Liverpool F.C. is A Way of Life
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
New Liverpool Football Club Anfield Stadium
Liverpool Football Club is a professional football club in Liverpool, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top tier of English football. The club has won 5 European Cups, more than any other English club, 3 UEFA Cups, 3 UEFA Super Cups, 18 League titles, 7 FA Cups, 8 League Cups, and 15 FA Community Shields.
Founded in 1892, the club joined the Football League the following year and has played at Anfield since its formation. Liverpool established itself as a major force in English and European football in the 1970s and 1980s when Bill Shankly and Bob Paisley led the club to 11 League titles and seven European trophies. Under the management of Rafael Benítez and captained by Steven Gerrard, Liverpool became European champions for the fifth time in 2005.
Liverpool was the ninth highest-earning football club in the world in 2016–17, with an annual revenue of €424.2 million, and the world’s eighth most valuable football club in 2018, valued at $1.944 billion. The club is one of the best supported teams in the world. Liverpool has long-standing rivalries with Manchester United and Everton.
The club’s supporters have been involved in two major tragedies:
- The Heysel Stadium disaster, where escaping fans were pressed against a collapsing wall at the 1985 European Cup Final in Brussels, with 39 people – mostly Italians and Juventus fans – dying, after which English clubs were given a five-year ban from European competition, and
- The Hillsborough disaster in 1989, where 96 Liverpool supporters died in a crush against perimeter fencing.
New Liverpool Football Club Anfield Stadium Map
The team changed from red shirts and white shorts to an all-red home strip in 1964 which has been used ever since. The club’s anthem is “You’ll Never Walk Alone”.
2| Colours and badge
5| Ownership and finances
6| Liverpool in popular culture
7.1| First-team squad
7.2| Out on loan
7.3| Reserves and Academy
7.4| Former players
7.5| Player records
7.6| Club captains
7.7| Player of the Season
8| Club Officials
9.3| Doubles and Trebles
Liverpool F.C. was founded following a dispute between the Everton committee and John Houlding, club president and owner of the land at Anfield. After eight years at the stadium, Everton relocated to Goodison Park in 1892 and Houlding founded Liverpool F.C. to play at Anfield. Originally named “Everton F.C. and Athletic Grounds Ltd” (Everton Athletic for short), the club became Liverpool F.C. in March 1892 and gained official recognition three months later, after The Football Association refused to recognise the club as Everton. The team won the Lancashire League in its début season, and joined the Football League Second Division at the start of the 1893–94 season. After finishing in first place the club was promoted to the First Division, which it won in 1901 and again in 1906.
Liverpool reached its first FA Cup Final in 1914, losing 1–0 to Burnley. It won consecutive League championships in 1922 and 1923, but did not win another trophy until the 1946–47 season, when the club won the First Division for a fifth time under the control of ex-West Ham Utd centre half George Kay. Liverpool suffered its second Cup Final defeat in 1950, playing against Arsenal. The club was relegated to the Second Division in the 1953–54 season. Soon after Liverpool lost 2–1 to non-league Worcester City in the 1958–59 FA Cup, Bill Shankly was appointed manager. Upon his arrival he released 24 players and converted a boot storage room at Anfield into a room where the coaches could discuss strategy; here, Shankly and other “Boot Room” members Joe Fagan, Reuben Bennett, and Bob Paisley began reshaping the team.
John Houlding, the founder of Liverpool F.C.
Sculptor Tom Murphy alongside the John Houlding bronze bust
The club was promoted back into the First Division in 1962 and won it in 1964, for the first time in 17 years. In 1965, the club won its first FA Cup. In 1966, the club won the First Division but lost to Borussia Dortmund in the European Cup Winners’ Cup final. Liverpool won both the League and the UEFA Cup during the 1972–73 season, and the FA Cup again a year later. Shankly retired soon afterwards and was replaced by his assistant, Bob Paisley. In 1976, Paisley’s second season as manager, the club won another League and UEFA Cup double. The following season, the club retained the League title and won the European Cup for the first time, but it lost in the 1977 FA Cup Final. Liverpool retained the European Cup in 1978 and regained the First Division title in 1979. During Paisley’s nine seasons as manager Liverpool won 21 trophies, including three European Cups, a UEFA Cup, six League titles and three consecutive League Cups; the only domestic trophy he did not win was the FA Cup.
Paisley retired in 1983 and was replaced by his assistant, Joe Fagan. Liverpool won the League, League Cup and European Cup in Fagan’s first season, becoming the first English side to win three trophies in a season. Liverpool reached the European Cup final again in 1985, against Juventus at the Heysel Stadium. Before kick-off, Liverpool fans breached a fence which separated the two groups of supporters, and charged the Juventus fans. The resulting weight of people caused a retaining wall to collapse, killing 39 fans, mostly Italians. The incident became known as the Heysel Stadium disaster. The match was played in spite of protests by both managers, and Liverpool lost 1–0 to Juventus. As a result of the tragedy, English clubs were banned from participating in European competition for five years; Liverpool received a ten-year ban, which was later reduced to six years. Fourteen Liverpool fans received convictions for involuntary manslaughter.
Statue of Bill Shankly outside Anfield. Shankly won promotion to the First Division and the club’s first league title since 1947.
Fagan had announced his retirement just before the disaster and Kenny Dalglish was appointed as player-manager. During his tenure, the club won another three league titles and two FA Cups, including a League and Cup “Double” in the 1985–86 season. Liverpool’s success was overshadowed by the Hillsborough disaster: in an FA Cup semi-final against Nottingham Forest on 15 April 1989, hundreds of Liverpool fans were crushed against perimeter fencing. Ninety-four fans died that day; the 95th victim died in hospital from his injuries four days later and the 96th died nearly four years later, without regaining consciousness. After the Hillsborough disaster there was a government review of stadium safety. The resulting Taylor Report paved the way for legislation that required top-division teams to have all-seater stadiums. The report ruled that the main reason for the disaster was overcrowding due to a failure of police control.
Liverpool was involved in the closest finish to a league season during the 1988–89 season. Liverpool finished equal with Arsenal on both points and goal difference, but lost the title on total goals scored when Arsenal scored the final goal in the last minute of the season.
Dalglish cited the Hillsborough disaster and its repercussions as the reason for his resignation in 1991; he was replaced by former player Graeme Souness. Under his leadership Liverpool won the 1992 FA Cup Final, but their league performances slumped, with two consecutive sixth-place finishes, eventually resulting in his dismissal in January 1994. Souness was replaced by Roy Evans, and Liverpool went on to win the 1995 Football League Cup Final. While they made some title challenges under Evans, third-place finishes in 1996 and 1998 were the best they could manage, and so Gérard Houllier was appointed co-manager in the 1998–99 season, and became the sole manager in November 1998 after Evans resigned. In 2001, Houllier’s second full season in charge, Liverpool won a “Treble”: the FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup. Houllier underwent major heart surgery during the 2001–02 season and Liverpool finished second in the League, behind Arsenal. They won a further League Cup in 2003, but failed to mount a title challenge in the two seasons that followed.
The Hillsborough memorial, which is engraved with the names of the 96 people who died in the Hillsborough disaster.
Houllier was replaced by Rafael Benítez at the end of the 2003–04 season. Despite finishing fifth in Benítez’s first season, Liverpool won the 2004–05 UEFA Champions League, beating A.C. Milan 3–2 in a penalty shootout after the match ended with a score of 3–3. The following season, Liverpool finished third in the Premier League and won the 2006 FA Cup Final, beating West Ham United in a penalty shootout after the match finished 3–3. American businessmen George Gillett and Tom Hicks became the owners of the club during the 2006–07 season, in a deal which valued the club and its outstanding debts at £218.9 million. The club reached the 2007 UEFA Champions League Final against Milan, as it had in 2005, but lost 2–1. During the 2008–09 season Liverpool achieved 86 points, its highest Premier League points total, and finished as runners up to Manchester United.
In the 2009–10 season, Liverpool finished seventh in the Premier League and failed to qualify for the Champions League. Benítez subsequently left by mutual consent and was replaced by Fulham manager Roy Hodgson. At the start of the 2010–11 season Liverpool was on the verge of bankruptcy and the club’s creditors asked the High Court to allow the sale of the club, overruling the wishes of Hicks and Gillett. John W. Henry, owner of the Boston Red Sox and of Fenway Sports Group, bid successfully for the club and took ownership in October 2010. Poor results during the start of that season led to Hodgson leaving the club by mutual consent and former player and manager Kenny Dalglish taking over. In the 2011–12 season, Liverpool secured a record 8th League Cup success and reached the FA Cup final, but finished in eighth position, the worst league finish in 18 years; this led to the sacking of Dalglish. He was replaced by Brendan Rodgers, whose Liverpool team in the 2013–14 season mounted an unexpected title charge to finish second behind champions Manchester City and subsequently return to the Champions League, scoring 101 goals in the process, the most since the 106 scored in the 1895–96 season. Following a disappointing 2014–15 season, where Liverpool finished sixth in the league, and a poor start to the following campaign, Rodgers was sacked in October 2015. He was replaced by Jürgen Klopp, who in his first season at Liverpool, took the club to the finals of both the Football League Cup and UEFA Europa League, finishing as runner-up in both competitions.
The European Cup trophy won by Liverpool for a fifth time in 2005
2| Colours and Badge
For much of Liverpool’s history its home colours have been all red, but when the club was founded its kit was more like the contemporary Everton kit. The blue and white quartered shirts were used until 1894, when the club adopted the city’s colour of red. The city’s symbol of the liver bird was adopted as the club’s badge in 1901, although it was not incorporated into the kit until 1955. Liverpool continued to wear red shirts and white shorts until 1964, when manager Bill Shankly decided to change to an all red strip. Liverpool played in all red for the first time against Anderlecht, as Ian St. John recalled in his autobiography:
He [Shankly] thought the colour scheme would carry psychological impact – red for danger, red for power. He came into the dressing room one day and threw a pair of red shorts to Ronnie Yeats. “Get into those shorts and let’s see how you look”, he said. “Christ, Ronnie, you look awesome, terrifying. You look 7 ft tall.” “Why not go the whole hog, boss?” I suggested. “Why not wear red socks? Let’s go out all in red.” Shankly approved and an iconic kit was born.
Liverpool’s home colours worn from 1892 to 1896
The Liverpool away strip has more often than not been all yellow or white shirts and black shorts, but there have been several exceptions. An all grey kit was introduced in 1987, which was used until the 1991–92 centenary season, when it was replaced by a combination of green shirts and white shorts. After various colour combinations in the 1990s, including gold and navy, bright yellow, black and grey, and ecru, the club alternated between yellow and white away kits until the 2008–09 season, when it re-introduced the grey kit. A third kit is designed for European away matches, though it is also worn in domestic away matches on occasions when the current away kit clashes with a team’s home kit. Between 2012–15, the kits were designed by Warrior Sports, who became the club’s kit providers at the start of the 2012–13 season. In February 2015, Warrior’s parent company New Balance announced it would be entering the global football market, with teams sponsored by Warrior now being outfitted by New Balance. The only other branded shirts worn by the club were made by Umbro until 1985, when they were replaced by Adidas, who produced the kits until 1996 when Reebok took over. They produced the kits for 10 years before Adidas made the kits from 2006 to 2012.
Liverpool was the first English professional club to have a sponsor’s logo on its shirts, after agreeing a deal with Hitachi in 1979. Since then the club has been sponsored by Crown Paints, Candy, Carlsberg and Standard Chartered Bank. The contract with Carlsberg, which was signed in 1992, was the longest-lasting agreement in English top-flight football. The association with Carlsberg ended at the start of the 2010–11 season, when Standard Chartered Bank became the club’s sponsor.
The Liverpool badge is based on the city’s liver bird, which in the past had been placed inside a shield. In 1992, to commemorate the centennial of the club, a new badge was commissioned, including a representation of the Shankly Gates. The next year twin flames were added at either side, symbolic of the Hillsborough memorial outside Anfield, where an eternal flame burns in memory of those who died in the Hillsborough disaster. In 2012, Warrior Sports’ first Liverpool kit removed the shield and gates, returning the badge to what had adorned Liverpool shirts in the 1970s; the flames were moved to the back collar of the shirt, surrounding the number 96 for the number who died at Hillsborough.
A version of Liverpool’s Crest as depicted on the Shankly Gates
Anfield, home of Liverpool F.C.
Anfield was built in 1884 on land adjacent to Stanley Park. It was originally used by Everton before the club moved to Goodison Park after a dispute over rent with Anfield owner John Houlding. Left with an empty ground, Houlding founded Liverpool in 1892 and the club has played at Anfield ever since. The capacity of the stadium at the time was 20,000, although only 100 spectators attended Liverpool’s first match at Anfield.
The Kop was built in 1906 due to the high turnout for matches and was called the Oakfield Road Embankment initially. Its first game was on 1 September 1906 when the home side beat Stoke City 1–0. In 1906 the banked stand at one end of the ground was formally renamed the Spion Kop after a hill in KwaZulu-Natal. The hill was the site of the Battle of Spion Kop in the Second Boer War, where over 300 men of the Lancashire Regiment died, many of them from Liverpool. At its peak, the stand could hold 28,000 spectators and was one of the largest single-tier stands in the world. Many stadia in England had stands named after Spion Kop, but Anfield’s was the largest of them at the time; it could hold more supporters than some entire football grounds.
Anfield could accommodate more than 60,000 supporters at its peak, and had a capacity of 55,000 until the 1990s. The Taylor Report and Premier League regulations obliged Liverpool to convert Anfield to an all-seater stadium in time for the 1993–94 season, reducing the capacity to 45,276. The findings of the Taylor Report precipitated the redevelopment of the Kemlyn Road Stand, which was rebuilt in 1992, coinciding with the centenary of the club, and was known as the Centenary Stand until 2017 when it was renamed the Kenny Dalglish Stand. An extra tier was added to the Anfield Road end in 1998, which further increased the capacity of the ground but gave rise to problems when it was opened. A series of support poles and stanchions were inserted to give extra stability to the top tier of the stand after movement of the tier was reported at the start of the 1999–2000 season.
Because of restrictions on expanding the capacity at Anfield, Liverpool announced plans to move to the proposed Stanley Park Stadium in May 2002. Planning permission was granted in July 2004, and in September 2006, Liverpool City Council agreed to grant Liverpool a 999-year lease on the proposed site. Following the takeover of the club by George Gillett and Tom Hicks in February 2007, the proposed stadium was redesigned. The new design was approved by the Council in November 2007. The stadium was scheduled to open in August 2011 and would hold 60,000 spectators, with HKS, Inc. contracted to build the stadium. Construction was halted in August 2008, as Gillett and Hicks had difficulty in financing the £300 million needed for the development. In October 2012, BBC Sport reported that Fenway Sports Group, the new owners of Liverpool FC, had decided to redevelop their current home at Anfield stadium, rather than building a new stadium in Stanley Park. As part of the redevelopment the capacity of Anfield was to increase from 45,276 to approximately 60,000 and would cost approximately £150m. When construction was completed on the new Main stand the capacity of Anfield was increased to 54,074. This £100 million expansion added a third tier to the stand. This was all part of a £260 million project to improve the Anfield area. Jurgen Klopp the manager at the time described the stand as “impressive.”
Kopites in The Kop Stand
Liverpool is one of the best supported clubs in the world. The club states that its worldwide fan base includes more than 200 officially recognised Club of the LFC Official Supporters Clubs in at least 50 countries. Notable groups include Spirit of Shankly. The club takes advantage of this support through its worldwide summer tours, which has included playing in front of 101,000 in Michigan, U.S., and 95,000 in Melbourne, Australia. Liverpool fans often refer to themselves as Kopites, a reference to the fans who once stood, and now sit, on the Kop at Anfield. In 2008 a group of fans decided to form a splinter club, A.F.C. Liverpool, to play matches for fans who had been priced out of watching Premier League football.
The song “You’ll Never Walk Alone”, originally from the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Carousel and later recorded by Liverpool musicians Gerry and the Pacemakers, is the club’s anthem and has been sung by the Anfield crowd since the early 1960s. It has since gained popularity among fans of other clubs around the world. The song’s title adorns the top of the Shankly Gates, which were unveiled on 2 August 1982 in memory of former manager Bill Shankly. The “You’ll Never Walk Alone” portion of the Shankly Gates is also reproduced on the club’s crest.
The Shankly Gates, erected in honour of former manager Bill Shankly
The club’s supporters have been involved in two stadium disasters. The first was the 1985 Heysel Stadium disaster, in which 39 Juventus supporters were killed. They were confined to a corner by Liverpool fans who had charged in their direction; the weight of the cornered fans caused a wall to collapse. UEFA laid the blame for the incident solely on the Liverpool supporters, and banned all English clubs from European competition for five years. Liverpool was banned for an additional year, preventing it from participating in the 1990–91 European Cup, even though it won the League in 1990. Twenty-seven fans were arrested on suspicion of manslaughter and were extradited to Belgium in 1987 to face trial. In 1989, after a five-month trial in Belgium, 14 Liverpool fans were given three-year sentences for involuntary manslaughter; half of the terms were suspended.
The second disaster took place during an FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough Stadium, Sheffield, on 15 April 1989. Ninety-six Liverpool fans died as a consequence of overcrowding at the Leppings Lane end, in what became known as the Hillsborough disaster. In the following days The Sun newspaper published an article entitled “The Truth”, in which it claimed that Liverpool fans had robbed the dead and had urinated on and attacked the police. Subsequent investigations proved the allegations false, leading to a boycott of the newspaper by Liverpool fans across the city and elsewhere; many still refuse to buy The Sun more than 20 years later. Many support organisations were set up in the wake of the disaster, such as the Hillsborough Justice Campaign, which represents bereaved families, survivors and supporters in their efforts to secure justice.
The Merseyside derby at Anfield in 2006
Liverpool’s longest-established rivalry is with fellow Liverpool team Everton, against whom they contest the Merseyside derby. The rivalry stems from Liverpool’s formation and the dispute with Everton officials and the then owners of Anfield. The Merseyside derby is one of the few local derbies which do not enforce fan segregation, and hence has been known as the “friendly derby”. Since the mid-1980s, the rivalry has intensified both on and off the field and, since the inception of the Premier League in 1992, the Merseyside derby has had more players sent off than any other Premier League game. It has been referred to as “the most ill-disciplined and explosive fixture in the Premier League”.
Liverpool’s rivalry with Manchester United stems from the cities’ competition in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century. The two clubs alternated as champions between 1964 and 1967, and Manchester United became the first English team to win the European Cup in 1968, followed by Liverpool’s four European Cup victories. Despite the 38 league titles and eight European Cups between them the two rivals have rarely been successful at the same time – Liverpool’s run of titles in the 1970s and 1980s coincided with Manchester United’s 26-year title drought, and United’s success in the Premier League-era has likewise coincided with Liverpool’s ongoing drought, and the two clubs have finished first and second in the league only five times. Nonetheless, former Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson said in 2002, “My greatest challenge was knocking Liverpool right off their fucking perch”, and the last player to be transferred between the two clubs was Phil Chisnall, who moved to Liverpool from Manchester United in 1964.
5| Ownership and Finances
John W. Henry of Fenway Sports Group, the parent company of Liverpool
As the owner of Anfield and founder of Liverpool, John Houlding was the club’s first chairman, a position he held from its founding in 1892 until 1904. John McKenna took over as chairman after Houlding’s departure. McKenna subsequently became President of the Football League. The chairmanship changed hands many times before John Smith, whose father was a shareholder of the club, took up the role in 1973. He oversaw the most successful period in Liverpool’s history before stepping down in 1990. His successor was Noel White who became chairman in 1990. In August 1991 David Moores, whose family had owned the club for more than 50 years became chairman. His uncle John Moores was also a shareholder at Liverpool and was chairman of Everton from 1961 to 1973. Moores owned 51 percent of the club, and in 2004 expressed his willingness to consider a bid for his shares in Liverpool.
Moores eventually sold the club to American businessmen George Gillett and Tom Hicks on 6 February 2007. The deal valued the club and its outstanding debts at £218.9 million. The pair paid £5,000 per share, or £174.1m for the total shareholding and £44.8m to cover the club’s debts. Disagreements between Gillett and Hicks, and the fans’ lack of support for them, resulted in the pair looking to sell the club. Martin Broughton was appointed chairman of the club on 16 April 2010 to oversee its sale. In May 2010, accounts were released showing the holding company of the club to be £350m in debt (due to leveraged takeover) with losses of £55m, causing auditor KPMG to qualify its audit opinion. The group’s creditors, including the Royal Bank of Scotland, took Gillett and Hicks to court to force them to allow the board to proceed with the sale of the club, the major asset of the holding company. A High Court judge, Mr Justice Floyd, ruled in favour of the creditors and paved the way for the sale of the club to Fenway Sports Group (formerly New England Sports Ventures), although Gillett and Hicks still had the option to appeal. Liverpool was sold to Fenway Sports Group on 15 October 2010 for £300m.
Liverpool has been described as a global brand; a 2010 report valued the club’s trademarks and associated intellectual property at £141m, an increase of £5m on the previous year. Liverpool was given a brand rating of AA (Very Strong). In April 2010 business magazine Forbes ranked Liverpool as the sixth most valuable football team in the world, behind Manchester United, Real Madrid, Arsenal, Barcelona and Bayern Munich; they valued the club at $822m (£532m), excluding debt. Accountants Deloitte ranked Liverpool eighth in the Deloitte Football Money League, which ranks the world’s football clubs in terms of revenue. Liverpool’s income in the 2009–10 season was €225.3m.
6| Liverpool in Popular Culture
Because of its successful history, Liverpool is often featured when football is depicted in British culture and has appeared in a number of media firsts. The club appeared in the first edition of the BBC’s Match of the Day, which screened highlights of its match against Arsenal at Anfield on 22 August 1964. The first football match to be televised in colour was between Liverpool and West Ham United, broadcast live in March 1967. Liverpool fans featured in the Pink Floyd song “Fearless”, in which they sang excerpts from “You’ll Never Walk Alone”. To mark the club’s appearance in the 1988 FA Cup Final, Liverpool released a song known as the “Anfield Rap”, featuring John Barnes and other members of the squad.
A documentary drama on the Hillsborough disaster, written by Jimmy McGovern, was screened in 1996. It featured Christopher Eccleston as Trevor Hicks, whose story is the focus of the script. Hicks, who lost two teenage daughters in the disaster, went on to campaign for safer stadiums and helped to form the Hillsborough Families Support Group. Liverpool featured in the film The 51st State (also known as Formula 51), in which ex-hitman Felix DeSouza (Robert Carlyle) is a keen supporter of the team and the last scene takes place at a match between Liverpool and Manchester United. The club was featured in a children’s television show called Scully; the plot revolved around a young boy, Francis Scully, who tried to gain a trial match with Liverpool. The show featured prominent Liverpool players of the time such as Kenny Dalglish.
7.1| First-team squad
As of 30 August 2018
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
7.2 | Out on loan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
7.3| Reserves and Academy
Further information on the academy squads: Liverpool F.C. Reserves and Academy § Academy squads
7.4| Former players
Further information: List of Liverpool F.C. players, List of Liverpool F.C. players (25–99 appearances), List of Liverpool F.C. players (1–24 appearances), and Category:Liverpool F.C. players
7.5| Player records
For player records, see List of Liverpool F.C. records and statistics.
7.6| Club captains
Since the establishment of the club in 1892, 45 players have been club captain of Liverpool F.C. Andrew Hannah became the first captain of the club after Liverpool separated from Everton and formed its own club. Initially Alex Raisbeck, who was club captain from 1899 to 1909, was the longest serving captain before being overtaken by Steven Gerrard who served 12 seasons as Liverpool captain starting from the 2003–04 season. The present captain is Jordan Henderson, who replaced Gerrard in the 2015–16 season following Gerrard’s move to LA Galaxy.
7.7| Player of the Season
Steven Gerrard, four-time winner of the award
Luis Suárez, two-time winner of the award
8| Club Officials
Replicas of the four European Cups Liverpool won from 1977 to 1984 on display in the club’s museum
Liverpool’s first trophy was the Lancashire League, which it won in the club’s first season. In 1901, the club won its first League title, while its first success in the FA Cup was in 1965. In terms of the number of trophies won, Liverpool’s most successful decade was the 1980s, when the club won six League titles, two FA Cups, four League Cups, five Charity Shields (one shared) and two European Cups.
The club has accumulated more top-flight wins and points than any other English team. Liverpool also has the highest average league finishing position (3.3) for the 50-year period to 2015 and second-highest average league finishing position for the period 1900–1999 after Arsenal, with an average league placing of 8.7. Liverpool has won the European Cup, UEFA’s premier club competition, five times, an English record and only surpassed by Real Madrid and Milan. Liverpool’s fifth European Cup win, in 2005, meant that the club was awarded the trophy permanently and was also awarded a multiple-winner badge. Liverpool also hold the English record of three wins in the UEFA Cup, UEFA’s secondary club competition.
First Division [English Premier]
- Winners (18):
- Winners (4):
- Lancashire League
- Winners (1): 1892–93
- Winners (7):
Football League Cup
- Winners (8):
- 2011–12 (record)
FA Charity / Community Shield
- Winners (15):
- (* shared)
Sheriff of London Charity Shield
- Winners (1): – 1906
Football League Super Cup
- Winners (1): 1985–86
European Cup/UEFA Champions League
- Winners (5):
- 1976–1977 [Olympic Stadium, Rome, Italy – Bob Paisley] Liverpool 3-1 Borussia Mönchengladbach. Kevin Keegan
- 1977–1978 [London, England – Bob Paisley] Liverpool 1-0 Real Madrid. Kenny Dalglish
- 1980–1981 [Paris, France- Bob Paisley] Liverpool 1-0 Club Brugge. Kenny Dalglish
- 1983–1984 [Olympic Stadium, Rome, Italy – Joe Fagan] Liverpool 1 – 1 Roma. Penalty Kick 4-2. Kenny Dalglish
- 2004–2005 [Istambul, Turkey – Refail Benitez] Liverpool 3-3 AC Milan. Penalty Kick 3-2. Steven Gerrard
- 2018-2019 [Wanda Metropolitano Stadium in Madrid, Spain 1st June 2019 Jurgen Klopp] Liverpool 2-0 Tottenham Hotspur. Mohamed Salah-Mane-Firmino.
- 1984-1985 [Heysel Stadium, Brussels] Juventus 1-0 Liverpool
- 2006-2007 [Stadion Olimpiade, Athena. 23 Mei 2007 Rafael Benítez] AC Milan – Liverpool 2-1. Steven Gerrard
- 2017-2018 [Kiev, Ukraine Jurgen Klopp] Liverpool-Real Madrid 3-1. Mohamed Salah-Mane-Firmino.
UEFA League Cup
- Winners (3):
UEFA Super Cup
- Winners (3):
9.3| Doubles and Trebles
- League and FA Cup: 1 – 1985–86
- League and League Cup: 2
- League and League Cup: 2
- European Double (League and European Cup): 1 – 1976–77
- League and UEFA Cup: 2
- League Cup and European Cup: 1 – 1980–81
- League, League Cup and European Cup: 1 – 1983–84
- FA Cup, League Cup and UEFA Cup: 1 – 2000–01
Especially short competitions, such as the FA Community Shield and the UEFA Super Cup, are not generally considered to contribute towards a Double or Treble.
18th Asian Games 2018 | Jakarta – Palembang Indonesia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Presiden Jokowi memang selalu menjadi sorotan, bukan hanya aksi tak biasanya dalam berbagai momen, tapi juga soal gaya dan penampilannya yang santai dan kasual.
EMAS PERTAMA: (kiri ke kanan) Peraih medali perak Marjan Salahshouri dari Iran, peraih Medali Emas Defia Rosmaniar dari Indonesia dan peraih medali perunggu Khim Wen Yap dari Malaysia dan Yun Jihye dari Korea Selatan diabadikan dengan Presiden Joko Widodo saat upacara penghormatan pemenang cabor Taekwondo nomor poomsae tunggal putri, Asian Games 2018 di Jakarta Convention Center (JCC), Minggu (19/8). Defia merupakan atlet Indonesia peraih medali emas pertama Asian Games 2018.
Presiden Joko Widodo menyebut atlet Wushu Indonesia, Lindswell Kwok, sebagai Ratu Wushu Asia setelah berhasil mempersembahkan Medali Emas kedua kepada Indonesia dalam ajang Asian Games 2018.
Atlet wushu Indonesia, Lindswell Kwok, saat beraksi pada Asian Games di JIExpo, Jakarta, Senin, (20/8/2018). (Bola.com/Vitalis Yogi Trisna)
Medal Table as of 1-09-2018
Opening Ceremony 18th Asian Games at Gelora Bung Karno Complex
Fireworks explode over the Gelora Bung Karno main stadium during the opening ceremony of the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta on August 18, 2018. (Photo: AFP / BAY ISMOYO)
The 2018 Asian Games, officially known as the 18th Asian Games and also known as Jakarta Palembang 2018, is a pan-Asian multi-sport event scheduled to be held from 18 August to 2 September 2018 in the Indonesian cities of Jakarta and Palembang.
For the first time, the Asian Games are being co-hosted in two cities; the Indonesian Capital of Jakarta (which is hosting the Games for the first time since 1962), and Palembang, the Capital of the South Sumatra Province. Events will be held in and around the two cities, including venues in Bandung and province of West Java and Banten. The opening and closing ceremonies of the Games will be held at Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta.
Also for the first time, eSports and canoe polo will be contested as demonstration sports. eSports is expected to be a medal event at the 2022 Asian Games.
Bhin Bhin is a bird of paradise (Paradisaea Apoda) that represent strategy.
Atung is a Bawean deer (Hyelaphus Kuhlii) that represents speed.
Kaka is a single-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Sondaicus) that represents strength.
1 | Bidding process
1.2 Appointment of Jakarta and Palembang
2 | Development and preparations
2.2.1 Official songs
2.4 Torch relay
3 | Venues and infrastructures
3.1.1 Gelora Bung Karno Sport Complex
3.1.2 Other venues in Jakarta
3.3 West Java and Banten
3.4 Athletes’ Village
4 | The Games
4.3 Participating National Olympic Committees
4.3.1 Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees (by highest to lowest)
5 | Concerns and Controversies
6 | See also
7 | Gallery
8 | External links
1 | Bidding process
1.1 | Hanoi
Hanoi, Vietnam was originally selected to be the host after they won the bid against two other candidates, Surabaya and Dubai. They were awarded the winning bid on 8 November 2012, with 29 votes against Surabaya’s 14 votes Dubai pulled out at the last minute, instead announcing their intention to focus on future bids. The UAE’s National Olympic Committee’s vice-president denied any pullout and claimed that Dubai “did not apply for hosting 2019 Asian Games” and had “only considered” doing so.
However, in March 2014, there were some concerns about Vietnam’s ability to host. These included concerns over whether the anticipated budget of US$150 million was realistic. There were claims that the government would eventually spend over US$300 million. In addition, critics were concerned that several stadiums built in conjunction with 2003 Southeast Asian Games had not been utilized since. Former chairman of the Vietnam Olympic Committee Ha Quang Du also claimed that hosting the Asian Games would not boost tourism in Vietnam.
On 17 April 2014, the Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng officially announced Hanoi’s withdrawal from hosting. He cited unpreparedness and economic recession as the main reasons for the withdrawal, saying they have left the country unable to afford the construction of facilities and venues. Many Vietnamese people supported the decision to withdraw. No penalty was imposed for the withdrawal.
1.2 | Appointment of Jakarta and Palembang
After Hanoi’s withdrawal, the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) said that Indonesia, China, and the United Arab Emirates were major candidates under consideration to host. Indonesia was widely regarded as a favourite, since Surabaya was the runner-up of the previous bid, and willing to do so if selected. The Philippines and India expressed their interest about hosting the Games, but India failed to submit a late bid because it was unable to get an audience with Prime Minister Narendra Modi after being given an extended deadline by the OCA.
On 5 May 2014, the OCA visited some Indonesian cities including Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Palembang. At this time Surabaya decided to drop their bid to host the Games and instead focus on hosting the already scheduled 2021 Asian Youth Games. On 25 July 2014, during a meeting in Kuwait City, the OCA appointed Jakarta as the host of the Games with Palembang as the supporting host. Jakarta was chosen because of its well-equipped sport facilities, adequate transportation networks, and other facilities such as hotels and lodgings for guests. On 20 September 2014, Indonesia signed the host city contract, and during the closing ceremony of 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, Indonesia was appointed symbolically by the OCA to host the next Games.
The OCA originally planned to hold these Games in 2019 rather than 2018, so that Asian Games would be held in the year immediately prior to the next Summer Olympics, rather than two years before. After they were awarded to Indonesia, the OCA backtracked on these plans and kept the Games in 2018, so that they will not interfere with the 2019 Indonesian general elections.
2 | Development and preparations
2.1 | Costs
Total cost for the games is estimated as $3.2 billion. By 2015, the central government had allocated a budget of IDR 3 trillion (USD 224 million) to prepare for the Games, with regional administrations also expected to supply some part of the funding. However, by July 2018, the budget allocation for the Games had been reported to be IDR 6.6 trillion including IDR 869 billion from sponsorships.
2.2 | Marketing
The Games’ mascots (name from left): Bhin Bhin, Kaka, and Atung.
The emblem for the 2018 Asian Games was first unveiled on 9 September 2015, in celebration of the country’s National Sports Day. The emblem featured a stylised depiction of a cenderawasih, a rare species of a bird in Indonesia.
Organizers withdrew the design in January 2016, after it was widely-criticized for its outdated appearance. Its accompanying mascot, Drawa, was also criticized for having little connection to Indonesian culture and history (with some Indonesians joking that Drawa looked more like a chicken than a cenderawasih). An open call for a new design was held, resulting in 60 submissions. The final design was unveiled on 28 July 2016; titled Energy of Asia, the emblem is modelled upon Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, and is intended to symbolize unity among Asian countries.
The same day the logo was unveiled, three new mascots were also unveiled, replacing the previous cenderawasih mascot, which are Bhin Bhin—a greater bird-of-paradise, Atung—a Bawean deer, and Kaka—a Javan rhinoceros. They represents the Eastern, Central, and Western regions of Indonesia and also strategy, speed and strength respectively. Each mascots also wear different clothes: Bhin Bhin wears a vest with Asmat pattern details, Atung wears a sarong with Jakarta’s batik’s tumpal pattern, and Kaka wears Palembang’s traditional attire with flower pattern.
In July 2018, Indonesia Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released the medal design to public, featuring the Asian Games logo and the batik style of all Indonesian regions, reflects the cultural diversity of Indonesia and their unity. In addition to cultural diversity, batik motifs also reflect the diversity of ethnic, religious, and racial Asian communities who participated in the 18th Asian Games.
On 13 July 2018, the Indonesian Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released an official music album of the 2018 Asian Games titled Asian Games 2018: Energy of Asia. The album consists of 13 songs involves several cross-genre musical artists.
2.3 | Promotion
On 18 August 2017, simultaneous events were held at Jakarta’s National Monument and Palembang’s Benteng Kuto Besak to mark the one-year milestone prior to the Games. The event in Jakarta was attended by president Joko Widodo, and featured performances by Taeyeon and Kim Hyo-yeon of K-pop group Girls’ Generation. Countdown clocks were unveiled at the Selamat Datang Monument and in front of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium.
Several fun run events had been held in some Asian countries since December 2017, with Lahore, Pakistan as the first city to organize the fun run event.
On May 2018, an event marking 100-day milestone prior to the Games was held, featuring the introduction of Asian Games torch. The torch design is inspired by traditional weapons named golok from Jakarta and skin from Palembang, South Sumatra.
2.4 | Torch relay
The torch relay began at the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, host of the 1st Asian Games, on 15 July 2018. The flame will be generated from a parabolic mirror directed straight at the sun. On 18 July 2018, a ceremony took place in Brahma field by the 9th century Hindu temple of Prambanan near Yogyakarta, where the torch’s flame from India were fused together with an Indonesian natural eternal flame taken from Mrapen, Central Java. Subsequently, the Torch Relay Concert were performed marking the start of torch relay throughout the country.
The relay then continue to travel through 54 cities, 18 provinces in Indonesia, including host cities. The relay will finish on 17 August, the 73rd anniversary of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence in the National Monument, Jakarta before being carried into the opening ceremony at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium the next day.
3 | Venues and infrastructures
For the games, some venues will be built, renovated, and prepared across four provinces in Indonesia: Jakarta, South Sumatra, Banten, and West Java. The facilities for the Asian Games 2018 are located in the capital city of Jakarta and Palembang (South Sumatra), in four different sports clusters (three in Jakarta and one in Palembang). However, 15 arenas for matches and 11 training arenas in West Java and Banten which shares border with Jakarta, will be used to support implementation of the 2018 Asian Games. There will be total 80 venues for competitions and training. The organisation hopes to keep the cost down by using the existing sports facilities and infrastructure, including those venues built for the 2011 Southeast Asian Games, and after the test event of the 2018 Asian Games in February, Inasgoc moved several sports that will be held in Jakarta International Expo to Jakarta Convention Center.
3.1 | Jakarta
Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Jakarta will alone host 13 sports after renovation. The 55-year-old Main Stadium’s capacity is being reduced from 88,000 spectators to 76,127. A facial recognition system will also install at the stadium in anticipation of terror threats. A Velodrome is being built at Rawamangun in East Jakarta, at a cost of US$ 40 million for cycling, badminton, futsal, basketball, and wrestling. An equestrian facility is being built at Pulomas with a cost of US$ 30.8 million, which could host up to 1,000 spectators. It was set to be equipped with 100 stables, athletes lodging, an animal hospital, training places, and a parking area on a 35-hectare plot of land.
3.1.1 | Gelora Bung Karno Sport Complex
Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium will host the ceremonies and athletics.
3.1.2 | Other venues in Jakarta
3.2 | Palembang
Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium will host the final of women’s football.
Jakabaring Sport City complex at Palembang will host for other sports events. Several plans has been raised to add and improves the facilities in the complex, including a capacity upgrade of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium from 36,000 to 60,000 seats which was cancelled, instead the capacity was decreased to 27,000 after installing individual seats to whole stadium tribunes along with pitch and other facilities improvements in the stadium. The new venue in Jakabaring Sport City is a 40-lane bowling alley which was completed in late May 2018. Eight additional tennis courts was built in the complex for the Games. The length of canoeing and rowing venue in Jakabaring Lake was extended to 2,300 metres along with rowing facilities and a tribune which was built on the lake shore. Other existing venues which will be used for Asian Games were also had been renovated, including Ranau Sport Hall as sepak takraw venue.
3.3 | West Java and Banten
3.4 | Athletes’ Village
Athletes village in Jakarta is built at Kemayoran at an area of 10 hectares land, which has 7,424 apartments in 10 towers. Total accommodation capacity of 22,272 at the village exceeds International Olympic Committee standards, which require Olympics hosts to provide rooms for 14,000 athletes. The Athletes’ Village inside the Jakabaring Sport City at Palembang will house 3,000 athletes and officials.
Kemayoran Athlete & Media Village
3.5 | Transport
Ampera LRT Station, one of 13 stations of Palembang LRT which will be used to upgrade the city transportation capabilities ahead for Asian Games.
As part of the Games preparation, the construction of the Jakarta MRT and Jakarta LRT will be accelerated. A line of Jakarta LRT will connect athlets village at Kemayoran in Central Jakarta to the Velodrome at Rawamangun in East Jakarta. City bus operator TransJakarta added 416 buses to serve the officials, and also provide free rides on selected days during the Games.
Palembang upgraded their transportation facilities ahead for the Games by building 25 kilometres of the Palembang Light Rail Transit from Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport to Jakabaring Sport City which will be expected to be opened for public use by late July 2018. Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport is expanding its existing arrival and departure terminals to increase its capacity and also connecting the airport with the light rail transit (LRT) terminal by building a skybridge. Other transportation facilities such as toll roads, flyovers, and bridges will be also built in and around the city.
4 | The Games
4.1 | Ceremonies
The OCA determined that Jakarta would host both the opening and closing ceremonies, although an earlier sports minister said Palembang would host the closing ceremony.
4.2 | Sports
In March 2017, the Olympic Council of Asia initially announced that the Games would feature 484 events in 42 sports, including the 28 permanent Olympic sports contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the five additional sports that will be contested at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, as well as events in other non-Olympic sports. In April 2017, the OCA approved reductions in the programme in response to cost concerns; belt wrestling, cricket, kurash, skateboarding, sambo, and surfing were dropped from the programme, and there was to be a reduced number of competitions in bridge, jet ski, ju jitsu, paragliding, sport climbing, taekwondo (in particular, all non-Olympic weight classes), and wushu. These changes reduced the total number of events to 431.
The final programme was unveiled in September 2017, increasing it to 462 events in 40 disciplines as the second-largest programme in Asian Games history. Additional disciplines being introduced at the 2020 Summer Olympics were also added, including 3×3 basketball and BMX freestyle.
For the first time in Asian Games history, eSports and canoe polo will be contested as a demonstration sport in the Games. Six video game titles will be featured in the event.
- Canoe polo
4.3 | Participating National Olympic Committees
All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia are scheduled to participate in the games.
It has been agreed that North Korea and South Korea will compete as a unified team in some events under the title “Korea” (COR), as they did at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Both nations will also march together under a unified flag during the opening and closing ceremonies.
Originally set to compete as Independent Asian Athletes, the Kuwaitis are allowed to compete under their own flags just two days before the opening ceremony.
Below is a list of all the participating NOCs.; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.
4.3.1 | Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees (by highest to lowest)
4.4 | Calendar
5 | Concerns and controversies
Prior to the Games, several concerns have been raised over the preparation of the Games. Authorities in Indonesia confident both host cities will be ready for the Games although have had only four years to prepare rather than the usual six after stepping in to fill the gap when Vietnam, whose city of Hanoi was originally chosen to host these Games by the Olympic Council of Asia, dropped out in 2014 citing concerns over costs. On top of that, work in both host cities was delayed throughout 2015 because government funding was not immediately available.
Jakarta, consistently ranked as having one of the world’s worst traffic congestion, is building a subway. However, it will not be ready until 2019, so organizers have proposed closing schools during the event to curb traffic from millions of commuting pupils. Authorities also proposed to set aside toll roads and bus lanes for special official and athlete use during the Games. Jakarta has also instated an odd-even licence plate system to limit congestion.
Security is another concern, with the Games taking place just a few months after a series of terror attacks, which killed dozens of people and provoked fear over Islamist militants. Some 100,000 security staff including bomb squad and sniper teams will be deployed in Jakarta, Palembang, and West Java, where the majority of events are hosted. Local police said they have been taking part in a pre-Asian Games crackdown on terror suspects and petty street criminals. Before, the Olympic Council of Malaysia (OCM) also raised concerns over Malaysian athletes’ security issues due to the recent provocations by Indonesian fans at venues and on social media.
Air pollution also becomes a concern on both cities. Jakarta has long struggled to boost air quality, regularly rated as unsafe by the World Health Organization (WHO) as Jakarta’s average score on the Air Quality Index (AQI) had exceeded 100 during early July 2018, once reaching the “unhealthy” range at 171 on 11 AM, Tuesday, 17 July 2018. Palembang also had been constantly under risk of haze caused by peatland fire during dry season which coincides with the Games. Authorities are looking into the possibility of cloud seeding to combat the fire hotspots by triggering rainfall in dry areas with flares of salt shot into suitable clouds. Authorities has been covered a polluted, foul-smelling river near the Asian Games athletes’ village in Jakarta with black nylon mesh over fears it will be an eyesore at the showpiece event.
On 21 July 2018, less than one month from the Games, women football venue of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium in Palembang had been partially damaged in a riot during local football match. At least 335 seats had been destroyed by the mob.
Officials had held Asian Games’ men football tournament drawing three times due to protest from UAE and Palestine which were incidentally not included in the first drawing. Later, Iraq withdrew from tournament which forced officials to rebalance the groups by determining which of Palestine or UAE would be moved to Group C to replace Iraq.
6 | See also
- Gelora Bung Karno (GBK)
- Profile of Bung Karno [Ir. Soekarno]
- Joko Widodo – Presiden RI Ke-7 2014-2019
- Bhinneka Tunggal Ika
- Profile of Republic of Indonesia
- Agama-agama di Indonesia
- Indonesia’s National Antheme ‘Indonesia Raya’
- Wisata Indonesia
7 | Gallery
8 | Medal table
China led the medal table for the tenth consecutive time. Korea claimed their first gold medal at the Games in the canoeing women’s traditional boat race 500 m event. A total of 37 NOCs won at least one medal, 29 NOCs won at least one gold medal and 9 NOCs failed to win any medal at the Games.
The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below.
* Host nation (Indonesia)
Complete Medals Table
The Road to Final FIFA World Cup Russia 14 Juni – 15 Juli 2018
Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Stadion Luzhniki – Moskwa
Stadion Spartak – Moskwa
Piala Dunia FIFA 2018 menjadi Piala Dunia FIFA yang ke-21, turnamen sepak bola internasional empat tahunan yang diikuti oleh tim nasional pria asosiasi anggota FIFA. Turnamen ini diselenggarakan di Rusia pada 14 Juni hingga 15 Juli 2018, setelah negara tersebut terpilih sebagai tuan rumah pada 2 Desember 2010. Edisi Piala Dunia ini menjadi yang pertama digelar di Eropa sejak edisi 2006 di Jerman. Seluruh stadion kecuali Stadion Sentral terletak di Eropa Rusia, bagian barat Pegunungan Ural, agar mengurangi waktu perjalanan karena negara yang luas.
Maskot turnamen ini, Zabivaka
Ini merupakan Piala Dunia pertama yang diselenggarakan di Eropa Timur, dan kesebelas kalinya di Eropa. Untuk pertama kalinya turnamen ini berlangsung di dua benua – Eropa dan Asia. Semua stadion, kecuali satu, terletak di Rusia Eropa. Dengan perkiraan biaya lebih dari $ 14,2 miliar, ini merupakan Piala Dunia paling mahal yang pernah ada. Ini juga merupakan Piala Dunia pertama yang menggunakan video asisten wasit (VAR).
Putaran final melibatkan 32 tim nasional, terdiri dari 31 tim yang lolos melalui babak kualifikasi dan tim tuan rumah yang lolos secara otomatis. Dari 32 tim peserta, 20 tim membuat penampilan berturut-turut sejak edisi terakhir pada 2014 termasuk juara bertahan Jerman, sementara Islandia dan Panama keduanya tampil perdana di Piala Dunia FIFA. Sebanyak 64 pertandingan dimainkan di 12 stadion yang tersebar di 11 kota. Pertandingan final berlangsung pada 15 Juli di Stadion Luzhniki, Moskwa.
Juara bertahan, Jerman, tersingkir di babak penyisihan grup, pertama kalinya sejak 1938 di mana tim Jerman tidak lolos dari babak pertama turnamen Piala Dunia yang mereka ikuti. Spanyol, Portugal, dan Argentina, masing-masing dianggap pesaing kuat sebelum turnamen, tersingkir di babak 16 besar, sementara tim tuan rumah, meskipun mulai sebagai tim dengan peringkat terendah di turnamen, di luar dugaan mencapai babak perempat final. Turnamen ini menjadi yang pertama kalinya di mana tidak satu pun tim baik dari Argentina, Brasil, Jerman, atau Italia mencapai empat besar, dan juga kelima kalinya (setelah 1934, 1966, 1982, dan 2006) di mana semua empat tim teratas berasal dari Eropa.
Rusia mengajukan kota berikut untuk menjadi tuan rumah:
- Nizhny Novgorod
- Rostov na Donu
Seluruh kota tuan rumah berada di dalam atau dekat Eropa Rusia untuk mengurangi waktu perjalanan tim peserta karena negara yang luas. Laporan evaluasi penawaran menyatakan: “Penawaran Rusia mengajukan 13 kota tuan rumah dan 16 stadion, demikian melebihi persyaratan minimum FIFA. Tiga dari 16 stadion akan direnovasi, dan 13 akan dibangun baru.”
Pada Oktober 2011, Rusia mengurangi jumlah stadion dari 16 menjadi 14. Pembangunan stadion Podolsk yang telah diajukan di wilayah Moskwa dibatalkan oleh pemerintah setempat, dan masih di ibukota, Otkrytiye Arena bersaing dengan Stadion Dynamo mengenai stadion mana yang dibangun lebih dahulu.
Pilihan terakhir untuk kota tuan rumah diumumkan pada 29 September 2012. Jumlah kota dikurangi kembali menjadi 11 dan jumlah stadion menjadi 12 karena Krasnodar dan Yaroslavl dihapus dari daftar akhir.
Sepp Blatter menyatakan pada Juli 2014 bahwa karena kekhawatiran terhadap penyelesaian stadion di Rusia, jumlah stadion kemungkinan dikurangi dari 12 menjadi 10. Ia juga mengatakan, “Kita tidak akan berada dalam situasi ini, seperti kasus satu ini, dua atau bahkan tiga stadion di Afrika Selatan, di mana ada masalah yang Anda lakukan pada stadion-stadion ini”.
Pada Oktober 2014, dalam kunjungan resminya ke Rusia, komite inspeksi FIFA dan ketuanya Chris Unger mengunjungi Sankt-Peterburg, Sochi, Kazan, dan dua stadion di Moskwa. Mereka mengatakan puas atas proses pembangunan stadion-stadion di kota tersebut.
Pada 8 Oktober 2015, FIFA dan Komite Penyelenggara Lokal menyetujui nama resmi stadion yang digunakan selama turnamen berlangsung.
Dari 12 stadion yang digunakan, Stadion Luzhniki di Moskwa dan Stadion Sankt-Petersburg (dua stadion terbesar di Rusia) digunakan paling sering dengan masing-masing menggelar 7 pertandingan. Sochi, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, dan Samara menggelar 6 pertandingan dengan masing-masing satu pertandingan perempat final, dan Otkrytiye Arena di Moskwa serta Rostov na Donu menggelar 5 pertandingan dengan masing-masing satu pertandingan babak 16 besar. Volgograd, Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg, dan Saransk menggelar masing-masing 4 pertandingan dan tidak satupun dari kota tersebut menggelar pertandingan babak gugur.
Jumlah hadiah diumumkan pada Oktober 2017.
Jadwal penuh turnamen diumumkan oleh FIFA pada 24 Juli 2015 (tanpa waktu kick-off, tetapi diumumkan kemudian). Pada 1 Desember 2017, setelah pengundian putaran final, enam zona waktu kick-off ditentukan oleh FIFA.
Rusia ditempatkan di posisi A1 dalam babak grup dan memainkan pertandingan pembuka di Stadion Luzhniki di Moskwa pada 14 Juni melawan Arab Saudi, dua tim peserta dengan peringkat terendah saat pengundian putaran final.
Stadion Luzhniki juga menggelar pertandingan babak semifinal kedua pada 11 Juli dan pertandingan Final pada 15 Juli.
Stadion Krestovsky di Sankt-Peterburg menggelar pertandingan babak Semifinal pertama pada 10 Juli dan pertandingan perebutan tempat ketiga pada 14 Juli.
Video Asisten Wasit | Video Assistant Referees | VAR
Tidak lama setelah keputusan Dewan Asosiasi Sepak Bola Internasional untuk memasukkan video asisten wasit (VAR) ke dalam Aturan-Aturan Permainan, pada 16 Maret 2018, Dewan FIFA mengambil langkah yang menarik perhatian dengan menyetujui penggunaan VAR untuk pertama kalinya di turnamen Piala Dunia FIFA.
Operasi VAR untuk semua pertandingan dijalankan dari satu kantor pusat di Moskow, yang menerima video langsung dari pertandingan dan dalam kontak radio dengan para wasit lapangan. Sistem tersedia untuk mengomunikasikan informasi terkait VAR kepada para penyiar dan visual pada layar besar stadion yang digunakan untuk para pendukung yang hadir.
VAR memiliki dampak signifikan dalam beberapa pertandingan. Pada 15 Juni 2018, gol Diego Costa melawan Portugal menjadi gol Piala Dunia pertama berdasarkan keputusan VAR; penalti pertama sebagai hasil dari keputusan VAR diberikan kepada Perancis dalam pertandingan mereka melawan Australia pada 16 Juni dan menghasilkan gol oleh Antoine Griezmann. Jumlah penalti yang diberikan dalam turnamen ini memecahkan rekor baru, di mana fenomena ini sebagian dikaitkan dengan VAR. Secara keseluruhan, teknologi baru ini telah dipuji dan dikritik oleh komentator yang berbeda. FIFA menyatakan penerapan VAR sukses setelah minggu pertama kompetisi.
Tabel Pertandingan dan Hasil Pertandingan
Tabel Hasil Pertandingan Grup 32 Besar
Babak 16 Besar
Babak Perempat Final
Babak Semi-Final | Stadion Krestovsky di Sankt-Peterburg
Perebutan Tempat Ketiga | Stadion Krestovsky, Sankt-Peterburg
Babak Final | Stadion Luzhniki, Moskwa
Pencetak Gol Piala Dunia FIFA 2018
Skuat Piala Dunia FIFA 2018
Berikut merupakan skuat Piala Dunia FIFA 2018 yang diselenggarakan di Rusia, pada 14 Juni hingga 15 Juli 2018.
Piala Dunia FIFA 2018 adalah sebuah turnamen sepak bola internasional yang diadakan di Rusia pada 14 Juni hingga 15 Juli 2018. 32 tim nasional yang terlibat dalam turnamen perlu mendaftarkan skuat beranggotakan 23 pemain, termasuk tiga penjaga gawang. Hanya pemain dalam skuat yang didaftarkan yang memenuhi syarat untuk berpartisipasi dalam turnamen.
Daftar sementara berisi 35 pemain per tim nasional diserahkan kepada FIFA hingga 14 Mei 2018, satu bulan sebelum pertandingan pembukaan. Daftar akhir berisi 23 pemain per tim nasional akan diserahkan ke FIFA higga 4 Juni 2018, 10 hari sebelum pertandingan pembukaan. Tim diizinkan untuk mendaftarkan pemain pengganti apabila terjadi cedera serius, hingga 24 jam sebelum pertandingan pertama mereka.
Usia yang tercantum adalah usia setiap pemain pada 14 Juni 2018, hari pertama turnamen. Jumlah penampilan yang tercantum untuk setiap pemain tidak termasuk pertandingan yang dimainkan setelah dimulainya Piala Dunia FIFA 2018. Klub yang tercantum adalah klub terakhir pemain yang memainkan pertandingan kompetitif sebelum turnamen. Kebangsaan untuk klub masing-masing sesuai dengan asosiasi nasional (bukan liga) klub ini berafiliasi.
Stadion Luzhniki – Moskwa
Stadion Spartak – Moskwa
Stadion Sankt-Peterburg – Sankt-Peterburg
Stadion Fisht – Sochi
Samara Arena – Samara
Kazan Arena – Kazan
Rostov Arena – Rostov na Donu
Volgograd Arena – Volgograd
Stadion Nizhny Novgorod – Nizhny Novgorod
Mordovia Arena – Saransk
Ekaterinburg Arena – Yekaterinburg
Stadion Kaliningrad – Kaliningrad
WORLD CUP 2018 RUSSIA | STATUS 8 JULI 2018 [04.45]
CONGRATULATION ENGLAND. ENGLAND BEAT SWEDEN 2-0. WILL BE FACING CROASIA AT SEMI FINAL WORLD CUP 2018 RUSSIA. CROASIA BEAT RUSSIA 4-3 ON PENALTY AFTER A 2-2 DRAW AT EXTRA TIME.
Gareth Southgate’s side stay on course for Russia 2018 glory thanks to two perfect headers in impressive quarter-final display to outclass the Swedes.
Harry Maguire climbs high to power home his header to put England one-up
Dele Alli powers his header past Olsen to double the lead for England and put them on course for the semis
England celebrate after going two-up as they put Sweden to the sword in the quarter-final
Harry Kane clips a pass away under the watchful eye of Seb Larsson
Harry Maguire climbs high to power home his header to put England one-up
Sterling again got in on goal and was onside this time, but again he squandered the chance
Raheem Sterling wasted a great chance to double the lead when clean through on goal – although his embarrassment was spared by the offside flag
Jordan Pickford flings himself to his left to keep out a header from Marcus Berg to deny Sweden an equaliser
Pickford gets his hand to the header and England stay ahead
Alli watches his header fly into the net as he rewarded the faith in keeping him in the side with his first goal of the tournament
Dele Alli celebrates with the crowd as Ashley Young trots over to join him
Pickford scrambles in a desperate attempt to reach the low shot from Viktor Claesson as Sweden push for a way back into the game
Pickford completes the save as the England keeper does his bit to earn a semi-final spot