Tag Archives: Wisata Borobudur

Travel to Borobudur Temple

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The Borobudur Temple is considered as one of the seven wonders of the world. This temple is located at Borobudur District, South of Magelang, Central Java.

The expression of experts who had been studying Borobudur Temple varied someway. Bernet Kempers’ expression was: “Borobudur is Borobudur”, meaning that Borobudur Temple is very unique in her own way. Nieuwenkamp (an artist) imaginated Borobudur as “a big lotus flower bud ready to bloom” which was “floating” on a lake. Nieuwenkamp’s imagination was supported by N. Rangkuti (1987) that from the air, the Borobudur Temple looks floating. From the geological studies, experts were able to prove that Borobudur area was one time a big lake. Most of the villages around Borobudur Temple were at the same altitude, 235 meters above the sea-level. The same altitude included the Pawon and Mendut temples. Thus the area under 235 meter altitude was below the lake water level.

Based on the inscription dated 842 AD, Casparis suggested that Borobudur was one time a place for praying. The inscription stated a phrase such as: “Kawulan i Bhumi Sambhara”.Kawulan means the origin of holiness, “bhumi sambhara” is a name of a place in Borobudur. Paul Mus stated that Borobudur Temple had the structure of stupa (conical form) with double expression. As a whole, the Borobudur Temple was an open-flat stupa, but on the other hand, the temple expressed the idea of a “closed world”. The latter expression could be felt when one is already inside the temple. Whenever person is inside the temple, his or her view will be limited to high walls full on relieves, the verandah is always squared in such a way that one could not see other parts of the temple, even in a same floor. The same feeling happened if one stood on arupadhatu round platform, he or she will have a wider view only on that level, but are not able to see the lower level nor the upper level like the one on rupadhatu and kamandhatu. It could be said that Borobudur is a symbol of cosmic mountain covered by the sky roof, a specific world that could be reached through isolated alleys as stages. The closed structural design of the temple expressed the concept of a closed world, not just a technical reasons as had been suggested by other experts ( Daud AT, 1987)

Borobudur was built by Sanmaratungga in the 8th century, and belongs to Buddha Mahayana. Borobudur was revealed by Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles in 1814. The temple was found in ruined condition and was buried.

The overall height was 42 meters, but was only 34.5 meters after restoration, and had the dimension of 123 x 123 meters (15,129 square meters). There were 10 floors. The first floor up to the sixth floor was square form, the seventh to the tenth floor were round form.

Borobudur is facing to the East with a total of 1460 panels (2 meters wide each). Total size of the temple walls was 2500 square meters, full of relief. The total number of panels with relief was 1212. According to investigations, the total number of Buddha statue was 504 including the intact and damaged statues. The temple undergone restoration from 1905 to 1910,and the last restoration was done in 1973 to 1983.

1. Structural Design of Borobudur Temple

Ever since the first excavation, most experts speculated on the exact shape of the temple. Hoenig, in his book “Das form problem des Borobudur” speculate that the original form ofBorobudur Temple had four gates and nine floors. The form of Borobudur Temple is similar to temples found in Cambodia. According to Parmenteir, the huge single stupa on top of the temple made the smaller stupas in the lower part looked drowned. Stutterheim who had been studying stupas in India and other parts of Asia concluded that the stupa structure was an Indian origin. The original purpose of stupa building was as storage of Buddha Gautama and other holy priests cremation ash.

According to Stutterheim, the overall form of Borobudur Temple is a combination of zigurat (middle Asian Pyramid) and Indian stupa. Stutterheim opinion was supported by the existence of this type of form in Ancient Javanese literature.

The relief of Borobudur temple started from the base of the temple up to the fourth platform. The relieves at the base contained the story of Karmawibhangga. Under the main panel and above the Karmawibhangga relief, a wide-sized relief was inscripted at the wall. From this point along the alley, the relief did not show story in the sequence, but as a repeating part of the story with the same motives which expressed the world of spiritual beings such as half demonic body (Gandharwa, giants or Yataka, dragon, Sidha or angels and their ladies friends,Apsara and Nagi, all of them are heavenly beings who are tender and beautiful.

Division of panels are: the first panel expressed a heavenly being in sitting position, on both side of this panel are small panel with a small standing statue. This figures are repeated 26 times for each side of the wall. Between the panels is carved three bodies, a male flanked by two women.

2. Relieves at the Walls of the Alley.

There was a long series of main relieves at the first alley, either at the main wall or at the inner side of Kutamara wall. Relieves at the Kutamara wall depicted Jataka’s and Awadana’s, a story of Buddha’s life which expressed as Bodhisatwa, due to his good deeds in the past. Sometimes, Buddha is expressed in the form of animals such as rabbit, monkeys etc. As it was told in animated stories, the story was adopted from Sanskrit book, Jatakamala. Only one third of the relieves were known, the rest was still unclear.

The lower relieves of the main wall contained the same story. The upper relieves also had the same story as the lower one. The story contained the life of Buddha consisting of 120 frames until he began teaching Buddha religion. The first frame began from the South of stairway of the curved gate at the East, and follow the path of the sun (the temple on the right side). The life story of Buddha was adopted from Lalitawistara book.

At the second alley, Jataka and Awadana story were continued on the inner side of Utamara, and on the main wall, story was began with stories adopted from Gandhawyuha. This story was so long that it occupied the main wall and inner side wall of Utamara at the third and fourth alley. The story showed the adventure of a Sudhana who met Bodhisatwa Maytreya (the future Buddha) to have religious lesson from the Buddha. Later on, the Sudhana met with Bodhisatwa Mandjusri, and finally he met with Dyani Bodhisatwa Samanta Badra, who gave the highest wisdom. Most of those stories expressed the use of spiritual strength and unusual happenings.

There were many beautiful ornaments inscripted at the wall of the fourth alley, because the fifth alley did not contained any ornaments. The fifth alley is a transitional alley to the next platform, the round platform. The next round platforms also did not contained any ornaments at all (Kaylan,1959).

t temples. Thus the area under 235 meter altitude was below the lake water level.

Based on the inscription dated 842 AD, Casparis suggested that Borobudur was one time a place for praying. The inscription stated a phrase such as: “Kawulan i Bhumi Sambhara”. Kawulan means the origin of holiness,“bhumi sambhara” is a name of a place in Borobudur. Paul Mus stated that Borobudur Temple had the structure of stupa (conical form) with double expression. As a whole, the Borobudur Temple was an open-flat stupa, but on the other hand, the temple expressed the idea of a “closed world”. The latter expression could be felt when one is already inside the temple. Whenever person is inside the temple, his or her view will be limited to high walls full on relieves, the verandah is always squared in such a way that one could not see other parts of the temple, even in a same floor. The same feeling happened if one stood on arupadhatu round platform, he or she will have a wider view only on that level, but are not able to see the lower level nor the upper level like the one on rupadhatu and kamandhatu. It could be said that Borobudur is a symbol of cosmic mountain covered by the sky roof, a specific world that could be reached through isolated alleys as stages. The closed structural design of the temple expressed the concept of a closed world, not just a technical reasons as had been suggested by other experts ( Daud AT, 1987)

Borobudur was built by Sanmaratungga in the 8th century, and belongs to Buddha Mahayana. Borobudur was revealed by Sir Thomas Stanford Raffles in 1814. The temple was found in ruined condition and was buried.

The overall height was 42 meters, but was only 34.5 meters after restoration, and had the dimension of 123 x 123 meters (15,129 square meters). There were 10 floors. The first floor up to the sixth floor was square form,the seventh to the tenth floor were round form.

Borobudur is facing to the East with a total of 1460 panels (2 meters wide each). Total size of the temple walls was 2500 square meters, full of relief. The total number of panels with relief was 1212. According to investigations, the total number of Buddha statue was 504 including the intact and damaged statues. The temple undergone restoration from 1905 to 1910, and the last restoration was done in 1973 to 1983.

Bukit Punthuk Setumbu

Menyaksikan Sunrise Borobudur dari Ketinggian dari Bukit Punthuk Setumbu

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Bagi yang sudah nonton film AADC2, pastinya masih ingat kan salah satu spot ketika Cinta dan Rangga berada di bukit yang berlatar sunrise Candi Borobudur penuh eksotis? Jika masih mengingat, itulah dia sebuah bukit yang namanya Punthuk Setumbu, yaitu salah satu spot terbaik melihat megahnya Candi Borobudur di pagi hari yang terkurung lautan kabut.

Momen melihat sunrise selalu menarik para traveler di mana saja, banyak para wisatawan asing yang terpesona hingga datang ke sini, bahkan sampai Mark Zukerberg pun, selaku founder Facebook ini, pernah berkunjung saking penasarannya melihat sisi Candi Borobudur dari latar yang berbeda.

View Borobudur dari Bukit Punthuk Setumbu

Bukit Punthuk Setumbu merupakan salah satu spot terbaik untuk menyaksikan sunrise dengan latar Gunung Merapi Merbabu. Dari tempat ini wisatawan juga bisa melihat megahnya Candi Borobudur di pagi hari yang terkurung lautan kabut.

setumbu-hill

Eksotisme pemandangan mentari yang terbit di pagi hari selalu menjadi magnet yang memukau bagi para wisatawan. Karena itu tak heran jika tempat-tempat wisata yang menyajikan pemandangan sunrise selalu ramai dikunjungi wisatawan. Sebut saja Gunung Bromo di Jawa Timur, Bukit Sikunir di Dieng Jawa Tengah, dan Bukit Punthuk Setumbu di Magelang.

Suasana Pagi di Bukit Punthuk Setumbu

Dari ketiga tempat tersebut, Bukit Punthuk Setumbu memiliki pemandangan pagi yang berbeda. Selain bisa menyaksikan mentari yang menyembul perlahan dari Gunung Merapi atau Merbabu, wisatawan juga bisa menyaksikan kemegahan Candi Borobudur dari ketinggian. Tentu saja ini menjadi keuntungan tersendiri. Tak heran jika akhirnya Punthuk Setumbu menjadi lokasi favorit menyaksikan sunrise bagi wisatawan asing dan juga spot favorit para fotografer.

Punthuk Setumbu merupakan sebuah bukit setinggi kurang lebih 400 meter dpl yang terletak di gugusan Pegunungan Menoreh. Dulunya tempat ini merupakan ladang penduduk. Namun setelah seorang fotografer mengabadikan gambar sunrise borobudur nan epik dari tempat ini, orang-orang pun berdatangan untuk mengunjungi tempat ini guna menyaksikan sunrise.

Wisatawan yang ingin menyaksikan keindahan Borobudur di kala fajar disarankan untuk tiba di tempat ini sebelum pukul 05.00 WIB. Dari parkiran yang ada di kaki bukit, wisatawan harus trekking sekitar 15 menit untuk mencapai puncak dengan rute berupa jalan makadam dan tanah. Bagi yang tidak kuat trekking hingga puncak, tak jauh dari tempat parkir terdapat gazebo di mana wisatawan sudah bisa menyaksikan Borobudur dari kejauhan.

Puncak Punthuk Setumbu berupa pelataran luas yang dikelilingi pagar pembatas. Di tempat ini terdapat rumah panggung, gazebo, dan kursi-kursi kayu yang bisa digunakan duduk menanti mentari terbit. Meskipun perjalanan treking di pagi hari sedikit melelahkan, namun hal tersebut akan terbayar lunas saat menyaksikan sapuan kabut borobudur yang perlahan terangkat naik dan mentari yang muncul dari balik gunung dengan malu-malu.

Waktu Terbaik Mengunjungi Punthuk Setumbu

Bagi wisatawan maupun fotografer yang ingin mengabadikan sunrise dari Punthuk Setumbu, maka waktu terbaik untuk datang ke tempat ini adalah saat musim kemarau yaitu sekitar bulan Juni hingga Agustus. Pada bulan-bulan ini matahari dapat terlihat dengan jelas tanpa diselimuti mendung sehingga bisa mendapatkan momen yang indah. Selain itu trek menuju bukit tidak becek seperti saat musim hujan. Sedangkan jika ingin memotret Candi Borobudur berselimutkan kabut, pengunjung bisa datang kapan saja.

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Lokasi dan Akses Ke Punthuk Setumbu

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Maps Location Punthuk Setumbu Hill

Bukit Punthuk Setumbu terletak tidak jauh dari Candi Borobudur, tepatnya di Dusun Kerahan, Desa Karangrejo, Borobudur, Magelang. Dari Yogyakarta dapat ditempuh sekitar 1 jam perjalanan menggunakan kendaraan pribadi. Wisatawan yang ingin menikmati keindahan sunrise dari Bukit Punthuk Setumbu wajib membayar retribusi sebesar Rp 15.000 / orang.

punthuk-setumbu

Untuk mencapai bukit ini bukanlah perkara yang sulit sebab sudah terdapat petunjuk arah menuju lokasi. Dari depan Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur silahkan melaju menuju Hotel Manohara, kemudian lurus terus ke arah perbukitan Menoreh. Tak jauh dari situ ada pertigaan dan petunjuk arah bertuliskan Borobudur Nirvana Sunrise. Silahkan belok kanan mengikuti petunjuk arah hingga sampai di tempat parkir Bukit Punthuk Setumbu.

Source: nJogja