Tag Archives: World

List of Country Top-Level Domains

Nowadays, 243 national top-level domains are assigned, with 195 of them reserved for independent countries and 48 are owned by dependent territories. The worldwide known country code domain names (ccTLDs) are .us, .uk, .de, .eu. They are commonly used, on a par with the generic top-level domains (gTLDs) .com, .org, .net.

Some smaller nations are opening their domain names for commercial registration. And everyone can buy them, not only country’s citizens or local companies. We frequently find on the web such domain names like .co (Colombia), which widely used for companies, .tv (Tuvalu) for online TV, .fm (Micronesia) for FM radio, .pr (Puerto Rico) for public relations websites.

DomainCountry / Territory
A 
.acAscension Island (UK)
.adAndorra
.aeUnited Arab Emirates
.afAfghanistan
.agAntigua and Barbuda
.aiAnguilla (UK)
.alAlbania
.amArmenia
.aoAngola
.arArgentina
.asAmerican Samoa (USA)
.atAustria
.auAustralia
.awAruba (Netherlands)
.axAland Islands (Finland)
.azAzerbaijan
B 
.baBosnia and Herzegovina
.bbBarbados
.bdBangladesh
.beBelgium
.bfBurkina Faso
.bgBulgaria
.bhBahrain
.biBurundi
.bjBenin
.bmBermuda (UK)
.bnBrunei
.boBolivia
.brBrazil
.bsBahamas
.btBhutan
.bvBouvet Island (Norway)
.bwBotswana
.byBelarus
.bzBelize
C 
.caCanada
.ccCocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)
.cdDemocratic Republic of the Congo
.cfCentral African Republic
.cgRepublic of the Congo
.chSwitzerland
.ciCote d’Ivoire
.ckCook Islands (New Zealand)
.clChile
.cmCameroon
.cnChina
.coColombia
.crCosta Rica
.cuCuba
.cvCabo Verde
.cwCuracao (Netherlands)
.cxChristmas Island (Australia)
.cyCyprus
.czCzechia
D 
.deGermany
.djDjibouti
.dkDenmark
.dmDominica
.doDominican Republic
.dzAlgeria
E 
.ecEcuador
.eeEstonia
.egEgypt
.erEritrea
.esSpain
.etEthiopia
.euEuropean Union 
 (politico-economic union of 28 states)
F 
.fiFinland
.fjFiji
.fkFalkland Islands (UK)
.fmFederated States of Micronesia
.foFaroe Islands (Denmark)
.frFrance
G 
.gaGabon
.gbUnited Kingdom
.gdGrenada
.geGeorgia
.gfFrench Guiana (France)
.ggGuernsey (UK)
.ghGhana
.giGibraltar (UK)
.glGreenland (Denmark)
.gmGambia
.gnGuinea
.gpGuadeloupe (France)
.gqEquatorial Guinea
.grGreece
.gsSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK)
.gtGuatemala
.guGuam (USA)
.gwGuinea-Bissau
.gyGuyana
H 
.hkHong Kong (China)
.hmHeard Island and McDonald Islands (Australia)
.hnHonduras
.hrCroatia
.htHaiti
.huHungary
I 
.idIndonesia
.ieIreland
.ilIsrael
.imIsle of Man (UK)
.inIndia
.ioBritish Indian Ocean Territory (UK)
.iqIraq
.irIran
.isIceland
.itItaly
J 
.jeJersey (UK)
.jmJamaica
.joJordan
.jpJapan
K 
.keKenya
.kgKyrgyzstan
.khCambodia
.kiKiribati
.kmComoros
.knSaint Kitts and Nevis
.kpNorth Korea
.krSouth Korea
.kwKuwait
.kyCayman Islands (UK)
.kzKazakhstan
L 
.laLaos
.lbLebanon
.lcSaint Lucia
.liLiechtenstein
.lkSri Lanka
.lrLiberia
.lsLesotho
.ltLithuania
.luLuxembourg
.lvLatvia
.lyLibya
M 
.maMorocco
.mcMonaco
.mdMoldova
.meMontenegro
.mgMadagascar
.mhMarshall Islands
.mkNorth Macedonia (formerly Macedonia)
.mlMali
.mmMyanmar (formerly Burma)
.mnMongolia
.moMacau (China)
.mpNorthern Mariana Islands (USA)
.mqMartinique (France)
.mrMauritania
.msMontserrat (UK)
.mtMalta
.muMauritius
.mvMaldives
.mwMalawi
.mxMexico
.myMalaysia
.mzMozambique
N 
.naNamibia
.ncNew Caledonia (France)
.neNiger
.nfNorfolk Island (Australia)
.ngNigeria
.niNicaragua
.nlNetherlands
.noNorway
.npNepal
.nrNauru
.nuNiue (New Zealand)
.nzNew Zealand
O 
.omOman
P 
.paPanama
.pePeru
.pfFrench Polynesia (France)
.pgPapua New Guinea
.phPhilippines
.pkPakistan
.plPoland
.pmSaint Pierre and Miquelon (France)
.pnPitcairn Islands (UK)
.prPuerto Rico (USA)
.psPalestine
.ptPortugal
.pwPalau
.pyParaguay
Q 
.qaQatar
R 
.reReunion (France)
.roRomania
.rsSerbia
.ruRussia
.rwRwanda
S 
.saSaudi Arabia
.sbSolomon Islands
.scSeychelles
.sdSudan
.seSweden
.sgSingapore
.shSaint Helena (UK)
.siSlovenia
.sjSvalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway)
.skSlovakia
.slSierra Leone
.smSan Marino
.snSenegal
.soSomalia
.srSuriname
.stSao Tome and Principe
.suSoviet Union (former), 
 top-level domain is still in use
.svEl Salvador
.sxSint Maarten (Netherlands)
.sySyria
.szEswatini (formerly Swaziland)
T 
.tcTurks and Caicos Islands (UK)
.tdChad
.tfFrench Southern Territories (France)
.tgTogo
.thThailand
.tjTajikistan
.tkTokelau (New Zealand)
.tlTimor-Leste
.tmTurkmenistan
.tnTunisia
.toTonga
.trTurkey
.ttTrinidad and Tobago
.tvTuvalu
.twTaiwan
.tzTanzania
U 
.uaUkraine
.ugUganda
.ukUnited Kingdom
.usUnited States of America
.uyUruguay
.uzUzbekistan
V 
.vaVatican City (Holy See)
.vcSaint Vincent and the Grenadines
.veVenezuela
.vgBritish Virgin Islands (UK)
.viUS Virgin Islands (USA)
.vnVietnam
.vuVanuatu
W 
.wfWallis and Futuna (France)
.wsSamoa
Y 
.yeYemen
.ytMayotte (France)
Z 
.zaSouth Africa
.zmZambia
.zwZimbabwe

Source: countries-ofthe-world

World Time Zones by Country

All the observed world time zones are listed by country (or territory) in the table below. There are independent states with multiple time zones, and the record-holder is France with 12 zones, but 11 of them are used in overseas areas and only one in the country’s mainland. The situation is the same in the United Kingdom, Denmark, New Zealand, Netherlands.

The countries with multiple time zones in the mainland area (some of them also have the insular territories) are Russia, USA, Canada, Australia, Mexico, Brazil, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kiribati, Micronesia, Chile, Spain, Portugal, and Ecuador.

The Daylight Saving Time (DST) is widely used in Europe and North America, and also in some parts of Africa, Australia, South America. It helps to make the daylight duration longer in summer by setting clock 1 hour forward in the spring (start of DST period) and setting them 1 hour backward in autumn when the DST period is over.

Alphabetical list of countries and territories with their standard time zones and DST

Source: countries-ofthe-world

Country Calling Codes

Do you know how to call internationally?

First of all, you need to dial your country’s International Direct Dialling (IDD) prefix to exit from your location to international phone circuit, and then dial the destination country calling code, after that the city code and a local phone number.

For example, for calling from American Samoa (USA) to Andorra:

011 –> 376 –> City Code –> Phone Number

In some countries, the exit prefix looks like 0xx, where x marks the international carrier selection code, comprising one or more digits.

For domestic telephone calls within the country of your location, you need to dial the National Direct Dialling (NDD) prefix (if such exists), and only after that the city calling code and a local phone number.

List of all country calling codes, international and national dialing prefixes

Calling CodeCountry or TerritoryExit Prefix (IDD)National Prefix (NDD)
 A  
93Afghanistan00
358 18Aland Islands (Finland)00
355Albania00
213Algeria00
1 684American Samoa (USA)111
376Andorra0
244Angola00
1 264Anguilla (UK)111
1 268Antigua and Barbuda111
54Argentina00
374Armenia00
297Aruba (Netherlands)0
247Ascension Island (UK)0
61Australia110
672Australian External Territories00
43Austria00
994Azerbaijan00
 B  
1 242Bahamas111
973Bahrain0
880Bangladesh00
1 246Barbados111
375Belarus8108
32Belgium00
501Belize0
229Benin0
1 441Bermuda (UK)111
975Bhutan0
591Bolivia00
599 7Bonaire (Netherlands)00
387Bosnia and Herzegovina00
267Botswana0
55Brazil00
246British Indian Ocean Territory (UK)0
1 284British Virgin Islands (UK)111
673Brunei0
359Bulgaria00
226Burkina Faso0
257Burundi0
 C  
855Cambodia001, 0070
237Cameroon0
1Canada111
238Cape Verde0
599Caribbean Netherlands (Netherlands)0
1 345Cayman Islands (UK)111
236Central African Republic11
235Chad0
64Chatham Islands (New Zealand)03
56Chile1xx01xx
86China00
61 8 9164Christmas Island (Australia)00
61 8 9162Cocos Islands (Australia)110
57Colombia009, 007, 00509, 07, 05
269Comoros0
242Congo, Republic of the0
243Congo, Democratic Republic of the0
682Cook Islands (New Zealand)0
506Costa Rica0
225Cote d’Ivoire0
385Croatia00
53Cuba1190
599 9Curacao (Netherlands)0
357Cyprus0
420Czechia0
 D  
45Denmark0
253Djibouti0
1 767Dominica111
1 809Dominican Republic111
1 829   
1 849   
 E  
593Ecuador00
20Egypt00
503El Salvador0
240Equatorial Guinea0
291Eritrea00
372Estonia0
268Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)0
251Ethiopia00
 F  
500Falkland Islands (UK)0
298Faroe Islands (Denmark)0
679Fiji0
358Finland00, 99x, 99xx, 99xxx0
33France00
594French Guiana (France)0
689French Polynesia (France)0
 G  
241Gabon0
220Gambia0
995Georgia00
49Germany00
233Ghana00
350Gibraltar (UK)0
30Greece00
299Greenland (Denmark)0
1 473Grenada111
590Guadeloupe (France)0
1 671Guam (USA)111
502Guatemala0
44Guernsey (UK)00
224Guinea0
245Guinea-Bissau0
592Guyana1
 H  
509Haiti0
504Honduras0
852Hong Kong (China)1
36Hungary06
 I  
354Iceland0
91India00
62Indonesia001, 007, 008, 0090
98Iran00
964Iraq00
353Ireland00
44Isle of Man (UK)00
972Israel00, 012 – 0190
39Italy0
 J  
1 876Jamaica111
81Japan100
44Jersey (UK)00
962Jordan00
 K  
7Kazakhstan8108
254Kenya00
686Kiribati0
965Kuwait0
996Kyrgyzstan00
 L  
856Laos00
371Latvia0
961Lebanon00
266Lesotho0
231Liberia0
218Libya00
423Liechtenstein0
370Lithuania00
352Luxembourg0
 M  
853Macau (China)0
261Madagascar0
265Malawi0
60Malaysia00
960Maldives0
223Mali00
356Malta0
692Marshall Islands111
596Martinique (France)0
222Mauritania0
230Mauritius0
262Mayotte (France)0
52Mexico01
691Micronesia111
373Moldova00
377Monaco0
976Mongolia10, 01, 02
382Montenegro00
1 664Montserrat (UK)111
212Morocco00
258Mozambique0
95Myanmar (formerly Burma)0
 N  
264Namibia00
674Nauru0
977Nepal0
31Netherlands00
687New Caledonia (France)0
64New Zealand00
505Nicaragua0
227Niger0
234Nigeria90
683Niue (New Zealand)0
672 3Norfolk Island (Australia)0
1 670Northern Mariana Islands (USA)111
850North Korea00
389North Macedonia (formerly Macedonia)00
47Norway0
 O  
968Oman0
 P  
92Pakistan00
680Palau11
970Palestine00
507Panama0
675Papua New Guinea0
595Paraguay00
51Peru00
63Philippines00
64Pitcairn Islands (UK)00
48Poland00
351Portugal0
1 787Puerto Rico (USA)111
1 939   
 Q  
974Qatar0
 R  
262Reunion (France)0
40Romania00
7Russia8108
250Rwanda0
 S  
599 4Saba (Netherlands)00
590Saint Barthelemy (France)0
290Saint Helena (UK)0
1 869Saint Kitts and Nevis111
1 758Saint Lucia111
590Saint Martin (France)00
508Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)00
1 784Saint Vincent and The Grenadines111
685Samoa0
378San Marino00
239Sao Tome and Principe0
966Saudi Arabia00
221Senegal0
381Serbia00
248Seychelles00
232Sierra Leone00
65Singapore001, 008
599 3Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)0
1 721Sint Maarten (Netherlands)11
421Slovakia00
386Slovenia00
677Solomon Islands0
252Somalia0
27South Africa00
500South Georgia Islands (UK)11
82South Korea001, 002, 005, 006, 008, 003xx, 007xx0, 082
211South Sudan0
34Spain0
94Sri Lanka00
249Sudan00
597Suriname00
47 79Svalbard (Norway)0
46Sweden00
41Switzerland00
963Syria00
 T  
886Taiwan002, 005, 006, 007, 0090
992Tajikistan8108
255Tanzania00
66Thailand10
670Timor-Leste0
228Togo0
690Tokelau (New Zealand)0
676Tonga0
1 868Trinidad and Tobago111
290 8Tristan da Cunha (UK)0
216Tunisia0
90Turkey00
993Turkmenistan8108
1 649Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)111
688Tuvalu0
 U  
256Uganda00
380Ukraine00
971United Arab Emirates00
44United Kingdom00
1United States of America111
598Uruguay00
1 340US Virgin Islands (USA)111
998Uzbekistan8108
 V  
678Vanuatu0
379Vatican City (Holy See)0
58Venezuela00
84Vietnam00
 W  
808Wake Island (USA)0
681Wallis and Futuna (France)0
 Y  
967Yemen00
 Z  
260Zambia00
263Zimbabwe00

List of World Capitals

As the capital cities of their countries, these 197 towns differ in terms of safety, prices, health care, pollutions level, and other conditions, these all are called the quality of life. What is the best place to live? The world’s number one place for living is Australian capital Canberra, followed by the Canadian Ottawa.

For travel most tourists choose Great Britain’s capital city London, it is the most visited town in the world. The second one is Bangkok, in the third place is world famous Paris.

Alphabetical list of all countries and capitals of the world

CountryCapital City
A 
AfghanistanKabul
AlbaniaTirana
AlgeriaAlgiers
AndorraAndorra la Vella
AngolaLuanda
Antigua and BarbudaSaint John’s
ArgentinaBuenos Aires
ArmeniaYerevan
AustraliaCanberra
AustriaVienna
AzerbaijanBaku
B 
BahamasNassau
BahrainManama
BangladeshDhaka
BarbadosBridgetown
BelarusMinsk
BelgiumBrussels
BelizeBelmopan
BeninPorto-Novo
BhutanThimphu
BoliviaSucre (de jure), 
 La Paz (seat of government)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo
BotswanaGaborone
BrazilBrasilia
BruneiBandar Seri Begawan
BulgariaSofia
Burkina FasoOuagadougou
BurundiGitega
C 
Cabo VerdePraia
CambodiaPhnom Penh
CameroonYaounde
CanadaOttawa
Central African RepublicBangui
ChadN’Djamena
ChileSantiago
ChinaBeijing
ColombiaBogotá
ComorosMoroni
Congo, Democratic Republic of theKinshasa
Congo, Republic of theBrazzaville
Costa RicaSan Jose
Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukro
CroatiaZagreb
CubaHavana
CyprusNicosia
CzechiaPrague
D 
DenmarkCopenhagen
DjiboutiDjibouti (city)
DominicaRoseau
Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo
E 
EcuadorQuito
EgyptCairo
El SalvadorSan Salvador
Equatorial GuineaMalabo (de jure), 
 Oyala (seat of government)
EritreaAsmara
EstoniaTallinn
Eswatini Mbabane (administrative), 
(formerly Swaziland)Lobamba (legislative, royal)
EthiopiaAddis Ababa
F 
FijiSuva
FinlandHelsinki
FranceParis
G 
GabonLibreville
GambiaBanjul
GeorgiaTbilisi
GermanyBerlin
GhanaAccra
GreeceAthens
GrenadaSaint George’s
GuatemalaGuatemala City
GuineaConakry
Guinea-BissauBissau
GuyanaGeorgetown
H 
HaitiPort-au-Prince
HondurasTegucigalpa
HungaryBudapest
I 
IcelandReykjavik
IndiaNew Delhi
IndonesiaJakarta
IranTehran
IraqBaghdad
IrelandDublin
IsraelJerusalem
ItalyRome
J 
JamaicaKingston
JapanTokyo
JordanAmman
K 
KazakhstanNur-Sultan
KenyaNairobi
KiribatiTarawa
KosovoPristina
KuwaitKuwait City
KyrgyzstanBishkek
L 
LaosVientiane
LatviaRiga
LebanonBeirut
LesothoMaseru
LiberiaMonrovia
LibyaTripoli
LiechtensteinVaduz
LithuaniaVilnius
LuxembourgLuxembourg (city)
CountryCapital city
M 
MadagascarAntananarivo
MalawiLilongwe
MalaysiaKuala Lumpur
MaldivesMale
MaliBamako
MaltaValletta
Marshall IslandsMajuro
MauritaniaNouakchott
MauritiusPort Louis
MexicoMexico City
MicronesiaPalikir
MoldovaChisinau
MonacoMonaco
MongoliaUlaanbaatar
MontenegroPodgorica
MoroccoRabat
MozambiqueMaputo
Myanmar Naypyidaw
(formerly Burma) 
N 
NamibiaWindhoek
NauruYaren District (de facto)
NepalKathmandu
NetherlandsAmsterdam
New ZealandWellington
NicaraguaManagua
NigerNiamey
NigeriaAbuja
North KoreaPyongyang
North Macedonia Skopje
(formerly Macedonia) 
NorwayOslo
O 
OmanMuscat
P 
PakistanIslamabad
PalauNgerulmud
PalestineJerusalem (East)
PanamaPanama City
Papua New GuineaPort Moresby
ParaguayAsunción
PeruLima
PhilippinesManila
PolandWarsaw
PortugalLisbon
Q 
QatarDoha
R 
RomaniaBucharest
RussiaMoscow
RwandaKigali
S 
Saint Kitts and NevisBasseterre
Saint LuciaCastries
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstown
SamoaApia
San MarinoSan Marino
Sao Tome and PrincipeSão Tomé
Saudi ArabiaRiyadh
SenegalDakar
SerbiaBelgrade
SeychellesVictoria
Sierra LeoneFreetown
SingaporeSingapore
SlovakiaBratislava
SloveniaLjubljana
Solomon IslandsHoniara
SomaliaMogadishu
South AfricaPretoria (administrative), 
 Cape Town (legislative), 
 Bloemfontein (judicial)
South KoreaSeoul
South SudanJuba
SpainMadrid
Sri LankaSri Jayawardenepura Kotte
SudanKhartoum
SurinameParamaribo
SwedenStockholm
SwitzerlandBern
SyriaDamascus
T 
TaiwanTaipei
TajikistanDushanbe
TanzaniaDodoma
ThailandBangkok
Timor-LesteDili
TogoLomé
TongaNukuʻalofa
Trinidad and TobagoPort of Spain
TunisiaTunis
TurkeyAnkara
TurkmenistanAshgabat
TuvaluFunafuti
U 
UgandaKampala
UkraineKyiv (also known as Kiev)
United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi
United KingdomLondon
United States of AmericaWashington, D.C.
UruguayMontevideo
UzbekistanTashkent
V 
VanuatuPort Vila
Vatican City (Holy See)Vatican City
VenezuelaCaracas
VietnamHanoi
Y 
YemenSana’a
Z 
ZambiaLusaka
ZimbabweHarare

Source: countries-ofthe-world

List of Currencies of the World

What money do you use depends on where are you living or planning to travel. Totally, there are 164 official national currencies circulating around the world. Although the number of the independent countries is 197 plus about five dozen of dependent territories. The matter is, that some of them don’t have their own money and officially use the foreign currency.

Thus the European euro is used in 35 independent states and overseas territories, the United States dollar is used in 10 foreign countries and in the USA, the West African CFA franc – in 8 and the Central African CFA franc – in 6 African states, the East Caribbean dollar – in 6 Caribbean nations.

The world’s most-traded currency is the US dollar with about 47% share of global payments and 87% of the forex market’s daily turnover. On the second place is the Euro, having about 33% of the daily forex transactions and 28% share of the international bank payments.

All currencies of the world with their ISO-4217 codes, listed by countries and dependent territories

Country or TerritoryCurrencyISO-4217
A  
AfghanistanAfghan afghaniAFN
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK)European euroEUR
Aland Islands (Finland)European euroEUR
AlbaniaAlbanian lekALL
AlgeriaAlgerian dinarDZD
American Samoa (USA)United States dollarUSD
AndorraEuropean euroEUR
AngolaAngolan kwanzaAOA
Anguilla (UK)East Caribbean dollarXCD
Antigua and BarbudaEast Caribbean dollarXCD
ArgentinaArgentine pesoARS
ArmeniaArmenian dramAMD
Aruba (Netherlands)Aruban florinAWG
Ascension Island (UK)Saint Helena poundSHP
AustraliaAustralian dollarAUD
AustriaEuropean euroEUR
AzerbaijanAzerbaijan manatAZN
B  
BahamasBahamian dollarBSD
BahrainBahraini dinarBHD
BangladeshBangladeshi takaBDT
BarbadosBarbadian dollarBBD
BelarusBelarusian rubleBYN
BelgiumEuropean euroEUR
BelizeBelize dollarBZD
BeninWest African CFA francXOF
Bermuda (UK)Bermudian dollarBMD
BhutanBhutanese ngultrumBTN
BoliviaBolivian bolivianoBOB
Bonaire (Netherlands)United States dollarUSD
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina convertible markBAM
BotswanaBotswana pulaBWP
BrazilBrazilian realBRL
British Indian Ocean Territory (UK)United States dollarUSD
British Virgin Islands (UK)United States dollarUSD
BruneiBrunei dollarBND
BulgariaBulgarian levBGN
Burkina FasoWest African CFA francXOF
BurundiBurundi francBIF
C  
Cabo VerdeCape Verdean escudoCVE
CambodiaCambodian rielKHR
CameroonCentral African CFA francXAF
CanadaCanadian dollarCAD
Caribbean Netherlands (Netherlands)United States dollarUSD
Cayman Islands (UK)Cayman Islands dollarKYD
Central African RepublicCentral African CFA francXAF
ChadCentral African CFA francXAF
Chatham Islands (New Zealand)New Zealand dollarNZD
ChileChilean pesoCLP
ChinaChinese Yuan RenminbiCNY
Christmas Island (Australia)Australian dollarAUD
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)Australian dollarAUD
ColombiaColombian pesoCOP
ComorosComorian francKMF
Congo, Democratic Republic of theCongolese francCDF
Congo, Republic of theCentral African CFA francXAF
Cook Islands (New Zealand)Cook Islands dollarnone
Costa RicaCosta Rican colonCRC
Cote d’IvoireWest African CFA francXOF
CroatiaCroatian kunaHRK
CubaCuban pesoCUP
Curacao (Netherlands)Netherlands Antillean guilderANG
CyprusEuropean euroEUR
CzechiaCzech korunaCZK
D  
DenmarkDanish kroneDKK
DjiboutiDjiboutian francDJF
DominicaEast Caribbean dollarXCD
Dominican RepublicDominican pesoDOP
E  
EcuadorUnited States dollarUSD
EgyptEgyptian poundEGP
El SalvadorUnited States dollarUSD
Equatorial GuineaCentral African CFA francXAF
EritreaEritrean nakfaERN
EstoniaEuropean euroEUR
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)Swazi lilangeniSZL
EthiopiaEthiopian birrETB
F  
Falkland Islands (UK)Falkland Islands poundFKP
Faroe Islands (Denmark)Faroese kronanone
FijiFijian dollarFJD
FinlandEuropean euroEUR
FranceEuropean euroEUR
French Guiana (France)European euroEUR
French Polynesia (France)CFP francXPF
G  
GabonCentral African CFA francXAF
GambiaGambian dalasiGMD
GeorgiaGeorgian lariGEL
GermanyEuropean euroEUR
GhanaGhanaian cediGHS
Gibraltar (UK)Gibraltar poundGIP
GreeceEuropean euroEUR
Greenland (Denmark)Danish kroneDKK
GrenadaEast Caribbean dollarXCD
Guadeloupe (France)European euroEUR
Guam (USA)United States dollarUSD
GuatemalaGuatemalan quetzalGTQ
Guernsey (UK)Guernsey PoundGGP
GuineaGuinean francGNF
Guinea-BissauWest African CFA francXOF
GuyanaGuyanese dollarGYD
H  
HaitiHaitian gourdeHTG
HondurasHonduran lempiraHNL
Hong Kong (China)Hong Kong dollarHKD
HungaryHungarian forintHUF
I  
IcelandIcelandic kronaISK
IndiaIndian rupeeINR
IndonesiaIndonesian rupiahIDR
International Monetary Fund (IMF)SDR (Special Drawing Right)XDR
IranIranian rialIRR
IraqIraqi dinarIQD
IrelandEuropean euroEUR
Isle of Man (UK)Manx poundIMP
IsraelIsraeli new shekelILS
ItalyEuropean euroEUR
J  
JamaicaJamaican dollarJMD
JapanJapanese yenJPY
Jersey (UK)Jersey poundJEP
JordanJordanian dinarJOD
K  
KazakhstanKazakhstani tengeKZT
KenyaKenyan shillingKES
KiribatiAustralian dollarAUD
KosovoEuropean euroEUR
KuwaitKuwaiti dinarKWD
KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstani somKGS
L  
LaosLao kipLAK
LatviaEuropean euroEUR
LebanonLebanese poundLBP
LesothoLesotho lotiLSL
LiberiaLiberian dollarLRD
LibyaLibyan dinarLYD
LiechtensteinSwiss francCHF
LithuaniaEuropean euroEUR
LuxembourgEuropean euroEUR
M  
Macau (China)Macanese patacaMOP
MadagascarMalagasy ariaryMGA
MalawiMalawian kwachaMWK
MalaysiaMalaysian ringgitMYR
MaldivesMaldivian rufiyaaMVR
MaliWest African CFA francXOF
MaltaEuropean euroEUR
Marshall IslandsUnited States dollarUSD
Martinique (France)European euroEUR
MauritaniaMauritanian ouguiyaMRU
MauritiusMauritian rupeeMUR
Mayotte (France)European euroEUR
MexicoMexican pesoMXN
MicronesiaUnited States dollarUSD
MoldovaMoldovan leuMDL
MonacoEuropean euroEUR
MongoliaMongolian tugrikMNT
MontenegroEuropean euroEUR
Montserrat (UK)East Caribbean dollarXCD
MoroccoMoroccan dirhamMAD
MozambiqueMozambican meticalMZN
Myanmar (formerly Burma)Myanmar kyatMMK
N  
NamibiaNamibian dollarNAD
NauruAustralian dollarAUD
NepalNepalese rupeeNPR
NetherlandsEuropean euroEUR
New Caledonia (France)CFP francXPF
New ZealandNew Zealand dollarNZD
NicaraguaNicaraguan cordobaNIO
NigerWest African CFA francXOF
NigeriaNigerian nairaNGN
Niue (New Zealand)New Zealand dollarNZD
Norfolk Island (Australia)Australian dollarAUD
Northern Mariana Islands (USA)United States dollarUSD
North KoreaNorth Korean wonKPW
North Macedonia (formerly Macedonia)Macedonian denarMKD
NorwayNorwegian kroneNOK
O  
OmanOmani rialOMR
P  
PakistanPakistani rupeePKR
PalauUnited States dollarUSD
PalestineIsraeli new shekelILS
PanamaUnited States dollarUSD
Papua New GuineaPapua New Guinean kinaPGK
ParaguayParaguayan guaraniPYG
PeruPeruvian solPEN
PhilippinesPhilippine pesoPHP
Pitcairn Islands (UK)New Zealand dollarNZD
PolandPolish zlotyPLN
PortugalEuropean euroEUR
Puerto Rico (USA)United States dollarUSD
Q  
QatarQatari riyalQAR
R  
Reunion (France)European euroEUR
RomaniaRomanian leuRON
RussiaRussian rubleRUB
RwandaRwandan francRWF
S  
Saba (Netherlands)United States dollarUSD
Saint Barthelemy (France)European euroEUR
Saint Helena (UK)Saint Helena poundSHP
Saint Kitts and NevisEast Caribbean dollarXCD
Saint LuciaEast Caribbean dollarXCD
Saint Martin (France)European euroEUR
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)European euroEUR
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesEast Caribbean dollarXCD
SamoaSamoan talaWST
San MarinoEuropean euroEUR
Sao Tome and PrincipeSao Tome and Principe dobraSTN
Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabian riyalSAR
SenegalWest African CFA francXOF
SerbiaSerbian dinarRSD
SeychellesSeychellois rupeeSCR
Sierra LeoneSierra Leonean leoneSLL
SingaporeSingapore dollarSGD
Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)United States dollarUSD
Sint Maarten (Netherlands)Netherlands Antillean guilderANG
SlovakiaEuropean euroEUR
SloveniaEuropean euroEUR
Solomon IslandsSolomon Islands dollarSBD
SomaliaSomali shillingSOS
South AfricaSouth African randZAR
South Georgia Island (UK)Pound sterlingGBP
South KoreaSouth Korean wonKRW
South SudanSouth Sudanese poundSSP
SpainEuropean euroEUR
Sri LankaSri Lankan rupeeLKR
SudanSudanese poundSDG
SurinameSurinamese dollarSRD
Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway)Norwegian kroneNOK
SwedenSwedish kronaSEK
SwitzerlandSwiss francCHF
SyriaSyrian poundSYP
T  
TaiwanNew Taiwan dollarTWD
TajikistanTajikistani somoniTJS
TanzaniaTanzanian shillingTZS
ThailandThai bahtTHB
Timor-LesteUnited States dollarUSD
TogoWest African CFA francXOF
Tokelau (New Zealand)New Zealand dollarNZD
TongaTongan pa’angaTOP
Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago dollarTTD
Tristan da Cunha (UK)Pound sterlingGBP
TunisiaTunisian dinarTND
TurkeyTurkish liraTRY
TurkmenistanTurkmen manatTMT
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)United States dollarUSD
TuvaluAustralian dollarAUD
U  
UgandaUgandan shillingUGX
UkraineUkrainian hryvniaUAH
United Arab EmiratesUAE dirhamAED
United KingdomPound sterlingGBP
United States of AmericaUnited States dollarUSD
UruguayUruguayan pesoUYU
US Virgin Islands (USA)United States dollarUSD
UzbekistanUzbekistani somUZS
V  
VanuatuVanuatu vatuVUV
Vatican City (Holy See)European euroEUR
VenezuelaVenezuelan bolivarVES
VietnamVietnamese dongVND
W  
Wake Island (USA)United States dollarUSD
Wallis and Futuna (France)CFP francXPF
Y  
YemenYemeni rialYER
Z  
ZambiaZambian kwachaZMW
ZimbabweUnited States dollarUSD

Source: countries-ofthe-world

The World’s Billionaires

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The World’s Billionaires is an annual ranking by documented net worth of the world’s wealthiest billionaires compiled and published in March annually by the American business magazine Forbes. The list was first published in March 1987. The total net worth of each individual on the list is estimated and is cited in United States dollars, based on their documented assets and accounting for debt. Royalty and dictators whose wealth comes from their positions are excluded from these lists. This ranking is an index of the wealthiest documented individuals, excluding and ranking against those with wealth that is not able to be completely ascertained.

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In 2017, there was a record of 2,043 people on the list, which is the first time over 2,000 people were listed, that included 195 newcomers that included 76 from China and 25 from the U.S.; there were 56 people under 40 and it had a record of 227 women. The average net worth of the list came in at US$ 3.75 billion, down US$ 110 million from 2015. Added together, the total net worth for 2017’s billionaires was US$7.67 trillion, up from US$ 7.1 trillion in 2015. In 2017, 500 of the richest people in the world became richer by $ 1 trillion, according to a report by Bloomberg News. As of 2017, Microsoft founder Bill Gates has topped the list 18 of the past 23 years.

According to a 2017 Oxfam report, the top eight billionaires own as much combined wealth as “half the human race”.

Methodology


Each year, Forbes employs a team of more than 50 reporters from a variety of countries to track the activity of the world’s wealthiest individuals. Preliminary surveys are sent to those who may qualify for the list. According to Forbes, they received three types of responses – some people try to inflate their wealth, others cooperate but leave out details, and some refuse to answer any questions. Business deals are then scrutinized and estimates of valuable assets – land, homes, vehicles, artwork, etc. – are made. Interviews are conducted to vet the figures and improve the estimate of an individual’s holdings. Finally, positions in a publicly traded stock are priced to market on a date roughly a month before publication. Privately held companies are priced by the prevailing price-to-sales or price-to-earnings ratios. Known debt is subtracted from assets to get a final estimate of an individual’s estimated worth in United States dollars. Since stock prices fluctuate rapidly, an individual’s true wealth and ranking at the time of publication may vary from their situation when the list was compiled.

Family fortunes dispersed over a large number of relatives are included only if those individuals’ holdings are worth more than a billion dollars. However, when a living individual has dispersed his or her wealth to immediate family members, it is included under a single listing provided that individual is still living. Royal families and dictators that have their wealth contingent on a position are always excluded from these lists.

Annual Rankings


The rankings are published annually in March, so the net worth listed are snapshots taken at that time. These lists only show the top 10 wealthiest billionaires.

2017

On the 30th anniversary of the Forbes’ list of the world’s billionaires, for the fourth year in a row, Bill Gates was named the richest man in the world. The number of billionaires increased 13% to 2,043 from 1,810 in 2016; this is the biggest change in over 30 years of tracking billionaires globally. This is the first time after 12 years that Carlos Slim was not within the top five. The U.S. continues to have the most billionaires in the world, with a record of 565. China has 319 (not including Hong Kong or Macau), Germany has 114, and India has the fourth most with 101; India has reached over 100 billionaires for its first time.

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2016


For the third year in a row, Bill Gates was named the richest man in the world by Forbes’s 2016 list of the world’s billionaires. This is the 17th time that the founder of Microsoft has claimed the top spot. Amancio Ortega rose from last year’s position of number four to second. Warren Buffett of Berkshire Hathaway came in third for the second consecutive time, while Mexican telecommunication mogul Carlos Slim slipped down from last year’s second position to fourth. Jeff Bezos of Amazon, Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook and Michael Bloomberg of Bloomberg L.P., appear for the first time on the Forbes top 10 billionaires list, coming at fifth, sixth and eighth position, respectively. Zuckerberg became the youngest top 10 billionaire this year at the age of 31. Larry Ellison, Charles Koch and David Koch also slipped down from their last year’s positions, with Ellison dropping to seventh from fifth and the Kochs falling to ninth position from sixth, respectively.

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2015

In the 29th annual Forbes list of global billionaires, a record 1,826 billionaires were named with an aggregated net worth of $7.1 trillion compared to $6.4 trillion last year. 46 of the billionaires in this list are under the age of 40. A record number of 290 people joined the list for the first time, of whom 25 percent hail from China, which produced a world-leading 71 newcomers. The United States came in second, with 57, followed by India, with 28, and Germany, with 23. The United States has the largest number of billionaires with 526. Russia went down to 88 from 111 in 2014. Russia was placed behind China, Germany and India by the number of billionaires. Self-made billionaires made up the largest number of people on the list with 1,191 positions (over 65 percent) while just 230 (under 13 percent) have wealth through inheritance. The number of billionaires who inherited a portion but are still working to increase their fortunes is 405.

Bill Gates was named the richest man in the world by Forbes’s annual list of the world’s billionaires. This was the 16th time that the founder of Microsoft claimed the top spot. Carlos Slim came in second for the second consecutive time. Warren Buffett of Berkshire Hathaway was placed third, while Amancio Ortega of Spain, slipped down a position from last year to number four. Larry Ellison, the founder of Oracle rounded off the top five. Christy Walton was the highest-ranking female at number eight. America’s Evan Spiegel, co-founder of photo messaging app Snapchat became the youngest billionaire this year at the age of 24. At age 99, David Rockefeller maintained his position as the oldest billionaire to be included in the list. Mark Zuckerberg, the founder of Facebook, rose to number 16 with $33.4 billion. Iceland had a billionaire, Thor Bjorgolfsson, in the list after a gap of five years. Guatemala had a billionaire, Mario Lopez Estrada, for the first time in its history.

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2014

Bill Gates added $9 billion to his fortune since 2013 and topped the Forbes 2014 billionaire list. He has topped the list 15 of the previous 20 years, but his previous number one ranking was in 2009. Mexican telecommunication mogul Carlos Slim came in second place after being number one the previous four years. Zara founder Amancio Ortegaplaced third for the second consecutive year. American investor Warren Buffett was in the top five for the 20th consecutive year, placing fourth. America’s Christy Walton was the highest ranking woman, placing ninth overall. Aliko Dangote of Nigeria became the first African ever to enter the top 25, with an estimated net worth of $25 billion.

A total of 1,645 people made the 2014 billionaire list, representing combined wealth of $6.4 trillion. Of those, a record 268 were newcomers, surpassing 2008’s 226 newcomers. One hundred people listed in 2013 failed to make the list. The number of women on the list rose to a record 172 in 2014. Approximately 66 percent of the list was self-made, 13 percent achieved their wealth through inheritance alone, and 21 percent through a mixture of the two.

The United States had 492 billionaires on the list, the most of any country. The country also had the most newcomers with 50, and women with 54. China had the second most billionaires with 152, while Russia was third with 111. Algeria, Lithuania, Tanzania, and Uganda were all represented on the list for the first time. Turkey saw the most people drop off the list, 19, due to a period of high inflation in the country.

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2013

Carlos Slim topped the 2013 billionaire list, marking his fourth consecutive year at the top. Bill Gates remained in second, while Amancio Ortega moved up to third. Ortega’s gain of $19.5 billion was the largest of anyone on the list. Warren Buffett failed to make the top three for the first time since 2000, placing fourth. Diesel founder Renzo Rosso was among the top newcomers, debuting with an estimate net worth of $3 billion.

A global rise in asset prices, led Forbes editor Randall Lane to declare “It [was] a very good year to be a billionaire”. However, it was not a good year to be Eike Batista who fell from seventh to 100th, suffering the largest net loss of anyone on the list. Overall, net gainers outnumbered net losers by 4:1.

A record total of 1,426 people made the 2013 list, representing $5.4 trillion of assets. Of those, 442 billionaires hailed from the United States. The Asian-Pacific region had 386 billionaires and Europe 366. The list also featured a record number of newcomers, 210, representing 42 different countries. Sixty people from the 2012 list fell below a billion dollar of assets in 2013 and eight others from the 2012 list died. The Asia-Pacific region had the most drop-offs, with 29, followed by the United States with 16. The 2013 list featured 138 women, of which 50 came from the United States. A majority of the list (961 individuals, 67 percent) was entirely self-made; 184 (13 percent) inherited their wealth, and 281 (20 percent) achieved their fortune through a combination of inheritance and business acumen.

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2012

Carlos Slim topped the 2012 list, marking this third consecutive year at the top. Bill Gates placed second, but narrowed the gap from 2011 as Slim’s fortune fell $5 billion while Gates’ rose $5 billion. Warren Buffett remained in third place. Bernard Arnault of France was the top-ranking European on the list, placing fourth. Ricardo Salinas Pliego was the greatest gainer in terms of dollars, adding $9.2 billion to his fortune and moving up to number 37 overall. Making her debut on the list at age 27, Spanx founder Sara Blakely became the youngest self-made female billionaire ever. Colombia’s Alejandro Santo Domingo was the highest-ranked newcomer, inheriting a $9.5 billion stake in Santo Domingo Group from his father. India’s Lakshmi Mittal was the largest loser as his fortune dropped from $31.1 billion to $20.7 billion as the price of steel maker ArcelorMittal fell sharply. As a result, he failed to make the top 10 for the first time since 2004 and lost his title of richest Asian to Hong Kong’s Li Ka-shing.

A record total of 1,226 people made the 2012 list, representing 58 different countries. Of those, 126 were newcomers to the list and 104 were women. The United States had the greatest number of billionaires with 425. Russia had 96 people on the list, while China had 95. Georgia, Morocco, and Peru were newly represented on the list. Falling stock prices in Asia contributed to 117 former billionaires falling from the list worldwide. Twelve others listed in 2011 died. Overall, net gainers (460) barely outnumbered net losers (441).

To coincide with the release of the 2012 list, Forbes announced a new “Billionaire Real-Time Ticker” updating the wealth of the world’s top fifty billionaires in real time.

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2011

In the 25th annual Forbes list of global billionaires, Carlos Slim added $20.5 billion to his fortune, the most of anyone, and retained his number one ranking with a total fortune of $74 billion. Bill Gates remained in second place with $56 billion, while Warren Buffett was third with $50 billion. The top 10 had a combined wealth of $406 billion, up from $342 billion in 2010. According to Forbes editor Kerry Dolan, “media and technology billionaires definitely benefited from a stronger stock market and a growing enthusiasm for all things social” since the 2010 list. However, Nigerian commodity mogul Aliko Dangote was the greatest gainer on a percentage basis as his fortune increased 557 percent to $13.5 billion. Mark Zuckerberg was one of seven Facebook-related billionaires on the list, as he $9.5 billion to his fortune to move up to 52nd. Facebook co-founder Dustin Moskovitz was the youngest person on the list. Aged 26, eight days younger than Zuckerberg, he debuted at number 420 with an estimated fortune of $2.7 billion. IKEA founder Ingvar Kamprad was the largest loser as he saw his fortune plummet from $23 billion to $6 billion, dropping him from 11th to 162nd overall.

A record 1,210 billionaires made the 2011 list, representing a combined wealth of $4.5 trillion, up from $3.6 trillion the previous year. One third of the world’s billionaires, 413, came from the United States. China had the second most billionaires with 115, while Russia was third with 101. Asia moved up to 332 billionaires, passing Europe as a region for the first time since the 1990s. The 2011 list included 214 newcomers and the average net worth of those on it increased to $3.7 billion.

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2010

Carlos Slim narrowly eclipsed Bill Gates to top the billionaire list for the first time. Slim saw his estimated worth surge $18.5 billion to $53.5 billion as shares of America Movil rose 35 percent. Gates’ estimated wealth rose $13 billion to $53 billion, placing him second. Warren Buffett was third with $47 billion. Christy Walton was the highest-ranking woman, placing 12th overall, with an inherited fortune of $22.5 billion. At age 25, Mark Zuckerberg continued to be the world’s youngest self-made billionaire. American Isaac Perlmutter was among the newcomers with an estimated fortune of $4 billion largely acquired in his sale of Marvel Entertainment to Disney.

A total of 1,011 people made the 2010 list. The United States accounted for 403 billionaires, followed by China with 89 and Russia with 62. It was the first time China, while including Hong Kong, placed second. A total of 55 countries were represented on the 2010 list, including Finland and Pakistan which claimed their first billionaires. Eighty-nine women made the list, but only 14 of them were self-made. The combined net worth of the list was $3.6 trillion, up 50 percent from 2009’s $2.4 trillion, while the average net worth was $3.5 billion.

The 2010 list featured 164 re-entries and 97 true newcomers. Asia accounted for more than 100 of the new entrants. Overall, just 12 percent of the list lost wealth since 2009, and 30 people fell off the list. Thirteen others died. Of the 89 women, 12 were newcomers in 2010. Steve Forbes said the growing number of billionaires was clear sign that the world’s economy was recovering from 2009’s global financial crisis.

In June 2010, Warren Buffett and Bill Gates announce The Giving Pledge that is a promise to give the majority of their wealth to philanthropy. As of 2017, the pledge has 158 signatories, but some of the signatories have since died. Most of the signers of the pledge are billionaires, and their pledges total to over $365 billion.

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2009

In the wake of the Financial crisis of 2007–2008, the world’s billionaires lose $2 trillion in net worth and the list becomes 30% smaller than the previous year’s list.

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2008

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, four years after starting the company, joins the list at 23 to become the youngest self-made billionaire.

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2007

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2006

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2005

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2004

The founders of Google, Sergey Brin and Larry Page, become billionaires at age 30.

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2003

Oprah Winfrey becomes the first female African American billionaire.

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  • Each hold an essentially equal share in Wal-Mart.

2002

As a result of the market crash caused by the Dot-com bubble, 83 billionaires drop off the list from the previous year.

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  • Each hold an essentially equal share in Wal-Mart.

2001

In 2001, BET founder Robert L. Johnson became the first ever African-American billionaire.

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  • Each hold an essentially equal share in Wal-Mart. Had he been alive in 2001, Sam Walton would have been the world’s wealthiest person.

2000

Bill Gates became the first American to take the top spot of the World’s Billionaires in 1995 with a net worth of $12.5 billion and he remained there during the Dot-com bubble’s height in 1999 when Gates’ fortune peaked at $90 billion. After the dot-com bubble started to collapse in 2000, his wealth dropped to $60 billion although he remained at the top of the list.

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Legend

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Statistics

The dot-com bubble created the most paper wealth for some billionaires. However, once the dotcom bubble burst the new rich saw their fortunes disappear. Billionaires’ fortunes were hit even harder by the global financial crisis; 2009 was the first time in five years that the world had a net loss in the number of billionaires. The strong performance of the financial markets and global economic recovery have erased financial assets losses. Most of the richest people in the world have seen their fortunes soar in the early 2010s.

Number and combined net worth of billionaires by year

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Source: Forbes.

100 People who changed the World

Source: biographyonline

This is a list of 100 people who have changed the world. This list is not a judgement about who is ‘best’.

People who changed the world

  1. Jesus Christ (circa 5 BCE – 30 CE) Spiritual Teacher, central figure of Christianity
  2. Thomas Jefferson  (1743 – 1826) American President 1801 – 1809, principle author of Declaration of Independence
  3. Mikhail Gorbachev  (1931 – ) Leader of Soviet Union 1985 – 1991, oversaw transition from Communism in Eastern Europe.
  4. Lord Buddha  (circa 563 BCE – 483 BCE) Spiritual teacher and founder of Buddhism
  5. Winston Churchill  (1874 – 1965) Prime Minister of Great Britain during Second World War
  6. William Shakespeare  (1564 – 1616) English poet and playwright
  7. Muhammad  (570 – 632) Founder of Islam
  8. Martin Luther King  (1929 – 1968) Civil Rights leader
  9. Abraham Lincoln  (1809 – 1865) American President during civil war, helped end slavery
  10. Nelson Mandela (1918 – 2013) Anti-apartheid leader, first President of democratic South Africa in 1994
  11.  St Paul (5 BCE – 67 CE) Christian missionary
  12. Adolf Hitler (1889 – 1945) Dictator of Nazi Germany
  13. George Washington (1732 – 1799) First President of USA
  14. Sri Krishna (circa 2000 BCE) Spiritual teacher, prominent figure in Hinduism
  15. Emperor Constantine (272 – 337) First Roman Emperor to embrace Christianity
  16. Martin Luther (1483 – – 1546) Key figure in Protestant Reformation
  17. Socrates (469 BCE – 399 BCE) Greek philosopher
  18. Mahatma Gandhi (1869 – 1948) Indian nationalist and politician
  19. Karl Marx (1818 –– 1883) German philosopher, founder of Marxism
  20. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 –– 1821) French military and political leader
  21. Simon Bolivar (1783 – 1830) Liberator of South American countries
  22. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882 – 1945) US President 1932-1945
  23. Charles Darwin (1809 –– 1882) Developed theory of evolution
  24. Sir Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727) English mathematician and scientist
  25. Confucius (551 BCE– – 479 BCE) Chinese philosopher
  26. Akbar (1542 – 1605) Mughal Emperor
  27. Queen Victoria (1819 –– 1901) British monarch 1837 – 1901
  28. Konrad Adenauer (1876 – 1967) German Chancellor post WWII
  29. Jawaharlal Nehru (1889 – 1964) First Prime Minister of India
  30. Ramses II (1279 BCE – 1213 BCE) Egyptian Pharoah
  31. Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790) American writer and polymath
  32. Alexander the Great (356 BCE –– 323 BCE) King of Macedonia
  33. Woodrow Wilson (1856 – 1924) American president during WWI
  34. Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506) Italian explorer
  35. Marcus Aurelius (121 –– 180) Roman emperor and philosopher
  36. Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642) Astronomer and physicist
  37. Plato (424 BCE –– 348 BCE) Philosopher
  38. Joan of Arc (1412 – 1431) French saint
  39. Charlemagne (742 – 814) King of Franks and Emperor of the Romans
  40. Aristotle (384BCE –– 322BCE) Greek philosopher
  41. Saladin (1138 –– 1193) Leader of Arabs during Crusades
  42. Babur (1483 – 1531) Founder of Mughal Empire
  43. Sir Walter Raleigh (1552 –– 1618) English explorer
  44. Voltaire (1694 – – 1778) French philosopher
  45. Catherine the Great (1729 –– 1796) Empress of all the Russias 1762 – 1796
  46. Mozart (1756 –– 1791) Austrian composer
  47. Guru Nanak (1469 – 1539) Spiritual teacher, founder of Sikhism
  48. Leonardo da Vinci (1452 –– 1519) Italian scientist, artist, polymath
  49. Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895) French chemist and Biologist
  50. Leo Tolstoy (1828 –– 1910) Russian writer and philosopher
  51. Albert Einstein (1879 –– 1955) German physicist
  52. Ataturk (1881 – 1938) Founder of the Turkish Republic
  53. Pablo Picasso (1881 – 1973) Spanish painter and sculptor
  54. Pope John Paul II (1920 – 2005) Polish Pope from 1978-2005
  55. Margaret Thatcher (1925 – 2013) British Prime Minister 1979 – 1990
  56. Mohammed Ali (1942 – 2016) American boxer and human rights activist
  57. John F. Kennedy (1917 –– 1963) American President 1961 – 1963
  58. Boris Yeltsin (1931 –– 2007) First President of Russia 1991 – 1999
  59. Indira Gandhi (1917 –– 1984) Prime Minister of India 1980 – 1984
  60. William Tyndale (1494 – 1536)  Translated Bible into English
  61. Tim Berners Lee (1955 – ) Inventor of World Wide Web
  62. Rosa Parks (1913 – 2005) Civil Rights activist
  63. Benazir Bhutto (1953 – 2007) Prime Minister of Pakistan 1993 – 1996
  64. J.S. Bach (1685 – 1750) German composer
  65. 14th Dalai Lama (1938 – ) Spiritual and political leader of Tibetans
  66. Malcolm X (1925 – 1965) Black Civil Rights activist
  67. Lech Walesa (1943 – ) Leader of Polish solidarity movement
  68. Charles de Gaulle (1890 – 1970) French politician
  69. Joseph Stalin (1879 – 1953) Leader of the Soviet Union 1922 – 1952
  70. Marie Curie (1867 – 1934) Chemist and physicist
  71. Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 – 1882) Independence leader in Italy and South America
  72. Johann Gutenberg (1395 – 1468 Inventor of the printing press
  73. Oliver Cromwell (1599 – 1658) British Parliamentarian
  74. Vladimir Lenin (1870 – 1924) Leader of Russian Revolution in 1917
  75. Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) Austrian neurologist, psychoanalyst
  76. Mother Teresa (1910 – 1997) Macedonian Catholic nun and missionary
  77. Bill Gates (1955 – ) Founder of Microsoft
  78. Ernest Hemingway ( 1899 – 1961) American author
  79. John Lennon (1940 – 1980) British musician and member of the Beatles
  80. Genghis Kahn (1162 – 1227) Ruler of Mongol Empire
  81. Haile Selassie (1892 – 1975) Emperor of Ethiopia 1930 – 1974
  82. John M Keynes (1883 – 1946) Influential economist
  83. Susan B. Anthony (1820 – 1906) American political activist
  84. George Orwell (1903 – 1950) English author
  85. Thomas Edison (1847 – 1931) Inventor and businessman
  86. Kofi Annan (1938 –  ) United Nations Secretary General 1997 – 2006
  87. Dwight Eisenhower (1890 – 1969) Supreme Allied Commander WWII
  88. Eleanor Roosevelt (1884 – 1962) helped to draft UN declaration of human rights
  89. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (1891 – 1956) Indian political activist and social reformer who drafted Indian constitution
  90. Lyndon Johnson (1908 – 1973) US President 1963 – 1969
  91. William Wilberforce (1759 – 1833) Campaigner against slavery
  92. Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943) Scientist, inventor
  93. Alexander Fleming (1881–1955) Scottish biologist who discovered antibiotics
  94. Samuel Johnson (1709 – 1784) British author and creator of the English dictionary
  95. Eva Peron (1919 – 1952) First Lady of Argentina 1946 – 1952
  96. Henry Ford (1864 – 1947) American industrialist
  97. Princess Diana (1961 –– 1997) Humanitarian
  98. Oscar Wilde (1854 – 1900) Irish author, playwright
  99. Beethoven (1770 – 1827) German composer
  100. Aung San Suu Kyi (1945 – ) Burmese opposition leader

100 Most Influential People in the World

Source: biographyonline

islamicbookstore-com_2272_1746460484

100 Most influential people in the world by Michael H. Hast (Author)

This is a list chosen by Michael H. Hast, from the book ‘100 most influential people in the world‘. He chose people on a ranking of who had done the most to influence the world.

  1. Muhammad (570 – 632 AD) Prophet of Islam.
  2. Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727) – British mathematician and scientist.
  3. Jesus Christ (c.5BC – 30 AD) Spiritual teacher and central figure of Christianity.
  4. Buddha (c 563 – 483 BC) Spiritual Teacher and founder of Buddhism.
  5. Confucius (551 – 479 BC) – Chinese philosopher.
  6. St. Paul (5 – AD 67) – Christian missionary and one of main writers of New Testament.
  7. Ts’ai Lun (AD 50 – 121) Inventor of paper.
  8. Johann Gutenberg (1395 – 1468) – Inventor of printing press.
  9. Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506) – Italian explorer landed in America.
  10. Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955) German/ US scientist discovered Theory of Relativity.
  11. Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895) French biologist. Developed cure for rabies and other infectious diseases.
  12. Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642) Italian scientist – confirmed heliocentric view of universe.
  13. Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) – Greek philosopher and polymath
  14. Euclid (c. 325 – 265 BC) – Greek mathematician
  15. Moses (c 1391 – 1271 BC) A key figure of Jewish / Christian history gave 10 Commandments of Old Testament
  16. Charles Darwin (1809 -– 1882) –Scientist who proposed and popularised theory of evolution.
  17. Shih Huang Ti (259 – 210 BC) – King of the state of Qin who conquered and united different regions of China in 221 BC.
  18. Augustus Caesar (63 BC – AD 14) – First Emperor of Rome
  19. Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who believed Sun was centre of Universe – rather than earth.
  20. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743 – 1794) French chemist and biologist who had leading impact on the chemical revolution.
  21. Constantine the Great (272 AD – 337) Roman Emperor who accepted Christian religion.
  22. James Watt (1736 – 1819) Scottish engineer. Watt improved the Newcome steam engine creating an efficient steam engine
  23. Michael Faraday (1791 – 1867) – English scientist who contributed in fields of electromagnetism and electro-chemistry.
  24. James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) Scottish physicist. Maxwell made a significant contribution to understanding electro-magnetism
  25. Martin Luther (1483-1546) Sought to reform the Roman Catholic Church – starting the Protestant Reformation.
  26. George Washington (1732 – 1799) – Leader of US forces during American Revolution and 1st President of US.
  27. Karl Marx (1818 -– 1883) – German Communist philosopher.
  28. Orville and Wilbur Wright Orville (1871 – 1948) – Wilbur (1867 – 1912) – Created and flew first aeroplane.
  29. Genghis Kahn (1162 – 1227) – Military and political leader of the Mongols.
  30. Adam Smith (1723-1790) Scottish social philosopher and pioneer of classical economics.
  31. William Shakespeare (1564- 1616) English poet and playwright.
  32. John Dalton (1766 – 1844) English chemist and physicist. Made contributions to atomic theory.
  33. Alexander the Great (356 -– 323 BC) – King of Macedonia and military leader.
  34. Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 –- 1821) – French military and political leader.
  35. Thomas Edison (1847 – 1931) – Inventor and businessman helped introduce electricity and electric light bulbs.
  36. Antony van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) Dutch chemist – founder of micro-biology.
  37. William T.G. Morton (1819 – 1868) American dentist who pioneered used of anesthetic.
  38. Guglielmo Marconi (1874 – 1937) Italian engineer who helped develop radio transmission.
  39. Adolf Hitler (1889 – 1945) – Dictator of Nazi Germany.
  40. Plato (424 –- 348 BC) – Greek philosopher.
  41. Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) – Leader of Parliamentarians in English civil war.
  42. Alexander Graham Bell (1847 – 1922) – Scottish inventor of telephone.
  43. Alexander Fleming (1881-1955) Scottish biologist who discovered penicillin.
  44. John Locke (1632-1704) English political philosopher. Locke promoted theory of liberal democracy and a social contract.
  45. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827) German composer of the classical and romantic period.
  46. Werner Heisenberg (1901–1976) German theoretical physicist – one of pioneers of Quantum mechanics
  47. Louis Daguerre (1787–1851) French artist and photographer, who is credited with the invention of the camera.
  48. Simon Bolivar (1783 – 1830) – Liberator of Latin American countries
  49. Rene Descartes (1596 – 1650) French philosopher and mathematician. “I think, therefore I am
  50. Michelangelo (1475 – 1564) Renaissance sculptor, painter and architect
  51. Pope Urban II
  52. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab
  53. Asoka
  54. St. Augustine
  55. William Harvey
  56. Ernest Rutherford
  57. John Calvin
  58. Gregor Mendel
  59. Max Planck
  60. Joseph Lister
  61. Nikolaus August Otto
  62. Francisco Pizarro
  63. Hernando Cortes
  64. Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826) 3rd President of US. Principle author of the US Declaration of Independence.
  65. Queen Isabella I
  66. Joseph Stalin
  67. Julius Caesar
  68. William the Conqueror
  69. Sigmund Freud
  70. Edward Jenner
  71. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
  72. Johann Sebastian Bach
  73. Lao Tzu
  74. Voltaire
  75. Johannes Kepler
  76. Enrico Fermi
  77. Leonhard Euler
  78. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) – French philosopher, author of Social Contract
  79. Nicoli Machiavelli
  80. Thomas Malthus
  81. John F. Kennedy
  82. Gregory Pincus
  83. Mani
  84. Lenin
  85. Sui Wen Ti
  86. Vasco da Gama
  87. Cyrus the Great
  88. Peter the Great
  89. Mao Zedong
  90. Francis Bacon
  91. Henry Ford
  92. Mencius
  93. Zoroaster
  94. Queen Elizabeth I
  95. Mikhail Gorbachev
  96. Menes
  97. Charlemagne
  98. Homer
  99. Justinian I
  100. Mahavira

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Maps They Didn’t Teach You In School

6 years ago by​ Tom

Ever wondered how your penis or breast size compares to the rest of the world? Which countries smile and which countries don’t? How smart are your fellow countrymen compared to the other nations? And nobody taught you that in school? Well, we collected a list of offbeat and fun maps that will answer your questions!

World Map of The Penis Size Worldwide

penis-world-map-large

Data: everyoneweb

The Breast Cup Size Worldwide

breast-world-map-large

Data: targetmap

World Map of Happiness

world-map-of-happiness-large

The Gallup researchers found evidence of what many have long suspected: money does buy happiness–at least a certain kind of it. In a related report, they studied the reasons why countries with high gross domestic products won out for well-being, and found an association between life satisfaction and income. Data: Gallup World Poll (full table of The World’s Happiest Countries)

World Map of Social Networks

world-map-of-social-networks-large

Nuclear Power Plants Worldwide

nuclear-power-world-map

Data: nuclearinfo

World Map of National IQ Scores

iq-world-map-large

The intelligence scores came from work carried out earlier this decade by Richard Lynn, a British psychologist, and Tatu Vanhanen, a Finnish political scientist, who analysed IQ studies from 113 countries, and from subsequent work by Jelte Wicherts, a Dutch psychologist. (Data: photius)