the Gili Islands, with some significant onward traffic to the Lombok mainland. Arrival points on Lombok are dependent upon the operator, at either Teluk Nare/Teluk Kodek, Bangsal harbour or the township of Senggigi, all on the northwest coast. Operating standards vary widely.

Water Resources

Areas in southern Lombok Island were classified as arid and prone to water shortages due to low rainfall and lack of water sources. On May 2011, grounbreaking ceremony has done to initial the Pandanduri dam construction which will span about 430 hectares and cost estimated Rp.800 billion ($92.8 million) to accommodate about 25.7 million cubic meters of water and be able to irrigate 10,350 hectares of farmland. The project would be finished by the next five years.

 

 

 

10 Tempat Wisata di Lombok Paling Menawan

Originally posted by Melda Anastasia INITEMPATWISATA 19 Feb 2015

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Keindahan alam serta tempat wisata di Lombok yang eksotis menawarkan karakter wisata yang unik dan berkesan. Wisata Lombok adalah salah satu destinasi wisata Indonesia yang terkenal. Reputasinya telah dikenal oleh dunia internasional.

Alam di Lombok memiliki gunung berapi yang bernama Rinjani setinggi kurang lebih 3.726 meter di atas permukaan laut.

Gunung Rinjani di Lombok ini adalah termasuk gunung tertinggi ke-tiga di Indonesia. Berbagai tempat wisata di Lombok yang populer lebih didominasi oleh keindahan wisata alamnya yang mengagumkan, di antaranya pantai, gunung, dan lain-lain.

Tempat Wisata di Lombok

Tiada yang menyangsikan betapa indahnya pantai di Lombok, panoramanya dapat Anda lihat kala sunrise maupun saat matahari terbenam. Mengunjungi sejumlah tempat menarik di Lombok akan membawa Anda pada perjalanan wisata yang berkesan. Jika Anda suka surfing, cobalah menjajal ombak di Lombok. Anda akan menemukan ombak ganas yang memacu adrenalin.

Berikut ini adalah sejumlah tempat wisata di Lombok yang telah dikenal luas dan patut Anda  kunjungi.

1. Pantai Kuta Lombok

Ini bukanlah pantai Kuta yang ada di Bali, melainkan sebuah pantai indah yang terletak di arah selatan Pulau Lombok. Pantai Kuta Lombok adalah salah satu dari sejumlah tempat menarik di Lombok yang menawan.

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Secara geografis kawasan pantai ini dikelilingi oleh alam perbukitan. Selain itu, Pantai Kuta Lombok memiliki pasir pantai yang putih dan secara umum belum banyak dikunjungi oleh wisatawan. Jangan heran jika pantai ini terasa sepi manakala Anda mengunjunginya.

Pantai Kuta di Lombok secara administratif berada di Desa Kuta, lokasinya tak jauh dari Bandara Internasional Lombok. Rute perjalanan ke Pantai Kuta Lombok jika ditempuh dari Senggigi akan memakan waktu kurang lebih 1.5 jam. Anda akan melewati Kota Mataram jika mengambil rute perjalanan Senggigi – Pantai Kuta.

2. Pantai Senggigi

Ini adalah tempat wisata di Lombok yang paling terkenal. Pantai Senggigi di Lombok memiliki keindahan pantai yang menawan hati. Banyak wisatawan luar negeri yang datang ke pantai ini. Pantai Senggigi menjelma menjadi salah satu tempat menarik di Lombok dengan pemandangan garis pantainya yang panjang, sungguh menawan bila dipandang dari kejauhan dan ketinggian.

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Dengan garis pantai yang panjang dan tegas, Pantai Senggigi Lombok menyuguhkan gradasi warna pasir pantai dari hitam ke putih. Air lautnya memiliki ombak yang tidak besar, jernih, dan bersih. Hal-hal inilah yang membuat Pantai Senggigi di Lombok menjadi salah satu tempat wisata favorit bagi para wisatawan mancanegara.

Turis-turis yang datang ke pantai ini lebih senang menghabiskan waktunya dengan berjemur, berenang, snorkeling, dan bermain-main di tepi pantai.

3. Desert Point (Bangko-Bangko) Lombok

Inilah tempat surfing di Lombok yang patut Anda kunjungi jika ingin menikmati surfing atau kegiatan berselancar. Salah satu tempat surfing terpopuler Indonesia ini telah dinobatkan pula sebagai salah satu dari 10 tempat surfing dengan ombak terganas  versi International surfing Association.

Bangko-Bangko-Lombok

Jika Anda tertantang untuk surfing di Desert Point, maka Anda dapat mengambil rute perjalanan dengan menaiki kapal Ferry dari Bali menuju pelabuhan Lembar di Lombok. Desert Point, masyarakat lokal menyebutnya sebagai Bangko-Bangko, adalah pantai tujuan surfing yang terletak di Barat Daya Pesisir Lombok.

Jika Anda telah sampai di Pelabuhan Lembar, maka perjalanan ke Desert Point ditempuh dengan menggunakan kendaraan travel atau mobil sewaan dan membutuhkan waktu sekitar 2 jam. Di Desert Point, tersedia pondok-pondok penginapan yang sederhana sebagai tempat penginapan. Desert Point adalah salah satu objek wisata Lombok yang menarik untuk dikunjungi, khususnya di kalangan peselancar. Di Indonesia, sejumlah tempat surfing terbaik dapat ditemui di pantai-pantai yang ada di Nias Sumatera Utara, Plengkung Banyuwangi, Kuta Bali, hingga Pelabuhan Ratu Sukabumi.

4. Gunung Rinjani

Gunung Rinjani adalah salah satu tempat wisata di Lombok yang resmi ditetapkan statusnya sebagai taman nasional, yakni sebuah ekosistem yang dilindungi pemerintah Indonesia dengan karakter hutan hujan pegunungan dan savana.

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Luas areal taman nasional ini adalah sekitar 40 ribu hektar. Gunung Rinjani terletak di Pulau Lombok bagian Utara dengan ketinggian 3,726 meter dpl, dan adalah gunung berapi tertinggi kedua di Indonesia setelah Gunung Kerinci.

Gunung Rinjani memiliki kawah yang luas, terdapat sebuah danau kawah yang disebut Danau Segara Anak. Menurut keyakinan masyarakat setempat, jika Danau Segara Anak terlihat luas, maka itu adalah pertanda bahwa usia orang yang melihatnya masih panjang. Sebaliknya jika tampak sempit, maka menandakan orang yang melihatnya berusia pendek. Disarankan untuk melakukan bersih diri dan berjiwa tenang sebelum memandang kembali Danau Segara Anak. Danau ini dapat digunakan juga sebagai tempat memancing.

5. Gili Air, Gili Meno, dan Gili Trawangan di Lombok

Disebut juga sebagai tiga pulau eksotis di Lombok yang menjadi salah satu tujuan favorit wisatawan mancanegara. Gili Trawangan terletak di bagian barat Lombok ini memiliki air laut yang bening dan jernih, pasir putih yang bersih, terumbu karang, serta aneka ikan hias yang menawan.

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Banyak sekali wisatawan yang datang ke gili ini untuk menikmati keindahan pantai dengan berenang, snorkeling, dan berjemur. Tersedia banyak fasilitas publik yang lengkap di tempat wisata Lombok yang satu ini, di antaranya hotel dan penginapan, restoran, cafe, diskotik, dan tempat ibadah. Dari daratan Lombok, perjalanan menuju 3 gili ini akan memakan waktu sekitar 30 menit.

Gili Trawangan adalah pulau yang terjauh di antara ketiga gili. Banyak anak-anak muda yang datang ke Gili Trawangan karena sering digelar pesta pantai dengan alunan musik sepanjang malam.

Sementara itu, Gili Meno adalah tempat relaks yang tepat untuk Anda yang ingin mencari ketenangan dan menikmati suasana pantai yang relatif sunyi. Posisi Gili Meno ini terletak di tengah-tengah diantara ketiga gili. Sementara Gili Air adalah pulau yang paling dekat dengan Lombok. Banyak wisatawan datang ke Gili Air bersama dengan keluarga mereka. Gili Air memiliki jumlah penduduk lokal yang lebih banyak ketimbang gili lainnya.

6. Pantai Selong Belanak

Selain Senggigi, ini adalah salah satu wisata pantai di Lombok yang menawan. Pantai Selong Belanak ini terletak di Kabupaten Lombok Tengah, memiliki pasir pantai yang putih dan bersih.

Pantai-Selong-Belanak-di-Lombok

Butiran pasir di pantai ini begitu halus, namun saat terkena air laut akan mengeras. Oleh karenanya, Anda akan melihat sejumlah kendaraan dapat lalu lalang melewati bibir pantai. Ini adalah salah satu tempat wisata pantai yang menarik di Lombok.

7. Pantai Tanjung Aan

Untuk sampai di Pantai Tanjung Aan ini, Anda akan membutuhkan waktu tempuh sekitar 1,5 jam perjalanan dari Kota Mataram.

Pantai-Tanjung-Aan-di-Lombok

Pasir putih yang bersih serta air laut yang kebiruan dan jernih adalah salah satu karakteristik di tempat wisata Lombok ini. Secara geografis, posisi Pantai Tanjung Aan berada dekat dengan Pantai Kuta Lombok. Perjalanan ke Pantai Tanjung Aan dari kota Mataram akan berjalan lancar sebab jalanan beraspal dan mulus akan mengantarkan Anda dengan cepat ke tempat tujuan.

8. Tanjung Bloam

Tempat wisata Lombok yang satu ini memang kurang banyak dikenal oleh banyak wisatawan. Selain itu, akses jalan menuju Tanjung Bloam juga tidak begitu baik. Jalan menuju tempat ini masih belum beraspal, juga Anda akan sering mendapatkan pemandangan gersang dan tandus di sepanjang perjalanan menuju Tanjung Bloam.

Tanjung ini berada di bagian selatan Lombok, secara administratif masuk dalam wilayah Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Rute ke Tanjung Bloam jika ditempuh dari Kota Mataram akan memakan waktu sekitar 2.5 jam. Kekuatan Tanjung Bloam adalah panorama pantai yang indah yang adalah pula potensi utama yang dimiliki salah satu pantai Lombok ini.

Tanjung-Bloam-di-Lombok

Di Tanjung Bloam, Anda akan menyaksikan konservasi penyu dengan habitat di sekitar tebing dan berada di sepanjang garis pantai yang terbentang dari ujung utara hingga selatan. Di Tanjung ini, Anda akan melihat dua tebing batu padas yang mengapit pantai. Panorama alam di pantai ini demikian indah, Anda akan mendapati hamparan pasir putih dan memandang betapa biru dan jernihnya air laut yang dimiliki Tanjung Bloam.

9. Pantai Sekotong

Pantai-Sekotong-di-Lombok

Pantai Sekotong ini terletak di wilayah Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Salah satu tempat wisata di Lombok ini mudah dijangkau dari berbagai rute. Rute ke Pantai Sekotong dari Kota Mataram akan memakan waktu sekitar 1 jam dengan jarak tempuh 60 mm melewati Pelabuhan Lembar. Jika mengambil rute dari Pantai Selong Belanak di Lombok Tengah, maka jarak tempuh ke Pantai Sekotong ini akan berjarak sekitar 75 – 85 km.

10. Rumah Adat Dusun Sade

Dusun Sade berada di Desa Rambitan, Kecamatan Pujut, Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Masyarakat yang menghuni dusun ini adalah penduduk dari Suku Sasak, yakni komunitas yang masih memegang teguh adat tradisi Lombok hingga kini.

Rumah-Adat-Dusun-Sade-di-Lombok

Sistem sosial dan kehidupan keseharian masyarakat di Dusun Sade masih sangat kental dengan tradisi Sasak zaman dulu. Oleh karenanya, Dusun Sade ditetapkan sebagai desa wisata di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat. Karakteristik rumah penduduk dibangun dari bambu dengan atap yang berasal dari daun alang-alang. Di tempat ini, rumah adat khas Sasak masih berdiri kokoh dan terawat dengan baik.

Gunung Rinjani Lombok

Originally posted by Sarah Armetia 11 Jun 2015

Wisata Gunung Rinjani Lombok, Lanskap Eksotis dari Ketinggian

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Ada satu lagi tujuan wisata alam di Lombok yang disukai banyak kalangan penikmat perjalanan, yakni Gunung Rinjani Lombok.

Pesona Lombok sebagai kawasan pulau yang terkenal dengan destinasi wisata baharinya seperti Gili Trawangan, Pantai Senggigi, dan Kuta Lombok juga ada pada daya pikat Gunung Rinjani yang menantang dan menyuguhkan lanskap indah nan menawan dari ketinggian. Tidak mudah menaklukkan Gunung Rinjani karena Anda harus melakukan pendakian lebih dari 4 kilometer, belum lagi melewati halang rintang selama pendakian.

Jika Anda ingin melakukan perjalanan ke Gunung Rinjani, hendaknya tidak sekedar coba-coba. Anda harus memiliki nyali yang cukup, kondisi fisik yang memadai, serta sedikit pengetahuan dasar pendakian gunung.

Gunung Rinjani Lombok terletak di bagian utara Pulau Lombok, merupakan gunung tertinggi di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat dengan ketinggian mencapai 3.726 meter di atas permukaan laut. Gunung Rinjani adalah pula gunung tertinggi ke tiga di Indonesia.

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Pesona sunrise di puncak Gunung Rinjani Lombok

Menurut kisah lokal yang berkembang, Gunung Rinjani merupakan istana yang menjadi tempat bersemayam ratu jin yang bernama Dewi Anjani. Dewi Anjani ini adalah puteri seorang raja bernama Datu Tuan dan permaisurinya Dewi Mas yang konon berkuasa di sebuah kerajaan kecil di Pulau Lombok.

Alamat Gunung Rinjani Lombok: Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani, Sembalun Lawang, Nusa Tenggara Barat
Koordinat GPS: -8.4112952,116.4573488

Peta Lokasi

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Eksotisme Gunung Rinjani Lombok

Terlepas benar atau tidaknya mitos Gunung Rinjani Lombok tersebut, tempat wisata kebanggaan masyarakat Nusa Tenggara Barat ini menyimpan pesona alam yang eksotis dan mengagumkan. Banyak titik-titik menarik yang dapat Anda temui di Gunung Rinjani, mulai dari bagian kawah, danau, mata air panas, goa, air terjun, lubang letusan, panorama kaldera, puncak, hingga aliran lava baru.

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Air Terjun Sendang Gile di kaki Gunung Rinjani

Sejumlah spot wisata Gunung Rinjani dan favorit di kalangan wisatawan, yaitu Tetebatu, Senaru, dan Sembalun dengan keindahan alam pegunungan yang eksotis. Ada satu spot lagi yang tak kalah menarik di Gunung Rinjani Lombok, yakni Segare Anak, sebuah danau yang terbentuk secara alami akibat letusan Gunung Rinjani di masa lampau. Segare artinya laut, dengan demikian Segare Anak bisa diartikan sebagai lautan kecil anak dari Gunung Rinjani.

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Panorama indah Danau Segara Anakan di Gunung Rinjani

Oleh masyarakat lokal, danau ini sering disebut sebagai laut karena air danau tersebut berwarna biru jernih layaknya air laut asli. Danau Segare Anak terdapat pada ketinggian 2.800 meter dan memiliki berbagai jenis ikan, seperti ikan harper, mujair, hingga ikan Mas.

Lagi-lagi menurut keyakinan lokal, konon Danau Segare Anak dipercaya mampu menyembuhkan berbagai macam penyakit. Bahkan tempat ini dulunya sering dijadikan lokasi pemujaan atau ritual untuk mendapatkan ilmu atau benda-benda sakti.

Tak jauh dari Danau Segare Anak, Anda dapat temukan sebuah gunung kecil yang bernama Gunung Baru atau New Mountain. Tak banyak orang yang berani menaklukkan puncak Gunung Baru ini sebab hingga sekarang gunung tersebut terus mengeluarkan gas.

Flora & Fauna Gunung Rinjani Lombok

Tak hanya menawarkan pesona panoramanya yang eksotis, Gunung Rinjani Lombok juga menghadirkan keindahan dunia flora dan fauna. Pada ketinggian 1.000 meter hingga 2.000 meter pada bagian selatan dan barat gunung, Anda dapat menemukan sejumlah tumbuhan yang jarang dijumpai di dataran rendah. Tumbuh-tumbuhan tersebut adalah Dysoxylum sp, Ficus Superba, serta Pterospermum.

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Desa Sembalun Lawang ketinggian 1200 meter dpl

Jika Anda pergi lebih ke atas lagi hingga di ketinggian 2.000 – 3.000 meter, Anda akan menjumpai tumbuhan Cemara Gunung (Casuarina Junghuhniana). Di atas ketinggian lebih dari 3.000 meter, tidak banyak tumbuhan yang hidup selain hamparan rumput dan bunga Edelweiss (Anaphalis Javanica). Jika Anda mengalihkan pandangan ke arah timur, Anda akan menyaksikan pepohonan Akasia yang tumbuh di sana.

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Pepohonan cemara di ketinggian 2.000 – 3.000 meter dpl Gunung Rinjani

Di Gunung Rinjani Lombok ini terdapat lebih dari 109 spesies burung. Beberapa di antaranya adalah jenis burung yang banyak terdapat di Australia. Ada juga spesies monyet, rusa, dan landak yang berasal dari Bali. Jika Anda mengunjungi Pelawangan Sembalun, Anda akan menjumpai spesies monyet berekor panjang yang suka mengganggu pendaki. Biasanya kawanan monyet ekor panjang ini merusak tenda pendaki, lalu mencuri makanan dalam tenda. Monyet ekor panjang ini terkenal sangat cerdas dan berani.

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Spesies monyet di Gunung Rinjani

Karena menyimpan banyak sisi unik dan pesona alam yang eksotis, Gunung Rinjani Lombok sering dijadikan sebagai ajang trekking oleh para pendaki yang menyukai tantangan dan petualangan. Setiap hari, terdapat puluhan pendaki baik yang berasal dari daerah setempat, luar pulau, hingga kalangan luar negeri yang melakukan petualangan dengan melakukan pendakian.

Tetapi perlu pula diketahui bahwa di balik pesona dan keindahan yang dimilikinya, Gunung Rinjani Lombok adalah pula termasuk salah satu dari 6 gunung paling berbahaya di Indonesia. Ini disebabkan karena gunung tersebut masih menyimpan banyak misteri yang belum diketahui. Tak jarang pula cuaca yang cerah tiba-tba berubah menjadi buruk dan mungkin menyebabkan pendaki tersesat, lalu tak lama ditemukan telah meninggal dunia.

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Berkemah di Segara Anak Gunung Rinjani Lombok

Hal-hal ini tentu saja bukanlah penghalang bagi Anda yang telah mempersiapkan diri dengan sebaik-baiknya untuk melakukan perjalanan ke Gunung Rinjani Lombok.

Rute Perjalanan ke Gunung Rinjani

Ada 2 cara untuk menuju lokasi Gunung Rinjani Lombok, yaitu melalui jalur darat dan udara, tergantung dari mana Anda memulai perjalanan.

Jika Anda memulai perjalanan dari Banyuwangi, Anda harus menuju ke Pelabuhan Gilimanuk Bali dengan menggunakan kapal ferry berbiaya Rp 8 ribu per orang. Dari pelabuhan Gilimanuk, perjalanan dilanjutkan ke Terminal Ubung Denpasar dengan menggunakan bus berbiaya Rp 35 ribu (perjalanan sekitar 3 jam). Dari terminal Ubung, dilanjutkan lagi ke Terminal Mandalika Mataram dengan biaya Rp 25 ribu. Dari terminal Mandalika, selanjutnya naik kendaraan yang berjenis Elf menuju Pasar Aikmel dengan ongkos sekitar Rp 20 ribu. Di pasar ini, Anda dapat membeli kebutuhan logistik sebagai bekal selama pendakian ke Gunung Rinjani.